Kana, aka: Kāṇa, Kānā, Kaṇa; 8 Definition(s)


Kana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Daughter of Kanamata. After she married she visited her mother, and one day, while she was there, her husband sent for her. Her mother, not wishing her to return empty handed, asked her to wait till she had made some cakes. When the cakes were ready, a monk came to the door and Kana gave him some. Four other monks came, and the cakes were finished. Four times Kanas husband sent for her and four times the same thing happened. So, in anger, the husband took another wife. Kana, learning this, was so greatly annoyed that she reviled and abused every monk she saw until no monk dared go into her street. The Buddha, hearing of this, visited Kanas mother, and having finished his meal there, sent for Kana, argued with her, and convinced her that the monks were not to blame inasmuch as they had only taken what was given them. At the end of the Buddhas discourse Kana became a sotapanna. The king saw the Buddha returning from Kanas home and, on learning what had happened, sent for her, adopted her as his daughter, and arranged for her marriage with a rich nobleman. Thenceforward Kanas generosity to the monks became proverbial. Vin.iv.78f; DhA.ii.149ff; the Samantapasadika (iv.819) gives a somewhat different account; there, when Kanas husband heard that the Buddha had been to see her, he sent for her and she returned.

It was on Kanas account that the Babbu Jataka (q.v.) (J.i.477f) was preached. Kana is identified with the mouse of the story.

She was called Kana because she was so beautiful that those who saw her became blind with passion for her (ye ye tam passanti, te te ragena kana honti) (Sp. loc. cit.).

Both Kana and her mother are mentioned among those who kept the eightfold fast. A.iv.349; AA.ii.791.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Kāṇa (काण) translates to “blind of one eye” and is a Prakrit name indicating defects of the body, representing a rule when deriving personal names as mentioned in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning kāṇa) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

kaṇa : (m.) fine powder between the husk and the grain of rice; broken rice. || kāṇa (adj.), blind (of one eye). (m.), one-eyed person.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Kāṇa, (adj.) (cp. Sk. kāṇa) blind, usually of one eye, occasionally of both (see PugA 227) S. I, 94; Vin. II, 90= A. I, 107=II. 85=Pug. 51 (in expln of tamaparāyaṇa purisa); Th. 2, 438; J. I, 222 (one-eyed); VI, 74 (of both eyes); DhA. III, 71.

—kaccha Np. Sdhp. 44; —kacchapa “the blind turtle” in the well-known parable of a man’s chances of human rebirth after a state of punishment Th. 2, 500 (=ThA. 290); Miln. 204; DhsA. 60; cp. M. III, 169=S. V, 455. (Page 203)

— or —

Kaṇa, (Derivation uncertain, possibly connected with kana; positive of kanīyān=small; Vedic kaṇa) the fine red powder between the husk and the grain of rice, huskpowder D. I, 9 (°homa), expld at DA. I, 93 by kuṇḍaka. ‹-› (adj.) made of husk-powder or of finely broken rice, of cakes J. I, 423 (k-pūva=kuṇḍakena pakka-pūva).—akaṇa (adj.) free from the coating of red powder. characteristic of the best rice Mhvs 5, 30; Anvs 27 (akaṇaṃ karoti to whiten the rice). Cp. kākaṇa.

—bhakkha eating husk-powder, a practice of cert. ascetics D. I, 166=M. I, 78=A. I, 241≈. (Page 178)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

kaṇa (कण).—m (S) A particle, an atom, a minute bit. 2 The spark or facet of a gem. 3 A grain (of corn). 4 By synecd. Corn or grain. Pr. dāma duppaṭa kaṇa tippaṭa.

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kaṇa (कण).—f Crick or painful stiffness; local spasm or cramp; esp. in the neck, back, or loins. v bhara. See dhamaka.

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kaṇā (कणा).—m The spine or back-bone. 2 fig. The ridge of a mountain; a path or narrow road up and down a mountain; a path or space along any double slope (see rāṅga); the lines and figures drawn on occasions over a wall or floor, with flour or rāṅgōḷī; a ridgeform line of grain; the roller of a draw-well; the beam of a hand-waterwheel; the axle of a cart. 3 The turn round the body of the lower garment of women. 4 The name of a tree.

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kana (कन).—ind An adjunct added to all imitative particles. Ex. jhaṭakana, caṭakana, paṭakana.

