Shabara, Sabara, Śabara: 19 definitions
Shabara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Śabara can be transliterated into English as Sabara or Shabara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Śabara (शबर).—A mleccha—low caste. The Mahābhārata has the following about Śabaras.
(i) Śabaras were born from the dung and urine of Nandinī, the cow of Vasiṣṭha. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 174, Verse 16).
(ii) When Sātyaki annihilated the Kauravas the dead bodies of thousands of Śabaras were heaped on the battle-field. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 119, Verse 46).
(iii) In early days the Śabaras lived in the kingdom of Māndhātā, their profession being murder and looting. (Śānti Parva, Chapter 65, Verse 13).
(iv) Śiva had once taken the form of forest-dwellers and Śabaras. (Anuśāsana Parva. Chapter 65, Verse 17).
(v) Many Kṣatriyas lived for many years hidden in caves for fear of Paraśurāma, and as they had no association with kṣatriyas during the period, they became Śabaras. (Aśvamedhika Parva, Chapter 29, Verse 15).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Śabara (शबर).—An Amitābha god.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 54.
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 46; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 47; Vāyu-purāṇa 78. 69; 99. 268.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 14. 80; 22. 22; 73. 108; IV. 29. 131.
- 3) Matsya-purāṇa 50. 76.
Śabara (शबर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.46, VI.46.51) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śabara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
Śabara is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.46, VI.46.51) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Śabara (शबर) refers to one of the seven “minor dialects” (vibhāṣā) of language used in dramatic composition (nāṭya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 18.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)
Śābara (शाबर) or Śābaratantra refers to one of the twenty-eight Gāruḍatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Śābara belonging to the Garuḍa class.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kavya
Śabara refers to an ancient district or cultural territory, as mentioned in the 7th-century Mudrārākṣasa written by Viśākhadeva. Śabara probably corresponds to the inhabitants of the Vindhyas.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Advances in Zoology and Botany: Ethnomedicinal List of Plants Treating Fever in Ahmednagar District of Maharashtra, India
Sābara in the Marathi language refers to the medicinal shrub “Euphorbia neriifolia L.”, and is used for ethnomedicine treatment of Fever in Ahmednagar district, India. The parts used are: “Latex”. Instructions for using the shrub named Sābara: The milky latex 5-10 drops mixed in half teaspoon of honey—given orally.Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Śabara (शबर) is another name for “Lodhra” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning śabara] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Śabara (शबर) refers to a sub-division of the Mlecchas: one of the two-fold division of men born in Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly:—“In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; on the mountains, Meru, etc., by kidnapping and power of learning, in the 2½ continents and in 2 oceans. [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. [...] The Mlecchas—[e.g., the Śabaras, ...] and other non-Āryas also are people who do not know even the word ‘dharma’”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Wisdom Library: India History
Śabara (शबर) is the name of a country included within Dakṣiṇapatha which was situated to the south of the Vindhyas according to the Yādavaprakāśa. Dakṣiṇāpatha is a place-name ending is patha mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
śābara (शाबर).—n (S Relating to the barbarians called śabara) Magic, enchantment, witchcraft, sorcery.
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sabara (सबर).—f ( A) A kind of aloes.
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sabara (सबर).—a Big with young;--used of the mare or she-ass.
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sābara (साबर).—n (śābara S) Magic, witchcraft, sorcery.
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sābara (साबर).—f sābarakāṇḍēṃ n sābaranivaḍuṅga m n Flat-jointed prickly pear.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
sabara (सबर).—a Big with young-used of the mare or she-ass.
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sābara (साबर).—n Magic, sorcery.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Śabara (शबर).—1 A mountaineer, barbarian, savage; राजन् गुञ्जाफलानां स्रज इति शबरा नैव हारं हरान्ति (rājan guñjāphalānāṃ sraja iti śabarā naiva hāraṃ harānti) K. P.1.
2) Name of Śiva.
3) The hand.
5) Name of a celebrated commentator and writer on Mīmāṃsā.
-rī 1 A Śabara female.
2) A female Kirāta who was an ardent devotee of Rāma.
Derivable forms: śabaraḥ (शबरः).
See also (synonyms): śavara.
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Śābara (शाबर).—a. (-rī f.) [शब (śaba)(va)र-अण् (ra-aṇ)]
1) Savage, barbarous.
