Apamarga, Apāmārga, Apamārga: 17 definitions



Apamarga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Apāmārga (अपामार्ग) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “rough chaff tree”, a species of plant from the Amaranthaceae (Amaranth) family, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The official botanical name of the plant is Achyranthes aspera and is known in English as the “chaff-flower” or “devil’s horsewhip”. The word Apāmārga is derived from the Sanskrit root √mṛj, meaning “to whipe” or “to wash”.

The plant Apāmārga is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Apāmārga (अपामार्ग) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Achyranthes aspera Linn. (“prickly chaff-flower”) from the Amaranthaceae or “amaranth” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.88-91 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Apāmārga is known in the Hindi language as Circiṭā, Cicaḍā or Laṭjirā; in the Bengali language as Apāṅga; in the Marathi language as Aghadha; in the Gujarati language as Agheḍo; in the Tamil language as Nayurivi; and in the Telugu language as Apāmārgam.

Apāmārga is mentioned as having twenty-two synonyms: Śikharī, Kiṇihī, Kharamañjarī, Durgraha, Adhaḥśalya, Pratyakpuṣpī, Mayūraka, Kāṇḍakaṇṭa, Śaikharika, Markaṭī, Durabhigraha, Vaśira, Parākpuṣpī, Kaṇṭī, Markaṭapippalī, Kaṭu, Māñjarika, Nandī, Kṣayaka, Paṅktikaṇṭaka, Mālākaṇṭaka and Kubja.

Properties and characteristics: “Apāmārga is pungent, bitter and hot. It quells vitiated kapha. It is indicated in piles, pruritis, improper digestive metabolism (āma-doṣa), abdominal disorders (udar-roga), blood disorders. It is astringent and emetic”.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Apāmārga (अपामार्ग) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Achyranthes aspera Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning apāmārga] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Apāmārga (अपामार्ग).—The name of a plant, possibly identified with Achyranthes aspera. It is used in various alchemical processess related to mercury (rasa or liṅga), according to the Rasārṇavakalpa (11th-century work dealing with Rasaśāstra).

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Apamarga in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Apāmārga (अपामार्ग) is the name of a flower used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.11:—“[...] offerings of flowers, especially white flowers and rare flowers, shall be made to Lord Śiva. Flowers of Apāmārga, Karpūra, Jātī, Campaka, Kuśa, Pāṭala, Karavīra, Mallikā, Kamala (lotus) and Utpalas (lilies) of various sorts shall be used. When water is poured it shall be poured in a continuous stream”.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Apāmārga (अपामार्ग) wood is used for brushing the teeth in the month Phālguna for the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-Vrata, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-vrata is observed in honour of Śiva for acquiring virtue, great fortune, wealth and for destruction of sins [...] This vrata is to be performed for a year from Mārgaśīra.—In the month of Phālguna, the tooth-brush is that of apāmārga-wood. The food taken is kaṅkola. The deity to be worshipped is Vīra. The flowers used in worship are kunda. The naivedya offerings are sweet meats. The result  accrued is gomedha.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study (shaivism)

Apāmārga (अपामार्ग) refers to one of the various leaves and flowers used in the worship of Śiva, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—The text refers the following flowers and leaves to be offered to Lord Śiva [viz., Apāmārga][...]. It is stated that if a person offers these flowers to Lord Śiva, planting himself, the Lord Himself receives those flowers.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

apāmārga (अपामार्ग).—m (S) A plant, Achyranthes aspera. The ashes (apāmārgakṣāra m) are used in washing clothes.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apamārga (अपमार्ग).—

1) A by-path, side-way; a bad way.

2) Shampooing, rubbing &c. of the body (aṅgaparimārjanam) अमृतद्रवैर्विदधदब्जदृशामपमार्गमोषधिपतिः स्म करैः (amṛtadravairvidadhadabjadṛśāmapamārgamoṣadhipatiḥ sma karaiḥ) Śi.9.36.

