Sariva, Sāriva, Sārivā, Śāriva, Shariva: 8 definitions


Sariva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śāriva can be transliterated into English as Sariva or Shariva, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

1) Sārivā (सारिवा):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

2) Sārivā (सारिवा):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as suta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Sāriva (सारिव) or Śāriva (सारिव) is a Sanskrit word referring to “Indian sarsaparilla”, a species of plant from the Apocynaceae (dogbane) family. It is also known as Anantamūla. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Hemidesmus indicus (synonym: Periploca indica) but is commonly referred to in English as “Country sarasaparilla” among others. The two varieties of this plant are kṛṣṇa (‘black’) and śveta (‘white’). Sāriva can also refer to a kind of grain.

This plant (Sāriva) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is spelled as Sārivā, and is also known by the name Anantā.

2) Sāriva (सारिव) is a Sanskrit word for a species of rice (śāli) which is said to have a superior quality, according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant Sāriva is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

1) Sārivā (सारिवा) refers to the medicinal plant Hemidesmus indicus R. Br., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Sārivā] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

The plant Hemidesmus indicus R. Br. (Sārivā) is also known as Śvetasārivā according to both the Ayurvedic Formulary and the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.

2) Sārivā (सारिवा) can also be identified with Ichnocarpus frutescens R.Br.

The plant Ichnocarpus frutescens R.Br. (Sārivā) is also known as Kṛṣṇasārivā according to both the Ayurvedic Formulary and the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Critical review of Ayurvedic Varṇya herbs

Śārivā (शारिवा) is the name of a medicinal plant known as Hemidesmus indica, and used in Ayurveda to promote skin care and enhance the beauty of the skin (varṇya).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śārivā (शारिवा).—f.

(-vā) A plant: as synonimous with Shyama, (Echites frutescens,) but more usually considered synonimous with Ananta-mula (Asclepias pseudosarsa,) the broad-leaved variety, the root of which has been used as a substitute for Sarsaparilla, &c. E. śāri injuring, from śṝ with aff., and van added.

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Sārivā (सारिवा).—f.

(-vā) A creeping plant, (Echites frutescens.) E. See śārivā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śārivā (शारिवा):—See sārivā.

2) Sāriva (सारिव):—m. a kind of grain (reckoned among the śāli, or ṣaṣṭikā), [Caraka; Vāgbhaṭālaṃkāra]

3) Sārivā (सारिवा):—[from sāriva] f. Name of two creeping plants (Hemidesmus Indicus and Ichnocarpus Frutescens), [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śārivā (शारिवा):—(vā) 1. f. Name of a plant.

2) Sārivā (सारिवा):—(vā) f. Creeping plant, Echites.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sariva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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