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kanā (कना).—m (Commonly kaṇā q. v.) The backbone &c.

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kāṇā (काणा).—a (S) Of which the vision is destroyed--one of the two eyes: and attrib. blind of one eye, monoculous. S adage, kvacit kāṇā bhavēt sādhuḥ Pauci monoculi sunt honesti. Pr. andhaḷyānta kāṇā rājā or andhaḷyāmmadhyēṃ kāṇā śrēṣṭha. 2 Squint-eyed. This is the general understanding of the word. Also squint--an eye. The applications are ēkā ḍōḷyānēṃ or dōhō ḍōḷyānnī kāṇā or simply, kāṇā, or ḍōḷā kāṇā or ḍōḷē kāṇē. 3 Applied to a country, town, or village of uncertain supplies and alternating cheapness and dearness; also to a country or place whither one, from his crimes or follies, is ashamed to go. Pr. ḍōḷā kāṇā asāvā paṇa mulūka kāṇā asūṃ nayē: also to a cord of which one of the strings composing it is thick and another thin: also to a warped and thus crooked (bedframe, cot, cart). 4 Oblique or slanting; cross-going or devious.

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kāna (कान).—m (karṇa S) An ear. 2 fig. The handle of a frying dish or similar vessel; a thing in general ear-form. 3 Hole bored in the ear (for an ornament). 4 (Better and more frequently kānā) The eye or touch-hole of a gun. kāna ughaḍaṇēṃ To open the eyes (one's own or those of another) to one's evil or foolish deeds. kāna ughaḍūna sāṅgaṇēṃ To apprize and warn explicitly. kāna upaṭaṇēṃ-dharaṇēṃ-piḷavaṭaṇēṃ-piḷaṇēṃ g. of o. To pull the ears of (in correction or admonition). kāna kāpaṇēṃ or kāna kāpūna hātāvara dēṇēṃ g. of o. To outwit, outdo, excel, surpass. kāna kiṭaṇēṃ g. of s. To be wearied (of some frequently-told tale)--the ears. kānakhaḍī lāvaṇēṃ To admonish or caution impressively. kānakhaḍī lāvūna ghēṇēṃ To admonish or impress upon one's own self. kāna jhāḍaṇēṃ To refuse flatly; to stop one's ears against. 2 To reject all reproof or counsel. kāna ṭavakārūna aikaṇēṃ or pāhaṇēṃ To prick up one's ears; to be all attention. kāna ṭōcaṇēṃ g. of o. To prick on; to instigate. kāna dharūna or piḷūna ghēṇēṃ To take possession of (some disputed thing) forcibly. kāna nivaṇēṃ or thaṇḍa hōṇēṃ g. of s. To experience the gratification of hearing a much desired object; to obtain the desire of one's ears. kāna pāḍaṇēṃ To lose courage; to give up hopelessly. 2 To feel one's insolence checked; to draw in one's horns. 3 To pretend not to hear. kāna piḷūna ghēṇēṃ To impress upon one's own mind the folly or wickedness of an act, and to determine against repeating it. kānapūra ōsa karūna basaṇēṃ To sit affecting deafness. kānapūra or karṇapūra ōsa paḍaṇēṃ g. of s. To be deaf. kāna phuṅkaṇēṃ To impart the knowledge of a mantra. Usually performed by whispering in the ear. kāna pasarūna aikaṇēṃ To hear with all readiness and attention (but not to do). kāna phuṅkaṇēṃ or bharaṇēṃ or bhāraṇēṃ g. of o. To