Puri, Purī: 23 definitions


Puri means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Images (photo gallery)

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Purī (पुरी) refers to a “town”, according to the Yogaśāstra vol. 2, p. 859, l. 5.—Accordingly, “Also Nami, knowing the difference between the self and wealth, said to Indra with regard to the burning of the town (pur-dāha), in the burning of the town (purī) of Mithilā nothing burns me”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of puri in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Google Books: Medieval Orissa: A Socio-economic Study

Puri refers to one of the various Urban centers (nagari) of ancient India (Medieval Orissa).— Urban centers generally represent a socio-economic organization different from that of rural settlements; but the records, apart from providing a few names, do not furnish any details at all regarding the urban centres that existed in this period. Such centres [e.g., Puri] [...] may be supposed to have had a predominantly agricultural population. Such centres as Bhubaneswar might also have been purely religious centres. [...]

Source: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Purī (पुरी).—Aihole inscription of Pulakeśin II (634 A.D.) informs us that Pulakeśin, the Cālukya king besieged Purī, the fortune of the Western sea. The exact identity of Purī is uncertain. It was the chief town of the Northern Koṅkaṇa from the time of early Cālukyas. In the light of the Alberuni’s statement about the capital of Koṅkaṇa, it has been suggested that the ancient site of Purī should be looked for at or near modern Thana, the chief town of the district of the same name in Maharashtra.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Purī (पुरी) is mentioned as a synonym for “town” or “city” according to the Amarakośa 2.2.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Purī (पुरी) is the name of a village mentioned in the Kanherī cave inscription of Pullaśakti. Koṅkaṇa including Purī and other places is North Koṅkaṇ, of which the ancient capital was Purī. The location of Purī is not yet quite certain. Some identify it with the island of Elephanta near Bombay, but, as pointed out by Cousens, this island, during the greater part of the monsoon is cut off to a great extent by rough seas. Cousens proposed to locate the place at a site about a mile north of Mārol village in the island of Sāṣṭī, where extensive ruins of old temples are noticed. The site is not, however, known by the name of Purī. Another identification suggested is with Rājapurī in the former Janjīrā State; but this place would be too far south for a capital of North Koṅkaṇ.

These copper plates (mentioning Purī) are incised in the caves at Kānherī near Bombay.  The inscription refers itself to the reign of the illustrious Pullaśakti, who meditated on the feet of the illustrious Kapardin. This date (saṃvat 765) must evidently be referred to the Śaka era, in which all the inscriptions of the Śilāhāras are dated. It corresponds to A.D. 843-44. The object of the inscription is to record that Viṣṇugupta, son of Pūrṇahari, made certain grants of money for ( the worship of) the Bhagavat (Buddha), the repairs of the vihāra, the clothing of the monks and the purchase of their (religious) books at Kṛṣṇagiri.

Source: What is India: Annual Report on Indian Epigraphy (1945-1952)

Puri is an archaeologically important site situated in Puri district (Orissa or Odisha), known for inscriptions regarding the ancient history of India. For example, at Puri there is an inscription in a stone in the wall of the Siddha-Hanumān temple. Some letters look like Oriya and Bengali and others Moḍi. Indifferently engraved. Purport not clear.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Trade: A Survey

Puri is the name of a country mentioned in connection with overseas trading in ancient India.—The 7th-century Chinese traveller Hsuan Tsang noted that merchants left from Puri “for distant countries”.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of puri in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Puri in India is the name of a plant defined with Adansonia digitata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Ophelus sitularius Lour. (among others).

2) Puri in Indonesia is also identified with Mitragyna speciosa It has the synonym Nauclea luzoniensis Blanco (etc.).

3) Puri is also identified with Sesbania sesban It has the synonym Sesbania aegyptiaca Poir. (etc.).

4) Puri in Senegal is also identified with Abutilon pannosum It has the synonym Sida pannosa G. Forst. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Compt. Rend. Congres Inter. Bot. (1900)
· Numer. List (5655)
· Commentarii Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Gottingensis (1789)
· Caryologia (1999)
· Fragmenta florulae aethiopico-aegyptiacae (1854)
· Methodus Plantas Horti Botanici (1794)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Puri, for example diet and recipes, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, health benefits, chemical composition, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

Discover the meaning of puri in the context of Biology from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

purī (पुरी).—f (S) A town or small city. 2 A raised wheaten cake fried in butter or oil. 3 An order of the gōsāvī. 4 (puraṇēṃ) Sufficiency: also sufficed or satisfied state. v paḍa g. of s. pāḍa g. of o.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

purī (पुरी).—f A town or small city. A wheaten cake fried in butter or oil. An order of the gōsāvī. Sufficiency.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of puri in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Puri (पुरि).—f.

