Jivani, Jīvanī: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Jivani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Jīvanī (जीवनी) is another name for Hemajīvantī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Dregea volubilis (sneeze wort). It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 6.183), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Jīvanī (जीवनी) is another name for Jīvantī, a medicinal plant identified with Leptadenia reticulata (cork swallow-wort) from the Apocynaceae, or “dogbane family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.37-39 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Jīvanī and Jīvantī, there are a total of eighteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Jīvanī (जीवनी) is also mentioned as a synonym for Doḍī, a medicinal plant, possibly identified with Strychnos nux-vomica Linn. or “strychnine tree” from the Loganiaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.184-185. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Jīvanī and Doḍī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

3) Jīvanī (जीवनी) is also mentioned as a synonym for Medā and Mahāmedā, both unidentified medicinal plants, according to verse 5.22-27. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Jīvanī and Medā, there are a total of nineteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jivaṇī (जिवणी).—f (Better jēvaṇī) The mouth.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jīvanī (जीवनी):—[from jīvana > jīv] f. Name of several plants (jīvantī, kākoli, doḍī, medā, mahā-medā, yūthī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. a-; puruṣa-jīv.)

2) Jīvani (जीवनि):—[from jīv] m. [plural] Name of a family, [Pravara texts v, 1.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Jīvani (जीवनि):—in ajīvani.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Jīvanī (जीवनी):—(nf) biography; ~[kāra] a biographer.

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