Bakula, aka: Bākula; 12 Definition(s)
Bakula means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Bakula (बकुल):—The consequences of using various flowers in worship, (eg. bakula flowers) leads to the acquisition of a beautiful daughter, according to the Bhaviṣya-purāṇa (brahmaparva, 197:1-11)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhavishya-purana
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Bakula (बकुल).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug.—The plant bears flowers having alcoholic flavour. It is useful in the diseases of mouth and teeth.Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
Bakula (बकुल) refers to Mimusops elengi, the fruit of which is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., fruit of bakula (Mimusops elengi)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., bākulabīja (Mimusops elengi) or jīraka (cumin seed)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.
The fruit of Bakula [viz., bakulaphala] is also mentioned as a remedy for indigestion caused by ḍaḍima (pomegranate) or āmalaka (gooseberry) or tāla (palm fruit) or tinduki (Diospyros embryopteris) or bījapūra (citron) or fruit of lavalī (averrhoa acida).
The seed of Bākula (बाकुल) [viz., bākulabīja] is also mentioned as a remedy for indigestion caused by the fruit of Bakula [viz., bakulaphala].Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Bākula (बाकुल) is another name for the Bhikṣu Bakkula, whose story occurs during the time of Buddha Vipaśyin, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 36.—Accordingly, “thus, at the time of the Buddha Pi-p’o-che (Vipaśyin), the Bhikṣu Po-kiu-lo (Bakkula) offered a a-li-lö (harītakī) fruit to the Community. For ninety-one kalpas he enjoyed happiness among gods and men. He was never sick. And today, having met the Buddha Śākyamuni, he went forth from home (pravrajita), destroyed his impurities (kṣīṇāsrava) and became Arhat”.
Note: This is a well-known monk called Bakkula, Vakula and Vākula in Sanskrit; Bakkula, Bākula and Vakkula in Pāli. The name means ‘Two families’ (dvakkula, dvikkula).Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)
Bakula (बकुल) is the name of the caitya-tree (identified with Mimusops elengi) under which the parents of Nami are often depicted in Jaina iconography, according to both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. The term caitya refers to “sacred shrine”, an important place of pelgrimage and meditation in Jainism. Sculptures with such caitya-trees generally shows a male and a female couple seated under a tree with the female having a child on her lap. Usually there is a seated Jina figure on top of the tree.
Nami is the twenty-first of twenty-four tīrthaṅkaras: enlightened beings who, having conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leave a path behind for others to follow. His father is Samudravijaya and his mother is Śivādevī, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Bakula (बकुल) refers to a kind of tree (vṛkṣa) commonly found in the forests (vaṇa) of ancient India, mentioned in the Jñātādharmakathāṅga-sūtra. Forests have been a significant part of the Indian economy since ancient days. They have been considered essential for economic development in as much as, besides bestowing many geographical advantages, they provide basic materials for building, furniture and various industries. The most important forest products are wood and timber which have been used by the mankind to fulfil his various needs—domestic, agricultural and industrial.
Different kinds of trees (eg., the Bakula tree) provided firewood and timber. The latter was used for furniture, building materials, enclosures, staircases, pillars, agricultural purposes, e. g. for making ploughs, transportation e. g. for making carts, chariots, boats, ships, and for various industrial needs. Vaṇa-kamma was an occupation dealing in wood and in various otherforest products. Iṅgāla-kamma was another occupation which was concerned with preparing charcoal from firewood.Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahy
Bakula or Vakula is the name of a tree mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D).—Vakula is always mentioned with the Ela-lavanga trees. It is known for its delicate and fragrant flowers.
Somadeva mentions many rich forests, gardens, various trees (eg., Bakula), creepers medicinal and flowering plants and fruit-bearing trees in the Kathasaritsagara. Travel through the thick, high, impregnable and extensive Vindhya forest is a typical feature of many travel-stories. Somadeva’s writing more or less reflects the life of the people of Northern India during the 11th century. His Kathasaritsagara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Bakula, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravahanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyadharas (celestial beings).Source: Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Bakula, (cp. Class. Sk. bakula, N. of the tree Mimusops elengi, and its (fragrant) flower) in milāta°-puppha is v. l. KhA 60 (see App. p. 870 Pj.) for °ākuli°, which latter is also read at Vism. 260. (Page 481)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
bakula (बकुल).—m (S) A flowertree and its flower, Mimusops Elengi, 2 n C The flower.
