Adri, Ādṛ, Ādṝ: 10 definitions


Adri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ādṛ and Ādṝ can be transliterated into English as Adr or Adri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Adri (अद्रि) was a King, the son of Viṣvagaśvā and father of Yuvanāśvā. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 202, Verse 3).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Adri (अद्रि) is synonymous with Mountain (śaila) and is mentioned in a list of 24 such synonyms according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Adri], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Adri.—(IE 7-1-2; EI 25), ‘seven’. Note: adri is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adri (अद्रि).—m S A mountain or hill.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adri (अद्रि).—m A mountain or hill.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adri (अद्रि).—[ad-krin Uṇ.4.65; according to dṛ to tear or ad to eat.]

1) A mountain.

2) A stone, especially one for pounding Soma with or grinding it on.

3) A thunderbolt (ādṛṇāti yena Nir.).

4) A tree.

5) The sun. cf. अद्रिः शैलेऽर्कवृक्षयोः (adriḥ śaile'rkavṛkṣayoḥ) | Nm.

6) A mass of clouds (probably so called from its resemblance to a mountain); a cloud (ādarayitavyo bhavati hyasau udakārthaṃ Nir.) mostly Ved.

7) A kind of measure.

8) The number

Derivable forms: adriḥ (अद्रिः).

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Ādṛ (आदृ).—6 A. (driyate)

1) To respect, honour, reverence; सीतां रघूत्तम भवत्स्थितिमाद्रियस्व (sītāṃ raghūttama bhavatsthitimādriyasva) Mv.7.3 receive respectfully; take or receive respectfully; द्वितीयाद्रियते सदा (dvitīyādriyate sadā) H. Pr.7; सर्वे तस्यादृता धर्मा यस्यैते त्रय आदृताः (sarve tasyādṛtā dharmā yasyaite traya ādṛtāḥ) Ms.2.234; Bk.6.55.

2) To heed or care for, mind, take notice of; usually with न (na); न त्यागमाद्रियते (na tyāgamādriyate) K.14,167; वाक्यं नाद्रियते च बान्धवजनः (vākyaṃ nādriyate ca bāndhavajanaḥ) Bh.3.111; अनादृत्य (anādṛtya) disregarding; मम वचनमनादृत्य (mama vacanamanādṛtya) in spite of or notwithstanding my words.

3) to feel timid from a feeling of respect, be awed.

4) To apply or devote oneself closely to, have regard for; भूरि श्रुतं शाश्वतमाद्रियन्ते (bhūri śrutaṃ śāśvatamādriyante) Māl.1.5.

5) To desire, be eager for; यत्किंचिद् दुर्मदाः स्वैरमाद्रियन्ते निरर्गलम् (yatkiṃcid durmadāḥ svairamādriyante nirargalam) Mv.6.3.

6) To enjoy honour, be honoured.

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Ādṝ (आदॄ).—9 U. Ved.

1) To crush, split open.

2) To make accessible, bring to light, manifest.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adri (अद्रि).—m.

(-driḥ) 1. A tree. 2. A mountain. 3. The sun. 4. A measure. E. ada to eat, and krin Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adri (अद्रि):—m. (√ad, [Uṇādi-sūtra]), a stone, a rock, a mountain

2) a stone for pounding Soma with or grinding it on

3) a stone for a sling, a thunderbolt

4) a mountain-shaped mass of clouds

5) a cloud (the mountains are the clouds personified, and regarded as the enemies of Indra)

6) a tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) the sun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Name of a measure

9) the number seven

10) Name of a grandson of Pṛthu.

11) Ādṛ (आदृ):—[=ā-√dṛ] ([Pāṇini 7-4, 28]) [Ātmanepada] -driyate, rarely [poetry or poetic] [Parasmaipada] ([ādriyat, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iv, 4, 7]]) to regard with attention, attend to, be careful about ([accusative]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Śakuntalā] etc.;

—to respect, honour, reverence, [Pañcatantra; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Raghuvaṃśa]

12) Ādṝ (आदॄ):—[=ā-√dṝ] [Parasmaipada] [Ātmanepada] (2. sg. [subjunctive] ā-darṣi, [Ṛg-veda viii, 6, 23, etc.]; 3. sg. [subjunctive] [Aorist] ā-darṣate, [Ṛg-veda x, 120, 6]; 2. sg. [subjunctive] [Intensive] ā-dardarṣi, [Ṛg-veda ii, 12, 15])

—to crush, force or split open;

—to make accessible, bring to light:

—[Intensive] (2. sg. [imperative] ā-dardṛhi, [Ṛg-veda iii, 20, 24]) to crack, split open.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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