Sabha, aka: Sabhā; 10 Definition(s)


Sabha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

The Audience (sabhā)—The Audience shines like the Wishing-tree, when the Vedas are its branches, scriptures of art and science (śāstras) its flowers, and learned men the bees; where men of truth are found, shining with good qualities, famous for righteous conduct, honoured by kings, adorned by the Vedas; where the Vedanta is expounded; when distinguished by the sound of voice and lute (vīṇā) ; possessing heroes of renown, ornamented by resplendent princes, shining with royal splendour.

The Seven Limbs of the Audience are

  1. men of learning,
  2. poets,
  3. elders,
  4. singers,
  5. buffoons,
  6. those who are familiar with history,
  7. and those who are familiar with mythology.
Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sabhā (सभा).—A Durbar; of the king,1 a description of Sagara's assembly; composed of Brahmans, Kṣatriyas, Paurajānapada, relatives and friends;2 of Kṛṣṇa where there were readings of sacred texts and the Purāṇas;3 public halls of Tripuram;4 of Maya; respective seats for members; the address of the chief;5 of Indra;6 of Tāraka; servants with canes illtreated the devas where the seasons served him as also Siddhas, Kinnaras and Gandharvas the latter by music;7 of Hiraṇyakaśipu; here were all trees plants and birds, animals, Apsaras and other ladies, Asuras of distinction full of splendour and wealth, the equal of which has neither been heard of nor seen.8

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 25. 101: Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 279; 54. 105; 96. 92.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 49. 31; 50. 16, 17-20: 54. 24: 55. 20.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 69. 10-11.
  • 4) Ib. 130. 5.
  • 5) Ib. 131. 20f.
  • 6) Ib. 148. 61: Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 92.
  • 7) Matsya-purāṇa 154. 39.
  • 8) Ib. 161. 38-89.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Sabhā (सभा, “legal court”).—For the disposal of disputes the law books on Rājanīti such as the Rājanīti-ratnākara prescribes four types of sabhās or legal courts viz., Pratiṣṭita and Apratiṣṭita.

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)
Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Sabhā (सभा) is the name of an ‘assembly’ of the Vedic Indians as well as of the ‘hall’ where they met in assembly. It is often mentioned in the Rigveda and later, but its exact character is not certain. The hall was clearly used for dicing, presumably when the assembly was not transacting public business: a dicer is called sabhā-sthāṇu, ‘pillar of the assembly hall’, doubtless because of his constant presence there.

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

India history and geogprahy

Sabhā.—(SII 2; SITI; ASLV), same as mahāsabhā; the body of the Mahājanas; the assembly of a Brāhmaṇa village of the Tamil-speaking area, such an assembly of a non-Brāhmaṇa village being called ūr; local assembly of a Brāhmaṇa village; same as Tamil kuṟi. (EI 22), the Buddhist saṅgha. Note: sabhā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Sabha in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sabhā, (f.) (Vedic sabhā, cp. K. Z. IV. 370) 1. a hall, assemblyroom D. II, 274; A. I, 143; S. I, 176; J. I, 119; 157, 204. ‹-› 2. a public rest-house, hostelry J. I, 302. dhamma° chapel J. VI, 333.

—gata=sabhaggata S. V, 394; M. I, 286. (Page 681)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

sabhā (सभा).—f (S) A place in which noble or learned persons assemble;--a hall of audience, a councilchamber, an assembly-room, a hall, a cabinet, a court. 2 An assembly, a meeting, a company. sabhā jiṅkaṇēṃ To overcome an opponent in a public disputation or in a suit; to gain one's cause.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sabhā (सभा).—f An assembly-room. An assembly, a meeting.

--- OR ---

sabhā (सभा) [-pāṇḍitya, -पांडित्य].—n Showy and superficial erudition.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sabhā (सभा).—[saha bhānti abhīṣṭaniścayārthamekatra yatra gṛhe Tv.]

1) An assembly, a council, conclave; पण्डितसभां कारितवान् (paṇḍitasabhāṃ kāritavān) Pt.1; न सा सभा यत्र न सन्ति वृद्धाः (na sā sabhā yatra na santi vṛddhāḥ) H.1.

2) Company, society, meeting, large number.

3) Council chamber or hall; ततः सभां करिष्यामि पाण्डवस्य यशस्विनीम् (tataḥ sabhāṃ kariṣyāmi pāṇḍavasya yaśasvinīm) Mb.2.3.4;12.47.7.

4) A court of justice.

5) A public audience (modern levee.)

6) A gambling-house.

7) Any room or place much frequented.

8) A house for lodging travellers (dharmaśālā).

9) An eating house.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 827 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Devasabhā (देवसभा).—f. (-bhā) An assembly of the gods. E. deva a deity, and sabhā assembly.
Sabhā-maṇḍapa.—(HA), same as raṅga-maṇḍapa. Note: sabhā-maṇḍapa is defined in the “Indian epigr...
Brahmasabhā (ब्रह्मसभा).—n. of a pool: Divy 442.28; 443.12; MSV i.134.8.
Sabhāpati (सभापति).—m. (-tiḥ) 1. The keeper of a gaming-house. 2. The president of an assembly....
Rājasabhā (राजसभा).—f. (-bhā) A royal assembly or court. E. rāja a king, sabhā assembly.
Yamasabha (यमसभ).—n. (-bhaṃ) The court or tribunal of Yama. E. yama, sabhā assembly.
Sabhocita (सभोचित).—m. (-taḥ) A Pandit, a learned Brahman or teacher. E. sabhā an assembly, and...
Dharmasabhā (धर्मसभा).—f. (-bhā) A tribunal, a court of justice. E. dharma justice, and sabhā a...
Śiṣṭasabhā (शिष्टसभा).—f. (-bhā) A council of state, an assembly of chief officers. E. śiṣṭa, s...
Īśvarasabhā (ईश्वरसभा).—f. (-bhā) Royal court or assembly. E. īśvara and sabhā an assembly.
Inasabha (इनसभ).—n. (-bhaṃ) A royal court or assembly. E. ina and sabhā assembly.
Dāsīsabha (दासीसभ).—n. (-bhaṃ) A multitude of female slaves. E. dāsī a female slave. and sabhā ...
Strīsabha (स्त्रीसभ).—n. (-bhaṃ) An assembly of women, a number of females. E. strī a woman, sa...
Dyūtasabhā (द्यूतसभा).—f. (-bhā) A gaming house or assembly. E. dyūta and sabhā an assembly.
Sabhānāyaka (सभानायक).—1) the president of a society, chairman. 2) the keeper of a gaming-house...

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