Bakula, aka: Bākula; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Bakula means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Bakula in Purana glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Bakula (बकुल):—The consequences of using various flowers in worship, (eg. bakula flowers) leads to the acquisition of a beautiful daughter, according to the Bhaviṣya-purāṇa (brahmaparva, 197:1-11)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhavishya-purana
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Bakula (बकुल).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug.—The plant bears flowers having alcoholic flavour. It is useful in the diseases of mouth and teeth.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Bākula (बाकुल) is another name for the Bhikṣu Bakkula, whose story occurs during the time of Buddha Vipaśyin, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 36.—Accordingly, “thus, at the time of the Buddha Pi-p’o-che (Vipaśyin), the Bhikṣu Po-kiu-lo (Bakkula) offered a a-li-lö (harītakī) fruit to the Community. For ninety-one kalpas he enjoyed happiness among gods and men. He was never sick. And today, having met the Buddha Śākyamuni, he went forth from home (pravrajita), destroyed his impurities (kṣīṇāsrava) and became Arhat”.

Note: This is a well-known monk called Bakkula, Vakula and Vākula in Sanskrit; Bakkula, Bākula and Vakkula in Pāli. The name means ‘Two families’ (dvakkula, dvikkula).

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Bakula (बकुल) is the name of the caitya-tree (identified with Mimusops elengi) under which the parents of Nami are often depicted in Jaina iconography, according to both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. The term caitya refers to “sacred shrine”, an important place of pelgrimage and meditation in Jainism. Sculptures with such caitya-trees generally shows a male and a female couple seated under a tree with the female having a child on her lap. Usually there is a seated Jina figure on top of the tree.

Nami is the twenty-first of twenty-four tīrthaṅkaras: enlightened beings who, having conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leave a path behind for others to follow. His father is Samudravijaya and his mother is Śivādevī, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Bakula (बकुल) refers to a kind of tree (vṛkṣa) commonly found in the forests (vaṇa) of ancient India, mentioned in the Jñātādharmakathāṅga-sūtra. Forests have been a significant part of the Indian economy since ancient days. They have been considered essential for economic development in as much as, besides bestowing many geographical advantages, they provide basic materials for building, furniture and various industries. The most important forest products are wood and timber which have been used by the mankind to fulfil his various needs—domestic, agricultural and industrial.

Different kinds of trees (eg., the Bakula tree) provided firewood and timber. The latter was used for furniture, building materials, enclosures, staircases, pillars, agricultural purposes, e. g. for making ploughs, transportation e. g. for making carts, chariots, boats, ships, and for various industrial needs. Vaṇa-kamma was an occupation dealing in wood and in various otherforest products. Iṅgāla-kamma was another occupation which was concerned with preparing charcoal from firewood.

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Bakula or Vakula is the name of a tree mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D).—Vakula is always mentioned with the Ela-lavanga trees. It is known for its delicate and fragrant flowers.

Somadeva mentions many rich forests, gardens, various trees (eg., Bakula), creepers medicinal and flowering plants and fruit-bearing trees in the Kathasaritsagara. Travel through the thick, high, impregnable and extensive Vindhya forest is a typical feature of many travel-stories. Somadeva’s writing more or less reflects the life of the people of Northern India during the 11th century. His Kathasaritsagara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Bakula, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravahanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyadharas (celestial beings).

Source: Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Bakula in Pali glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Bakula, (cp. Class. Sk. bakula, N. of the tree Mimusops elengi, and its (fragrant) flower) in milāta°-puppha is v. l. KhA 60 (see App. p. 870 Pj.) for °ākuli°, which latter is also read at Vism. 260. (Page 481)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

bakula (बकुल).—m (S) A flowertree and its flower, Mimusops Elengi, 2 n C The flower.

--- OR ---

bakūḷa (बकूळ).—f (bakula S) See bakula the plant; and n the flower. 2 Ixora Bandhucca or Jungle geranium.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bakula (बकुल).—m A flower-tree and its flower.

--- OR ---

bakūḷa (बकूळ).—f See bakula.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bakula (बकुल).—

1) A kind of tree, Mimusops Elengi, (said according to the convention of poets to put forth blossoms when sprinkled by young women with monthfuls of wine); काङ्क्षत्यन्यो (kāṅkṣatyanyo) (kesaraḥ or bakulaḥ) वदनमदिरां दोहदच्छद्यनाऽस्याः (vadanamadirāṃ dohadacchadyanā'syāḥ) Me.8; बकुलः सीधुगण्डूषसेकात् (bakulaḥ sīdhugaṇḍūṣasekāt) (vikasati); तव निश्वसितानुकारिभिर्बकुलैरर्धचितां समं मया (tava niśvasitānukāribhirbakulairardhacitāṃ samaṃ mayā) R.8.64; (for similar conventions about other trees see the quotation under aśoka).

2) a kind of drug.

-lam The fragrant flower of this tree; कृती मालाकरो बकुलमपि कुत्रापि निदधे (kṛtī mālākaro bakulamapi kutrāpi nidadhe) Bv.1.54.

-lī A kind of drug.

Derivable forms: bakulaḥ (बकुलः).

--- OR ---

Bakūla (बकूल).—The Bakula tree.

Derivable forms: bakūlaḥ (बकूलः).

--- OR ---

Bākula (बाकुल).—The fruit of the Bakula tree.

Derivable forms: bākulam (बाकुलम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 42 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vakula
Vakula (वकुल) or Vākula is another name for the Bhikṣu Bakkula, whose story occurs during ...
Kesara
Kesara (केसर) is the name of a tree (Maulśrī) that is associated with the Nakṣatra (celestial s...
Ashoka
Asoka (असोक) and Asoka are mountains situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India...
Surabhi
Surabhi.—see surahī. Note: surabhi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can b...
Madana
Madanā (मदना) is the name of one of the thirty-six Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Uḍḍāmareśvaratantr...
Sharada
Sāradā.—name of the alphabet which developed out of late Brāhmī and was prevalent in the Kashmi...
Narikela
Nārīkela (नारीकेल).—see Nālikera.
Lavanga
Lavaṅga (लवङ्ग).—[lū-aṅgac Uṇ.1.112] The clove plant; द्वीपान्तरानीतलवङ्गपुष्पैः (dvīpāntarānīt...
Simhakeshara
Siṃhakeśara (सिंहकेशर).—1) the Bakula tree. 2) a lion's mane. 3) a kind of sweet-meat. Derivabl...
Aho
Aho (अहो).—ind.1) A particle showing (a) surprise or wonder; often agreeable (ah, how great or ...
Makula
Makula (मकुल).—1) The Bakula tree.2) A bud.Derivable forms: makulaḥ (मकुलः).
Dantadhavana
Dantadhāvana (दन्तधावन).—1) cleaning or washing the teeth; अभ्यङ्गोन्मर्दनादर्शदन्तधावाभिषेचनम्...
Visarada
Viśārada (विशारद).—a.1) Clever, skilful, or proficient in, versed in, conversant with (usually ...
Dohada
Dohada (दोहद).—[dohamākarṣa dadāti dā-ka]1) (a) The longing of a pregnant woman; प्रजावती दोहदश...
Bhramarananda
Bhramarānanda (भ्रमरानन्द).—1) the Bakula tree. 2) the Atimukta creeper. Derivable forms: bhram...

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