Naktamala, Naktamāla, Nakta-mala, Naktamālā: 14 definitions


Naktamala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Naktamala in Ayurveda glossary

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Naktamālā (नक्तमाला) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Pongamia pinnata Pierre” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning naktamālā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Naktamālā (नक्तमाला) is the name of an ingredient used in the treatment (cikitsā) of poison due to lizards (gaulikā), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—In the 12h adhyāya, Kāśyapasaṃhita adds external and internal antidotes for poisons of various animals [e.g., lizards (gṛha-gaulikā)] and insects. [...] Accordingly, “A mixture of Mūlapañcāṅga, Sākṣī, Kapittha, Arka, Bilva, Vyoṣa, two kinds of turmeric, Naktamālā and Pūtikā, cures the poison caused by lizard”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

The sanskrit name for the tree 'Millettia pinnata'.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Naktamāla (नक्तमाल) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Indian beech”, a species of tree from the Fabaceae (pea) family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Millettia pinnata (synonyms: Pongamia pinnata and Pongamia glabra) and is commonly known in English as “Pongam oiltree” among others. The word Naktamāla is composed of the words Nakta (‘night, dark’) and Māla (‘garland’).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Naktamala in Biology glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Naktamala [नक्तमाल] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre from the Fabaceae (pea) family having the following synonyms: Millettia pinnata, Pongamia glabra, Derris indica, Cytisus pinnatus. For the possible medicinal usage of naktamala, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Naktamala in India is the name of a plant defined with Caesalpinia bonduc in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Guilandina crista (L.) Small (among others).

2) Naktamala is also identified with Dalbergia lanceolaria It has the synonym Amerimnon lanceolarium (L.f.) Kuntze (etc.).

3) Naktamala is also identified with Pongamia pinnata It has the synonym Millettia novo-guineensis Kaneh. & Hatus. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of the Arnold Arboretum (1974)
· Flora Cochinchinensis (1790)
· Asiatic Researches (1810)
· Flora of the British West Indian Islands (1860)
· Hortus Bengalensis, or ‘a Catalogue of the Plants Growing in the Hounourable East India Company's Botanical Garden at Calcutta’ (1814)
· Flora Indica (1832)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Naktamala, for example side effects, diet and recipes, health benefits, extract dosage, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Naktamala in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Naktamāla (नक्तमाल).—Name of a tree; स नर्मदारोधसि सीकरार्द्रैर्मरुद्भिरानर्तितनक्तमाले (sa narmadārodhasi sīkarārdrairmarudbhirānartitanaktamāle) R.5.42.

Derivable forms: naktamālaḥ (नक्तमालः).

Naktamāla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nakta and māla (माल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Naktamāla (नक्तमाल).—m.

(-laḥ) A tree, (Galedupa arborea, Rox.) E. naktam by night, al to ornament, āṅ prefix and ac affix; blossoming at night. karañja vṛkṣe . naktam ā alati ala-ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Naktamāla (नक्तमाल).—m. A tree, Pongamia glabra Vent., [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 79, 37.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Naktamāla (नक्तमाल):—m. Pongamia Glabra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Naktamāla (नक्तमाल):—[nakta-māla] (laḥ) 1. m. A tree (Galidupa arborea).

[Sanskrit to German]

Naktamala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Naktamala in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Naktamāla (ನಕ್ತಮಾಲ):—[noun] the evergreen tree Pongamia pinnata (= P. glabra) of Papilionaceae family; Indian beach.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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