Naktamala, Naktamāla, Nakta-mala, Naktamālā: 13 definitions
Naktamala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
The sanskrit name for the tree 'Millettia pinnata'.Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Naktamāla (नक्तमाल) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Indian beech”, a species of tree from the Fabaceae (pea) family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Millettia pinnata (synonyms: Pongamia pinnata and Pongamia glabra) and is commonly known in English as “Pongam oiltree” among others. The word Naktamāla is composed of the words Nakta (‘night, dark’) and Māla (‘garland’).Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs
Naktamala [नक्तमाल] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre from the Fabaceae (pea) family having the following synonyms: Millettia pinnata, Pongamia glabra, Derris indica, Cytisus pinnatus. For the possible medicinal usage of naktamala, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Naktamālā (नक्तमाला) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Pongamia pinnata Pierre” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning naktamālā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Biology (plants and animals)
1) Naktamala in India is the name of a plant defined with Caesalpinia bonduc in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Guilandina crista (L.) Small (among others).
2) Naktamala is also identified with Dalbergia lanceolaria It has the synonym Amerimnon lanceolarium (L.f.) Kuntze (etc.).
3) Naktamala is also identified with Pongamia pinnata It has the synonym Millettia novo-guineensis Kaneh. & Hatus. (etc.).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Journal of the Arnold Arboretum (1974)
· Flora Cochinchinensis (1790)
· Asiatic Researches (1810)
· Flora of the British West Indian Islands (1860)
· Hortus Bengalensis, or ‘a Catalogue of the Plants Growing in the Hounourable East India Company's Botanical Garden at Calcutta’ (1814)
· Flora Indica (1832)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Naktamala, for example side effects, diet and recipes, health benefits, extract dosage, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Naktamāla (नक्तमाल).—Name of a tree; स नर्मदारोधसि सीकरार्द्रैर्मरुद्भिरानर्तितनक्तमाले (sa narmadārodhasi sīkarārdrairmarudbhirānartitanaktamāle) R.5.42.
Derivable forms: naktamālaḥ (नक्तमालः).
Naktamāla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nakta and māla (माल).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-laḥ) A tree, (Galedupa arborea, Rox.) E. naktam by night, al to ornament, āṅ prefix and ac affix; blossoming at night. karañja vṛkṣe . naktam ā alati ala-ac .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Naktamāla (नक्तमाल).—m. A tree, Pongamia glabra Vent., [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 79, 37.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Naktamāla (नक्तमाल):—m. Pongamia Glabra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Naktamāla (नक्तमाल):—[nakta-māla] (laḥ) 1. m. A tree (Galidupa arborea).
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Naktamāla (ನಕ್ತಮಾಲ):—[noun] the evergreen tree Pongamia pinnata (= P. glabra) of Papilionaceae family; Indian beach.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Naktamalah, Naktamalaka.
Full-text: Varunadi, Salasaradi, Kandughna, Millettia-pinnata, Yajna.
Search found 10 books and stories containing Naktamala, Naktamāla, Nakta-mala, Nakta-māla, Naktamālā; (plurals include: Naktamalas, Naktamālas, malas, mālas, Naktamālās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Ramayana of Valmiki (by Hari Prasad Shastri)
Chapter 73 - Kabandha’s Counsel to Rama < [Book 3 - Aranya-kanda]
Chapter 1 - Rama describes the Spring and the Sentiments it evokes in him < [Book 4 - Kishkindha-kanda]
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 4 - Remedies Against the Injuries of One’s Own Army < [Book 14 - Secret Means]
Chapter 8 - Trial and Torture to Elicit Confession < [Book 4 - Removal of Thorns]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter XX - The medical treatment of the minor ailments
Chapter XVI - The medical treatment of Abscesses and Tumours
Chapter XXIII - The medical treatment of swellings
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Appendix 6 - Glossary of Botanical terms
Chapter 55 - On Gardening (vṛkṣāyurveda)
Chapter 54 - On Undercurrents (dakārgala)
Sushruta Samhita, volume 1: Sutrasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter XXXVIII - Groups of drugs
Chapter XIV - Description of blood
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CCXXVII - Different names of the Ayurvedic Drugs < [Dhanvantari Samhita]