Lashuna, Lasuṇa, Lasuna, Laśuna, Laśūna: 21 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Lashuna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Laśuna and Laśūna can be transliterated into English as Lasuna or Lashuna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Laśuna (लशुन) is a Sanskrit word referring to “garlic” (a species of onion) from the from the Amaryllidaceae (amaryllids) family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. It is also known as Rasona. The official botanical name is Allium sativum.

The plant Laśuna is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant has the synonym Rasona.

Source: PMC: Ayurvedic management of postlumbar myelomeningocele surgery

Vāgbhaṭa has identified Lasuna (Allium sativum) as one of the prime drugs to curtail the pathological changes due to vāta dośa. Vāgbhaṭa also considers lasuna as the prime drug to treat vātavyādhi.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Laśuna (लशुन) or Laṣaṇa refers to Allium sativum, and is the name of a medicinal plant dealt with in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha (chapter 8) written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha has been designed based on the need of the period of the author, availability of drugs (viz., Laśuna) during that time, disease manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Laśuna (लशुन) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Allium sativum Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning laśuna] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Google Books: Indian Temple Architecture: Form and Transformation

Laśuna (लशुन).—Part of the standard pilaster;—The tātī sits on the laśuna. In other traidtions, particularly in Tamil Nadu (and already at Ajanta), the laśuna has the springy shape of an inverted bell, but in the Karṇāṭa Drāviḍa tradition it is generally like rouned shoulders and a chest. In earlier examples tātī and laśuna seem like two sections of a single element, the ‘tātī/laśuna’, but later the tātī becomes attached to the ghaṭa, and the laśuna evolves its own collar.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Laśuna (लशुन) refers to the ‘chest-and-shoulder’ element of pillars and pilasters..

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Laśuna (लशुन) refers to “garlic”, which a Śiva-devotee should refrain from eating, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.25, while explaining the greatness of Rudrākṣa:—“[...] a devotee of Śiva shall refrain from eating meat, garlic [viz., Laśuna], onion, red garlic, potherb, Śleṣmātaka, pig of rubbish and liquors.”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Laśuna (लशुन) refers to the “garlic”: a type of vegetable (śāka), according to The Vyākhyāprajñapti 7.3.276. It can also be spelled like Lasuṇa. Different kinds of vegetables were grown in the vegetable gardens (kaccha / kakṣa). The consumption of vegetables was considered essential for digesting food according to the Niśīthacūrṇi. The Jaina texts forbid the consumption of certain vegetables as it leads to killing of insects.

The Vyākhyāprajñapti, also known as the Bhagavatīsūtra contains a compilation of 36,000 questions answered by Mahāvīra and dates to at least the 1st century A.D. The Niśīthacūrṇi by Jinadāsa is a 7th century commentary on the Niśthasūtra and deals with Jain medical knowledge.

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Laśuna (लशुन) in Sanskrit and Lhasaṇa in Prakrit refers to garlic (Allium sativum Linn.). This plant is classifed as ananta-kāya, or “plants that are inhabited by an infinite number of living organisms”, and therefore are abhakṣya (forbidden to consume) according to both Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246) and Hemacandra (in his Yogaśāstra 3.44-46). Those plants which are classified as ananta-kāyas (e.g., laśuna) seem to be chosen because of certain morphological peculiarities such as the possession of bulbs or rhizomes orthe habit of periodically shedding their leaves; and in general theyare characterized by possibilities of vegetative reproduction.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Lashuna in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

lasuṇa : (nt.) garlic.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Lasuṇa, & Lasuna (nt.) (cp. Sk. laśuna) garlic Vin. II, 140; IV, 258; J. I, 474; Vv 436; VvA. 186. (Page 582)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

laśuna (लशुन).—n S Garlic, Allium sativum.

--- OR ---

lasūṇa (लसूण).—m f (laśuna S) Garlic, Allium sativum. 2 The root of it, or a clove of the root.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

laśuṇa (लशुण).—f See lasūṇa.

--- OR ---

lasūṇa (लसूण).—m f lasaṇa n Garlic; the root of it.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Laśuna (लशुन) or Laśūna (लशून).—(aśeḥ unan, laśaśca Uṇ.3.55) Garlic; निखिलरसायनमहितो गन्धेनोग्रेण लशुन इव (nikhilarasāyanamahito gandhenogreṇa laśuna iva) R. G. (= Bv. 1.81); यशःसौरभ्यलशुनः (yaśaḥsaurabhyalaśunaḥ) Bv.1.93.

Derivable forms: laśunaḥ (लशुनः), laśunam (लशुनम्), laśūnaḥ (लशूनः), laśūnam (लशूनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laśuna (लशुन).—n.

(-naṃ) Garlic. E. to eat, Unadi aff. unan, and laśa substituted for the root; also with the vowel of the aff, long, laśūna n.

(-naṃ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laśuna (लशुन).—n. Garlic, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laśuna (लशुन).—[neuter] ([masculine]) leek, garlic.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Laśuna (लशुन):—n. or (rarely) m. ([Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 57]; sometimes written lasuna cf. rasuna) garlic, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) one of the 10 kinds of onion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laśuna (लशुन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Garlick.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Laśuna (लशुन):—[Uṇādisūtra 3, 57.] n. (und selten m.) Lauch, Knoblauch [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 5, 14.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 221.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1186.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 5, 5. 19. 9, 39.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 176.] [Mahābhārata 8, 2034. 13, 4363.] [Suśruta 1, 145, 6. 157, 10. 217, 6. 376, 7. 2, 168, 15. 328, 20. 357, 2. 364, 17. 366, 9. 496, 6.] [VĀGBH. 6, 10.] [Śārṅgadhara SAṂH. 3, 8, 17.] [Spr. 4479.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 344.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 32, 12.] laśunādibhakṣaṇaprāyaścitta [Oxforder Handschriften 281,b,45. fg.] laśunādighrāṇa [PRĀYAŚCITTEND.3,a,6.4,a,6.] Hier und da lasuna geschrieben.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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