Puri, Purī: 20 definitions
Puri means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Images (photo gallery)
(+2 more images available)
General definition (in Jainism)Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections
Purī (पुरी) refers to a “town”, according to the Yogaśāstra vol. 2, p. 859, l. 5.—Accordingly, “Also Nami, knowing the difference between the self and wealth, said to Indra with regard to the burning of the town (pur-dāha), in the burning of the town (purī) of Mithilā nothing burns me”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions
Purī (पुरी).—Aihole inscription of Pulakeśin II (634 A.D.) informs us that Pulakeśin, the Cālukya king besieged Purī, the fortune of the Western sea. The exact identity of Purī is uncertain. It was the chief town of the Northern Koṅkaṇa from the time of early Cālukyas. In the light of the Alberuni’s statement about the capital of Koṅkaṇa, it has been suggested that the ancient site of Purī should be looked for at or near modern Thana, the chief town of the district of the same name in Maharashtra.Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
Purī (पुरी) is mentioned as a synonym for “town” or “city” according to the Amarakośa 2.2.Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
Purī (पुरी) is the name of a village mentioned in the Kanherī cave inscription of Pullaśakti. Koṅkaṇa including Purī and other places is North Koṅkaṇ, of which the ancient capital was Purī. The location of Purī is not yet quite certain. Some identify it with the island of Elephanta near Bombay, but, as pointed out by Cousens, this island, during the greater part of the monsoon is cut off to a great extent by rough seas. Cousens proposed to locate the place at a site about a mile north of Mārol village in the island of Sāṣṭī, where extensive ruins of old temples are noticed. The site is not, however, known by the name of Purī. Another identification suggested is with Rājapurī in the former Janjīrā State; but this place would be too far south for a capital of North Koṅkaṇ.
These copper plates (mentioning Purī) are incised in the caves at Kānherī near Bombay. The inscription refers itself to the reign of the illustrious Pullaśakti, who meditated on the feet of the illustrious Kapardin. This date (saṃvat 765) must evidently be referred to the Śaka era, in which all the inscriptions of the Śilāhāras are dated. It corresponds to A.D. 843-44. The object of the inscription is to record that Viṣṇugupta, son of Pūrṇahari, made certain grants of money for ( the worship of) the Bhagavat (Buddha), the repairs of the vihāra, the clothing of the monks and the purchase of their (religious) books at Kṛṣṇagiri.Source: What is India: Annual Report on Indian Epigraphy (1945-1952)
Puri is an archaeologically important site situated in Puri district (Orissa or Odisha), known for inscriptions regarding the ancient history of India. For example, at Puri there is an inscription in a stone in the wall of the Siddha-Hanumān temple. Some letters look like Oriya and Bengali and others Moḍi. Indifferently engraved. Purport not clear.Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Trade: A Survey
Puri is the name of a country mentioned in connection with overseas trading in ancient India.—The 7th-century Chinese traveller Hsuan Tsang noted that merchants left from Puri “for distant countries”.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
purī (पुरी).—f (S) A town or small city. 2 A raised wheaten cake fried in butter or oil. 3 An order of the gōsāvī. 4 (puraṇēṃ) Sufficiency: also sufficed or satisfied state. v paḍa g. of s. pāḍa g. of o.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
purī (पुरी).—f A town or small city. A wheaten cake fried in butter or oil. An order of the gōsāvī. Sufficiency.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) A town, city.
2) A river.
3) A king.
Derivable forms: puriḥ (पुरिः).
--- OR ---
1) A city, town; शशासैकपुरीमिव (śaśāsaikapurīmiva) R.1.3; पुरीमवस्कन्द लुनीहि नन्दनम् (purīmavaskanda lunīhi nandanam) Śiśupālavadha 1.51.
2) A stronghold.
3) The body.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Puri (पुरि).—m.c. for pure, q.v.
--- OR ---
Pūri (पूरि).—f. (not recorded; compare paripūri, °rī), the fulfilling; full measure: bodhi-saṃbhāra-pūrye (for °yai, dat.) Daśabhūmikasūtra.g. 52(78).11; daśapāramitā-pūryai 55(81).13; bodhisattva-caryā-praṇidhi-pūrim adhigamiṣyante Gaṇḍavyūha 493.9 (prose), full measure…
Pūri can also be spelled as Pūrī (पूरी).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Puri (पुरि).—f. (-riḥ or rī) 1. A town, a city. 2. A river. m.
(-riḥ) A king, a sovereign. E. pṝ to fill or to cherish, i Unadi aff.: see pura, and purī.
