Tunga, aka: Tuṅgā, Tuṅga; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Tunga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Tuṅga (तुङ्ग) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Maṇika, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 49. The Maṇika group contains ten out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under five prime vimānas (aerial car/palace), which were created by Brahmā for as many gods (including himself). This group represents temples (eg. Tuṅga) that are to be globular and oblong in shape. The prāsādas, or ‘temples’, represent the dwelling place of God and are to be built in towns. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Tuṅga (तुङ्ग) is another name (synonym) for Kampillaka, which is the Sanskrit word for Mallotus philippensis (kamala tree), a plant from the Cleomaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 13.99), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Tuṅgā (तुङ्गा).—Name of a river (nadī) situated near the seven great mountains on the western side of mount Naiṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These settlements consume the water flowing from these seven great mountains (Viśākha, Kambala, Jayanta, Kṛṣṇa, Harita, Aśoka and Vardhamāna). Niṣadha (Naiṣadha) is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Tuṅgā (तुङ्गा) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (eg., tuṅgā) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Tunga in Pali glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

tuṅga : (adj.) high; prominent.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Tuṅga, (adj.) (Sk. tunga, tum to stand out, cp. Gr. tu/mbos hillock, Lat. tumeo & tumulus, Mir. tomm hill) high, prominent, long J. I, 89; III, 433 (pabbata, expld however by tikhiṇa, sharp, rough); Dāvs. IV. 30.

—nāsika one with a prominent or long nose S. II, 284; cp. saṇha-tunga-sadisī nāsikā Th. 2, 258; —vaṇṭaka having a long stalk; N. of a plant J. VI, 537. (Page 304)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

ṭuṅga (टुंग).—n A bump or rising upon the body; an excrescence or a knob upon a tree or plant; a mound, tump, hummock, or little protuberance upon the ground.

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tuṅga (तुंग).—m A body, band, troop, company. 2 An embankment or a dam (over a river). 3 A cistern or receptacle of an aqueduct. 4 A vessel (glass, metal, earthen) of a particular shape and description. Holy water, rose-water &c. are conveyed or contained in it. 5 A case of a pakhavāja.

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tuṅga (तुंग).—a S High, lofty, tall.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tuṅga (तुंग).—m A body. A dam. A vessel or cistern a High, tall.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tuṅga (तुङ्ग).—a.

1) High, elevated, tall, lofty, prominent; जलनिधिमिव विधुमण्डलदर्शनतरलिततुङ्गतरङ्गम् (jalanidhimiva vidhumaṇḍaladarśanataralitatuṅgataraṅgam) Gīt.11; तुङ्गं नगोत्सङ्ग- मिवारुरोह (tuṅgaṃ nagotsaṅga- mivāruroha) R.6.3,4.7; Śi.2.48; Me.12,66.

2) Long.

3) Vaulted.

4) Chief, principal.

5) Strong, passionate.

-gaḥ 1 A height, elevation.

2) A mountain.

3) Top, summit.

4) The planet Mercury.

5) A rhinoceros.

6) The coco-nut tree; Mb.12.262.7.

7) The aphelion of a planet.

8) (fig.) A throne; निपात्य तुङ्गाद्रिपुयूथनाथम् (nipātya tuṅgādripuyūthanātham) Bhāg.3.3.1.

9) A wise man.

1) An epithet of Śiva.

11) The Punnāga tree; तुङ्गस्तु शैलपुन्नागयोस्त्रिषु (tuṅgastu śailapunnāgayostriṣu) Nm.

-gam The stamina of the lotusblossoms.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 22 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Tungabhadra
Tuṅgabhadrā (तुङ्गभद्रा) is the name of a river and rises from the Sahya mountain and joins the...
Tungavena
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Sutunga
Sutuṅga (सुतुङ्ग).—mfn. (-ṅgaḥ-ṅgā-ṅgaṃ) Very lofty or tall. m. (-ṅgaḥ) The cocoanut tree. E. s...
Tunganakha
Tuṅganakha (तुङ्गनख) refers to “prominent finger-nails” and represents the third of the eighty ...
Brahmatunga
Brahmatuṅga (ब्रह्मतुङ्ग).—A mountain. Arjuna dreamt that Śrī Kṛṣṇa and himself went to the pre...
Tungamukha
Tuṅgamukha (तुङ्गमुख).—a rhinoceros. Derivable forms: tuṅgamukhaḥ (तुङ्गमुखः).Tuṅgamukha is a S...
Tungashekhara
Tuṅgaśekhara (तुङ्गशेखर).—a mountain.Derivable forms: tuṅgaśekharaḥ (तुङ्गशेखरः).Tuṅgaśekhara i...
Tunganakhata
Tuṅganakhatā (तुङ्गनखता) or Tuṅganakha refers to “prominent nails” and represents the third of ...
Tungabija
Tuṅgabīja (तुङ्गबीज).—quicksilver. Derivable forms: tuṅgabījaḥ (तुङ्गबीजः).Tuṅgabīja is a Sansk...
Tungabha
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Manatunga
Mānatuṅga (तुङ्ग) refers to classification of a temple/buidling (prāsāda), according to Sama...
Shritunga
Śrītuṅga (श्रीतुङ्ग) refers to classification of a temple/buidling (prāsāda), according to S...
Prasada
Prāsāda (प्रासाद) refers to “temples” and is mentioned among the “material benefits” granted by...
Manika
Māṇika.—(CITD), Telugu; a measure; (1/4) of a kuñcamu and (1/15) of a tūmu. Note: māṇika is def...
Tumula
Tumula (तुमुल).—mn. (-laḥ-laṃ) 1. Mingled or tumultuous combat. 2. Uproar, clangour, tumult, tu...

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