Gokshura, aka: Gokṣura, Go-kshura; 6 Definition(s)


Gokshura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Gokṣura can be transliterated into English as Goksura or Gokshura, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Gokshura in Ayurveda glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Gokṣura (गोक्षुर) is a Sanskrit word referring to Tribulus terrestris, an annual plant from the Zygophyllaceae (caltrop) family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. It is also known as Śvadaṃṣṭrā. In English, the plant is known as the “land-caltrops”, “puncture-vine” or “devil’s weed”. 

This plant (Gokṣura) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known by the name Kulathī. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of both the Daśamūla and Pañcamūla groups of medicinal drugs.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Gokṣura (गोक्षुर).—The Gokṣura plant has sharp thorns and fruits similar to water chest-nut. The root is a component in daśamūla. The fruit is diuretic and promotes semen and strength.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Gokṣura (गोक्षुर) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Tribulus terrestris Linn. (“puncture vine”) from the Zygophyllaceae or “caltrop” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.40-43 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu.  Note: Gokṣura is of two kinds i.e. with smaller (Kṣudragokṣura) and bigger fruits. Both these species have more than three spikes. Gokṣura is commonly known in Hindi as Gokharū; in Bengali as Gokhuriā; in Marathi as Kaṇṭe-gokhrū; in Gujurati as Nhana-gokharū; in Telugu as Pannerumullū; and in Tamil as Nerunjī.

Gokṣura is mentioned as having ten synonyms: Gokṣuraka, Kṣurāṅga, Śvadaṃṣṭraka, Kaṇṭaka, Bhadrakaṇṭaka, Vyāladaṃṣṭra, Kṣuraka, Mahāṅga and Duṣcakrama.

Properties and characteristics: “both the Gokṣuras [Gokṣura and Kṣudragokṣura] are cold in nature and give strength to the body. They are sweet in rasa and are roborant (bṛṃhaṇa). Gokṣuras cure dysuria, lithisasis, obstinate urinary disorders, including diabetes mellitus and burning syndrome. They are good rejuvenators”.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Gokshura in Marathi glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

gōkṣura (गोक्षुर).—m (S) A plant, Ruellia longifolia. Rox. Applied in Bengal also to Tribulus lanuginosus. 2 A cow's hoof. 3 A cow-track.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gokshura in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Gokṣura (गोक्षुर).—a cow's hoof.

Derivable forms: gokṣuram (गोक्षुरम्).

Gokṣura is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and kṣura (क्षुर). See also (synonyms): gokṣuraka.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gokṣura (गोक्षुर).—m.

(-raḥ) The name of a plant; also Gokhura, (Ruellia longifolia, Rox, it is also applied in Bengal to Tribulus lanuginosus.) n.

(-raṃ) A cow’s hoof. E. go a cow, and kṣura a hoof, the thorns getting between the hoofs of cattle; also with kan added gokṣuraka, and with khura a hoof, gokhura.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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