Puri, Purī: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Puri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Purī (पुरी).—Aihole inscription of Pulakeśin II (634 A.D.) informs us that Pulakeśin, the Cālukya king besieged Purī, the fortune of the Western sea. The exact identity of Purī is uncertain. It was the chief town of the Northern Koṅkaṇa from the time of early Cālukyas. In the light of the Alberuni’s statement about the capital of Koṅkaṇa, it has been suggested that the ancient site of Purī should be looked for at or near modern Thana, the chief town of the district of the same name in Maharashtra.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Purī (पुरी) is mentioned as a synonym for “town” or “city” according to the Amarakośa 2.2.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Purī (पुरी) is the name of a village mentioned in the Kanherī cave inscription of Pullaśakti. Koṅkaṇa including Purī and other places is North Koṅkaṇ, of which the ancient capital was Purī. The location of Purī is not yet quite certain. Some identify it with the island of Elephanta near Bombay, but, as pointed out by Cousens, this island, during the greater part of the monsoon is cut off to a great extent by rough seas. Cousens proposed to locate the place at a site about a mile north of Mārol village in the island of Sāṣṭī, where extensive ruins of old temples are noticed. The site is not, however, known by the name of Purī. Another identification suggested is with Rājapurī in the former Janjīrā State; but this place would be too far south for a capital of North Koṅkaṇ.

These copper plates (mentioning Purī) are incised in the caves at Kānherī near Bombay.  The inscription refers itself to the reign of the illustrious Pullaśakti, who meditated on the feet of the illustrious Kapardin. This date (saṃvat 765) must evidently be referred to the Śaka era, in which all the inscriptions of the Śilāhāras are dated. It corresponds to A.D. 843-44. The object of the inscription is to record that Viṣṇugupta, son of Pūrṇahari, made certain grants of money for ( the worship of) the Bhagavat (Buddha), the repairs of the vihāra, the clothing of the monks and the purchase of their (religious) books at Kṛṣṇagiri.

Source: What is India: Annual Report on Indian Epigraphy (1945-1952)

Puri is an archaeologically important site situated in Puri district (Orissa or Odisha), known for inscriptions regarding the ancient history of India. For example, at Puri there is an inscription in a stone in the wall of the Siddha-Hanumān temple. Some letters look like Oriya and Bengali and others Moḍi. Indifferently engraved. Purport not clear.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Trade: A Survey

Puri is the name of a country mentioned in connection with overseas trading in ancient India.—The 7th-century Chinese traveller Hsuan Tsang noted that merchants left from Puri “for distant countries”.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

purī (पुरी).—f (S) A town or small city. 2 A raised wheaten cake fried in butter or oil. 3 An order of the gōsāvī. 4 (puraṇēṃ) Sufficiency: also sufficed or satisfied state. v paḍa g. of s. pāḍa g. of o.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

purī (पुरी).—f A town or small city. A wheaten cake fried in butter or oil. An order of the gōsāvī. Sufficiency.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Puri (पुरि).—f.

1) A town, city.

2) A river.

3) A king.

Derivable forms: puriḥ (पुरिः).

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Purī (पुरी).—

1) A city, town; शशासैकपुरीमिव (śaśāsaikapurīmiva) R.1.3; पुरीमवस्कन्द लुनीहि नन्दनम् (purīmavaskanda lunīhi nandanam) Śi.1.51.

2) A stronghold.

3) The body.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Puri (पुरि).—m.c. for pure, q.v.

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Pūri (पूरि).—f. (not recorded; compare paripūri, °rī), the fulfilling; full measure: bodhi-saṃbhāra-pūrye (for °yai, dat.) Daśabhūmikasūtra.g. 52(78).11; daśapāramitā-pūryai 55(81).13; bodhisattva-caryā-praṇidhi-pūrim adhigamiṣyante Gaṇḍavyūha 493.9 (prose), full measure…

Pūri can also be spelled as Pūrī (पूरी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puri (पुरि).—f. (-riḥ or ) 1. A town, a city. 2. A river. m.

(-riḥ) A king, a sovereign. E. pṝ to fill or to cherish, i Unadi aff.: see pura, and purī.

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Purī (पुरी).—f. (-rī) 1. A city. 2. A stronghold. 3. The body.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puri (पुरि).—and purī purī, see pura.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Purī (पुरी):—[from pura > pur] a f. a fortress, castle, town, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a town (the capital of Kaliṅga, noted for the worship of Jagan-nātha or Kṛṣṇa, [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 244 n. 1])

3) [v.s. ...] the sanctuary or adytum of a temple, [Inscriptions]

4) [v.s. ...] n. the body, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the 10 orders of mendicants (said to be founded by disciples of Śaṃkara, the members of which add the word purī to their names), [Horace H. Wilson]

6) Puri (पुरि):—[from pur] 1. puri [locative case] of 3. pur, in [compound]

7) [from pur] 2. puri f. a town or a river, [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 142 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

8) Purī (पुरी):—[from pur] b f. See under 2. pura.

9) Puri (पुरि):—a 1. and 2, puri; purī. See above.

10) Pūrī (पूरी):—[from pūra] f. Name of a woman, [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puri (पुरि):—(riḥ) 2. f. A town, a city; a river. m. A king.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Puri (पुरि):——

1) m. Fürst , König.

2) f. — a) Stadt. — b) Fluss.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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