Shabara, aka: Sabara, Śabara; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Shabara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śabara can be transliterated into English as Sabara or Shabara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana

[Shabara in Purana glossaries]

Śabara (शबर).—A mleccha—low caste. The Mahābhārata has the following about Śabaras.

(i) Śabaras were born from the dung and urine of Nandinī, the cow of Vasiṣṭha. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 174, Verse 16).

(ii) When Sātyaki annihilated the Kauravas the dead bodies of thousands of Śabaras were heaped on the battle-field. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 119, Verse 46).

(iii) In early days the Śabaras lived in the kingdom of Māndhātā, their profession being murder and looting. (Śānti Parva, Chapter 65, Verse 13).

(iv) Śiva had once taken the form of forest-dwellers and Śabaras. (Anuśāsana Parva. Chapter 65, Verse 17).

(v) Many Kṣatriyas lived for many years hidden in caves for fear of Paraśurāma, and as they had no association with kṣatriyas during the period, they became Śabaras. (Aśvamedhika Parva, Chapter 29, Verse 15).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Śabara (शबर).—An Amitābha god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 54.

1b) An inferior class of people;1 on the Himālayas; their country unfit for śrāddha performance; to be conquered by Kalki;2 kings of.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 46; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 47; Vāyu-purāṇa 78. 69; 99. 268.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 14. 80; 22. 22; 73. 108; IV. 29. 131.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 50. 76.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Shabara in Natyashastra glossaries]

Śabara (शबर) refers to one of the seven “minor dialects” (vibhāṣā) of language used in dramatic composition (nāṭya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 18.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Shabara in Itihasa glossaries]

Śabara (शबर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.46, VI.46.51) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śabara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Śabara is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.46, VI.46.51) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[Shabara in Shaktism glossaries]

Śābara (शाबर) or Śābaratantra refers to one of the twenty-eight Gāruḍatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Śābara belonging to the Garuḍa class.

(Source): Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[Shabara in Kavya glossaries]

Śabara refers to an ancient district or cultural territory, as mentioned in the 7th-century Mudrārākṣasa written by Viśākhadeva. Śabara probably corresponds to the inhabitants of the Vindhyas.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kavya
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Shabara in Theravada glossaries]

See Sapara.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

[Shabara in India history glossaries]

Śabara (शबर) is the name of a country included within Dakṣiṇapatha which was situated to the south of the Vindhyas according to the Yādavaprakāśa. Dakṣiṇāpatha is a place-name ending is patha mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.

(Source): Wisdom Library: India History
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Shabara in Marathi glossaries]

śābara (शाबर).—n (S Relating to the barbarians called śabara) Magic, enchantment, witchcraft, sorcery.

--- OR ---

sabara (सबर).—f ( A) A kind of aloes.

--- OR ---

sabara (सबर).—a Big with young;--used of the mare or she-ass.

--- OR ---

sābara (साबर).—n (śābara S) Magic, witchcraft, sorcery.

--- OR ---

sābara (साबर).—f sābarakāṇḍēṃ n sābaranivaḍuṅga m n Flat-jointed prickly pear.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sabara (सबर).—a Big with young-used of the mare or she-ass.

--- OR ---

sābara (साबर).—n Magic, sorcery.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Shabara in Sanskrit glossaries]

Śabara (शबर).—1 A mountaineer, barbarian, savage; राजन् गुञ्जाफलानां स्रज इति शबरा नैव हारं हरान्ति (rājan guñjāphalānāṃ sraja iti śabarā naiva hāraṃ harānti) K. P.1.

2) Name of Śiva.

3) The hand.

4) Water.

5) Name of a celebrated commentator and writer on Mīmāṁsā.

-rī 1 A Śabara female.

2) A female Kirāta who was an ardent devotee of Rāma.

Derivable forms: śabaraḥ (शबरः).

See also (synonyms): śavara.

--- OR ---

Śābara (शाबर).—a. (- f.) [शब (śaba)(va)र-अण् (ra-aṇ)]

1) Savage, barbarous.

2) Low, vile, base.

-raḥ 1 An offence, a fault.

2) Sin, wickedness.

3) The tree called Lodhra.

4) Name of a teacher and author of a well-known commentary (śābarabhāṣya) on the Mīmāṁsā-sūtras; see शबर (śabara).

-rī A low form of the Prākṛta dialect (spoken by mountaineers &c.

See also (synonyms): śāvara.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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