2) Low, vile, base.
-raḥ 1 An offence, a fault.
2) Sin, wickedness.
3) The tree called Lodhra.
4) Name of a teacher and author of a well-known commentary (śābarabhāṣya) on the Mīmāṃsā-sūtras; see शबर (śabara).
-rī A low form of the Prākṛta dialect (spoken by mountaineers &c.
See also (synonyms): śāvara.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Śabara (शबर).—(pāda) , see Siddhaśabara(-pāda).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śabara (शबर).—[masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people.
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Śābara (शाबर).—[masculine] [Name] of a plant & a teacher, [feminine] ī the language of the Śabaras.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Śabara (शबर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. See Śakaṭīyaśabara.
2) Śābara (शाबर):—tantra. See Siddhaśābara.
3) Śābara (शाबर):—[tantric] by Prāṇakṛṣna. Mentioned Oxf. 374^a.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Śabara (शबर):—mfn. - (also written śavara; cf. śabala below) variegated, brindled, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) relating or belonging to a Śabara ([probably] for śābara), [Mahābhārata]
3) m. Name of a wild mountaineer tribe in the Deccan (in later language applied to any savage or barbarian = kirāta, pulinda, bhilla; [according to] to [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ‘the son of a Śūdra and a Bhillī’), [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc.
4) a kind of Lodhra or Lodh tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. [compound])
5) Name of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) (with kāṣivata) Name of the author of [Ṛg-veda x, 169; Anukramaṇikā]
7) of a poet, [Catalogue(s)]
8) of a Buddhist, [ib.]
9) = śabara-svāmin (in śabara-bhāṣya q.v.)
10) = hasta and śāstra-viśeṣa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) Śabarā (शबरा):—[from śabara] f. Name of a Yoginī, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]
12) Śabara (शबर):—n. water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([probably] [wrong reading] for śambara).
13) Śābara (शाबर):—mfn. ([from] śabara) wicked, malicious, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
14) m. injury, offence, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
15) Symplocos Racemosa, [Bhāvaprakāśa] (cf. sāvara)
16) Name of a teacher and of various works. (cf. below)
17) n. copper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
18) darkness, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
19) a kind of sandal (cf. śāmbara), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Śabara (शबर):—[UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 3, 131.]
1) adj. a) = śabala bunt, scheckig [Ratnamālā 152.] — b) einem Śabara gehörig u. s. w.: karoti bhagavānrūpamāṭavyaśabarāṇyapi (so ed. Bomb.) [Mahābhārata 13, 733.] es ist vielleicht śā zu lesen. —
2) m. a) pl. Nomen proprium eines wilden Volksstammes im Dekkhan; sg. ein Mann dieses Volksstammes; später bezeichnet das Wort einen Wilden überhaupt und wechselt mit kirāta, pulinda, bhilla . [Amarakoṣa 2, 10, 21.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 934.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 605.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 220.] [Halāyudha 2, 444.] [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 7, 18.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 15, 26, 6.] [Pariśiṣṭa des Atharvaveda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 10, 319.] [Mahābhārata 1, 6683. 6, 2084] (nach der Lesart der ed. Bomb., śarava ed. Calc.). [?9, 2305. 12, 2429. 5620. 13, 732. 2158. 14, 832. Harivaṃśa 3274. Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 5, 38. 9, 15. 29. 10, 15. 18. 14, 10. 16, 1. 33. 32, 15. 87, 10. BṚH. 11, 20. Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 57, 47. Śatruṃjayamāhātmya 1, 22. Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 3, 114, Scholiast Spr. (II) 2643. zu Chāndogyopaniṣad S. 23. Kathāsaritsāgara 9, 74. fgg. 10, 133. fgg. 22, 65. fgg. 32, 58. fgg. 70. 50, 4. 55, 219. fgg. 59, 44. fg. 71, 4. 10. fgg. 98, 15. 18. 101, 289. 123, 54. 67. 84. Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 33. fgg. Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 7, 46. NALOD. 3, 37. WILSON, SĀṂKHYAK. S. 193.] smara [Spr. (II) 1130.] śabarālaya [Amarakoṣa 2, 2, 20.] [Halāyudha 2, 106.] śabarāvāsa [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1002.] madhyadeśabahiṣkṛta [Mahābhārata 13, 6218.] śabarī [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 1, 55. fgg. (59. fgg. Gorresio). 3, 21. 3, 76, 20. 77, 6. fgg. 6, 108, 30.] [UTTARAR. 14, 8 (19, 14).] [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 297.] [Spr. 2213.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 123, 49.] [Daśakumāracarita 116, 17.] [Oxforder Handschriften 29], b, [5. 74], b, [16.] [HALL 203.] Häufig (aber nie in den Bomb. Ausgg.) ungenau śavara geschrieben. — b) Nomen proprium eines Mannes gaṇa vidādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 104.] mit dem patron. Kākṣīvata, Liedverfassers von [Ṛgveda 10, 169.] = śabarasvāmin (s. bhāṣya). bauddha [Oxforder Handschriften 250], b, 7 (vgl. śabala). — c) Beiname Śiva’s [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 43.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — d) Wasser [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — — e) = hasta und śāstraviśaṣa [Uṇādikoṣa im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. pattraśavara, paṇa und śābara .
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Śābara (शाबर):—(von śabara)
1) adj. boshaft u.s.w. (= ghātuka) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 609.] —
2) m. a) patron. von śabara gaṇa vidādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 104.] Nomen proprium eines YogaLehrers [HALL. 16.] śārada nach andern Autorr. — b) Symplocos racemosa Roxb. [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 13.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1159.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 226. fg.] [Ratnamālā 152.] — c) = pāpa und aparādha [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — d) Titel einer Schrift des Prāṇakṛṣṇa [Oxforder Handschriften 374,a, No. 295.] = śivakṛtatantraviśeṣa und śabarasvāmikṛtabhāṣyaviśeṣa (vgl. śābarabhāṣya) [Śabdakalpadruma] —
3) f. ī a) Carpopogon pruriens Roxb. [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — b) die Sprache der Śabara [Sāhityadarpana 173,9.] [Mṛcchakaṭikā Einl. V.] [MUIR, Stenzler 2,57.] [Oxforder Handschriften 181,a,29.] —
4) n. a) Kupfer [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1040.] — b) Finsterniss [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] —
3) eine Art Sandel [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] u. śailagandha . — Häufig śāvara geschrieben.
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Śābara (शाबर):—[Z. 10 lies] c) st. 3).
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+2): Shabarabala, Shabarabhashya, Shabarabhedakhya, Shabarabhedaksha, Shabaracintamani, Shabarahara, Shabarajambu, Shabarajambuka, Shabaraka, Shabarakanda, Shabarakaustubha, Shabarala, Shabaralaya, Shabaralodhra, Shabaramahatantra, Shabarasimha, Shabarasvamin, Shabaratantra, Shabaratantrasarvasva, Shabaravidya.
Full-text (+150): Savara, Shabarayana, Shabarahara, Shabaraka, Shabarabhashya, Mayabatu, Shabaratantra, Shabarabhedakhya, Pattrashabara, Shabarajambuka, Shabarakanda, Shabaralodhra, Shabarika, Shabaralaya, Mlecchajati, Simhadamshtra, Mimamsashlokavarttika, Muktaphala, Shabarakaustubha, Shabaracintamani.
Search found 35 books and stories containing Shabara, Sabara, Śabara, Śābara, Sābara, Śabarā; (plurals include: Shabaras, Sabaras, Śabaras, Śābaras, Sābaras, Śabarās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 8 - The Messenger Vidyāpati Returns < [Section 2 - Puruṣottama-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 7 - The Story of Indradyumna < [Section 2 - Puruṣottama-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 57 - The Śabara Goes to Svarga < [Section 3 - Revā-khaṇḍa]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 2 - The Mīmāṃsā Literature < [Chapter IX - Mīmāṃsā Philosophy]
Part 3 - The Indian Systems of Philosophy < [Chapter IV - General Observations On The Systems Of Indian Philosophy]
Part 1 - A Comparative Review < [Chapter IX - Mīmāṃsā Philosophy]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 2.23 < [Section VI - Qualified Countries]
Verse 1.84 < [Section LII - The span of Human Life in each Cycle]
Verse 8.260 < [Section XL - Disputes regarding Boundaries]
Śrī Kṛṣṇa-vijaya (by Śrī Gunaraja Khan)
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)
Part 7 - Data of India’s Cultural History in the Nāṭyaśāstra < [Introduction, part 1]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)