Langali, Lāṅgalī, Lāṅgali, Laṅgalī: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Langali means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Lāṅgalī (लाङ्गली) is a Sanskrit word referring to Gloriosa superba (flame lily), from the Colchicaceae family. The word is found throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhitā. One of its synonyms, Lāṅgalikā, is identifed by Caraka as a vegetable, and referred to in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27). It is part of the medicinal plant group containing pot-herbs/vegetables (śākavarga).

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu, the flame lily (lāṅgalī) has the following synonyms: Lāṅgalikā, Agnimukhī, Agniśikhā, Vahniśikhā, Viśalyā, Tṛṣā, Dīptā and Svarṇapuṣpā.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Lāṅgalī (लाङ्गली) is another name for Mahārāṣṭrī, a medicinal plant identified with Lippia nodiflora Mich., synonym of Phyla nodiflora (“frog fruit”) from the Verbenaceae or verbena family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.106-108 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Lāṅgalī and Mahārāṣṭrī, there are a total of thirteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Lāṅgali in the Marathi language is also mentioned as a synonym for Kalikārī, a medicinal plant identified with Gloriosa superba Linn. (‘flame lily’) from the Colchicaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.128-130. Other than the Marathi word Lāṅgali, there are more synonyms identified for this plant among which sixteen are in Sanskrit.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Śodhana: An Ayurvedic process for detoxification

Lāṅgalī (लाङ्गली) refers to the medicinal plant known Gloriosa superba Linn.—Lāṅgalī is a semi-woody herbaceous climber which is used in inflammations, gout, rheumatoid arthritis, gonorrhea, fever and in promoting labor pains. The colchicine present in this plant is reported for its toxic effects, particular cardiotoxicity. The species also contains another toxic alkaloid, gloriosine

Lāṅgalī detoxification process (śodhana) involve the soaking of roots and seeds in Gomūtra for 24 h and then washing with warm water. After the Śodhana process the level of colchicine significantly reduces as colchicine is polar in nature and therefore soluble in Gomūtra and water.

(cf. Āyurvedaprakāśa and Yogaratnākara)

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Lāṅgalī (लाङ्गली) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Lāṅgalī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Laṅgalī (लङ्गली).—A celebrated river of Purāṇic fame. This river worships Varuṇa in the form of a Devī. (Śloka 22, Chapter 9, Sabhā Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Lāṅgali (लाङ्गलि).—A Vānara chief born of Svetā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 179.

2a) Lāṅgalī (लाङ्गली).—One of the four pupils of Pauṣyañji; a Śrutaṛṣi;1 composed six Samhitas.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 33. 8; 35. 40; Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 36; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 6. 6.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 42.

2b) Is Balarāma; entered Mithilā and was received with presents by Maithila; after having chastised Kṛṣṇa for having killed Śatadhanva when he did not have the Syamantaka saying that he could have nothing to do with Dvārakā or Kṛṣṇa; but entreated by the Vṛṣṇis and Andhakas, was brought back to Dvārakā; see Hala (Baladeva).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 77; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 25. 6, 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 96, 75-8, 84.

2c) An avatār of the Lord in the 22nd dvāpara in Vārāṇasī with halā for weapon and with four righteous sons.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 199.

2d) A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 16.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lāṅgalī (लाङ्गली).—The cocoa-nut tree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lāṅgalī (लाङ्गली):—[from lāṅgala] f. Name of various plants, [Pañcarātra; Suśruta] ([according to] to [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] Jussiaea Repens; Hemionitis Cordifolia; Rubia Munjista; Hedysarum Lagopodioides; the cocoa-nut tree; = rāsnā)

2) [v.s. ...] of a river, [Mahābhārata]

3) Lāṅgali (लाङ्गलि):—[from lāṅgala] m. [patronymic] of a certain preceptor, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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