Adri, Ādṛ, Ādṝ: 21 definitions


Adri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ādṛ and Ādṝ can be transliterated into English as Adr or Adri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Adri (अद्रि) was a King, the son of Viṣvagaśvā and father of Yuvanāśvā. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 202, Verse 3).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Adri (अद्रि) is synonymous with Mountain (śaila) and is mentioned in a list of 24 such synonyms according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Adri], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

Adri (अद्रि) represents the number 7 (seven) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 7—adri] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Adri (अद्रि) refers to a “stone” (e.g., sphaṭika-adri—‘quartz stone’), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 3.17-23, while describing a meditation on Amṛteśa in his form as Mṛtyujit]—“And so now, having constructed the amṛtāmudrā or the padmamudrā, [the mantrin] should meditate on the Ātman. The deity is equal in splendor [to that] of ten million moons, as bright as pellucid pearls, and as magnificent as quartz stone (sphaṭika-adri-samaprabha), he resembles drop of cow's milk or jasmine, mountain snow, and is everywhere. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Adri.—(IE 7-1-2; EI 25), ‘seven’. Note: adri is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Adri [ಆದರಿ] in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Stereospermum chelonoides (L.f.) DC. from the Bignoniaceae (Jacaranda) family having the following synonyms: Bignonia chelonoides, Bignonia suaveolens, Stereospermum suaveolens. For the possible medicinal usage of adri, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Adri in India is the name of a plant defined with Stereospermum chelonoides in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Bignonia suaveolens Roxb.) (Bignonia L., named in honor of Abbé Jean Paul Bignon, 1662–1743, librarian to King Louis XIV. See Carl Linnaeus, Species Plantarum 2: 622–625. 1753 and Genera Plantarum Ed. 5. 273. 1754, Genera Plantarum 137. 1789, Henry C. Andrews, The Botanist’s Repository. 2: t. 86. London 1800. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Bibliothèque Universelle de Genève (1838)
· Supplementum Plantarum Systematis Vegetabilium Editionis Decimae Tertiae (1782)
· Linnaea (1833)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Adri, for example pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, chemical composition, health benefits, side effects, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adri (अद्रि).—m S A mountain or hill.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adri (अद्रि).—m A mountain or hill.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adri (अद्रि).—[ad-krin Uṇādi-sūtra 4.65; according to dṛ to tear or ad to eat.]

1) A mountain.

2) A stone, especially one for pounding Soma with or grinding it on.

3) A thunderbolt (ādṛṇāti yena Nir.).

4) A tree.

5) The sun. cf. अद्रिः शैलेऽर्कवृक्षयोः (adriḥ śaile'rkavṛkṣayoḥ) | Nm.

6) A mass of clouds (probably so called from its resemblance to a mountain); a cloud (ādarayitavyo bhavati hyasau udakārthaṃ Nir.) mostly Ved.

7) A kind of measure.

8) The number

Derivable forms: adriḥ (अद्रिः).

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Ādṛ (आदृ).—6 A. (driyate)

1) To respect, honour, reverence; सीतां रघूत्तम भवत्स्थितिमाद्रियस्व (sītāṃ raghūttama bhavatsthitimādriyasva) Mv.7.3 receive respectfully; take or receive respectfully; द्वितीयाद्रियते सदा (dvitīyādriyate sadā) H. Pr.7; सर्वे तस्यादृता धर्मा यस्यैते त्रय आदृताः (sarve tasyādṛtā dharmā yasyaite traya ādṛtāḥ) Manusmṛti 2.234; Bhaṭṭikāvya 6.55.

2) To heed or care for, mind, take notice of; usually with न (na); न त्यागमाद्रियते (na tyāgamādriyate) K.14,167; वाक्यं नाद्रियते च बान्धवजनः (vākyaṃ nādriyate ca bāndhavajanaḥ) Bhartṛhari 3.111; अनादृत्य (anādṛtya) disregarding; मम वचनमनादृत्य (mama vacanamanādṛtya) in spite of or notwithstanding my words.

3) to feel timid from a feeling of respect, be awed.

