Parijataka, Pārijātaka: 4 definitions


Parijataka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Parijataka in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pārijātaka (पारिजातक).—A sage who was a brilliant member of the court of Yudhiṣṭhira. (Śloka 14, Chapter 4, Sabhā Parva).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (P) next»] — Parijataka in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Advances in Zoology and Botany: Ethnomedicinal List of Plants Treating Fever in Ahmednagar District of Maharashtra, India

Pārijātaka in the Marathi language refers to the medicinal tree “Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L.”, and is used for ethnomedicine treatment of Fever in Ahmednagar district, India. The parts used are: “Leaves”. Instructions for using the tree named Pārijātaka: 10 ml of fresh juice from the boiled leaves with honey—twice a day.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Parijataka in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pārijātaka (पारिजातक).—Among the Trayastriṃṣa gods, the odor of the magnolia flower (kovidāra) called ‘pārijātaka’ is propagated for a hundred yojanas with the wind, for fifty yojanas against the wind. By contrast, the smell of flowers in the human world does not go against the wind. Also see Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Parijataka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pārijātaka (पारिजातक).—[pāramasyāstīti pārī samudrastatra jātaḥ, tasya samudrotpannatvāt]

1) Name of one of the five trees of Paradise, Nictanthus arbor-tristis (said to have been produced at the churning of the ocean and come into the possession of Indra, from whom it was wrested by Kṛṣṇa and planted in the garden of his beloved Satyabhāmā), कल्पद्रुमाणामिव पारिजातः (kalpadrumāṇāmiva pārijātaḥ) R.6.6;1.11;17.7; पञ्चैते देवतरवो मन्दारः पारिजातकः (pañcaite devataravo mandāraḥ pārijātakaḥ) Ak.

2) The coral tree.

3) Fragrance.

Derivable forms: pārijātakaḥ (पारिजातकः).

See also (synonyms): pārijāta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pārijātaka (पारिजातक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A tree of paradise. 2. The coral tree. E. kan added to the last.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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