whisper in the ear; to prompt secretly, esp. by calumnious suggestions. kāna phuṭaṇēṃ g. of s. To become deaf or hard of hearing. kāna yēṇēṃ dat. of s. To get the faculty of hearing. Supposed to be in the third month of infancy. kāna hōṇēṃ in. con. To take warning; to become careful and cautious. kānāāḍa or kānāmāgēṃ or kānāvarūna ū jāta nāhīṃ g. of s. Reproof, counsel, instruction &c. affect (him) in no degree whatever. kānācē kānavalē hōṇēṃ g. of s. To have crisped auricles (like the puff kānavalā). kānācē kiḍē jhāḍaṇēṃ To purify the ears of one who has listened to slander; to disabuse the ears of. 2 (Under the conceit that insects have crept into the ears.) To restore one to a right understanding; to admonish, instruct, teach; i. e. to scold or rate soundly. kānānta japaṇēṃ To whisper in the ear; to prompt secretly. kānānta tuḷasī ghālaṇēṃ or ghālūna basaṇēṃ To feign deafness. 2 To assume the appearance of having mortified the affections and passions; to be sanctimonious. kānānta tēla ghālūna nijaṇēṃ To be extremely inattentive or heedless. kānānta bharaṇēṃ To be tutored or secretly prompted (to the evil of). kānābāhēra or kānāvēgaḷā karaṇēṃ To give no ear to; to disregard. kānāmadhyēṃ or kānānta suṇṭha phuṅkaṇēṃ (To puff ginger-powder into the ear.) To instigate or put up to. kānāmāgūna ālē tikhaṭa jhālē (Because the horns shoot up after the ears.) Used of an eclipsing upstart. kānāmāgēṃ ṭākaṇēṃ To refuse to hear (counsel, reproof &c.) kānālā khaḍā lāvaṇēṃ To resolve stoutly against repeating any wicked or foolish act. kānāvara (ujavyā or ḍāvyā) paḍaṇēṃ- nijaṇēṃ-lēṭaṇēṃ To lie on a side (i.e. on an ear, right or left. kānāvara māna ṭhēvaṇēṃ To sit indolently or listlessly. (To drop the head over on one side.) kānāvara hāta ṭhēvaṇēṃ or kānānta bōṭē ghālaṇēṃ or kāna jhāṅkaṇēṃ To intimate utter ignorance of any transaction, or utter declining to have concern or part in. kānāvarūna jāṇēṃ g. of o. To graze the ears of; and fig. to affect with some slight loss. 2 To come to the hearing of. kānāśīṃ kāna lāvaṇēṃ To hold secret counsel together; to lay heads together. kānāśīṃ lāgaṇaṃ or kānīṃ lāgaṇēṃ g. of o. To speak in the ear of. kānāsa kōna na kaḷūṃ dēṇēṃ To keep profoundly secret. kānāsa daṭṭē basaṇēṃ g. of s. To be deaf. kānīṃ kapāḷīṃ raḍaṇēṃ or ōraḍaṇēṃ g. of o. To be ever dinning (warning, reproof &c.) into one's ears; to be ever lecturing. kānīṃ kōcīṃ basaṇēṃ or lāgaṇaṃ To squat in nooks and recesses, corners and crevices (as for the purpose of listening); to eavesdrop &c. kānīṃ manīṃ nasaṇēṃ g. of s. Never to have been heard or dreamed of. kānīṃ sāta bāḷyā asaṇēṃ Said (esp. by children) in signification of determination not to hear. hyā kānācēṃ hyā kānāsa na kaḷūṃ dēṇēṃ To keep profoundly secret; to let not your left hand know &c. hyā kānānēṃ ēkilēṃ or ghētalēṃ hyā kānānēṃ sōḍalēṃ To let in at one ear and out at the other.