--- OR ---
Purī (पुरी).—f. (-rī) 1. A city. 2. A stronghold. 3. The body.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Puri (पुरि).—and purī purī, see pura.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Purī (पुरी):—[from pura > pur] a f. a fortress, castle, town, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka; Mahābhārata] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] Name of a town (the capital of Kaliṅga, noted for the worship of Jagan-nātha or Kṛṣṇa, [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 244 n. 1])
3) [v.s. ...] the sanctuary or adytum of a temple, [Inscriptions]
4) [v.s. ...] n. the body, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
5) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the 10 orders of mendicants (said to be founded by disciples of Śaṃkara, the members of which add the word purī to their names), [Horace H. Wilson]
6) Puri (पुरि):—[from pur] 1. puri [locative case] of 3. pur, in [compound]
7) [from pur] 2. puri f. a town or a river, [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 142 [Scholiast or Commentator]]
8) Purī (पुरी):—[from pur] b f. See under 2. pura.
9) Puri (पुरि):—a 1. and 2, puri; purī. See above.
10) Pūrī (पूरी):—[from pūra] f. Name of a woman, [Catalogue(s)]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Puri (पुरि):—(riḥ) 2. f. A town, a city; a river. m. A king.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
1) Purī (पुरी):—(nf) a big city; the city of the deity Jagannath (in Orissa).
2) Pūrī (पूरी):—(nf) see [pūḍī]; see [pūrā].
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
1) Purī (पुरी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Purī.
2) Pūrī (पूरी) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Pūrī.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [verb] to cook in a pan without using oil, ghee, etc.; to parch.
2) [verb] to make hot; to heat.
3) [verb] to be over roasted or parched (and become black).
4) [verb] to cook something with little oil or ghee applied on; to roast.
5) [verb] to cook (a papad, rōṭi, etc.) placing directly on the burning coal.
6) [verb] to cook in a hot oil or ghee.
7) [verb] (fig,) to destroy completely.
--- OR ---
1) [noun] the act or process of frying something in a pan without using oil, ghee, etc.
2) [noun] parched rice.
--- OR ---
1) [noun] the process of manufacturing twisted cord, rope.
2) [noun] a thick, strong cord made of intertwisted strands of fiber.
3) [noun] the quality of being strong; strength.
4) [noun] an encouraging or being encouraged; encouragement.
5) [noun] a thing that binds.
6) [noun] anything that is intertwined, intertwisted.
7) [noun] the quality or condition of being intertwined, intertwisted.
8) [noun] a thing that is strong.
9) [noun] intense or eager interest; zeal; enthusiasm.
--- OR ---
Puri (ಪುರಿ):—[noun] a town or city.
--- OR ---
Puri (ಪುರಿ):—[noun] a kind of thin, cake made of wheat flour and fried in oil or ghee.
--- OR ---
Pūri (ಪೂರಿ):—[noun] a kind of thin, cake having multiple layers, made of wheat flour and fried in oil or ghee.
--- OR ---
Pūṟi (ಪೂಱಿ):—[noun] = ಪೂಱ [pura].
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+109): Puri Tajima, Puri-maram, Puri-tajima, Puriavva, Puridasa, Puridu-usiri, Puriga, Purigadale, Purigadubu, Purigai, Purigane, Purige, Purigey, Purigol, Purigolisu, Purihala, Purika, Purikashena, Purikaubera, Purikaya.
Ends with (+168): Abhipuri, Addapuri, Adityapuri, Akkhupuri, Akshapuri, Amapuri, Amarapuri, Anantapuri, Anartapuri, Anathapuri, Antahpuri, Apapapuri, Apuri, Ashapuri, Atavipuri, Avantipuri, Avapuri, Bappuri, Bhasakapuri, Bhojapuri.
Full-text (+313): Shivapuri, Madhupuri, Lomapadapuri, Kutapuri, Purikaya, Brahmapuri, Purimoha, Campapuri, Puriloka, Surapuri, Puritat, Yaksharatpuri, Pava, Jagannatha, Mahapura, Puri-maram, Karnapurikri, Bijapuri, Kantapuri, Purika.
Search found 66 books and stories containing Puri, Purī, Pūri, Pūrī, Pūṟi; (plurals include: Puris, Purīs, Pūris, Pūrīs, Pūṟis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Shroud < [November 1939]
The Sea < [April – June, 1990]
Ananda Coomaraswamy as a Writer: His “Divine Shorthand” < [July – September 1977]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 2.14.39 < [Chapter 14 - Yamarāja’s Saṅkīrtana]
Verse 1.2.225 < [Chapter 2 - The Lord’s Appearance]
Verse 2.16.104 < [Chapter 16 - The Lord’s Acceptance of Śuklāmbara’s Rice]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 5.9.28 < [Chapter 9 - The Happiness of the Yadus]
Verse 4.19.122 < [Chapter 19 - A Thousand Names of Srī Yamunā]
Verse 5.12.13 < [Chapter 12 - Pancajana’s Previous Birth]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 2 - The Life of Caitanya < [Chapter XXXII - Caitanya and his Followers]
Part 5 - Some Companions of Caitanya < [Chapter XXXII - Caitanya and his Followers]
Part 1 - The Bhāgavata-purāṇa (introduction) < [Chapter XXIV - The Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Preceptors of Advaita (by T. M. P. Mahadevan)