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Kadamba, aka: Kadambā, Kādamba; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kadamba means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Dharmaśāstra (religious law)

Kadamba (कदम्ब) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Nauclea cadamba by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as bearing good fruits. The King should plant such domestic plants in and near villages. He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.

The following is an ancient Indian recipe for such nourishment of trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.105-109: “The trees (such as kadamba) are to be watered in the morning and evening in summer, every alternate day in winter, in the fifth part of the day (i.e., afternoon) in spring, never in the rainy season. If trees have their fruits destroyed, the pouring of cold water after being cooked together with Kulutha, Māṣa (seeds), Mudga (pulse), Yava (barley) and Tila (oil seed) would lead to the growth of flowers and fruits. Growth of trees can be helped by the application of water with which fishes are washed and cleansed.”

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

about this context:

Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharma-shastra) is a category of Hindu literature containing important instructions regarding religious law, ethics, economics, jurisprudence and more. It is categorised as smṛti, an important and authorative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

Śaivism (Śaiva philosophy)

Kadambā (कदम्बा):—Another name for Saumyā, the Sanskrit name for one of the twenty-four goddesses of the Sūryamaṇḍala, according to the tantric sources called the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the kubjikāmata-tantra.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

about this context:

Śaiva (शैव, shaiva) or Śaivism (shaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Śiva as the supreme being. Closeley related to Śāktism, Śaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Āyurveda (science of life)

1) Kādamba (कादम्ब) is a Sanskrit word referring either to the “grey goose” or to the “whistling teal”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Kādamba is part of the sub-group named Ambucārin, refering to animals “which move on waters”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

2) Kadamba (चिर्भट) is a Sanskrit word referring to Neolamarckia cadamba (burflower-tree), a plant species in the Rubiaceae family. Certain plant parts of Kadamba are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. The plant has the following commonly used botanical synonym: Nauclea cadamba, Anthocephalus indicus, Anthocephalus chinensis.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 9.97), the burflower-tree (kadamba) has 7 synonyms: Vṛttapuṣpa, Surabhi, Lalanāpriya, Kādambarya, Sindhupuṣpa, Madāḍhya and Karṇapūraka. The same work also lists 3 sub-varieties: Dhārākadamba, Dhūlikadamba and Bhūmikadamba.

Properties according to the Caraka-saṃhitā: Kadamba is non-slimy, heavy, cold and channel-blocking.

Properties according to the Rājanighaṇṭu: Kadamba is pungent, bitter, astringent and subsides vitiated vāta. This is cooling and alleviates the pain caused by pitta and kapha. It improves the quantitative uality of semen.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kādamba (कादम्ब)—Sanskrit word for a bird Anser indicus or Anser anser (“black”). This animal is from the group called Plava (‘those which float’ or ‘those move about in large flocks’). Plava itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

about this context:

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Hindu science dealing with subjects such as health, medicine, anatomy, etc. and has been in use throughout India since ancient times.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Śrīla Viśvanātha Cakravartī gives the following information about Vṛndāvana's trees: The kadamba proper has smaller flowers and a very pleasant fragrance. (Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.30.9).

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Pali

1) Kādamba, (cp. Sk. kādamba) a kind of goose with grey wings J. V, 420; VvA. 163. (Page 203)

2) Kadamba, (cp. Sk. kadamba) the kadamba tree, Nauclea cordifolia (with orange-coloured, fragrant blossoms) J. VI, 535, 539; Vism. 206; DhA. I, 309 (°puppha); Mhvs 25, 48 (id.). (Page 185)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

kadamba : (m.) the tree Nauclea Cordiforlia. || kādamba (m.), a kind of goose with grey wings.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

1. Kadamba, Kadambaka - The river that flows past Anuradhapura, on the eastern side, now called the Malvatu Oya (Mhv.vii.43; and Trs.58, n.3). Near the river was the Nivatta cetiya (Mhv.xv.10). The river ford, the Gangalatittha (MT.361), formed the beginning of the boundary line of the sima of the Mahavihara, and this line also ended at the river bank (Mhv.xv.191). The road from Anuradhapura to Cetiyagiri lay across the Kadamba nadi, and pious kings, such as Maha Dathika Maha Naga, spread carpets from the river up to the mountain so that pilgrims could wash their feet in the river and approach the mountain shrines with clean feet (Mhv.xxxiv.78).

The road from the Kadamba river to Thuparama passed through the Rajamatudvara (SA.i.173). Moggallana II. dammed up the river among the mountains and thus formed three tanks, the Pattapasanavapi, the Dhanavapi, and the Garitara (Cv.xli.61), and Udaya II. built a weir for the overflow of the river (Cv.li.130).

In the time of Kakusandha Buddha, the capital of Ceylon, Abhayanagara, lay to the east of Kadambanadi (Mhv.xv.59; Dpv.xv.39; xvii.12; see also Mbv.120, 134f).

See also Kalamba.

2. Kadamba - A mountain near Himava. Seven Pacceka Buddhas once lived there. Ap.ii.382.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Kadamba (कदम्ब) is the name of a gandharva god according to both the Digambara and the Śvetāmbara traditions. The gandharvas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The gandharvas have a golden appearance according to the Digambaras and the Tumbaru tree is their caitya-vṛkṣa (sacred-tree). They have a blackish complexion and are beautiful in appearance, have excellent physiognomy, sweet voices and are adorned with crowns and neckalces according to the Śvetāmbaras.

The deities such as Kadamba are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Relevant definitions

Search found 60 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Dhārākadamba
Dhārākadamba (धाराकदम्ब) is one of the three varieties of Kadamba, which is a Sanskrit name ...
Dhūlikadamba
Dhūlikadamba (धूलिकदम्ब) is one of the three varieties of Kadamba, which is a Sanskrit name ...
Bhūmikadamba
Bhūmikadamba (भूमिकदम्ब) is one of the three varieties of Kadamba, which is a Sanskrit name ...
Gandharva
Gandharva (गन्धर्व).—A class of vyantara gods;—According to Tiloyapaṇṇatti, the ten Gandharvas ...
Mandara
Mandara (मन्दर).—One of the mountains of Jambūdvīpa.—Mandara has been indemnified by Nandolal D...
Nīpa
Nīpa (नीप) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Ixora bandhucca (a species of aśoka) by vario...
Piśāca
Piśāca (पिशाच).—Description of a women of piśāca type;—A woman who has more or less than the us...
Kuṭaja
Kuṭaja (कुटज) is the name of a tree found in Maṇidvīpa, according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purā...
Meru
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Surabhi
Surabhī (सुरभी) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for t...
Saumyā
Saumya (सौम्य, “pleasing one”) refers to a specific “mode of address” (nāman) used in drama (nā...
Mahamatta
mahāmatta : (m.) a chief minister.
Kalamba
Kalamba (कलम्ब) is a Sanskrit word referring to Ipomoea aquatica (water spinach), from the C...
Supārśva
Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical ...
Kadambaka
Kadambaka (कदम्बक) is another name (synonym) for Dhārākadamba: one of the three varieties of...

Relevant text

Search found 118 books containing Kadamba, Kadambā or Kādamba. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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