Murva, Mūrvā: 15 definitions
Murva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Mūrvā (मूर्वा):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
1) Mūrvā (मूर्वा) is identified with Chonemorpha fragrans (or, Echites fragrans): a woody vine from the Apocynaceae family of flowering plants. It is also known as Moraṭā. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā.
2) Mūrvā (मूर्वा) refers to a species of medicinal plant (Marsdenia tenacissima or Helicteres isora) and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda. It is identified as either Marsdenia tenacissima or Helicteres isora (which is commonly known in Sanskrit as Mṛgaśṛṅgī).Source: Google Books: Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
Mūrvā (मूर्वा) or Maurva refers to the “Indian bowstring hemp” (Sansevieria roxburghiana).—Cultivated as fibre plant in India, the Philippines and in other tropical countries. The fibres are used for ropes, nets, clothes and paper production, mainly obtained from wild plants. Also important as medicinal plant, in South-East Asia used for snake venom, in India also against intestinal worms and chronic coughs. Frequently cultivated as ornamental.Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Mūrvā (मूर्वा) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Marsdenia tenacissima from the Asclepiadoideae or “milkweed family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.19-21 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Mūrvā is commonly known in Hindi as Cūrṇahāra; in Marathi as Gonasphanā; in Bengali as Morwel; in Tamil as Marul; in Telugu as Caga-cettu. Other regional names are: Murgā, Murahar, Śocamukhī, Cinhāra (in Mirzapur), Jartora, Maruāvel (in Dehradun), Siṭī (in Thārū), Koṅgā (in Bihar).
Mūrvā is mentioned as having twenty-eight synonyms: Divyalatā, Mirā, Madhurasā, Devī, Triparṇī, Madhuśreṇī, Bhinnadalā, Amarī, Madhumatī, Tiktā, Pṛthakparṇikā, Gokarṇī, Laghuparṇikā, Dahanī, Tejasvinī, Moraṭā, Devaśreṇī, Madhūlikā, Madhudalā, Pīlunī, Raktalā, Sukhoṣitā, Snigdhaparṇī, Pīluparṇī, Madhusravā, Jvalanī and Gopavallī.
Properties and characteristics: “Mūrvā is bitter (tikta) astringent (kaṣāya) and hot (uṣṇa) in potancy. It alleviates the ailments of heart and aggravation of kapha and vāta. It also cures vomiting, kuṣṭha (leprosy) and allied skin disorders, prameha (obstinate urinary disorders including diabetes mellitus) and viṣama-jvaras (a particular group of fevers)”.Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Mūrvā (मूर्वा) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Chonemorpha fragrans (Moon) Alston” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning mūrvā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Biology (plants and animals)Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs
Murva [मूर्वा] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Clematis heynei M.A.Rau & al. from the Ranunculaceae (Buttercup) family having the following synonyms: Clematis triloba. For the possible medicinal usage of murva, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.
Murva [मूर्वा] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Helicteres isora L. from the Sterculiaceae (Cacao) family.
Murva [मूर्वा] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Argyreia nervosa (Burm. f.) Bojer from the Convolvulaceae (Morning glory) family having the following synonyms: Argyreia speciosa, Convolvulus nervosus, Lettsomia nervosa.
Murva [मूर्वा] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Chonemorpha fragrans (Moon) Alston from the Apocynaceae (Oleander) family having the following synonyms: Chonemorpha grandiflora, Echites fragrans, Chonemorpha elliptica.
Murva in the Sanskrit language, ibid. previous identification.
Murva in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Sansevieria roxburghiana Schult. & Schult.f. from the Asparagaceae (Asparagus) family having the following synonyms: Cordyline roxburghiana, Acyntha roxburghiana.
Murva [मूर्वा] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Clematis gouriana Roxb. ex DC. from the Ranunculaceae (Buttercup) family having the following synonyms: Clematis indica, Clematis cana, Clematis simplicifolia, Clematis martini.
Murva [मूर्वा] in the Sanskrit language, ibid. previous identification.
Murva [मूर्वा] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Phanera vahlii (Wight & Arn.) Benth. from the Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar) family having the following synonyms: Bauhinia racemosa, Bauhinia vahlii.
Murva [मूर्वा] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Marsdenia roylei Wight from the Apocynaceae (Oleander) family having the following synonyms: Pergularia roylei.
