Shalaparni, Śālaparṇī: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Shalaparni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śālaparṇī can be transliterated into English as Salaparni or Shalaparni, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Shalaparni in Ayurveda glossary

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ayurveda: Cikitsa

Śālaparṇī (शालपर्णी) is a Sanskrit word referring to Salpan, a species of plant from the Fabaceae (bean) family of flowering plants. It is also known as Pṛśniparṇī or Pṛthakparṇī. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Desmodium gangeticum.

This plant (Śālaparṇī) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known by the name Sthirā. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of both the Daśamūla and Pañcamūla groups of medicinal drugs.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Śālaparṇī (शालपर्णी) (one of the pāñcamūlikā) refers to the medicinal plant Cyperus rotundus L., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Śālaparṇī] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Evaluation of Cyavanaprāśa on Health and Immunity related Parameters in Healthy Children

Śālaparṇī (शालपर्णी) refers to the medicinal plant known as Desmodium gangeticum, Pl., and is used in the Ayurvedic formulation known as Cyavanaprāśa: an Ayurvedic health product that helps in boosting immunity.—Cyavanaprāśa has been found to be effective as an immunity booster, vitalizer and a preventer of day to day infections and allergies such as common cold and cough etc. It is a classical Ayurvedic formulation comprising ingredients such as Śālaparṇī. [...] Cyavanaprāśa can be consumed in all seasons as it contains weather friendly ingredients which nullify unpleasant effects due to extreme environmental and climatic conditions.

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Śālaparṇi (शालपर्णि) is the name of an ingredient used in the treatment of Maṇḍalī-snake-bites, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—A number of different permutation and combination of herbs are prescribed as Lepa and Pāna for removing the poison of Maṇḍalī snakes.—According to the Kāśyapasaṃhitā verse 9.75-77: “A paste prepared from the bark of Vacā and Śigru, leaves of Nandyāvarti and Vitāna, Turmeric, Tulasī, Yoṣā, one droṇa of long Turmeric, fresh Pānalakuṣṭha, Tamarind leaves, Pippalī, Siṃhāvalī, Sthirā or Śālaparṇi along with a khārī of rice must be applied thrice on the bite-wound. When the poison recedes, an ointment made out of the powdered bark of Akṣaphala and buttermilk must be applied”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Śālaparṇī (शालपर्णी).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug.—Vidārigandhā and Aṃśumatī are its synonyms. It has got leaves like those of śāla. Śālaparṇī is wholesome to heart, promotes strength and destroys (the disorders caused by) the three doṣas.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of shalaparni or salaparni in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Shalaparni in Biology glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Salaparni [शालपर्णी] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Grona heterocarpos (L.) H.Ohashi & K.Ohashi from the Fabaceae (Pea) family having the following synonyms: Desmodium heterocarpon, Hedysarum heterocarpon. For the possible medicinal usage of salaparni, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Salaparni [शालपर्णी] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Uraria rufescens (DC.) Schindl. from the Fabaceae (Pea) family having the following synonyms: Desmodium rufescens, Uraria paniculata, Doodia hamosa, Uraria hamosa.

Salaparni in the Oriya language is the name of a plant identified with Pleurolobus gangeticus (L.) J.St.-Hil. ex H.Ohashi & K.Ohashi from the Fabaceae (Pea) family having the following synonyms: Desmodium gangeticum, Hedysarum gangeticum.

Shalaparni [शालपर्णी] in the Sanskrit language, ibid. previous identification.

Salaparni in the Oriya language is the name of a plant identified with Phyllodium pulchellum from the Fabaceae (Pea) family having the following synonyms: Hedysarum pulchellum, Desmodium pulchellum, Meibomia pulchella.

Salaparni [ശലപർണി] in the Malayalam language is the name of a plant identified with Pseudarthria viscida (L.) Wight & Arn. from the Fabaceae (Pea) family having the following synonyms: Hedysarum viscidum, Desmodium timoriense, Desmodium viscidum auct. non DC..

Salaparni [शालपर्णी] in the Sanskrit language, ibid. previous identification.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Shalaparni in India is the name of a plant defined with Desmodium gangeticum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Hedysarum lanceolatum Schumach. & Thonn. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora of Tropical Africa (1871)
· Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique (Lamarck) (1798)
· Prodromus Stirpium in Horto ad Chapel Allerton vigentium (1796)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Repert. Bot. Syst. (Walpers) (1842)
· Journal of the Arnold Arboretum (1963)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Shalaparni, for example chemical composition, diet and recipes, health benefits, side effects, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

Discover the meaning of shalaparni or salaparni in the context of Biology from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shalaparni in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śālaparṇī (शालपर्णी).—f. (-rṇī) A shrub, (Hedysarum gangeticum.) E. śāla the Sal, and parṇa a leaf, aff. ṅīṣ, having similar leaves; also sālaparṇī .

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Sālaparṇī (सालपर्णी).—f. (-rṇī) A shrub, (Hedysarum gangeticum;) also śālaparṇī .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śālaparṇī (शालपर्णी):—[=śāla-parṇī] [from śāla] f. Desmodium or Hedysarum Gangeticum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śālaparṇī (शालपर्णी):—[śāla-parṇī] (rṇī) 3. f. A shrub (Hedysarum gangeticum).

2) Sālaparṇī (सालपर्णी):—[sāla-parṇī] (rṇī) 3. f. A shrub, Hedysarum gangeticum.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shalaparni in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of shalaparni or salaparni in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shalaparni in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śālaparṇi (ಶಾಲಪರ್ಣಿ):—[noun] the plant Desmodium gangeticum of Papilionaceae family.

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Sālaparṇi (ಸಾಲಪರ್ಣಿ):—[noun] the plant Desmodium gangeticum of Papilionaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of shalaparni or salaparni in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

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