Derivable forms: apamārgaḥ (अपमार्गः).

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Apāmārga (अपामार्ग).—[apamṛjyate vyādhyādiranena ityapāmārgaḥ, mṛj karaṇe ghañ kutvaṃ dīrghaśca P III.3.121. Sk.] Name of a plant Achyranthes Aspera (Mar. āghāḍā) largely used in medicine, washing teeth, sacrificial and other religious purposes and in incantations; अपामार्ग त्वया वयं सर्वं तदपमृज्महे (apāmārga tvayā vayaṃ sarvaṃ tadapamṛjmahe); अपामार्ग ओषधीनां सर्वासामेक इद्वशी (apāmārga oṣadhīnāṃ sarvāsāmeka idvaśī) | Av.

Derivable forms: apāmārgaḥ (अपामार्गः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apāmārga (अपामार्ग).—m.

(-rgaḥ) A plant, (Achyranthes aspera.) E. apa, mṛja to clean, with āṅ prefixed, and ghañ affix; the ashes are used in washing linen.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apamārga (अपमार्ग).—i. e. I. apa-mṛj + a, m. Cleansing, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 36. Ii. apa -mārga, m. A sideway, [Pañcatantra] 169, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apamārga (अपमार्ग).—1. [masculine] by-road, side-way.

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Apamārga (अपमार्ग).—2. [masculine] wiping off, cleaning.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Apamārga (अपमार्ग):—[=apa-mārga] 1. apa-mārga m. a by-way, [Pañcatantra]

2) [=apa-mārga] [from apa-mṛj] 2. apa-mārga m. wiping off, cleaning, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

3) Apāmārga (अपामार्ग):—[=apā-mārga] m. (√mṛj), the plant Achyranthes Aspera (employed very often in incantations, in medicine, in washing linen, and in sacrifices), [Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Apamārga (अपमार्ग):—(1. apa + mārga) m. Seitenweg: saṃmukho bhūtvāpamārgeṇa [Pañcatantra 169, 15.]

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Apāmārga (अपामार्ग):—(von marj mit apa + ā) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 121,] [Scholiast] (vgl. [?6, 2, 144.) Manu’s Gesetzbuch] Achyranthes aspera, eine zweijährige Pflanze, vielfach als Zaubermittel, medicinisch und in Opferhandlungen gebraucht. [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 3, 7.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 37.] [AINSLIE,] [Mat. ind. 2, 221.] a.ā.ā.go apa mārṣṭu kṣetri.aṃ śa.athaśca yaḥ [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 4, 18, 7. 17, 6. 19, 4. 7, 66, 1.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 35, 11.] apāmārgairvai devā dikṣu nāṣṭrā rakṣāṃsyapāmṛjata [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 5, 2, 4, 14. 20. 13, 8, 4, 4.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 21, 4, 22.] [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 2, 7.] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 50.] [Suśruta 1, 157, 15. 2, 49, 19. 102, 4.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 301.] apāmārgahoma [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 5, 2, 4, 14.] [?(Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 15, 2, 1.)] taṇḍula [?15. (Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 15, 2, 2).]

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Apamārga (अपमार्ग):—(von 1. marj mit apa) m. das Abwischen, Putzen: amatadravairvidadhadabjadṛśāmapamārgamoṣadhipatiḥ (der Mond und zugleich Arzt) sma karaiḥ [Śiśupālavadha 9, 36.]

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Apāmārga (अपामार्ग):—[Z. 5 lies 7, 65, 1 Stenzler 7, 66, 1.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Apamārga (अपमार्ग):—1. m. Abwischung.

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Apamārga (अपमार्ग):—2. m. Seitenweg.

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Apāmārga (अपामार्ग):—m. Achyranthes apera. apāmārgataila n. [Materia medica of the Hindus] apāmārgataṇḍula m. und apāmārgahoma m.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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