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bakūḷa (बकूळ).—f (bakula S) See bakula the plant; and n the flower. 2 Ixora Bandhucca or Jungle geranium.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
bakula (बकुल).—m A flower-tree and its flower.
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bakūḷa (बकूळ).—f See bakula.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) A kind of tree, Mimusops Elengi, (said according to the convention of poets to put forth blossoms when sprinkled by young women with monthfuls of wine); काङ्क्षत्यन्यो (kāṅkṣatyanyo) (kesaraḥ or bakulaḥ) वदनमदिरां दोहदच्छद्यनाऽस्याः (vadanamadirāṃ dohadacchadyanā'syāḥ) Me.8; बकुलः सीधुगण्डूषसेकात् (bakulaḥ sīdhugaṇḍūṣasekāt) (vikasati); तव निश्वसितानुकारिभिर्बकुलैरर्धचितां समं मया (tava niśvasitānukāribhirbakulairardhacitāṃ samaṃ mayā) R.8.64; (for similar conventions about other trees see the quotation under aśoka).
2) a kind of drug.
-lam The fragrant flower of this tree; कृती मालाकरो बकुलमपि कुत्रापि निदधे (kṛtī mālākaro bakulamapi kutrāpi nidadhe) Bv.1.54.
-lī A kind of drug.
Derivable forms: bakulaḥ (बकुलः).
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Bakūla (बकूल).—The Bakula tree.
Derivable forms: bakūlaḥ (बकूलः).
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Bākula (बाकुल).—The fruit of the Bakula tree.
Derivable forms: bākulam (बाकुलम्).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Bakula (बकुल) or Bakkula or Vakkula or Vakula or Vatkula.—(1) (= Pali Bakkula, Bākula, Vakkula), n. of a disciple of Buddha: Bakkula SP 2.5; 207.4; Bakula (the same per- son?) Karmav 76.11, called king of Kashmir and son of Dharmayaśas, noted for his health and long life, which in Pali is a characteristic of the thera Ba°; Vakkula LV 2.2 (v.l. Vakula; Tibetan Ba ku la); Sukh 92.8; Mvy 1065 (var. Vakula; Tibetan Ba ku la, or Bag ku la); Vakula Sukh 2.9; MSV i.192.18 ff.; Vatkula Divy 396.2 f.; (2) n. of two vakṣas: Māy 6, 54 (Lévi Vakula).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Full-text (+38): Vakula, Sidhupushpa, Vakkula, Simhakeshara, Madhupushpa, Bakkula, Bokula, Vatkula, Dharmayashas, Bokala, Bakuli, Kakkula, Makula, Shidhugandha, Sthirapushpa, Vagura, Lampata, Sidhusamjna, Cirapushpa, Shivakesara.
Search found 32 books and stories containing Bakula, Bakūḷa, Bakūla, Bākula; (plurals include: Bakulas, Bakūḷas, Bakūlas, Bākulas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Biography (33): Bākula Mahāthera < [Chapter 43 - Forty-one Arahat-Mahatheras and their Respective Etadagga titles]
Ten kinds of iddhi (supernormal power) < [Chapter 6 - On Pāramitā]
Biography (8) Sakulā Therī < [Chapter 44 - Life Histories of Bhikkhunī Arahats]
Śrī Kṛṣṇa-vijaya (by Śrī Gunaraja Khan)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 12: The seasons < [Chapter VII - Sanatkumāracakricaritra]
Part 12: Plot of the co-wives < [Chapter VIII - The abandonment of Sītā]
Part 2: Garden Sports < [Chapter IX - Ariṣṭanemi’s sport, initiation, omniscience]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 3.2.44 < [Part 2 - Affection and Service (dāsya-rasa)]
Verse 3.2.42 < [Part 2 - Affection and Service (dāsya-rasa)]
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 1107-1108 < [Chapter 16 - Examination of the Import of Words]
Verse 1109-1110 < [Chapter 16 - Examination of the Import of Words]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)