Sudha, Sudhā: 18 definitions



Sudha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Sudhā (सुधा) is a Sanskrit word referring to “milk-hedge”, a flowering plant from the Euphorbiaceae (spurge) family, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The official botanical name of the plant is Euphorbia neriifolia and is commonly known in English as “holy milk hedge” or “dog’s tongue”. The literal translation of Sudhā is “welfare, ease, comfort”. As a traditional medicine, it is used in various recipes such as an Alkaline ash for cautery.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Sudhā (सुधा) is another name for Śāliparṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Desmodium gangeticum (sal leaved desmodium), from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.17-20 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Sudhā and Śāliparṇī, there are a total of twenty-nine Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Sudhā (सुधा) refers to a “special kind of mortar/plaster”, representing materials used for the making of images (Hindu icons), as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The materials listed in the Āgamas for the making of images are wood, stone, precious gems, metals, terracotta, laterite, earth, and a combination of two or three or more of the materials specified above. The materials recommended in the śilpaśāstra for the fashioning of images are unburnt clay, burnt clay as in brick or terracotta, sudhā (a special kind of mortar/plaster), composite earth, wood, stone, metal, ivory, dhātu (mineral), pigment, and precious stones.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Sudhā (सुधा) refers to ““stucco” §§ 2.8, 13, 16, 17, 28; 4.7; 5.3.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Sudhā (सुधा) is the name of a commentary (on Vṛttaratnākara of Kedārabhaṭṭa) ascribed to Cintāmaṇi Daivajña (17th century). This work was composed in 1634 C.E.; 4 years later of Prastāracintāmaṇi of the author. Like Prastāracintāmaṇi, Cintāmaṇi also praises Lord Gaṇeśa with various adjectives, in the invocatory verse of the work. He says: “For smooth completion of my work, I pray Lord Gaṇeśa, whose cheeks are red as the vermilion (sindūra), who stays in the heart of Pārvatī along with other Śaiva deities”.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sudhā : (f.) the embrosia; lime; chunnam.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sudhā, (f.) (cp. Sk. sudhā) 1. the food of the gods, ambrosia J. V, 396; Vism. 258=KhA 56 (sakkhara°).—2. lime, plaster, whitewash, cement Vin. II, 154; °-kamma whitewashing, coating of cement J. VI, 432; Mhvs 38, 74. (Page 719)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sudhā (सुधा).—f (S) The beverage of immortality and sustenance of the gods, nectar. 2 The nectar or honey of flowers. 3 Mortar, plaster, chunam. 4 (In Sanskrit.) Juice; water; lightning; the milkbush; yellow myrobalan &c.

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sudhā (सुधा).—a (śuddha S) Right, correct, proper, becoming, fit. Ex. sudhā bōlarē nāṛyā bōḍakyā jhālyā sāṛyā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sudhā (सुधा).—f Nectar. Mortar. Juice. a Right, proper.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sudhā (सुधा).—[suṣṭhu dhīyate, pīyate dhe-dhā vā ka Tv.]

1) The beverage of the gods, nectar, ambrosia; निपीय यस्य क्षितिरक्षणः कथां तथाद्रियन्ते न बुधाः सुधामपि (nipīya yasya kṣitirakṣaṇaḥ kathāṃ tathādriyante na budhāḥ sudhāmapi) N.1.1.

2) The nectar or honey of flowers.

3) Juice.

4) Water.

5) Name of the Ganges.

6) White-wash, plaster, mortar; कैलासगिरिणेव सुधासितेन प्राकारेण परिगता (kailāsagiriṇeva sudhāsitena prākāreṇa parigatā) K.; कालान्तरश्यामसुधेषु नक्तम् (kālāntaraśyāmasudheṣu naktam) R.16. 18.

7) A brick.

8) Lightning.

9) The milk-hedge plant.

1) Emblic myrobalan.

11) Yellow myrobalan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sudhā (सुधा).—f.

(-dhā) 1. Nectar, the beverage of immortality and sustenance of the gods. 2. The nectar or honey of flowers. 3. Juice. 4. Plaster, mortar. 5. A brick. 6. The Ganges. 7. Water. 8. Lightning. 9. The milk-hedge plant, (Euphorbia antiquorum, &c.) 10. A plant, (Aletris Hyacinthoides.) 11. Emblic myrobalan. 12. Yellow myrobalan. E. su pleasure, dhe to drink, or dhā the have, to support, (life,) aṅ and ṭāp affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sudhā (सुधा).—[su-dhā], and -dhe + a, f. 1. Plaster, mortar, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 80, 13; [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 199, 18. 2. A brick, Chr. 57, 22. 3. The beverage of the gods, nectar, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 42. 4. The nectar of flowers. 5. Juice. 6. Water. 7. Lightning. 8. The name of several plants.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sudhā (सुधा).—1. [feminine] welfare, comfort.

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Sudhā (सुधा).—2. [feminine] nectar or milk (lit. good drink); chalk, rough-cast.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Sudhā (सुधा) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—See Nyāyasudhā, Vākyasudhā, Sāhityasudhā.

