Upavana, Upavāna, Upavāṇa: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Upavana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Upavana - A thera. He belonged to a very rich brahmin family of Savatthi, and having seen the Buddhas majesty at the dedication of Jetavana, he entered the Order and became an arahant with sixfold anna. For some time, before Ananda was appointed upatthaka, Upavana waited on the Buddha. Once when the Buddha was attacked by cramp, Upavana, with the help of his lay friend Devahita, obtained hot water and suitable medicines, with which the ailment was healed; the Buddha, thereupon, expressed his gratitude. ThagA.i.308ff; this ailment does not seem to be mentioned in Milinda 134f. where several others are given. This incident is given at greater length in S.i.174f; see also DhA.iv.232f.

When the Buddha lay on his death bed at Kusinara, Upavana was by his side fanning him; the Buddha, seeing that he obstructed the vision of the devas who had come to pay their last homage to the Teacher, asked Upavana to move away (D.ii.138f).

Two occasions are mentioned on which Upavana consulted the Buddha on matters of doctrine, once regarding the arising of suffering (S.ii.41-2) and once on the immediate and practical use of the Dhamma (sanditthikadhamma) (S.iv.41). There is also recorded a visit of Upavana to Sariputta when they were both staying in the Ghositarama at Kosambi. Sariputta asks him about the bojjhangas as being conducive to a happy life and Upavana explains (S.v.76). On another occasion Upavana is the enquirer, and he asks Sariputta about the end maker (antakara); Sariputta explains that the end maker is the one who knows and sees things as they really are (A.ii.163).

When an unpleasant interview took place between Sariputta and Laludayi (q.v.) and no one was found to support Sariputta, the matter is reported to the Buddha, who declares that Ananda should have taken Sariputtas side. Soon afterwards Ananda seeks Upavana and tells him that he was too timid to interfere, and if the Buddha referred to the matter again, would Upavana undertake to answer? In the evening the Buddha engages Upavana in conversation and asks him to explain the five qualities which make a monk esteemed and loved by his colleagues. At the end of the discourse the Buddha applauds Upavana (A.iii.195f).

In Padumuttaras time Upavana had been a poor man. Seeing people making great offerings at the Buddhas Thupa, he was much touched, and having washed his upper garment, he hung it as a flag over the Thupa. A yakkha named Abhisammataka, who was the guardian of the cetiya, took the flag three times round the cetiya, he himself remaining invisible.

A monk whom the man consulted after this miracle foretold that for thirty thousand kappas he would be in the deva worlds and that he would be deva king eighty times. One thousand times he was Cakkavatti. In his last life his wealth was eighty crores.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Upavāna (उपवान) is the name of a disciple of the Buddha, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLI. Ānanda fulfilled his mission with the greatest devotion for the last twenty-five years of the Teacher’s life. Before Ānanda took charge, other disciples functioned temporarily. The commtary of the Theragāthā and that of the Udāna record seven of them and the old canonical sources confirm this. Viz., Upavāna (Dīgha, II, p. 139, l. 1; Saṃyutta, I, p. 174, l. 25).

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upavana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

upavana : (nt.) a forest which is near by.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Upavana, (nt.) (upa + vana, see upa 5) a kind of wood, miniature wood, park J. IV, 431; V, 249; Miln. 1; VvA. 170 (= vana), 344; ThA. 201; PvA. 102 (ārām°), 177 (mahā°). (Page 146)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upavana (उपवन).—n (S A minor or diminutive wood.) A garden; a plantation; an orchard; a grove.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

upavana (उपवन).—n A garden, a plantation, an or- chard.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upavana (उपवन).—[upamitaṃ vanena] A garden, grave, a planted forest; पाण्डुच्छायोपवनवृतयः केतकैः सूचिभिन्नैः (pāṇḍucchāyopavanavṛtayaḥ ketakaiḥ sūcibhinnaiḥ) Me.23; R.8.73. 13.79; °लता (latā) a garden creeper.

Derivable forms: upavanam (उपवनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upavana (उपवन).—n.

(-naṃ) A garden, a grove. E. upa like, and vana a wood.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upavana (उपवन).—[upa-vana], n. A grove, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 52, 38.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upavana (उपवन).—[neuter] a small wood, grove.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upavana (उपवन):—[=upa-vana] n. a small forest or wood, grove, garden, [Mahābhārata; Manu-smṛti; Meghadūta] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a planted forest, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Upavana (उपवन):—n. (adj. Comp. f. ā) Wäldchen , Hain.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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