4) To apply or devote oneself closely to, have regard for; भूरि श्रुतं शाश्वतमाद्रियन्ते (bhūri śrutaṃ śāśvatamādriyante) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.5.

5) To desire, be eager for; यत्किंचिद् दुर्मदाः स्वैरमाद्रियन्ते निरर्गलम् (yatkiṃcid durmadāḥ svairamādriyante nirargalam) Mv.6.3.

6) To enjoy honour, be honoured.

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Ādṝ (आदॄ).—9 U. Ved.

1) To crush, split open.

2) To make accessible, bring to light, manifest.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adri (अद्रि).—m.

(-driḥ) 1. A tree. 2. A mountain. 3. The sun. 4. A measure. E. ada to eat, and krin Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adri (अद्रि).—m. 1. A stone, Chr. 293, 3 = [Rigveda.] 1, 88, 3. 2. A mountain. 3. A cloud, Chr. 291, 5 = [Rigveda.] 1, 85, 5. 4. A proper name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adri (अद्रि).—[masculine] rock, stone, [especially] bruising or hurling stone; mountain, cloud.

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Ādṛ (आदृ).—split, go asunder; also = [Intensive] rend, break, open, make accessible.

Ādṛ is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ā and dṛ (दृ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adri (अद्रि):—m. (√ad, [Uṇādi-sūtra]), a stone, a rock, a mountain

2) a stone for pounding Soma with or grinding it on

3) a stone for a sling, a thunderbolt

4) a mountain-shaped mass of clouds

5) a cloud (the mountains are the clouds personified, and regarded as the enemies of Indra)

6) a tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) the sun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Name of a measure

9) the number seven

10) Name of a grandson of Pṛthu.

11) Ādṛ (आदृ):—[=ā-√dṛ] ([Pāṇini 7-4, 28]) [Ātmanepada] -driyate, rarely [poetry or poetic] [Parasmaipada] ([ādriyat, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iv, 4, 7]]) to regard with attention, attend to, be careful about ([accusative]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Śakuntalā] etc.;

—to respect, honour, reverence, [Pañcatantra; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Raghuvaṃśa]

12) Ādṝ (आदॄ):—[=ā-√dṝ] [Parasmaipada] [Ātmanepada] (2. sg. [subjunctive] ā-darṣi, [Ṛg-veda viii, 6, 23, etc.]; 3. sg. [subjunctive] [Aorist] ā-darṣate, [Ṛg-veda x, 120, 6]; 2. sg. [subjunctive] [Intensive] ā-dardarṣi, [Ṛg-veda ii, 12, 15])

—to crush, force or split open;

—to make accessible, bring to light:

—[Intensive] (2. sg. [imperative] ā-dardṛhi, [Ṛg-veda iii, 20, 24]) to crack, split open.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adri (अद्रि):—m.

(-driḥ) 1) A stone.

2) The thunderbolt.

3) A mountain.

4) A cloud.

5) A tree.

6) The sun.

7) The name of a measure.

8) A proper name of the son of Viśvagaśva and father of Yuvanāśva.

9) (In arithmetic sometimes used to denote) the numeral 7. E. ad, uṇ. aff. krin; but more probably, a [tatpurusha compound] composed of a and dri (from dṝ or drā?). Compare aga. The meanings 1. 2. 4. belong exclusively to the Vedas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adri (अद्रि):—(driḥ) 1. m. A tree; a mountain; the sun.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Adri (अद्रि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Addi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Adri in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Adṛ (अदृ) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ārdra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Adri (ಅದ್ರಿ):—

1) [noun] a natural raised part of the earth’s surface, usu. rising more or less abruptly; a mountain.

2) [noun] a large mass of stone; a rock.

3) [noun] a tall plant which has a thick trunk and branches that grow from its upper part; a tree.

4) [noun] the central star of the solar system; the sun.

5) [noun] the number seven and the symbol that represents it.

6) [noun] a kind of measure (?).

7) [noun] a flash of lightning and the sound of thunder together; a thunderbolt.

8) [noun] a visible mass of tiny, condensed water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the atmosphere; a cloud.

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Ādri (ಆದ್ರಿ):—[noun] name of a plant.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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