Sariva, Sāriva, Sārivā, Śāriva, Shariva: 11 definitions


Sariva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śāriva can be transliterated into English as Sariva or Shariva, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

1) Sārivā (सारिवा):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

2) Sārivā (सारिवा):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as suta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ayurveda: Cikitsa

1) Sāriva (सारिव) or Śāriva (सारिव) is a Sanskrit word referring to “Indian sarsaparilla”, a species of plant from the Apocynaceae (dogbane) family. It is also known as Anantamūla. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Hemidesmus indicus (synonym: Periploca indica) but is commonly referred to in English as “Country sarasaparilla” among others. The two varieties of this plant are kṛṣṇa (‘black’) and śveta (‘white’). Sāriva can also refer to a kind of grain.

This plant (Sāriva) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is spelled as Sārivā, and is also known by the name Anantā.

2) Sāriva (सारिव) is a Sanskrit word for a species of rice (śāli) which is said to have a superior quality, according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant Sāriva is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

1) Sārivā (सारिवा) refers to the medicinal plant Hemidesmus indicus R. Br., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Sārivā] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

The plant Hemidesmus indicus R. Br. (Sārivā) is also known as Śvetasārivā according to both the Ayurvedic Formulary and the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.

2) Sārivā (सारिवा) can also be identified with Ichnocarpus frutescens R.Br.

The plant Ichnocarpus frutescens R.Br. (Sārivā) is also known as Kṛṣṇasārivā according to both the Ayurvedic Formulary and the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.

Cosmetics, Perfumery, Skin care and other Ayurvedic Beauty treatments

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Critical review of Ayurvedic Varṇya herbs

Śārivā (शारिवा) is the name of a medicinal plant known as Hemidesmus indica, and used in Ayurveda to promote skin care and enhance the beauty of the skin (varṇya).

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Śārivā (शारिवा) [Cf. Śāribā] is the name of an ingredient used in the treatment (cikitsā) of immobile or plant poison (sthāvaraviṣa), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—The 12h adhyāya of the Kāśyapasaṃhita also deals with the mantras for curing immobile or plant poison (sthāvara-viṣa) as well as antidotes made of medicines that quell the same.—Accordingly, “A decoction of Kośātakī, Agni, cinnamon, Sūryavallī, Amṛta, Abhayā, Śleṣmātaka, Śirīṣa, Karṇikā, Kāśmarī, two kinds of Niṣā, Punarnāvā Bṛhatī and Kaṇṭhakārī, two varieties of Sārivā (śāribā) and Trikaṭu cooled and mixed with ghee and honey is useful in totally decimating plant-poison”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of sariva in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Sariva in the Gujarati language is the name of a plant identified with Hemidesmus indicus (L.) R. Br. ex Schult. from the Apocynaceae (Oleander) family. For the possible medicinal usage of sariva, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Sariva in the Sanskrit language, ibid. previous identification.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Shariva in India is the name of a plant defined with Ichnocarpus frutescens in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Echites caudatus Blanco, nom. illeg. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Encycl. (Lamarck) (1804)
· Flora de Filipinas, ed. 3 (1877)
· Journal of Botany (1923)
· Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien (1895)
· Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie (1927)
· Fl. Indo-Chine

If you are looking for specific details regarding Shariva, for example health benefits, chemical composition, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

Discover the meaning of sariva in the context of Biology from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śārivā (शारिवा).—f.

(-vā) A plant: as synonimous with Shyama, (Echites frutescens,) but more usually considered synonimous with Ananta-mula (Asclepias pseudosarsa,) the broad-leaved variety, the root of which has been used as a substitute for Sarsaparilla, &c. E. śāri injuring, from śṝ with aff., and van added.

--- OR ---

Sārivā (सारिवा).—f.

(-vā) A creeping plant, (Echites frutescens.) E. See śārivā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śārivā (शारिवा):—See sārivā.

2) Sāriva (सारिव):—m. a kind of grain (reckoned among the śāli, or ṣaṣṭikā), [Caraka; Vāgbhaṭālaṃkāra]

3) Sārivā (सारिवा):—[from sāriva] f. Name of two creeping plants (Hemidesmus Indicus and Ichnocarpus Frutescens), [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śārivā (शारिवा):—(vā) 1. f. Name of a plant.

2) Sārivā (सारिवा):—(vā) f. Creeping plant, Echites.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sariva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of sariva in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

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