Dashapura, Dāśapura, Daśapura, Dasha-pura, Dashan-pura: 15 definitions
Dashapura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Dāśapura and Daśapura can be transliterated into English as Dasapura or Dashapura, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Dāśapura (दाशपुर).—Here were born as hunters the seven sons of Kauśika. But they remembered their previous births and refrained from cruel deeds.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 20. 12-4; 21. 9 and 28.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Daśapura (दशपुर) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Mondasor in Malwa, it is generally known as Dasore from which the Dasora Brahmins derive their names.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Daśapura (दशपुर) refers to a country belonging to “Dakṣiṇa or Dakṣiṇadeśa (southern division)” classified under the constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā represent the southern division consisting of [i.e., Daśapura] [...]”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
India history and geography
Daśapura (दशपुर).—Daśapura is identical with Mandsaur, the headquarters of the district of the same name in Madhya Pradesh. It is situated onthe Ajmer-Khandwa (M.G.) lineof the Western Railways. The present town of Mandsaur stands on the bank of the rivulet Shivna, a tributory of the sacred riser of Shipra. The city has been described in Mandsaur inscription of Kumāragupta and Bandhuvarman as embraced by two charming rivers (probably Shivna and Sumli) and decorated with the rows of the storeyed mansions like those of the aerial chariots and with paintings. The houses were high, resembling the peaks of white clouds lit up with the forked lightning or the lofty peaks of the mount Kailāsa.
The Mandsaur inscription further tells the story of a temple of the Sun God constructed by the guild of the silk-weavers at the city called Daśapura. In course of time, part of the temple fell into disrepair. It was once again reconstructed by the same philanthropic guild. The city was decorated with the best of the buildings asthe cloudless sky is decorated with the moon. Kalidāsa also has made a passing reference to the beauties of Daśapura in Meghadūta.
About the origin of the name of the city, a story of a King Udayana and ten princes is narrated in the Jain work Pariśiṣṭaparvan. The king managed to erect some fortification, which was called by the name of Daśapura by the traders who had accommodated themselves, attracted by the royal encampment. The Mahābhārata speaks of Daśapura as a capital city of king Rantideva, a descendant of the solar race.
Nasik inscriptions indicate that by the second century A.D., Daśapura had earned the reputation of not only a flourishing and poIitically imporiant town but also a religious centre. The inscription of Govindagupta mentions that Dattabhaṭa got constructed here a stūpa and a vihāra.Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
Daśapura (दशपुर) is a place name ending in pura mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.—“[Gupta] inscription L.4 refers to the migration of a guild of silk-weavers from Lāṭa-viṣaya (Central and Southern Gujarat) to the city of Daśapura. The guild came to this city attracted by the virtues of its kings.
Daśapura has been identified with Mandasor in Western Malwa formerly in the Gwalior State. The ancient Daśapura stood on the north or left bank of the Siwana, a tributary ofthe river Śiprā. We also find it mentioned in the Mandasor Fragmentary Inscription of the time of Ādityavardhana (A.D. 490-500). Under the Imperial Guptas the use of the Mālava or the Kṛta era seems to have been confined to Daśapura . Thus Daśapura may have been the main city of the Western Malavas. We also get a reference to Daśapura in the Bṛhatsaṃhitā and the Meghadūta of Kālidāsa.
There are two explanations of the name Daśapura or Dasor. The local explanation is that the place was originally a city of the Puranic king Daśaratha. But, on this view, the name of the city should have been Daśapurapura or Dasarathore. Fleet points out that even now, the township includes some twelve to fifteen outlying hamlets or divisions (Khilcipur, Jankūpurā, Rāmpuriyā, Candrapurā, Bālagañja, etc.) and that “when it was originally constituted, it included exactly ten (daśa) such hamlets (pura)”. This view of Fleet is more appealing.Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Early Gupta Kings
Daśapura (दशपुर) is identical with Mandasor.—Daśapura has been mentioned not only by Varāhamihira in the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter XIV, verse 11-16), but also by Kālidāsa in the Mēghadūta (I. 47). As to inscriptions, it is found as early as in those of the Nāsik caves. It is mentioned in one of the records of Uṣavadāta (=Ṛṣabhadatta), son-in-law of the Mahākṣatrapa Nahapāna, along with the three big cities, Śōrpāraga, Gōvardhana and Bharukaccha, where he executed works of public utility. Possibly it was the capital of Nahapāna also and was known as Minnagar.