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kānā (काना).—m The eye or touch-hole of a gun. Applied by many to the priming pan. 2 The downright stroke of a letter: also the stroke attached to a letter noting the presence of the long vowel आ. 3 C The hole through a wall for a drain or water-channel.

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kānā (काना).—a (Commonly kāṇā q. v.) One-eyed or squint-eyed,

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaṇa (कण).—m A particle, an atom. A gain. f Local spasm or cramp, as in kaṇa bharaṇēṃ.

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kaṇā (कणा).—m The spine or back-bone. The ridge of a mountain.

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kāṇā (काणा).—a Monoculous, blind of one eye. Squint-eyed, oblique.

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kāna (कान).—m An ear. The touch-hole of a gun. kāna ughaḍaṇēṃ Open the eyes to one's evil deeds. kāna upaṭaṇēṃ-dharaṇēṃ-piḷaṇēṃ Pull the ear of. kāna kāpaṇēṃ Surpass, outwit. kāna kiṭaṇēṃ Be wearied (of some frequently-told tale). kāna jhāḍaṇēṃ Refuse flatly. kānaṭāḷēṃ ughaḍaṇēṃ Have deafness (as by a loud noise) removed. kānaṭāḷēṃ basaṇēṃ Be stunned (as by a loud noise). kāna dēṇēṃ To lend an attentive ear. kāna phuṅkaṇēṃ-bharaṇēṃ Prompt secretly, esp. by calumnious suggestions. kāna phuṅkaṇēṃ Become deaf or hard of hearing. kāna lāmbaṇēṃ To be stupid or a dunce. kānāśēlānta dēṇēṃ To hit one hard on the temples. kānācā cāvā ghēṇēṃ To whisper in one's ears. kānācā halakā a Believing any slander about any one. kānāḍōḷā karaṇēṃ-māgē ṭākaṇēṃ To wink at or connive at a thing. kānānta mantra sāṅgaṇēṃ To whisper counsel into one's ears. kānānta tuḷasī ghālūna basaṇēṃ Be sanctimonious. To play the hypocrite. kānālā khaḍā lāvaṇēṃ To resolve stoutly against repeating any foolish act. kānāvara hāta ṭhēvaṇēṃ Intimate utter ignorance of any transaction. kānāvaruna jāṇēṃ Come to the hearing of. kānāśīṃ kāna lāvaṇēṃ Hold secret counsel together. kānīṃ kapāḷīṃ ōraḍaṇēṃ Be ever lecturing. kānīṃ lāgaṇēṃ Speak in the ear of. hyā kānācēṃ hyā kānāsa na kaḷūṃ dēṇēṃ Keep profoundly secret. kānānta va ḍōḷyānta cāra bōṭāñcēṃ antara There is a distance of full four cu- bits between the eyes and ears of a man, i.e., there is a world of differ- ence between hearsay and evidence of the eye.

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kānā (काना).—m The touch-hole of a gun. The down-right stroke of a letter. a Squint-eyed or one-eyed.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaṇa (कण).—1 A grain, a single seed; तण्डुलकणान् (taṇḍulakaṇān) H.1; कणान् वा भक्षयेदब्दम् (kaṇān vā bhakṣayedabdam) Ms.11.93.

2) An atom or particle (of anything).

3) A very small quantity; द्रविण° (draviṇa°) Śānti. 1.19;3.5.

4) A grain of dust. रजःकणैः खुरोद्धूतैः (rajaḥkaṇaiḥ khuroddhūtaiḥ) R.1. 85; or of pollen; ईषद्बद्धरजःकणाग्रकपिशा (īṣadbaddharajaḥkaṇāgrakapiśā) V.2.7.

5) A drop (of water) or spray; कणवाही मालिनीतरङ्गाणाम् (kaṇavāhī mālinītaraṅgāṇām) Ś.3.7; अम्बु°, अश्रु° (ambu°, aśru°); उद्यानानां नवजलकणैर्यूथिकाजालकानि (udyānānāṃ navajalakaṇairyūthikājālakāni) Me.26,47, 71; Amaru.54.

6) An ear of corn.

7) Spark (as of fire).

8) The spark or facet of a gem.

9) Flake (of snow).

1) श्वेतजीरक (śvetajīraka); cf. 'कणोऽतिसूक्ष्मे धान्यांशे पिप्पल्यां जीरके शरे (kaṇo'tisūkṣme dhānyāṃśe pippalyāṃ jīrake śare)' Nm.

-ṇā 1 A kind of fly.

2) Long pepper.

3) Cumin seed.

-ṇī 1 An atom, a drop.

2) A kind of corn.

3) The plant Premna Spinosa or Longifolia.

4) A crocodile; Gīrvāṇa.

Derivable forms: kaṇaḥ (कणः).

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Kanā (कना).—Ved. A girl; the youngest girl; पुनस्तदा वृहति यत् कनाया (punastadā vṛhati yat kanāyā) Rv.1.61.5.

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Kāṇa (काण).—a. [kaṇ nimīlane kartari ghañ Tv.]

1) One-eyed; अक्ष्णा काणः (akṣṇā kāṇaḥ) Sk; काणेन चक्षुषा किं वा (kāṇena cakṣuṣā kiṃ vā) H. Pr.12; Ms.3.155.

2) Perforated, broken (as a cowrie); प्राप्तः काणवराटकोऽपि न मया तृष्णेऽधुना मुञ्च माम् (prāptaḥ kāṇavarāṭako'pi na mayā tṛṣṇe'dhunā muñca mām) Bh.3.4; अक्षि काणमक्य (akṣi kāṇamakya) Mbh. on II.3.2. (Mar. phuṭakī kavaḍī).

-ṇaḥ A crow.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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