Murva, Mūrvā: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Murva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Mūrvā (मूर्वा):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Mūrvā (मूर्वा) is identified with Chonemorpha fragrans (or, Echites fragrans): a woody vine from the Apocynaceae family of flowering plants. It is also known as Moraṭā. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā.

2) Mūrvā (मूर्वा) refers to a species of medicinal plant (Marsdenia tenacissima or Helicteres isora) and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda. It is identified as either Marsdenia tenacissima or Helicteres isora (which is commonly known in Sanskrit as Mṛgaśṛṅgī).

Source: Google Books: Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops

Mūrvā (मूर्वा) or Maurva refers to the “Indian bowstring hemp” (Sansevieria roxburghiana).—Cultivated as fibre plant in India, the Philippines and in other tropical countries. The fibres are used for ropes, nets, clothes and paper production, mainly obtained from wild plants. Also important as medicinal plant, in South-East Asia used for snake venom, in India also against intestinal worms and chronic coughs. Frequently cultivated as ornamental.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Mūrvā (मूर्वा) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Marsdenia tenacissima from the Asclepiadoideae or “milkweed family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.19-21 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Mūrvā is commonly known in Hindi as Cūrṇahāra; in Marathi as Gonasphanā; in Bengali as Morwel; in Tamil as Marul; in Telugu as Caga-cettu. Other regional names are: Murgā, Murahar, Śocamukhī, Cinhāra (in Mirzapur), Jartora, Maruāvel (in Dehradun), Siṭī (in Thārū), Koṅgā (in Bihar).

Mūrvā is mentioned as having twenty-eight synonyms: Divyalatā, Mirā, Madhurasā, Devī, Triparṇī, Madhuśreṇī, Bhinnadalā, Amarī, Madhumatī, Tiktā, Pṛthakparṇikā, Gokarṇī, Laghuparṇikā, Dahanī, Tejasvinī, Moraṭā, Devaśreṇī, Madhūlikā, Madhudalā, Pīlunī, Raktalā, Sukhoṣitā, Snigdhaparṇī, Pīluparṇī, Madhusravā, Jvalanī and Gopavallī.

Properties and characteristics: “Mūrvā is bitter (tikta) astringent (kaṣāya) and hot (uṣṇa) in potancy. It alleviates the ailments of heart and aggravation of kapha and vāta. It also cures vomiting, kuṣṭha (leprosy) and allied skin disorders, prameha (obstinate urinary disorders including diabetes mellitus) and viṣama-jvaras (a particular group of fevers)”.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Mūrvā (मूर्वा) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Chonemorpha fragrans (Moon) Alston” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning mūrvā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mūrvā (मूर्वा).—A kind of creeper (from the fibres of which bowstrings and the girdle of Kṣatriyas are made).

See also (synonyms): mūrvī, mūrvikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mūrvā (मूर्वा) or Mūrvvā.—f. (-rvā-rvī) A sort of creeper, from the fibres of which bowstrings are made, (Sanseviera zeylanica;) they should also form the girdle worn by the Kshetriya class. E. murv to bind, affs. aṅ and ṭāp .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mūrvā (मूर्वा).—f. A sort of creeper, Sanseviera zeylanica, from the fibres of which are made bowstrings and the girdle of the Kṣatriyas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mūrvā (मूर्वा).—[feminine] a kind of hemp, maya [adjective] made of it.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mūrvā (मूर्वा):—f. (cf.mūrv) Sanseviera Roxburghiana (a sort of hemp from which bowstrings and the girdle of the Kṣatriyas are made), [Varāha-mihira; Suśruta] (cf. maurva).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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