Sampaka, Shampaka, Śampāka, Sampāka, Saṃpāka, Sham-paka: 9 definitions



Sampaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śampāka can be transliterated into English as Sampaka or Shampaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śampāka (शम्पाक):—Another name for Āragvadha, a medicinal plant (Cassia fistula) used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Śampāka (शम्पाक) is a Sanskrit word for a specific tree, not further identified by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considered as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.

The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as śampāka).”

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śampāka (शम्पाक).—A very pious brahmin, whose slogan in life was that renunciation was the greatest asset in life. (Śānti Parva, Chapter 176, Verse 4).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Siva Gita A Critical Study

Śampaka (शम्पक) or Śampakagītā refers to one of the sixty-four Gītās commonly referred to in Hindu scriptures.—Gītā is the name given to certain sacred writings in verse (often in the form of a dialogue) which are devoted to the exposition of particular religious and theosophical doctrines. Most of these Gītās [i.e., Śampaka-gītā] originate from the Mahābhārata or the various Purāṇas.

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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sampaka in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sampāka, (saṃ+pāka) 1. what is cooked, a cooked preparation, concoction Vin. II, 259 (maṃsa° etc.); Vv 435 (kola°); VvA. 186.—2. ripeness, development J. VI, 236. (Page 692)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sampāka (संपाक).—m (Corr. from svayampāka) Dressing of food, cooking.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃpāka (संपाक).—a.

1) Reasoning well, a reasoner.

2) Cunning, subtle.

3) Lustful, lewd.

4) Small, little.

-kaḥ 1 Maturing.

2) Name of a tree (āragvadha).

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Śampāka (शम्पाक).—

1) lac, red dye.

2) cooking, maturing.

3) Cathartocarpus Fistula (śamyāka; Mar. bāhavā).

Derivable forms: śampākaḥ (शम्पाकः).

Śampāka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śam and pāka (पाक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śampāka (शम्पाक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A kind of Cassia, (C. fistula.) 2. Bringing to maturity or ripeness, cooking, maturing. 3. The lac pigment. E. śam pleasure and pāka what matures; also sampāka .

--- OR ---

Sampāka (सम्पाक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Reasoning, a reasoner, a logician. 2. Impudent, shameless. 3. Small, little, low. 4. Lecherous, libertine. 5. Lustful, lewd. m.

(-kaḥ) A tree, (Casia fistula.) E. sam completely, pāka ripening or maturing; also śampāka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃpāka (संपाक).—i. e. sam-pac + a, I. adj. 1. Reasoning, a reasoner. 2. Impudent. 3. Lecherous, libertine. 4. Small, little. Ii. m. A tree, Cassia fistula.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śampāka (शम्पाक):—[=śam-pāka] [from śam] m. Cathartocarpus Fistula, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta] etc. (perhaps [wrong reading] for śamyāka cf. śamyā)

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a Brāhman, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) = vipāka and yāvaka ([varia lectio] viyāta and yācaka)

4) [v.s. ...] = tarkaka and dhṛṣṭa.

5) Śampaka (शम्पक):—m. Name of a Śākya, [Buddhist literature]

6) Sampāka (सम्पाक):—[=sam-pāka] [from sam-pac] a m. cooking or ripening thoroughly, maturing, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

7) [v.s. ...] Cathartocarpus Fistula ([probably] [wrong reading] for śamyāka), [Suśruta] ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] also ‘mfn. reasoning well; impudent; lustful, lewd; small, little’).

8) [=sam-pāka] b etc. See sam-√pac.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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