Cavya: 12 definitions


Cavya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chavya.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Cavya (चव्य) refers to “elephant pepper” and is one of the pañcakola (“five spices”), mentioned in verse 3.46 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—By pañcakola (“the five spices”) are meant long pepper (pippalī), long-pepper roots (pippalīmūla) , elephant pepper (cavya), plumbago (citraka), and dry ginger (nāgara). Instead of lṅai CD offer lṅa ni, which is probably corrupt for lṅa-yi.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Cavya (चव्य) refers to the medicinal plant Piper chaba Hunter Syn. Piper retrofractum Vahl., the fruits of which are also known as Gajapippalī.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Cavya (चव्य) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Piper brachystachyum Wall.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning cavya] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1)  Cavyā (चव्या) is another name for Kārpāsī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.188-189 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Cavyā and Kālāñjanī, there are a total of ten Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Cavya (चव्य) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant possibly identified with Piper chaba Hunter, or “piper chilli” from the Piperaceae or “pepper” family of flowering plants, according to verse 6.41-4.—Note: According to the Bhāvaprakāśa, the fruit of Cavya [Cavikā] is said to be Gajapippalī, identified with either Scindapsus officinalis Schott, according to Chopra, Nadkarni and Roxburgh.

Cavya is mentioned as having eleven synonyms: Cavyaka, Cavikā, Vaśira, Gandhanākuli, Vallī, Kolavallī, Kola, Kuṭalamastaka, Tīkṣṇā, Karaṇikā and Vallīkṛkara.

Properties and characteristics: “Cavya is pungent (katu), hot (uṣṇa), light (laghu), appetiser and stimulator of digestive process. It stops the growth of bacteria or any other worm and is indicated in cough, asthma, colic and in the pain in general”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cavya (चव्य).—n S A kind of long pepper, Piper chavya. Rox.

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cavyā (चव्या).—f S Orris root.

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cavyā (चव्या).—m (cau) The four of a suit of cards. 2 A throw of four with dice.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cavyā (चव्या).—A kind of pepper. L. D. B.

See also (synonyms): cavi, cavika, cavyaka.

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Cavya (चव्य).—A kind of vegetable, pepper (Mar. cavaka); ग्रन्थिकं च पलां चव्यम् (granthikaṃ ca palāṃ cavyam)... Śiva. B.3.

Derivable forms: cavyam (चव्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cavya (चव्य).—nf.

(-vyaṃ-vyā) A variety of pepper, (Piper chavya, Rox.) f.

(-vyā) Orris root. E. carv to be eaten, karmaṇi ṇyat affix and deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cavya (चव्य).—[neuter] ā [feminine] a sort of pepper.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cavya (चव्य):—[from cavana] n. idem, [Suśruta i, iv, vi]

2) Cavyā (चव्या):—[from cavya > cavana] f. idem, [41, 39]

3) [v.s. ...] the cotton plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] = vacā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cavya (चव्य):—(vyaṃ) 1. n. The long-pepper plant. (vyā) f. Orris root.

[Sanskrit to German]

Cavya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Cavya (ಚವ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] the vine Piper cubeba (= Cubeba officinalis) of Piperaceae family; Java pepper plant.

2) [noun] its black seed; Java pepper.

3) [noun] another vine of the same family Piper chaba (= P. officinarum).

4) [noun] its black seed.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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