1) A town, city.

2) A river.

3) A king.

Derivable forms: puriḥ (पुरिः).

--- OR ---

Purī (पुरी).—

1) A city, town; शशासैकपुरीमिव (śaśāsaikapurīmiva) R.1.3; पुरीमवस्कन्द लुनीहि नन्दनम् (purīmavaskanda lunīhi nandanam) Śiśupālavadha 1.51.

2) A stronghold.

3) The body.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Puri (पुरि).—m.c. for pure, q.v.

--- OR ---

Pūri (पूरि).—f. (not recorded; compare paripūri, °rī), the fulfilling; full measure: bodhi-saṃbhāra-pūrye (for °yai, dat.) Daśabhūmikasūtra.g. 52(78).11; daśapāramitā-pūryai 55(81).13; bodhisattva-caryā-praṇidhi-pūrim adhigamiṣyante Gaṇḍavyūha 493.9 (prose), full measure…

Pūri can also be spelled as Pūrī (पूरी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puri (पुरि).—f. (-riḥ or ) 1. A town, a city. 2. A river. m.

(-riḥ) A king, a sovereign. E. pṝ to fill or to cherish, i Unadi aff.: see pura, and purī.

--- OR ---

Purī (पुरी).—f. (-rī) 1. A city. 2. A stronghold. 3. The body.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puri (पुरि).—and purī purī, see pura.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Purī (पुरी):—[from pura > pur] a f. a fortress, castle, town, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a town (the capital of Kaliṅga, noted for the worship of Jagan-nātha or Kṛṣṇa, [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 244 n. 1])

3) [v.s. ...] the sanctuary or adytum of a temple, [Inscriptions]

4) [v.s. ...] n. the body, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the 10 orders of mendicants (said to be founded by disciples of Śaṃkara, the members of which add the word purī to their names), [Horace H. Wilson]

6) Puri (पुरि):—[from pur] 1. puri [locative case] of 3. pur, in [compound]

7) [from pur] 2. puri f. a town or a river, [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 142 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

8) Purī (पुरी):—[from pur] b f. See under 2. pura.

9) Puri (पुरि):—a 1. and 2, puri; purī. See above.

10) Pūrī (पूरी):—[from pūra] f. Name of a woman, [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puri (पुरि):—(riḥ) 2. f. A town, a city; a river. m. A king.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Purī (पुरी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Purī, Pūrī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Puri in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of puri in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Purī (पुरी):—(nf) a big city; the city of the deity Jagannath (in Orissa).

2) Pūrī (पूरी):—(nf) see [pūḍī]; see [pūrā].

context information


Discover the meaning of puri in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Purī (पुरी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Purī.

2) Pūrī (पूरी) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Pūrī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

Discover the meaning of puri in the context of Prakrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Puri (ಪುರಿ):—

1) [verb] to cook in a pan without using oil, ghee, etc.; to parch.

2) [verb] to make hot; to heat.

3) [verb] to be over roasted or parched (and become black).

4) [verb] to cook something with little oil or ghee applied on; to roast.

5) [verb] to cook (a papad, rōṭi, etc.) placing directly on the burning coal.

6) [verb] to cook in a hot oil or ghee.

7) [verb] (fig,) to destroy completely.

--- OR ---

Puri (ಪುರಿ):—

1) [noun] the act or process of frying something in a pan without using oil, ghee, etc.

2) [noun] parched rice.

--- OR ---

Puri (ಪುರಿ):—

1) [noun] the process of manufacturing twisted cord, rope.

2) [noun] a thick, strong cord made of intertwisted strands of fiber.

3) [noun] the quality of being strong; strength.

4) [noun] an encouraging or being encouraged; encouragement.

5) [noun] a thing that binds.

6) [noun] anything that is intertwined, intertwisted.

7) [noun] the quality or condition of being intertwined, intertwisted.

8) [noun] a thing that is strong.

9) [noun] intense or eager interest; zeal; enthusiasm.

--- OR ---

Puri (ಪುರಿ):—[noun] a town or city.

--- OR ---

Puri (ಪುರಿ):—[noun] a kind of thin, cake made of wheat flour and fried in oil or ghee.

--- OR ---

Pūri (ಪೂರಿ):—[noun] a kind of thin, cake having multiple layers, made of wheat flour and fried in oil or ghee.

--- OR ---

Pūṟi (ಪೂಱಿ):—[noun] = ಪೂಱ [pura].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of puri in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: