Shabara, Sabara, Śabara: 17 definitions


Shabara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śabara can be transliterated into English as Sabara or Shabara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śabara (शबर).—A mleccha—low caste. The Mahābhārata has the following about Śabaras.

(i) Śabaras were born from the dung and urine of Nandinī, the cow of Vasiṣṭha. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 174, Verse 16).

(ii) When Sātyaki annihilated the Kauravas the dead bodies of thousands of Śabaras were heaped on the battle-field. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 119, Verse 46).

(iii) In early days the Śabaras lived in the kingdom of Māndhātā, their profession being murder and looting. (Śānti Parva, Chapter 65, Verse 13).

(iv) Śiva had once taken the form of forest-dwellers and Śabaras. (Anuśāsana Parva. Chapter 65, Verse 17).

(v) Many Kṣatriyas lived for many years hidden in caves for fear of Paraśurāma, and as they had no association with kṣatriyas during the period, they became Śabaras. (Aśvamedhika Parva, Chapter 29, Verse 15).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śabara (शबर).—An Amitābha god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 54.

1b) An inferior class of people;1 on the Himālayas; their country unfit for śrāddha performance; to be conquered by Kalki;2 kings of.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 46; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 47; Vāyu-purāṇa 78. 69; 99. 268.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 14. 80; 22. 22; 73. 108; IV. 29. 131.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 50. 76.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śabara (शबर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.46, VI.46.51) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śabara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Śabara is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.46, VI.46.51) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Śabara (शबर) refers to one of the seven “minor dialects” (vibhāṣā) of language used in dramatic composition (nāṭya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 18.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)

Śābara (शाबर) or Śābaratantra refers to one of the twenty-eight Gāruḍatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Śābara belonging to the Garuḍa class.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shabara in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kavya

Śabara refers to an ancient district or cultural territory, as mentioned in the 7th-century Mudrārākṣasa written by Viśākhadeva. Śabara probably corresponds to the inhabitants of the Vindhyas.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Advances in Zoology and Botany: Ethnomedicinal List of Plants Treating Fever in Ahmednagar District of Maharashtra, India

Sābara in the Marathi language refers to the medicinal shrub “Euphorbia neriifolia L.”, and is used for ethnomedicine treatment of Fever in Ahmednagar district, India. The parts used are: “Latex”. Instructions for using the shrub named Sābara: The milky latex 5-10 drops mixed in half teaspoon of honey—given orally.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Śabara (शबर) is another name for “Lodhra” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning śabara] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

See Sapara.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Śabara (शबर) is the name of a country included within Dakṣiṇapatha which was situated to the south of the Vindhyas according to the Yādavaprakāśa. Dakṣiṇāpatha is a place-name ending is patha mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śābara (शाबर).—n (S Relating to the barbarians called śabara) Magic, enchantment, witchcraft, sorcery.

--- OR ---

sabara (सबर).—f ( A) A kind of aloes.

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sabara (सबर).—a Big with young;--used of the mare or she-ass.

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sābara (साबर).—n (śābara S) Magic, witchcraft, sorcery.

--- OR ---

sābara (साबर).—f sābarakāṇḍēṃ n sābaranivaḍuṅga m n Flat-jointed prickly pear.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sabara (सबर).—a Big with young-used of the mare or she-ass.

--- OR ---

sābara (साबर).—n Magic, sorcery.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śabara (शबर).—1 A mountaineer, barbarian, savage; राजन् गुञ्जाफलानां स्रज इति शबरा नैव हारं हरान्ति (rājan guñjāphalānāṃ sraja iti śabarā naiva hāraṃ harānti) K. P.1.

2) Name of Śiva.

3) The hand.

4) Water.

5) Name of a celebrated commentator and writer on Mīmāṃsā.

-rī 1 A Śabara female.

2) A female Kirāta who was an ardent devotee of Rāma.

Derivable forms: śabaraḥ (शबरः).

See also (synonyms): śavara.

--- OR ---

Śābara (शाबर).—a. (- f.) [शब (śaba)(va)र-अण् (ra-aṇ)]

1) Savage, barbarous.

2) Low, vile, base.

-raḥ 1 An offence, a fault.

2) Sin, wickedness.

3) The tree called Lodhra.

4) Name of a teacher and author of a well-known commentary (śābarabhāṣya) on the Mīmāṃsā-sūtras; see शबर (śabara).

-rī A low form of the Prākṛta dialect (spoken by mountaineers &c.

See also (synonyms): śāvara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śabara (शबर).—(pāda) , see Siddhaśabara(-pāda).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śabara (शबर).—[masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people.

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Śābara (शाबर).—[masculine] [Name] of a plant & a teacher, [feminine] ī the language of the Śabaras.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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