Vatsaka, Vātsaka: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Vatsaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ayurveda: Cikitsa

Vatsaka (वत्सक) is a synonym for Kuṭaja (Wrightia antidysenterica, “Kurchi fruit”), from the Apocynaceae family. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā. This synonym was identified by Amarasiṃha in his Amarakośa (a Sanskrit botanical thesaurus from the 4th century). In its neuter derived context, the word refers to “green or black sulphate of iron”. In its masculine derived context, Vatsaka can refer to a little calf (or any young animal). The feminine derivation (Vatsikā) refers to a female calf (or, young cow).

According to the Mādhavacikitsā (7th century Ayurvedic work), Vatsaka is a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”). In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Bṛhatyādigaṇa group of medicinal drugs.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Vatsaka (वत्सक) (or Kuṭaja, Indrayava, Kaliṅga) refers to the medicinal plant Holarrhena antidysenterica (Roth) A. DC, and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Vatsaka] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vatsaka (वत्सक).—A son of Devamīḍha and Māriṣā; married Apsaras Miśrakeśi; father of Vṛka and other sons.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 29 and 43.

1b) Killed by Rāma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 43. 30.

1c) A son of Śrāvasta, built Śrāvastī in Gauḍadeśa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 12. 30.

1d) A Janapada of the Bhadrā continent.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 43. 22.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Vatsaka (वत्सक) is the name of a southern province situated in East-Videha in Jambūdvīpa which is situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“[...] Between them (i.e., the Vidyutprabha and Saumanasa Mountains) are the bhogabhumis, the Devakurus. [...] Between them (i.e., the Gandhamādana and Mālyavat Mountains) are the very charming Uttarakurus [...] East of the Devakurus and Uttarakurus, they are called East Videhas, and to the west, West Videhas, like different countries to each other. In each, there are 16 provinces, inaccessible to each other, separated by rivers and mountains, suitable to be conquered by a Cakrin. [viz., Vatsaka, etc.] are the southern provinces of East Videha. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Vatsaka [वत्सक] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Holarrhena pubescens (Buch.-Ham.) Wall. ex G. Don from the Apocynaceae (Oleander) family having the following synonyms: Holarrhena antidysenterica. For the possible medicinal usage of vatsaka, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vatsaka (वत्सक).—

1) A little calf, calf in general; भक्षयन्तीं न कथयेत् पिबन्तं चैव वत्सकम् (bhakṣayantīṃ na kathayet pibantaṃ caiva vatsakam) Manusmṛti 11.114.

2) A child.

3) Name of a plant (kuṭaja).

-kam Green or black sulphate of iron.

Derivable forms: vatsakaḥ (वत्सकः).

--- OR ---

Vātsaka (वात्सक).—A herd of calves; P.IV.2.39.

Derivable forms: vātsakam (वात्सकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vatsaka (वत्सक).—name of a mleccha king: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 621.26 (verse).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vatsaka (वत्सक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A calf. 2. A child. 3. A medicinal plant, (Wrightea antidysenterica.) n.

(-kaṃ) Black sulphate of iron. E. vatsa and kan added.

--- OR ---

Vātsaka (वात्सक).—n.

(-kaṃ) A herd of calves. E. vatsa a calf, buñ aff. of number.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vatsaka (वत्सक).—[feminine] vatsikā little calf ([vocative] = [preceding]).*

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vatsaka (वत्सक):—[from vatsa] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) a little calf. any calf or young animal, [Manu-smṛti; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi] (in [vocative case] as a term of endearment; cf. vatsa)

2) [v.s. ...] Wrightia Antidysenterica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of an Asura, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] of a son of Sūra, [ib.]

5) [from vatsa] n. green or black sulphate of iron, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] the seed of Wrightia Antidysenterica (also -bija), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] n. = vatsanābha n., [Vāstuvidyā]

8) Vātsaka (वात्सक):—[from vātsa] 1. vātsaka n. ([from] vatsa) a herd of calves, [Pāṇini 4-2, 39.]

9) [v.s. ...] 2. vātsaka mfn. ([from] vatsaka) coming or made from the Wrightia Antidysenterica, [Suśruta]

10) [v.s. ...] 3. vātsaka mfn. ([from] vātsya), [Patañjali on Pāṇini 4-2, 104], [vArttika] 18; 22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vatsaka (वत्सक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A calf; a child; a plant (Wrightea).

2) Vātsaka (वात्सक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. A herd of calves.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vatsaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vatsaka (ವತ್ಸಕ):—

1) [noun] = ವತ್ಸ - [vatsa -] 1.

2) [noun] the tree Wrightia zeylanica ( = W. antidysentrica) of Apocynaceae family.

3) [noun] the tree Holarrhena antidysentrica of the same family.

--- OR ---

Vātsaka (ವಾತ್ಸಕ):—[noun] a herd of calves.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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