Somaraji, Somarājī, Soma-raji: 11 definitions


Somaraji means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Somarājī (सोमराजी) is another name for Vākucī, a medicinal plant identified with Psoralea corylifolia Linn. (“Babchi”) from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.62-65 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Somarājī and Vākucī, there are a total of twenty-one Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Somarājī (सोमराजी) is another name for Avalguja (Psoralea corylifolia “Malaysian scurfpea”) according to the Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Somarājī (सोमराजी) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., somarājī) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Somaraji in the Malayalam language is the name of a plant identified with Croton persimilis Müll.Arg. from the Euphorbiaceae (Castor) family having the following synonyms: Croton elaeocarpifolius, Croton boragatch. For the possible medicinal usage of somaraji, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Somaraji in India is the name of a plant defined with Centratherum anthelmintica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Centratherum anthelminticum Kuntze (among others).

2) Somaraji is also identified with Paederia foetida It has the synonym Hondbesseion foetidum (L.) Kuntze (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club (1891)
· Enumeratio Spermatophytarum Japonicarum (1952)
· Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B. (2005)
· Flora Indica, or ‘Descriptions of Indian Plants’ (1768)
· FBI (1881)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1987)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Somaraji, for example diet and recipes, health benefits, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, side effects, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Somarājī (सोमराजी).—a thin crescent of the moon.

Somarājī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms soma and rājī (राजी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Somarājī (सोमराजी).—f. (-jī) 1. A medicinal plant: see the last.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Somarājī (सोमराजी):—[=soma-rājī] [from soma] f. a thin crescent of the moon, [Chandomañjarī]

2) [v.s. ...] Vernonia Anthelminthica, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] a [particular] metre, [Chandomañjarī]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Somarājī (सोमराजी):—(jī) 3. f. Idem.

[Sanskrit to German]

Somaraji in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sōmarāji (ಸೋಮರಾಜಿ):—

1) [noun] the plant Centrantherum anthelmenticum ( = Vernonia anthelmentica) of Asgteraceae family.

2) [noun] its seed; wild cumin; worm seed.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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