Murva [मूर्वा] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Marsdenia volubilis (L. fil.) Cooke from the Apocynaceae (Oleander) family having the following synonyms: Asclepias volubilis, Dregea volubilis, Wattakaka volubilis.Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)
1) Murva in India is the name of a plant defined with Argyreia nervosa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Convolvulus nervosus Raf. (among others).
2) Murva is also identified with Bauhinia vahlii It has the synonym Bauhinia vahlii Fern.-Vill. (etc.).
3) Murva is also identified with Bauhinia variegata It has the synonym Bauhinia variegata var. candida (Aiton) Corner (etc.).
4) Murva is also identified with Blumeopsis flava It has the synonym Blumea flava DC. (etc.).
5) Murva is also identified with Chonemorpha fragrans It has the synonym Cercocoma macrantha Teijsm. & Binn., nom. nud. (etc.).
6) Murva is also identified with Clematis gouriana It has the synonym Clematis vitalba var. micrantha H. Lév. & Vaniot (etc.).
7) Murva is also identified with Clematis hedysarifolia It has the synonym Clematis hedysarifolia Lindl., nom. illeg..
8) Murva is also identified with Clematis triloba It has the synonym Clematis triloba B. Heyne.
9) Murva is also identified with Sansevieria roxburghiana It has the synonym Sansevieria zeylanica Roxb., nom. illeg. (etc.).
10) Murva is also identified with Sansevieria zeylanica It has the synonym Aloe hyacinthoides var. zeylanica L. (etc.).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d’Histoire Naturelle de Genève (1833)
· Flora Cochinchinensis (1852)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1836)
· Fl. Carol. (1788)
· A Catalogue of the Indigenous and Exotic Plants Growing in Ceylon (1824)
· Flora Indica (1832)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Murva, for example side effects, health benefits, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, chemical composition, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Mūrvā (मूर्वा).—A kind of creeper (from the fibres of which bowstrings and the girdle of Kṣatriyas are made).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Mūrvā (मूर्वा) or Mūrvvā.—f. (-rvā-rvī) A sort of creeper, from the fibres of which bowstrings are made, (Sanseviera zeylanica;) they should also form the girdle worn by the Kshetriya class. E. murv to bind, affs. aṅ and ṭāp .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Mūrvā (मूर्वा).—f. A sort of creeper, Sanseviera zeylanica, from the fibres of which are made bowstrings and the girdle of the Kṣatriyas.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Mūrvā (मूर्वा).—[feminine] a kind of hemp, maya [adjective] made of it.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Mūrvā (मूर्वा):—f. (cf. √mūrv) Sanseviera Roxburghiana (a sort of hemp from which bowstrings and the girdle of the Kṣatriyas are made), [Varāha-mihira; Suśruta] (cf. maurva).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Mūrvā (मूर्वा):—[(rvvā-rvvī)] 1. 3. f. Sort of creeper.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with: Dvimurva.
Full-text (+65): Murvika, Maurva, Murvamaya, Kucandika, Atirasa, Divyalata, Kshiramorata, Murv, Maurvimekhalin, Maurvi, Piluni, Devashreni, Gopavalli, Murvavana, Lingahani, Pilani, Maurvijya, Prithaktvaca, Dridhasutrika, Surangika.
Search found 14 books and stories containing Murva, Mūrvā; (plurals include: Murvas, Mūrvās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Cosmetics, Costumes and Ornaments in Ancient India (by Remadevi. O.)
Atharvaveda and Charaka Samhita (by Laxmi Maji)
Therapeutics and Rejuvenation Therapy < [Chapter 4 - Diseases and Remedial measures (described in Caraka-saṃhitā)]
Classification of Drugs in the Caraka-Saṃhitā < [Chapter 4 - Diseases and Remedial measures (described in Caraka-saṃhitā)]
4b. Leprosy (Kuṣṭha) in the Caraka-saṃhitā < [Chapter 5 - Diseases and Remedies in Atharvaveda and Caraka-Saṃhitā]
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter XXXV - Treatment of an attack by Mukha-mandika < [Canto II - Kaumarabhritya-tantra (pediatrics, gynecology and pregnancy)]
Chapter XI - Treatment of Shleshma Ophthalmia < [Canto I - Shalakya-tantra (ears, eyes, nose, mouth and throat)]
Chapter XIX - Treatment of hurt or injnry to the eye < [Canto I - Shalakya-tantra (ears, eyes, nose, mouth and throat)]
The Agni Purana (by N. Gangadharan)
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Paraskara-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
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