Luta, Lūtā, Luṭa, Lutā: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Luta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Loot.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Lūtā (लूता) refers to “spiders”, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—In the beginning of the twelfth Adhyāya, Kāśyapasaṃhita posits that Lūtās or spiders are of 20 varieties. Besides, the text talks about a group of four types of spiders which are extremely poisonous. [...]

The following treatments are mentioned for spiders (lūtā): “(1). Padmaka, Pāṭalī, Kuṣṭha, river water, sandal, Nirguṇḍī, Śāribā and Śelu are the gaṇas which cure poison of spiders. (2). Equal measures of Vacā, garlic and Doṣā, half measure of Asafoetida, and dry ginger mixed with urine, kills the spider. (3). The same must be smeared as lepa with Vandhyā, Vegashiphā on the place which has swelling and sprinkle cold water. Tamarind and Vandāka, cooked well in oil, also extirpates spider venom. (4). The same can be mixed with milk and given as a drink. (5).Betel leaves must be thoroughly chewed and placed on the site of bite. (6). Asafoetida Vacā and Tāla in conjunction with Devīvyāpadiparṇa is also an effective antidote. (7). Fumigation with Pincā, pepper and mustard, kills spider. (8). Sprinkling of water in which Guñjā, Nirguṇḍī, Aṅkola leaves, dry ginger and two varieties of turmeric, powder of Karañja, have been boiled, also effectively render poison of spider innocuous”

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Lūtā (लूता) refers to “spiders”, as mentioned in verse 5.6-8 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Not shall one drink (water that is) [...]: nor (celestial water) that (is) seasonable (but) the first (of the season), (because it is) polluted by its mixture with the webs, feces, urine, and poison of spiders [viz. lūtā] etc. [...] (such water) one shall not drink”.

Note: Lūtā (“spider”) has been generalized to srog-chags gdug (“venomous insect”) and ādi “etc.” (which implies this generalization) connected with tantu (“web”) instead.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Snake bite treatment in Prayoga samuccayam

Lūtā (लूता) refers to “spider”, according to the 20th century Prayogasamuccaya (one of the most popular and widely practised book in toxicology in Malayalam).—Chapter eight deals with lūtā (spider) poisoning treatment. Signs, symptoms and general treatment of 20 types of lūthā has been mentioned here. Day to day changes of the lesion for 7 days and the corresponding treatment have been explained. Medicines for tumorous skin growths, simple and effective dhārā recipes are also explained.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Lūtā (लूता):—Poisonous spiders which have poison in various sites in their body.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Lūtā (लूता) refers to “skin diseases”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.121-128, while describing the prevention of natural disasters]—“[...] [He performs the ritual when people are afflicted by] skin diseases, etc., fevers (lūtājvaralūtādidoṣaiś ca), untimely death or various sorts of pain, past faults or seizing spirits. Diseases from snake poison, etc., insect bites, etc., rheumatism, change in form, phlegm, hemorrhoids, eye diseases, skin diseases, etc., internal disease, and sickness caused by wounds, etc., by the thousands [can occur] if various sorts of evils touch the maṇḍala, a defect arises from offense [occurs]. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Lūtā (लूता, “spider”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. If hatred (dveṣa, pratigha) is predominant [in people], they take the form of [for example] spider (lūtā).

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Luta in Kenya is the name of a plant defined with Sesamum calycinum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices.

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. (1983)
· Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas (1895)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Luta, for example diet and recipes, extract dosage, side effects, health benefits, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

luta : (pp. of lunāti) mowed.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Luta, seems to be a legitimate spelling representing either lutta or lūna, in meaning “cut, cut off” (cp. lu for under lunāti). Thus at S. I, 5 (nalo va harito luto)= 126=J. VI, 25; and at Sn. 532 (lutāni bandhanāni; vv. ll. lūtāni & lunāni; explained as “chinnāni padālitāni” at SnA 432). (Page 585)

— or —

Lūtā, (f.) (*Sk. lūtā) spider Abhp 621. (Page 585)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lūṭa (लूट).—f (luṭaṇēṃ) Robbing, plundering, spoiling. 2 Booty, spoil, plunder. 3 fig. Wasteful or lavish distribution or serving out. 4 Exceeding plentifulness; overflowing abundance.

--- OR ---

lūta (लूत).—f A cutaneous disorder, a form of Herpes. 2 A medicinal plant and its root. The flower is called śēvāḷēṃ.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

lūṭa (लूट).—f Robbing, plundering. Plunder, spoil, booty. Fig. Wasteful or lavish distribution. Profusion, overflowing abundance.

--- OR ---

lūta (लूत).—f A cutaneous disorder.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lūtā (लूता).—[lū-tak Uṇādi-sūtra 3.9]

1) A spider.

2) An ant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lūtā (लूता).—f.

(-tā) 1. A spider. 2. An ant. 3. Local inflammation produced by the urine of a spider. E. to cut, tak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lūtā (लूता).—f. 1. A spider, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 57; [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 206, 13. 2. An ant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lūtā (लूता).—[feminine] spider.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lūta (लूत):—[from ] mfn. = pūrva-vicchinna, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] ([Scholiast or Commentator])

2) Lūtā (लूता):—f. a spider, [Manu-smṛti; Varāha-mihira; Suśruta] etc.

3) an ant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) a kind of cutaneous disease (said to be produced by the moisture from a spider), [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lūtā (लूता):—(tā) 1. f. A spider; an ant; infalmmation from aspider’s surine.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Lūtā (लूता) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Lūā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Luta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Lūṭa (लूट) [Also spelled loot]:—(nf) plunder; booty; spoil; —[kā māla] booty; spoils; —[khasoṭa] plunder, pillage, maraudery; -[pāṭa/māra] plundering and killing; pillage, marauding; —[macānā] to plunder at will, to cause a havoc through plunder.

2) Lūtā (लूता):—(nf) a spider; -[taṃtu] spider’s web.

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