Shardula, aka: Śārdūla; 10 Definition(s)
Shardula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Śārdūla can be transliterated into English as Sardula or Shardula, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
Śārdūla (शार्दूल) refers to one of the 23 types of dohā metres (a part of mātrā type) described in the 1st chapter of the Vṛttamauktika by Candraśekhara (17th century): author of many metrical compositions and the son of Lakṣmīnātha Bhaṭṭa and Lopāmudrā.Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Śārdūla (शार्दूल).—A spy of Rāvaṇa. It was he, who informed Rāvaṇa about the arrival of Rāma. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Yuddhakāṇḍa, Canto 30).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Śārdūla (शार्दूल).—The lord of animals.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 35. 6; 70. 10.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Śārdūla (शार्दूल, ‘tiger’) is mentioned in the later Saṃhitās and the Brāhmaṇas. Cf. Vyāghra.Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
General definition (in Jainism)
Śārdūla (शार्दूल) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Śārdūla] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
śārdūla (शार्दूल).—m S pop. śārdūḷa m A tiger. 2 A tree, Pentaptera tomentosa vel Urjuna.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
śārdūla (शार्दूल).—m A tiger. A particular tree.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Śārdūla (शार्दूल).—[śṝ-ūlal duk ca Uṇ.4.97]
1) A tiger.
2) A leopard or panther.
3) A demon, Rākṣasa.
4) A kind of bird.
5) A kind of animal called शरभ (śarabha).
6) A lion.
7) (at the end of comp.) An eminent or distinguished person, foremost; as in नरशार्दूलः (naraśārdūlaḥ); cf. कुञ्जर (kuñjara).
Derivable forms: śārdūlaḥ (शार्दूलः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-laḥ) 1. A tiger. 2. Another animal. 3. A Rakshasa. 4. A sort of bird. 5. (In composition,) Pre-eminent, excellent. 6. A form of metre, a variety of the class Dhriti, or stanza of four lines of 18 syllables each; also of the class Atidhriti, in which there are 19 syllables in the line. E. śṝ to injure, dūlac aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 21 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Śārdūlavikrīḍita (शार्दूलविक्रीडित).—m. (-taḥ) A form of metre, a variety of the class Atidhrit...
Śārdūlalalita (शार्दूलललित).—m. (-taḥ) A species of the Dhriti metre, of 4 lines of 18 syllable...
Naraśārdūla (नरशार्दूल).—an eminent man. Derivable forms: naraśārdūlaḥ (नरशार्दूलः).Naraśārdūla...
Bharataśārdūla (भरतशार्दूल).—the best or most distinguished of the descendants of Bharata. Deri...
Bhṛguśārdūla (भृगुशार्दूल).—epithets of Paraśurāma;. Derivable forms: bhṛguśārdūlaḥ (भृगुशार्दू...
Śārdūlacarman (शार्दूलचर्मन्).—n. a tiger's skin. Śārdūlacarman is a Sanskrit compound consisti...
Kṣudraśārdūla (क्षुद्रशार्दूल).—leopard. Derivable forms: kṣudraśārdūlaḥ (क्षुद्रशार्दूलः).Kṣud...
Pakṣiśārdūla (पक्षिशार्दूल).—(in music) a kind of dance. Derivable forms: pakṣiśārdūlaḥ (पक्षिश...
Grahaṇīśārdūla (ग्रहणीशार्दूल) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume ...
Puruṣaśārdūla (पुरुषशार्दूल).—'a tiger or lion among men', a distinguished or eminent man. उद्य...
Śṝ (शॄ).—r. 9th cl. (śṛṇāti) To hurt, to wound or kill. With vi prefixed, pass. v. (viśīryate) ...
Vyāghra (व्याघ्र).—m. (-ghraḥ) 1. A tiger. 2. (In composition,) Best, pre-eminent, (at the end ...
Poṭa (पोट).—m. (-ṭaḥ) 1. The foundation of a house, &c. 2. Uniting, mixing. f. (-ṭā) 1. A w...
Gīti (गीति).—f. (-tiḥ) 1. Sing, singing, 2. A kind of poetical metre, a form of the Aryya metre...
Doha (दोह).—[duh bhāve ghañ]1) Milking; आश्चर्यो गवां दोहोऽगोपेन (āścaryo gavāṃ doho'gopena) Sk...
Search found 13 books and stories containing Shardula or Śārdūla. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 39 - Treatment for chronic diarrhea (11): Grahani-shardula rasa < [Chapter III - Jvaratisara fever with diarrhoea]
Part 4 - Treatment for enlargement of spleen and liver (3): Pliha-shardula rasa < [Chapter VII - Enlargement of spleen (plihodara) and liver (yakridudara)]
The Gautami Mahatmya (by G. P. Bhatt)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Appendix 6.2: new and rare words < [Appendices]
Part 11: Mahendrasiṃha goes in search of the prince < [Chapter VII - Sanatkumāracakricaritra]
Śrī Kṛṣṇa-karṇāmṛtam (by Śrīla Bilvamaṅgala Ṭhākura)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)