Daśapura was encircled by two rivers. At present, however, one river only is known in the close neighbourhood of Mandasōr, namely, the Śiwanā. Probably, the other river has either dried up or has been filled up with the ancient remains of the town. The other details about it mentioned in the inscription is the piece of information that the temple of the Sun built by the Guild was situated in the western pura or Ward of the town. The word here used is pura, which gives rise to the inference that Daśapura was so called because it consisted of daśa puras or ten wardsSource: Jainworld: Jain History (h)
Daśapura (दशपुर) is identified with the modern city Mandsor. After Siṃhagiri had taught him the eleven Aṅgas, Vajra went from Daśapura to Bhadragupta at Avanti (Ujjayinī) to learn the twelfth viz. the Dṛṣṭivādāṅga. Daśapura is the birth place of the Jaina saint Āryarakṣita who learned from Vajra nine Pūrvas, and a fragment of the tenth, and taught them to his pupil Durbalikāpuṣpamitra. The seventh schism in Jainism occurred at this place. Jinaprabhasūri mentions Supārśva at Daśapura.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Daśapura (दशपुर).—Name of an ancient city, capital of king Rantideva; पात्रीकुर्वन्दशपुरवधूनेत्रकौतू- हलानाम् (pātrīkurvandaśapuravadhūnetrakautū- halānām) Meghadūta 49.
Derivable forms: daśapuram (दशपुरम्).
Daśapura is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms daśan and pura (पुर).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raṃ) A fragrant grass, (Cyperus rotundus:) see dāśapura. 2. A district, part of Malwa or Bundelk'hand. 3. A town or city. E. daśa for dāśa a fisherman, and pura or pūra to nourish, affix daśa; also daśa ten, and pura a city: district of ten cities.
--- OR ---
(-raṃ) A fragrant grass: see the preceding; also dāśapūra.
--- OR ---
(-raṃ) A fragrant grass, (Cyperus rotundus:) see daśapura; also dāśapūra, n.
--- OR ---
(-raṃ) A fragrant grass, (Cyperus rotundus.) E. dāsa a fisherman, and pūra what nourishes, srom pṛ to nourish, affix ka also dāśapūra .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Daśapura (दशपुर).—n. the name of a country. Deva-pura, n. the residence of Indra. Nāga-pura, n. a name of Hāstinapura. Pañca(n) -pura, n., parihāsa-pura, n., and phala -pura, n., names of towns. Mahā -purī, f. a great town.
Daśapura is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms daśan and pura (पुर).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Daśapura (दशपुर).—[neuter] [Name] of [several] towns.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Daśapura (दशपुर):—[=daśa-pura] [from daśa] n. a kind of Cyperus rotundus (also -pūra [Scholiast or Commentator]), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) [v.s. ...] ‘Decapolis’, the modern Mandasor (in Malwa), [Meghadūta 47; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xiv, 13; Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan xii f.]
3) Daśapūra (दशपूर):—[=daśa-pūra] [from daśa] see. -pura.
4) Dāśapura (दाशपुर):—[=dāśa-pura] [from dāśa] mf(ī)n. coming from Daśa-pura
5) [v.s. ...] n. (also pūra) a kind of fragrant grass (cf. daśa-), [Bhāvaprakāśa]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Daśapura (दशपुर):—[daśa-pura] (raṃ) 1. n. A fragrant grass; a district; a town or city.
2) Daśapūra (दशपूर):—[daśa-pūra] (raṃ) 1. n. Idem.
3) Dāśapura (दाशपुर):—[dāśa-pura] (raṃ) 1. n. Fragrant grass.
4) Dāsapūra (दासपूर):—[dāsa-pūra] (raṃ) 1. m. A fragrant grass.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Dashapuramdara.
Full-text: Caudrayana, Mandasor, Dashapuri, Dasor, Bandhuvarman, Kailasa, Dinanatha.
Search found 10 books and stories containing Dashapura, Dāśapura, Daśapura, Dasha-pura, Dasapura, Daśa-pura, Dasa-pura, Dashan-pura, Daśan-pura, Dasan-pura, Daśapūra, Dāsapūra, Daśa-pūra, Dāśa-pura, Dāsa-pūra; (plurals include: Dashapuras, Dāśapuras, Daśapuras, puras, Dasapuras, Daśapūras, Dāsapūras, pūras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The Agni Purana (by N. Gangadharan)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 13: Fight between Udāyana and Pradyota < [Chapter XI - The story of Rauhiṇeya]
Part 2: Previous incarnations of Brahmadatta < [Chapter I - Brahmadattacaritra]
Impact of Vedic Culture on Society (by Kaushik Acharya)
Mingling of Cultures (J): The Early Gurjaras < [Chapter 4]
Sanskrit Inscriptions (A): The Vākāṭakas < [Chapter 3]
Chart: Movement of Vedic Brāhmaṇas < [Chapter 3]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 12 - Merit Earned by Protecting a Brāhmaṇa < [Section 4 - Brahma-khaṇḍa (Section on Brahman)]
Chapter 10 - The Greatness of Pitṛs < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)