Manjishtha, Mañjiṣṭhā, Māñjiṣṭha, Mamjishtha: 22 definitions


Manjishtha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Mañjiṣṭhā and Māñjiṣṭha can be transliterated into English as Manjistha or Manjishtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Manjiṣṭhā (मन्जिष्ठा):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Manjishtha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Mañjiṣṭhā (मञ्जिष्ठा) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Indian madder”, a flowering plant from the Rubiaceae family. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. Its official botanical name is Rubia cordifolia and is commonly known in English as “Common madder”. It is popularly known as a source of a red pigment throughout Asia. The word Mañjiṣṭhā is derived from Mañjiṣṭha (“very bright” or “bright red”), which is the superlative of Mañju (‘beatiful’, ‘lovely’ or ‘sweet’)

This plant (Mañjiṣṭhā) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Manjishtha [मञ्जिष्ठा] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Rubia cordifolia L. from the Rubiaceae (Coffee) family having the following synonyms: Rubia cordata, Galium cordifolium, Rubia scandens. For the possible medicinal usage of manjishtha, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Manjistha in the Bengali language is the name of a plant identified with Rubia manjith Roxb. ex Fleming from the Rubiaceae (Coffee) family having the following synonyms: Rubia munjista, Rubia cordifolia var. munjista, Rubia cordifolia var. khasiana.

Manjishtha in the Mizo language, ibid. previous identification.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Management of Recurrent Nasal Vestibular Furunculosis by Jalaukāvacaraṇa

Mañjiṣṭhā (मञ्जिष्ठा) refers to the medicinal plant known as Rubia cordifolia Linn. which is one of the important ingredient of mahāmañjiṣṭhādi-kvātha acts as a potent blood purifier, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti stress, antimicrobial which can play important role to cure furuncle like skin infections and improve skin health.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Mañjiṣṭhā (मञ्जिष्ठा) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Rubia cordifolia Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning mañjiṣṭhā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Manjishtha in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Māñjiṣṭha (माञ्जिष्ठ) refers to a “bright red color”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 10), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the course of Saturn should lie through the constellation of Viśākhā, the Trigartas, the Chinese and the Kulūtas, saffron, lac, crops and everything of bright, red [i.e., māñjiṣṭha] or crimson colour will suffer. If the course of Saturn should lie through the constellation of Anurādhā, the Kulūtas, the Taṅgaṇas, the Khasas, the people of Kāśmīra, ministers, drivers and bell-ringers will suffer, and friends will turn into enemies”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (vastu)

Mañjiṣṭhā (मञ्जिष्ठा) is used as an ingredient of a mixture of Vajralepa (“a special kind of hard cement”) which was used in the construction of a Temple and as a binding agent for joining bricks, according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy. In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, five procedures of preparing the vajralepa are suggested.—In the second variety, the mixture of lākṣā, kunduru, gṛhadhūma the middle portion of kapittha and bilva, nāgaphala, balā, madhuka, kiñjāpa, madana, mañjīṣṭhā, āmalaka and sarja should be taken.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Māñjiṣṭha (माञ्जिष्ठ) refers to a “madder-like (color)”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly: “Now, outside is another [circle], the Speech Circle (vākcakra). That is explained. [It is] madder-like red (rakta-māñjiṣṭha) in color, consists of thirty-six spokes, and is powerful. [The Yoginīs are]—[...]  [Every] goddess is effective in all rituals. This circle is great in nature. [The color of the goddesses’ bodies is] declared to be [the same as] the color of their circle. Here, the rest is as before. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Manjishtha in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Manjishtha in India is the name of a plant defined with Rubia manjith in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Rubia cordifolia var. khasiana G. Watt (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Botanical Magazine, or ‘Flower-Garden Displayed’ (1907)
· Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi (1867)
· Asiatic Researches (1810)
· Calc. Exhib. Cat. Pt. (1889)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Manjishtha, for example extract dosage, health benefits, pregnancy safety, side effects, diet and recipes, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Manjishtha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mañjiṣṭha (मंजिष्ठ).—n m (mañjiṣṭhā S) Bengal madder, Rubia manjith. Rox.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mañjiṣṭha (मंजिष्ठ).—n m Bengal madder.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Manjishtha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mañjiṣṭha (मञ्जिष्ठ).—a. Bright red; नीललोहितमञ्जिष्ठा विसृजन्नर्चिषः पृथक् (nīlalohitamañjiṣṭhā visṛjannarciṣaḥ pṛthak) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 16.2.12; also मञ्जिष्ठक (mañjiṣṭhaka); पाण्डुरारुणवर्णानि नीलमञ्जिष्ठकानि च (pāṇḍurāruṇavarṇāni nīlamañjiṣṭhakāni ca) Rām.5.1.79.

