Langali, aka: Lāṅgalī, Lāṅgali, Laṅgalī; 5 Definition(s)


Langali means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Lāṅgalī (लाङ्गली) is a Sanskrit word referring to Gloriosa superba (flame lily), from the Colchicaceae family. The word is found throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhitā. One of its synonyms, Lāṅgalikā, is identifed by Caraka as a vegetable, and referred to in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27). It is part of the medicinal plant group containing pot-herbs/vegetables (śākavarga).

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu, the flame lily (lāṅgalī) has the following synonyms: Lāṅgalikā, Agnimukhī, Agniśikhā, Vahniśikhā, Viśalyā, Tṛṣā, Dīptā and Svarṇapuṣpā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Langali in Purana glossary... « previous · [L] · next »

Lāṅgalī (लाङ्गली) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Lāṅgalī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Laṅgalī (लङ्गली).—A celebrated river of Purāṇic fame. This river worships Varuṇa in the form of a Devī. (Śloka 22, Chapter 9, Sabhā Parva).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Lāṅgali (लाङ्गलि).—A Vānara chief born of Svetā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 179.

2a) Lāṅgalī (लाङ्गली).—One of the four pupils of Pauṣyañji; a Śrutaṛṣi;1 composed six Samhitas.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 33. 8; 35. 40; Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 36; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 6. 6.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 42.

2b) Is Balarāma; entered Mithilā and was received with presents by Maithila; after having chastised Kṛṣṇa for having killed Śatadhanva when he did not have the Syamantaka saying that he could have nothing to do with Dvārakā or Kṛṣṇa; but entreated by the Vṛṣṇis and Andhakas, was brought back to Dvārakā; see Hala (Baladeva).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 77; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 25. 6, 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 96, 75-8, 84.

2c) An avatār of the Lord in the 22nd dvāpara in Vārāṇasī with halā for weapon and with four righteous sons.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 199.

2d) A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 16.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lāṅgalī (लाङ्गली).—The cocoa-nut tree.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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