Sabha, Sabhā: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sabha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

The Audience (sabhā)—The Audience shines like the Wishing-tree, when the Vedas are its branches, scriptures of art and science (śāstras) its flowers, and learned men the bees; where men of truth are found, shining with good qualities, famous for righteous conduct, honoured by kings, adorned by the Vedas; where the Vedanta is expounded; when distinguished by the sound of voice and lute (vīṇā) ; possessing heroes of renown, ornamented by resplendent princes, shining with royal splendour.

The Seven Limbs of the Audience are

  1. men of learning,
  2. poets,
  3. elders,
  4. singers,
  5. buffoons,
  6. those who are familiar with history,
  7. and those who are familiar with mythology.
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sabhā (सभा) refers to the “council-chamber”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.28. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] making her maiden-in-chief Vijayā wait there, Satī immediately went near Śiva. She saw Him in the middle of the council-chamber (sabhā-madhya) surrounded by hosts of his attendants—Nandin and others of great valour”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sabhā (सभा).—A Durbar; of the king,1 a description of Sagara's assembly; composed of Brahmans, Kṣatriyas, Paurajānapada, relatives and friends;2 of Kṛṣṇa where there were readings of sacred texts and the Purāṇas;3 public halls of Tripuram;4 of Maya; respective seats for members; the address of the chief;5 of Indra;6 of Tāraka; servants with canes illtreated the devas where the seasons served him as also Siddhas, Kinnaras and Gandharvas the latter by music;7 of Hiraṇyakaśipu; here were all trees plants and birds, animals, Apsaras and other ladies, Asuras of distinction full of splendour and wealth, the equal of which has neither been heard of nor seen.8

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 25. 101: Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 279; 54. 105; 96. 92.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 49. 31; 50. 16, 17-20: 54. 24: 55. 20.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 69. 10-11.
  • 4) Ib. 130. 5.
  • 5) Ib. 131. 20f.
  • 6) Ib. 148. 61: Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 92.
  • 7) Matsya-purāṇa 154. 39.
  • 8) Ib. 161. 38-89.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)

Sabhā (सभा, “legal court”).—For the disposal of disputes the law books on Rājanīti such as the Rājanīti-ratnākara prescribes four types of sabhās or legal courts viz., Pratiṣṭita and Apratiṣṭita.

Arthashastra book cover
context information

Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Sabhā (सभा) is the name of an ‘assembly’ of the Vedic Indians as well as of the ‘hall’ where they met in assembly. It is often mentioned in the Rigveda and later, but its exact character is not certain. The hall was clearly used for dicing, presumably when the assembly was not transacting public business: a dicer is called sabhā-sthāṇu, ‘pillar of the assembly hall’, doubtless because of his constant presence there.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sabhā.—(SII 2; SITI; ASLV), same as mahāsabhā; the body of the Mahājanas; the assembly of a Brāhmaṇa village of the Tamil-speaking area, such an assembly of a non-Brāhmaṇa village being called ūr; local assembly of a Brāhmaṇa village; same as Tamil kuṟi. (EI 22), the Buddhist saṅgha. Note: sabhā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sabhā, (f.) (Vedic sabhā, cp. K. Z. IV. 370) 1. a hall, assemblyroom D. II, 274; A. I, 143; S. I, 176; J. I, 119; 157, 204. ‹-› 2. a public rest-house, hostelry J. I, 302. dhamma° chapel J. VI, 333.

—gata=sabhaggata S. V, 394; M. I, 286. (Page 681)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sabhā (सभा).—f (S) A place in which noble or learned persons assemble;--a hall of audience, a councilchamber, an assembly-room, a hall, a cabinet, a court. 2 An assembly, a meeting, a company. sabhā jiṅkaṇēṃ To overcome an opponent in a public disputation or in a suit; to gain one's cause.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sabhā (सभा).—f An assembly-room. An assembly, a meeting.

--- OR ---

sabhā (सभा) [-pāṇḍitya, -पांडित्य].—n Showy and superficial erudition.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sabhā (सभा).—[saha bhānti abhīṣṭaniścayārthamekatra yatra gṛhe Tv.]

1) An assembly, a council, conclave; पण्डितसभां कारितवान् (paṇḍitasabhāṃ kāritavān) Pt.1; न सा सभा यत्र न सन्ति वृद्धाः (na sā sabhā yatra na santi vṛddhāḥ) H.1.

2) Company, society, meeting, large number.

3) Council chamber or hall; ततः सभां करिष्यामि पाण्डवस्य यशस्विनीम् (tataḥ sabhāṃ kariṣyāmi pāṇḍavasya yaśasvinīm) Mb.2.3.4;12.47.7.

4) A court of justice.

5) A public audience (modern levee.)

6) A gambling-house.

7) Any room or place much frequented.

8) A house for lodging travellers (dharmaśālā).

9) An eating house.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sabhā (सभा).—f.

(-bhā) 1. A house. 2. An assembly. a meeting. 3. A Court of Justice. 4. A gambling-house. 5. A much frequented place. E. sa for saha together, bhā to shine, affs. aṅ and ṭāp .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sabhā (सभा).—f. 1. An assembly, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 11; council, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 63, 36, Seramp 2. A much frequented place, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 264. 3. A court of justice, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 12; [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 109. 4. A house. 5. A palace, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 94, 57; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 391.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sabhā (सभा).—[feminine] house or hall for public meetings, [especially] gambling-house, council-chamber, court of justice, court or palace of a prince; place of refuge, asylum; assembly, society, [especially] good society.

--- OR ---

Sabhā (सभा).—shine out, become manifest, arise, appear as ([nominative] ±iva or yathā). — Cf. ābhāta, nirbhāta, prabhāta, vibhāta.

Sabhā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and bhā (भा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sabha (सभ):—See sabhā below.

2) Sabhā (सभा):—f. (of unknown derivation, but probably to be connected with 7. sa; ifc. also sabha, n.; cf. [Pāṇini 2-4. 23 etc.], and eka-sabha) an assembly, congregation, meeting, council, public audience, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) social party, society, good society (See [compound])

4) Society (personified as a daughter of Prajāpati), [Atharva-veda]

5) a place for public meetings, large assembly-room or hall, palace, court of a king or of justice, council-chamber, gambling-house etc., [ib.]

6) a house for lodging and accommodating travellers, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata]; etc.; an eating-house (See mahā-s).

7) cf.[Gothic] sibja; [German] sippa, Sippe; [Anglo-Saxon] sibb; [English] god-sib, gossip.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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