Dashapura, aka: Dāśapura, Daśapura, Dasha-pura; 4 Definition(s)


Dashapura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Dāśapura and Daśapura can be transliterated into English as Dasapura or Dashapura, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism


Dāśapura (दाशपुर).—Here were born as hunters the seven sons of Kauśika. But they remembered their previous births and refrained from cruel deeds.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 20. 12-4; 21. 9 and 28.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

India history and geogprahy

Daśapura (दशपुर).—Daśapura is identical with Mandsaur, the headquarters of the district of the same name in Madhya Pradesh. It is situated onthe Ajmer-Khandwa (M.G.) lineof the Western Railways. The present town of Mandsaur stands on the bank of the rivulet Shivna, a tributory of the sacred riser of Shipra. The city has been described in Mandsaur inscription of Kumāragupta and Bandhuvarman as embraced by two charming rivers (probably Shivna and Sumli) and decorated with the rows of the storeyed mansions like those of the aerial chariots and with paintings. The houses were high, resembling the peaks of white clouds lit up with the forked lightning or the lofty peaks of the mount Kailāsa.

The Mandsaur inscription further tells the story of a temple of the Sun God constructed by the guild of the silk-weavers at the city called Daśapura. In course of time, part of the temple fell into disrepair. It was once again reconstructed by the same philanthropic guild. The city was decorated with the best of the buildings asthe cloudless sky is decorated with the moon. Kalidāsa also has made a passing reference to the beauties of Daśapura in Meghadūta.

About the origin of the name of the city, a story of a King Udayana and ten princes is narrated in the Jain work Pariśiṣṭaparvan. The king managed to erect some fortification, which was called by the name of Daśapura by the traders who had accommodated themselves, attracted by the royal encampment. The Mahābhārata speaks of Daśapura as a capital city of king Rantideva, a descendant of the solar race.

Nasik inscriptions indicate that by the second century A.D., Daśapura had earned the reputation of not only a flourishing and poIitically imporiant town but also a religious centre. The inscription of Govindagupta mentions that Dattabhaṭa got constructed here a stūpa and a vihāra.

(Source): archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Daśapura (दशपुर)  is a place name ending in pura mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. [Gupta] inscription L.4 refers to the migration of a guild of silk-weavers from Lāṭa-viṣaya (Central and Southern Gujarat) to the city of Daśapura. The guild came to this city attracted by the virtues of its kings.

Daśapura has been identified with Mandasor in Western Malwa formerly in the Gwalior State. The ancient Daśapura stood on the north or left bank of the Siwana, a tributary ofthe river Śiprā. We also find it mentioned in the Mandasor Fragmentary Inscription of the time of Ādityavardhana (A.D. 490-500). Under the Imperial Guptas the use of the Mālava or the Kṛta era seems to have been confined to Daśapura . Thus Daśapura may have been the main city of the Western Malavas. We also get a reference to Daśapura in the Bṛhatsaṃhitā and the Meghadūta of Kālidāsa.

There are two explanations of the name Daśapura or Dasor. The local explanation is that the place was originally a city of the Puranic king Daśaratha. But, on this view, the name of the city should have been Daśapurapura or Dasarathore. Fleet points out that even now, the township includes some twelve to fifteen outlying hamlets or divisions (Khilcipur, Jankūpurā, Rāmpuriyā, Candrapurā, Bālagañja, etc.) and that “when it was originally constituted, it included exactly ten (daśa) such hamlets (pura)”. This view of Fleet is more appealing.

(Source): archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Daśapura (दशपुर) is identical with Mandasor.—Daśapura has been mentioned not only by Varāhamihira in the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter XIV, verse 11-16), but also by Kālidāsa in the Mēghadūta (I. 47). As to inscriptions, it is found as early as in those of the Nāsik caves. It is mentioned in one of the records of Uṣavadāta (=Ṛṣabhadatta), son-in-law of the Mahākṣatrapa Nahapāna, along with the three big cities, Śōrpāraga, Gōvardhana and Bharukaccha, where he executed works of public utility. Possibly it was the capital of Nahapāna also and was known as Minnagar.

Daśapura was encircled by two rivers. At present, however, one river only is known in the close neighbourhood of Mandasōr, namely, the Śiwanā. Probably, the other river has either dried up or has been filled up with the ancient remains of the town. The other details about it mentioned in the inscription is the piece of information that the temple of the Sun built by the Guild was situated in the western pura or Ward of the town. The word here used is pura, which gives rise to the inference that Daśapura was so called because it consisted of daśa puras or ten wards

(Source): What is India: Inscriptions of the Early Gupta Kings
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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