Kadambaka, Kādambaka: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Kadambaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Kadambaka in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kadambaka (कदम्बक) is another name (synonym) for Dhārākadamba: one of the three varieties of Kadamba, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Neolamarckia cadamba (burflower-tree). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 9.97), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Kādambaka (कादम्बक) (lit. “a kind of goose with dark grey wings”) is a synonym (another name) for Swan (Haṃsa), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kadambaka in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Kadambaka (कदम्बक) is the name of the Tree associated with Oṃkāra, which refers to the sacred seat of Oḍḍiyāna, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(The sacred seat) Oṃkāra is in the centre. It is white and is the supreme energy. Oḍikā, (the goddess who resides here) is the mother Carcikā (of this seat). The god is called (Navātman) Bhairava and (his) body is formed with nine (letters). (This is) the sacred seat, the great current of the Command. (The goddess here is) Raktāvvā. The division is that which begins with KĀ. The House is the House Apara and the tree is the Kadambaka. The cave is called Śṛṅgāṭa (Water-chestnut) and the cremation ground is Kāravīra, the monastery is the Mathanakula (Kula of Churning) [...]”.

2) Kadambaka (कदम्बक) (Cf. Kadamba) refers to one of the sacred trees mentioned in the Kaulāvalinirṇaya.—Trees, forests and groves close to human settlements have been venerated throughout the subcontinent up to the present day as the abodes of deities and a range of supernatural beings. [...] In the Kaula and related Tantras, such beings came to be identified with Yoginīs and so the trees they inhabited as Yakṣinīs came to be venerated as Kula trees (kulavṛkṣa) in which Yoginīs reside. The Kaulāvalinirṇaya enjoins that the adept should bow to the Kula and the Lord of Kula when he sees one of these trees [i.e., Kadambaka] and recollect that Yoginīs reside in them.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kadambaka in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kādambaka, made of Kadamba wood; also °ya for °ka; both at J. V, 320. (Page 203)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kadambaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kadambaka (कदम्बक).—[kad karaṇe ambac Tv.]

1) A kind of tree (Stephegyne Parviflora Korth] (said to put forth buds at the roaring of thunder-clouds); कतिपयकुसुमोद्गमः कदम्बः (katipayakusumodgamaḥ kadambaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 3.2,42; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 3.7; Meghadūta 25; R.12.99; मुक्त्वा कदम्ब-कुटजार्जुन-सर्ज-नीपान् (muktvā kadamba-kuṭajārjuna-sarja-nīpān) Ṛtusaṃhāra 3.13. The tree is common throughout India except in Konkan. Its fruit is hard and inedible.

2) A kind of grass.

3) Turmeric.

4) The mustard-seed plant.

5) A particular mineral substance.

6) Dust.

7) Fragrance; cf. कदम्बः पुंसि नीपे स्यात्तिनिशे वरुणद्रुमे । धूल्यां समूहे गन्धे च (kadambaḥ puṃsi nīpe syāttiniśe varuṇadrume | dhūlyāṃ samūhe gandhe ca) ... Nm.

-mbī Name of a plant (devadālī). Ś.6; Uttararāmacarita 5.18.

-mbam A multitude.

-kam 1 A multitude, group; छायाबद्धकदम्बकं मृगकुलं रोमन्थमभ्य- स्यतु (chāyābaddhakadambakaṃ mṛgakulaṃ romanthamabhya- syatu) Ś.2.6.

2) The flower of the Kadamba tree; पृथुकदम्बकदम्बकराजितम् (pṛthukadambakadambakarājitam) Kirātārjunīya 5.9.

3) A kind of grass (devatāḍa).

Derivable forms: kadambakaḥ (कदम्बकः).

See also (synonyms): kadamba.

--- OR ---

Kādambaka (कादम्बक).—An arrow.

Derivable forms: kādambakaḥ (कादम्बकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kadambaka (कदम्बक).—mn.

(-kaḥ-kaṃ) See the preceding.

--- OR ---

Kādambaka (कादम्बक).—m.

(-kaḥ) An arrow. E. kan added to the preceding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kadambaka (कदम्बक).—[kadamba + ka], n. Plenty, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 39.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kadambaka (कदम्बक).—[masculine] the Kadamba tree (has orange-coloured fragrant blossoms). [masculine] multitude, group.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kadambaka (कदम्बक):—[from kad] m. Nauclea Cadamba, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] Sinapis Dichotoma, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Curcuma Aromatica

4) [from kad] n. multitude, troop, herd, [Śakuntalā; Kirātārjunīya; Śiśupāla-vadha]

5) Kādambaka (कादम्बक):—[from kādamba] m. an arrow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kadambaka (कदम्बक):—[(kaḥ-kaṃ)] 1. m. n. Idem.

2) Kādambaka (कादम्बक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. An arrow.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kadambaka (कदम्बक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kalaṃbua, Kalaṃbuya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kadambaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kadambaka in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kadaṃbaka (ಕದಂಬಕ):—

1) [noun] a great number of people gathered at one place; a group; a multitude.

2) [noun] the plant Brassica nigra of Brassicaceae family, yielding small black round seeds which are used as a spice; mustard.

3) [noun] the flower of the tree Anthocephalus cadamba; cadamba flower.

4) [noun] a spicy cake, made using different pulses and fried in oil then soaked in curd.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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