Brahmani, Brāhmaṇī, Brahmāṇī: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Brahmani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Brāhmaṇī (ब्राह्मणी) is another name for Bhāraṅgī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Clerodendrum serratum (beetle killer). It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 5.149-150), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Brahmāṇī (ब्रह्माणी):—Name of one of the mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ ब्रह्माण्यै नमः
oṃ brahmāṇyai namaḥ.

Source: Sreenivasarao's blog: Saptamatrka (part 4)

Brahmani or Brahmi refers to one of the seven mother-like goddesses (Matrika).—The Matrikas emerge as shaktis from out of the bodies of the gods: Brahmi form Brahma. The order of the Saptamatrka usually begins with Brahmi symbolizing creation. It is often represented by the all-comprehensive primordial Nada Om (pranava). The most important significance of Saptamatrka symbolism is the implication of the cyclical universal time and its cessation. In the standard versions, Brahmi symbolizes creation.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (B) next»] — Brahmani in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Brahmāṇī (ब्रह्माणी).—The image of; four faces and four hands with the swan for riding.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 261. 24.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Brahmāṇī (ब्रह्माणी) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.32). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Brahmāṇī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Brāhmaṇī (ब्राह्मणी) refers to:—A female brāhmaṇa;the wife of a brāhmaṇa. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Brāhmaṇī (ब्राह्मणी) is a Sanskrit word referring to the wife of a Brāhmana.

Source: infoplease: Hinduism

Brahmani; a woman of the Brahman class.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Brahmāṇī (ब्रह्माणी) refers to one of the various Mātṛs and Mahāmātṛs mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Brahmāṇī).

Source: Google Books: An Esoteric Exposition of the Bardo Thodol Part A

Brahmāṇī (ब्रह्माणी):—One of the six Īśvarī performing the rites of pacification.—In the southern direction stands the yellowish-white snake-headed Brahmāṇī who holds a lotus. She embodies the functions of the petal that directs prāṇas to the pancreas, whose secretions represent the physical externalisation of the energies of the Solar Plexus centre, as well as to the Inner Round of small chakras. Being a physical organ the pancreas therefore is a repository of the most Earthy prāṇas from the Watery Solar Plexus centre. The lotus symbolises the attributes of all the small chakras that ascribe to the potency of the vitalisation from the Solar Plexus centre, the central processing organ and directing agent for their prāṇas.

The counterpart of this pair is Manurākṣasī.

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

1) Brāhmaṇī (ब्राह्मणी) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Brāhmaṇa forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Guṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the guṇacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Brāhmaṇī] and Vīras are whitish red in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

2) Brāhmaṇī (ब्राह्मणी) is also mentioned as the Ḍākinī of the eastern gate in the Medinīcakra, according to the same work. Accordingly, the medinīcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The four gate Ḍākinīs [viz., Brahmāṇī] each has the same physical feature as the four Ḍākinīs starting with Lāmā.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Brahmani or Daivampati refers to one of the castes recognised as included in the generic name of Ambalavasi: a generic name applied to all classes of temple servants in Malabar. There are many sub-divisions of the caste (eg., Brahmani) which are assigned different services in the Hindu temples, such as the preparation of garlands, the sweeping of the floor, the fetching of fire-wood, the carrying of the idols in procession, singing, dancing, and so on.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

brāhmaṇī (ब्राह्मणी).—a Relating to the Brahman.

--- OR ---

brāhmaṇī (ब्राह्मणी).—f (S) A female of the Brahman-caste.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

brāhmaṇī (ब्राह्मणी).—a Relating to the Brahmans. f A female of the brāmhaṇa-caste.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Brahmāṇī (ब्रह्माणी).—

1) The wife of Brahman.

2) An epithet of Durgā.

3) A kind of perfume (= reṇukā).

4) A kind of brass.

--- OR ---

Brāhmaṇī (ब्राह्मणी).—

1) A woman of the Brāhmaṇa caste.

2) The wife of a Brāhmaṇa.

3) Intellect; (buddhi according to nīlakaṇṭha).

4) A kind of lizard; हृष्टः पश्यति तस्यान्तं ब्राह्मणी करकादिव (hṛṣṭaḥ paśyati tasyāntaṃ brāhmaṇī karakādiva) Rām.3.29.5.

5) A kind of wasp.

6) A kind of brass (Mar. sonapitaḷa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Brahmāṇī (ब्रह्माणी).—f. (-ṇī) 1. The female energy of Brahma. 2. A sort of perfume, commonly Renuka. 3. A kind of brass; “veṅāpitala” . E. brahman Brahma, fem. aff. ṅīp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Brahmāṇī (ब्रह्माणी).—[feminine] Brahman's wife, [Epithet] of Durgā.

--- OR ---

Brāhmaṇī (ब्राह्मणी).—1. v. 1 brāhmaṇa.

--- OR ---

Brāhmaṇī (ब्राह्मणी).—2. [with] bhū become a Brahman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Brahmāṇī (ब्रह्माणी):—[from brahman] f. the Śakti or personified female energy of Brahmā, the wife of Br°, [Purāṇa] (cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 522])

2) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [Harivaṃśa; DevīP.] ([wrong reading] brāhmānī or brāhmaṇī)

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of perfume, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a kind of brass, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a river, [Mahābhārata] ([varia lectio] brāhmaṇī).

6) Brāhmaṇī (ब्राह्मणी):—[from brāhmaṇa > brahman] a f. See brāhmaṇī

7) Brāhmaṇi (ब्राह्मणि):—[from brahman] in [compound] for ṇī.

8) Brāhmaṇī (ब्राह्मणी):—[from brahman] b f. (of ṇa) a Brāhmaṇī woman or a Brāhman’s wife, [Kāṭhaka; Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc. (ifc. ṇīka cf. sa-brāhmaṇika)

9) [v.s. ...] a kind of lizard with a red tail, [Rāmāyaṇa [Scholiast or Commentator]] (cf. brāhmaṇikā)

10) [v.s. ...] a kind of large-headed ant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] a kind of wasp, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] Clerodendrum Siphonantus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] Trigonella Corniculata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] Ruta Graveolens, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] a kind of brass, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] = buddhi, [Nīlakaṇṭha]

17) [v.s. ...] Name of a river, [Mahābhārata]

18) [v.s. ...] [wrong reading] for brahmāṇī.

19) Brāhmāṇī (ब्राह्माणी):—[from brahman] [wrong reading] for brahmāṇī q.v.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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