2) Sudhā (सुधा):—Vṛttaratnākaraṭīkā by Cintāmaṇi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sudhā (सुधा):—[=su-dhā] [from su > su-tanaya] 1. su-dhā f. (√1. dhā; for 2. su-dhā etc. See sub voce) welfare, ease, comfort, [Atharva-veda; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

2) [=su-dhā] 2. su-dhā f. ([from] 5. su-√dhe; for 1. su-dhā, ‘welfare’ See [column]2) ‘good drink’, the beverage of the gods, nectar (cf. 2. dhātu, p.514), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the nectar or honey of flowers, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] juice, water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] milk (also [plural]), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Pañcarātra]

6) [v.s. ...] white wash, plaster, mortar, cement, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] a brick, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] lightning, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] the earth, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

10) [v.s. ...] Euphorbia Antiquorum or another species, [Caraka]

11) [v.s. ...] Sanseviera Roxburghiana, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] Glycine Debilis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] Emblica or yellow Myrobalan, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [Kedāra’s Vṛtti-ratnākara]

15) [v.s. ...] Name of the, wife of a Rudra, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

16) [v.s. ...] of the Ganges, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] Name of various works.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sudhā (सुधा):—(dhā) 1. f. Juice, water; nectar, ambrosia; nectar of flowers; plaster, brick; the Ganges; myrobalan; name of several plants.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Sudhā (सुधा):—1. (6. su + 2. dhā) f. Wohlbefinden, Behagen: su.hāyāṃ mā dhehi para.e vyoman [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 17, 1, 6.] sudhāyāṃ ha vai vājī suhito daṃdhāti [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 3, 39. 47. fg.] Himmel nach [Sāyaṇa]; vgl. su.hāyam [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 5, 5, 10, 7.]

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Sudhā (सुधा):—2. (6. su + dhā = 3. dhā) f.

1) der Trank der Götter, Nektar [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 44. 3, 4, 18, 104.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 89.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 256.] [Medinīkoṣa dh. 26.] [Halāyudha 1, 133.] sudhāṃ kṣīranidhiṃ mathnāti [Siddhāntakaumudī] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher.1,4,51.] [Mahābhārata.1,8322.3,13158.13161.] [Harivaṃśa.373.] [Rāmāyaṇa.2,61,13.5,3,68.] cāndramasī [Raghuvaṃśa 2, 39.] Speise der Schlangen [Spr. (II) 5148.] [Suśruta 1, 159, 4.] tvadadharasīdhusudhā [Gītagovinda 10, 12.] [Spr. (II) 1537. 2817. 3239. 4005. 4680. 4881. 5897. 5934. 6330. 6413. 7599.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 12, 139. 29, 58. 42, 224.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 81, 54.] [Caurapañcāśikā 46.] vāṇī spardhinī [Sāhityadarpana 41, 14.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 60, 8.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 2, 12. 8, 5, 10.] [PAÑCAR. 1, 7, 9.] [Pañcatantra ed. orn. 54, 24.] sudhāsāra (d. i. sudhā + āsāra) [Kathāsaritsāgara 26, 32. 38, 125. 100, 42.] varṣa [44, 21.] seka [121, 238.] pūra [Pañcatantra 46, 16.] hrada [Kathāsaritsāgara 26, 69.] sūktiṃ karṇasudhām [Spr. (II) 7154.] kṛṣṇāṅghri [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 2, 4.] vāk [Kathāsaritsāgara 22, 123. 33, 215.] śama [Spr. (II) 4585.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 381.] sadācāra [3, 47.] smita [Caurapañcāśikā 17.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 16, 11.] —

2) Milch [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 54, 112.] [PAÑCAR. 1, 8, 5] [?(pl.). 3, 9, 3.] —

3) Kalk, stucco [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 18, 104.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Hārāvalī 135.] [DHANV. 2, 10. 32, 13] (śarkarāḥ). (gṛham) sudhayā sitam [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 33, 21.] mṛttikalepana [Mahābhārata 5, 7477.] paṅkavilepana [Harivaṃśa 6281.] sasudhākuṭṭimatala [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 80, 13 (87, 16 Gorresio).] tala iva śrīmānprāsādaścandraraśmibhiḥ (ati virājate) [KĀM. NĪTIS. 3, 14.] [Suśruta 2, 110, 12.] sāndra [Śiśupālavadha 4, 28.] dravānulepa [Mṛcchakaṭikā 92, 6.] bhitti [Daśakumāracarita 92, 6.] sudhāvadāta [Mahābhārata 5, 1794. 13, 764.] [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 33, 10.] śaśāṅkaghavala [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 28, 15.] dhavalita [Halāyudha 2, 139.] [WEBER, KṚṢṆAJ. 278.] śubhra [Spr. (II) 7106.] kṣālita [Śiśupālavadha 12, 62.] dhauta [Kathāsaritsāgara 11, 31.] svacchakāntisudhāsiktām kandarparājadhānīm [34, 14.] yaśaḥsudhayā śuddhaṃ vyadhādbrahmāṇḍamaṇḍalam [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 108.] am Ende eines adj. comp.: kālāntaraśyāmasudheṣu harmyeṣu [Raghuvaṃśa 16, 18.] —

4) Backstein [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa]; vgl. sudhāmaya 2). —

5) Bez. verschiedener Pflanzen: Euphorbia antiquorum (oder eine andere Species) [Amarakoṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Ratnamālā 228.] [Suśruta 1, 139, 19.] payas [160, 18. 163, 21. 2, 25, 17. 62, 15.] Sanseviera Roxburghiana Schult. [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] Glycine debilis [Rājanirghaṇṭa 4, 18.] Myrobalane (dhātrī) [NĀNĀRTHADHVANIM. im Śabdakalpadruma] —

6) Wasser; Saft [NĀNĀRTHADHVANIM. im Śabdakalpadruma] Honig [Śabdacandrikā] ebend. —

7) Blitz [NĀNĀRTHADHVANIM.] ebend. —

8) ein best. Metrum: 4 Mal ˘ ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ ˘ ˘ ˘ ˘ ˘ ¯, ¯ ¯ ˘ ˘ ˘ ¯ [Colebrooke 2, 162] [?(XIII, 3). Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 398. fg.] —

9) ein Name der Gaṅgā [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] —

10) Nomen proprium der Gemahlin eines Rudra [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 12, 13.] — Vgl. bhakti, laghunyāya, vākya, vyākhyā, śakra, saugha.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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