Manjishtha, Mañjiṣṭhā, Māñjiṣṭha: 7 definitions
Manjishtha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Mañjiṣṭhā and Māñjiṣṭha can be transliterated into English as Manjistha or Manjishtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Manjiṣṭhā (मन्जिष्ठा):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Mañjiṣṭhā (मञ्जिष्ठा) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Indian madder”, a flowering plant from the Rubiaceae family. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. Its official botanical name is Rubia cordifolia and is commonly known in English as “Common madder”. It is popularly known as a source of a red pigment throughout Asia. The word Mañjiṣṭhā is derived from Mañjiṣṭha (“very bright” or “bright red”), which is the superlative of Mañju (‘beatiful’, ‘lovely’ or ‘sweet’)
This plant (Mañjiṣṭhā) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
mañjiṣṭha (मंजिष्ठ).—n m (mañjiṣṭhā S) Bengal madder, Rubia manjith. Rox.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
mañjiṣṭha (मंजिष्ठ).—n m Bengal madder.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Mañjiṣṭha (मञ्जिष्ठ).—a. Bright red; नीललोहितमञ्जिष्ठा विसृजन्नर्चिषः पृथक् (nīlalohitamañjiṣṭhā visṛjannarciṣaḥ pṛthak) Mb.16.2.12; also मञ्जिष्ठक (mañjiṣṭhaka); पाण्डुरारुणवर्णानि नीलमञ्जिष्ठकानि च (pāṇḍurāruṇavarṇāni nīlamañjiṣṭhakāni ca) Rām.5.1.79.
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Mañjiṣṭhā (मञ्जिष्ठा).—[atiśayena mañjimatī iṣṭham matupo lopaḥ Tv.] Bengal or Indian madder; मञ्जिष्ठां नागसंभवम् (mañjiṣṭhāṃ nāgasaṃbhavam) Śiva B.3.19.
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Māñjiṣṭha (माञ्जिष्ठ).—a. (-ṣṭhī f.) [मञ्जिष्ठया रक्तम् अण् (mañjiṣṭhayā raktam aṇ)]
1) Red as madder; नीललोहितमाञ्जिष्ठपद्मवर्णैः सितासितैः (nīlalohitamāñjiṣṭhapadmavarṇaiḥ sitāsitaiḥ) Rām.5.1.5. (com. māñjiṣṭhaḥ kṛṣṇapāṇḍura iti katakaḥ | pāṭala ityanye |)
2) Dyed with madder; माञ्जिष्ठेषु व्यज्यते न स्म सैन्यैः (māñjiṣṭheṣu vyajyate na sma sainyaiḥ) Śi.18.34.
-ṣṭham Red colour.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Mañjiṣṭha (मञ्जिष्ठ).—adj. (once in Sanskrit, acc. to BR by error, for Sanskrit māñj°, from mañjiṣṭhā, madder, plus -a; Pali mañjeṭṭha; compare next), crimson, bright red: mañjiṣṭhāśvā etc., repeatedly, Mv i.260.3—7 (no form in mā° noted in mss.); in cpd., or series of words, listing colors, after nīla, pīta, lohita, avadāta, and before sphaṭika, Divy 366.26; Samādh 22.38.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṣṭhā) Bengal madder, a plant used in medicine, and in dying, (Rubia Manjith, Rox.) E. mañju beautiful, sthā to stay or be, ka aff., deriv. irr.; or mañji a compound pedicle, and stha aff.
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(-ṣṭhaḥ-ṣṭī-ṣṭaṃ) Of a red colour. n.
(-ṣṭhaṃ) Red, the colour. E. mañjiṣṭhā Bengal madder, used as a red dye, and aṇ aff.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+3): Manjishtharaga, Samanga, Kanderi, Manjetthi, Ragangi, Ragadhya, Manjishthameha, Mandukaparni, Mandukaparnika, Mandukaparna, Kandira, Prameha, Manjusha, Manjushika, Manjettha, Varna, Sataka, Varnamusha, Manjishthadikvatha, Rasaushadhi.
Search found 16 books and stories containing Manjishtha, Mañjiṣṭhā, Manjistha, Manjiṣṭhā, Mañjiṣṭha, Māñjiṣṭha; (plurals include: Manjishthas, Mañjiṣṭhās, Manjisthas, Manjiṣṭhās, Mañjiṣṭhas, Māñjiṣṭhas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 2: Minerals (uparasa) (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 1 - Characteristics of Kankshi/Tubari (clay containing alum) < [Chapter XI - Uparasa (12): Kankshi (clay containing alum)]
Part 3 - Incineration of haritala < [Chapter XII - Uparasa (13): Haritala (orpiment)]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Sushruta Samhita, volume 2: Nidanasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CCXVII - Various Recipes for the cure of sterility, virile impotency, etc. < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Chapter CC - Various other medicinal Recipes (continued) < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Chapter CCXVIII - Various Recipes of fumigation-compounds, etc. < [Dhanvantari Samhita]