Sarja: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Sarja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Sarja (सर्ज) is the name of a tree (Śāla vṛkṣa) that is associated with the Nakṣatra (celestial star) named Mūla, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “these [trees] are propounded in Śāstras, the secret scriptures (śāstrāgama). These pious trees [viz, Sarja], if grown and protected, promote long life”. These twenty-seven trees related to the twenty-seven Nakṣatras are supposed to be Deva-vṛkṣas or Nakṣatra-vṛkṣas.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Sarja (सर्ज) refers to Terminalia tomentosa (synonym of Terminalia elliptica), the seeds of which is mentioned in a list of remedies for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., panasa (jack-fruit) or āmalakīphala (gooseberry fruit)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., sarja-bīja (Terminalia tomentosa)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Sarja (सर्ज) refers to a particular resin (suitable for an offering ceremony), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly [as the Bhagavān taught the detailed offering-manual], “[...] Four Nāga kings should be prepared in the middle of the ditch. [...] Decorations should be made with ribbons and banners. Worship should be performed. One should perfume agaru, sandal and olibanum, and combine tagara, nalada, kunduruka, liquor, parched grain, mustard seed and sarja-resin with honey. It should be enchanted with the mantra twenty-one times and incense should be offered for the Nāgas. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sarja (सर्ज).—

1) Name of a tree (sāla).

2) The resinous exudation of the Sāla tree.

3) A timber tree; उत्फुल्लार्जुन- सर्जवासितवहत् (utphullārjuna- sarjavāsitavahat) (marut) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.17.

Derivable forms: sarjaḥ (सर्जः).

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Sarja (सर्ज).—The resin of the Sāla tree.

Derivable forms: sarjaḥ (सर्जः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarja (सर्ज).—m. 1. A tree, Shorea robusta, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 148, 14. 2. Another tree, Pentaptera arjuna. 3. The resinous exudation of the Shorea robusts, Mahābhārata 1, 5723.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarja (सर्ज).—[masculine] turner, twister (cf. rajjusarja); [Name] of a tree & its resin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sarja (सर्ज):—[from sarga] a m. one who emits or lets go, one who creates or makes (See -rajju-s)

2) [v.s. ...] Vatica Robusta, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the resin of V° R° [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] Terminalia Tomentosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Sārja (सार्ज):—m. = sarjikā, natron, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Sarja (सर्ज):—[from sṛj] b etc. See p. 1182, col. 3.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sarja (सर्ज) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Visajja, Sajja.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sarja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sarja (ಸರ್ಜ):—

1) [noun] the large tree Shorea talura ( = S. robusta, = Vatica robusta) of Dipterocarpaceae family.

2) [noun] its resin from which shellac is made.

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Sarja (ಸರ್ಜ):—[noun] a lion (Panthera leo).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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