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Mañjiṣṭhā (मञ्जिष्ठा).—[atiśayena mañjimatī iṣṭham matupo lopaḥ Tv.] Bengal or Indian madder; मञ्जिष्ठां नागसंभवम् (mañjiṣṭhāṃ nāgasaṃbhavam) Śiva B.3.19.

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Māñjiṣṭha (माञ्जिष्ठ).—a. (-ṣṭhī f.) [मञ्जिष्ठया रक्तम् अण् (mañjiṣṭhayā raktam aṇ)]

1) Red as madder; नीललोहितमाञ्जिष्ठपद्मवर्णैः सितासितैः (nīlalohitamāñjiṣṭhapadmavarṇaiḥ sitāsitaiḥ) Rām.5.1.5. (com. māñjiṣṭhaḥ kṛṣṇapāṇḍura iti katakaḥ | pāṭala ityanye |)

2) Dyed with madder; माञ्जिष्ठेषु व्यज्यते न स्म सैन्यैः (māñjiṣṭheṣu vyajyate na sma sainyaiḥ) Śiśupālavadha 18.34.

-ṣṭham Red colour.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mañjiṣṭha (मञ्जिष्ठ).—adj. (once in Sanskrit, according to [Boehtlingk and Roth] by error, for Sanskrit māñj°, from mañjiṣṭhā, madder, plus -a; Pali mañjeṭṭha; compare next), crimson, bright red: mañjiṣṭhāśvā etc., repeatedly, Mahāvastu i.260.3—7 (no form in mā° noted in mss.); in [compound], or series of words, listing colors, after nīla, pīta, lohita, avadāta, and before sphaṭika, Divyāvadāna 366.26; Samādhirājasūtra 22.38.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mañjiṣṭhā (मञ्जिष्ठा).—f.

(-ṣṭhā) Bengal madder, a plant used in medicine, and in dying, (Rubia Manjith, Rox.) E. mañju beautiful, sthā to stay or be, ka aff., deriv. irr.; or mañji a compound pedicle, and stha aff.

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Māñjiṣṭha (माञ्जिष्ठ).—mfn.

(-ṣṭhaḥ-ṣṭī-ṣṭaṃ) Of a red colour. n.

(-ṣṭhaṃ) Red, the colour. E. mañjiṣṭhā Bengal madder, used as a red dye, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mañjiṣṭhā (मञ्जिष्ठा).—properly superl. of mañju, f. Bengal madder, Rubia manjith Roxb.

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Māñjiṣṭha (माञ्जिष्ठ).—i. e. mañjiṣ- ṭhā + a, I. adj. Of a red colour, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 94. 5. Ii. n. Red colour.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mañjiṣṭhā (मञ्जिष्ठा).—[feminine] the Indian madder (bright red).

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Māñjiṣṭha (माञ्जिष्ठ).—[adjective] red as madder.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mañjiṣṭha (मञ्जिष्ठ):—[from mañj] mf(ā)n. (superl. of mañju) very bright, bright red (as the Indian madder), [Mahābhārata] (perhaps [wrong reading] for māñjiṣṭha)

2) Mañjiṣṭhā (मञ्जिष्ठा):—[from mañjiṣṭha > mañj] a f. See next.

3) [v.s. ...] b f. Indian madder, Rubia Munjista, [Kauśika-sūtra; Suśruta]

4) Māñjiṣṭha (माञ्जिष्ठ):—mfn. ([from] mañjiṣṭhā) dyed with madder, red as m°, [Gṛhya-sūtra; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

5) n. red, red colour, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mañjiṣṭhā (मञ्जिष्ठा):—(ṣṭhā) 1. f. Bengal madder.

2) Māñjiṣṭha (माञ्जिष्ठ):—(ṣṭhaṃ) 1. n. Red colour. a. Red.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Māñjiṣṭha (माञ्जिष्ठ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Maṃjiṭṭha, Maṃjiṭṭhā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Manjishtha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Manjishtha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Maṃjiṣṭha (ಮಂಜಿಷ್ಠ):—[adjective] of bright red colour.

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Maṃjiṣṭha (ಮಂಜಿಷ್ಠ):—

1) [noun] = ಮಂಜಡಿ [mamjadi].

2) [noun] the plant Rubia cordifolia ( = R. munjista) of Rubiaceae family.

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Māṃjiṣṭha (ಮಾಂಜಿಷ್ಠ):—[noun] red colour.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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