Sinduvara, Sinduvāra, Sinduvārā: 9 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sinduvara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Sinduvārā (सिन्दुवारा):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (S) next»] — Sinduvara in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Sinduvāra (सिन्दुवार) is a Sanskrit word referring to either Vitex trifolia, according to the Pandanus database, or to the berry of Vitex Negundo according to Monier-Williams. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. It can also be spelled as Sindhuvāra (सिन्धुवार) or Sinduvāraka (सिन्दुवारक). The Vitex trifolia species is an aromatic shrub growing throughout India (mainly along water courses). Its leaves are simple to trifoliate with light blue to purple flowers. The fruits are globose drupes, which colo purplish black when ripe. The Vitex negundo has white flowers.

Sinduvāra has the following synonyms, according to the Amarakośa: Sinduka, Indrasurasa (‘sweet to Indra’), Nirguṇḍī, Indrāṇikā (‘belonging to Indrāṇī’), Surasa, Nirguṇṭī and Indrāṇī. The Amarakośa is a Sanskrit botanical thesaurus from the 4th century authored by Amarasiṃha.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Sinduvāra (सिन्दुवार) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Vitex negundo Linn. (or ‘chaste tree’) from the Lamiaceae or “mint” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.151-152 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Sinduvāra is commonly known in Hindi as Sambhālū; in Bengali as Niśindā; in Marathi as Nirgundi; in Gujurati as Nagada or Nagora; in Kanada as Vilenekkī; in Tamil as Vellaī-naucī; and in Telugu as Tellavavitī. Note: roots and flowers of Sinduvāra are used.

Sinduvāra is mentioned as having seven synonyms: Śvetapuṣpa, Sinduka, Sinduvāraka, Sūrasādhanaka, Netā, Siddhaka and Arthasiddhaka.

Properties and characteristics: “Sinduvāra is pungent and bitter. It cures diseases due to vitiated kapha and vāta-doṣas and tubercolosis. It is indicated in leprosy, pruritis, colics and cough”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Sinduvara in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sinduvāra, (Sk. sinduvāra) the tree Vitex negundo DA. I, 252; DhsA. 14, 317; also spelt sindhavāra VvA. 177; sinduvārikā J. VI, 269; sindhuvāritā (i.e. sinduvārikā?) J. VI, 550=553; sinduvārita J. IV, 440, 442 (v. l. °vārakā). (Page 710)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Sinduvara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sinduvāra (सिन्दुवार).—(= nirguṇḍītaru ?) Name of a tree; दीर्घिकां प्रावृतां पश्य तीरजैः सिन्दुवारकैः (dīrghikāṃ prāvṛtāṃ paśya tīrajaiḥ sinduvārakaiḥ) Bu. Ch.4.49.

Derivable forms: sinduvāraḥ (सिन्दुवारः).

See also (synonyms): sinduka, sinduvāraka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sinduvāra (सिन्दुवार).—m.

(-raḥ) A small tree, (Vitex negundo.) E. sinda oozing, (as before,) vṛ to screen or choose, aff. aṇ: see sindhuvāra .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sinduvāra (सिन्दुवार).— (cf. sinduka), m. A small tree, Vitex negundo, [Pañcatantra] 105, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sinduvāra (सिन्दुवार).—[masculine] [Name] of a plant, [neuter] its berry.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sinduvāra (सिन्दुवार):—[from sinduka] m. (cf. sindhu-v) Vitex Negundo, [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] (also raka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

2) [v.s. ...] n. the berry of that plant, [Kumāra-sambhava]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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