Sinduvara, Sinduvāra, Sinduvārā, Simduvara: 17 definitions


Sinduvara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Sinduvārā (सिन्दुवारा):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Sinduvara in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Sinduvāra (सिन्दुवार) is a Sanskrit word referring to either Vitex trifolia, according to the Pandanus database, or to the berry of Vitex Negundo according to Monier-Williams. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. It can also be spelled as Sindhuvāra (सिन्धुवार) or Sinduvāraka (सिन्दुवारक). The Vitex trifolia species is an aromatic shrub growing throughout India (mainly along water courses). Its leaves are simple to trifoliate with light blue to purple flowers. The fruits are globose drupes, which colo purplish black when ripe. The Vitex negundo has white flowers.

Sinduvāra has the following synonyms, according to the Amarakośa: Sinduka, Indrasurasa (‘sweet to Indra’), Nirguṇḍī, Indrāṇikā (‘belonging to Indrāṇī’), Surasa, Nirguṇṭī and Indrāṇī. The Amarakośa is a Sanskrit botanical thesaurus from the 4th century authored by Amarasiṃha.

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Sinduvara in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Vitex negundo L. from the Verbenaceae (Verbena) family. For the possible medicinal usage of sinduvara, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Sinduvara [सिन्दुवार] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Vitex trifolia L. from the Verbenaceae (Verbena) family.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Sinduvāra (सिन्दुवार) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Vitex negundo Linn. (or ‘chaste tree’) from the Lamiaceae or “mint” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.151-152 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Sinduvāra is commonly known in Hindi as Sambhālū; in Bengali as Niśindā; in Marathi as Nirgundi; in Gujarati as Nagada or Nagora; in Kanada as Vilenekkī; in Tamil as Vellaī-naucī; and in Telugu as Tellavavitī. Note: roots and flowers of Sinduvāra are used.

Sinduvāra is mentioned as having seven synonyms: Śvetapuṣpa, Sinduka, Sinduvāraka, Sūrasādhanaka, Netā, Siddhaka and Arthasiddhaka.

Properties and characteristics: “Sinduvāra is pungent and bitter. It cures diseases due to vitiated kapha and vāta-doṣas and tubercolosis. It is indicated in leprosy, pruritis, colics and cough”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Sinduvara in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Sinduvāra (सिन्दुवार) is generally identified with Vitex negundo. Vitex negundo, however has blue flowers, whereas sinduvāra is called ‘paṇḍu’ here, and in “Barnett’s ed. of Antagaḍadasā and Aṇuttarovavai dasāo”, p. 46, sinduvāra blossoms and tears are compared. Hence some other identification is probably necessary.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Sinduvara in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Sinduvara in India is the name of a plant defined with Vitex negundo in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Vitex agnus-castus var. negundo Kuntze (among others).

2) Sinduvara is also identified with Vitex trifolia It has the synonym Vitex neocaledonica Gand. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Phytologia (1941)
· Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (1956)
· Novon (1991)
· Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique (1788)
· Hortus Mauritianus (1837)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1847)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sinduvara, for example extract dosage, chemical composition, side effects, pregnancy safety, health benefits, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sinduvara in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sinduvāra, (Sk. sinduvāra) the tree Vitex negundo DA. I, 252; DhsA. 14, 317; also spelt sindhavāra VvA. 177; sinduvārikā J. VI, 269; sindhuvāritā (i.e. sinduvārikā?) J. VI, 550=553; sinduvārita J. IV, 440, 442 (v. l. °vārakā). (Page 710)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sinduvara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sinduvāra (सिन्दुवार).—(= nirguṇḍītaru ?) Name of a tree; दीर्घिकां प्रावृतां पश्य तीरजैः सिन्दुवारकैः (dīrghikāṃ prāvṛtāṃ paśya tīrajaiḥ sinduvārakaiḥ) Bu. Ch.4.49.

Derivable forms: sinduvāraḥ (सिन्दुवारः).

See also (synonyms): sinduka, sinduvāraka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sinduvāra (सिन्दुवार).—m.

(-raḥ) A small tree, (Vitex negundo.) E. sinda oozing, (as before,) vṛ to screen or choose, aff. aṇ: see sindhuvāra .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sinduvāra (सिन्दुवार).— (cf. sinduka), m. A small tree, Vitex negundo, [Pañcatantra] 105, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sinduvāra (सिन्दुवार).—[masculine] [Name] of a plant, [neuter] its berry.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sinduvāra (सिन्दुवार):—[from sinduka] m. (cf. sindhu-v) Vitex Negundo, [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] (also raka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

2) [v.s. ...] n. the berry of that plant, [Kumāra-sambhava]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sinduvāra (सिन्दुवार):—(raḥ) 1. m. Idem.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sinduvāra (सिन्दुवार) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Siṃduvāra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sinduvara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sinduvara in Prakrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Siṃduvāra (सिंदुवार) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Sinduvāra.

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Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sinduvara in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Siṃduvāra (ಸಿಂದುವಾರ):—[noun] = ಸಿಂಧುವಾರ [simdhuvara].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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