Kosha, aka: Kośa, Kosa, Kośā, Koṣā; 14 Definition(s)


Kosha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kośa and Kośā and Koṣā can be transliterated into English as Kosa or Kosha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Koṣa (कोष) refers to “treasury” It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

The five sheaths (kośa) are:

  1. the Annamayakośa (the physical sheath),
  2. the Prāṇamayakośa (the vital sheath),
  3. the Manomayakośa (the mental sheath),
  4. the Vijñānamayakośa (the sheath of intellect)
  5. and the Ānandamayakośa (the sheath of Bliss).

The Kośas are compared to sheaths. As the sheath is external to the sword, so also the kośas are external to the Ātman which is the innermost Self of all. The Annamayakośa is the sheath wherein is encased the Prāṇamayakośa, the Prāṇamayakośa is the sheath wherein is encased the Manomayakośa and so on. The Ānandamayakośa is encased in the Vijñānamayakośa.

Source: archive.org: Mandukya Upanishad & Karika with Shankara Bhashya
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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Koṣā (कोषा).—A river. It is stated in Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Stanza 27, that the water of this river was used for drinking by the ancient people of Bhārata.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Kośā (कोशा).—Of Kāśi king.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 34. 42.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Koṣa (कोष).—The Sanskrit koṣa texts or the Sanskrit lexicography had a very old origin. It primarily means dictionary or lexicon. The lexicographers always emphasize that they have written their works, for the utilization of the poets. Thus, the study of the koṣas is closely associated with that of the kāvyas.

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

The Jiva is enveloped by five sheaths (Kosas), viz., Annamaya, Pranamaya, Manomaya, Vijnanamaya, Anandamaya Kosas:—

  1. Annamaya Kosa:– Annamaya Kosa (sheath) is the physical body, which is sustained by food (Anna). Annamaya Kosa is the outcome of Tamo-Guna. Tamo-Guna predominates in this Kosa and Tamo-Guna is the cause of this Kosa. Inertness is found to ppredominate in this Kosa.
  2. Pranamaya Kosa:– Pranamaya Kosa consists of the subtle body, with the five gross and five subtle senses, ten Pranas or five vital forces and finve minor Vayus. Rajo-Guna is the cause of this Kosa and Rajo-Guna predominates in this Kosa. The power of action (Kriya Shakti) inheres in this Kosa.
  3. Manomaya Kosa:– Manomaya Kosa consists of the mind, with the five subtle senses. This Kosa is the outcome of Sattva-Guna. Sattva-Guna predominates in this Kosa. The power of cognition inheres in this Kosa. So we see that the mind is mixed with Tamas qualities, such as love, attachment, hatred, anger, envy, etc.
  4. Vijnanamaya Kosa:– Vijnanamaya Kosa consists of the Buddhi (intellect) with the five subtle senses. In this Kosa, Sattva mixed with Rajo-Guna inheres. Sattva mixed with Rajo-Guna is the cause of this Kosa.
  5. Anandamaya Kosa:– Anandamaya Kosaconsists of the Jiva with the causal body. Sattva-Guna is the cause of this Kosa. The principle of the purity of the Sattva-Guna lives in a sullied state by the other two Gunas together with the three conditions of happiness called Priya, Moda, and Pramoda. It contains joys of various kinds.
Source: Google Books: The Primal Power in Man: The Kundalini Shakti

A Kosha (कोश), usually rendered "sheath", one of five coverings of the Atman, or Self according to Vedantic philosophy. They are often visualised as the layers of an onion.

The five sheaths (pancha-kosas) are described in the Taittiriya Upanishad. From gross to fine they are:

  1. Annamaya kosha, "foodstuff" sheath (Anna)
  2. Pranamaya kosha, "energy" sheath (Prana/apana)
  3. Manomaya kosha "mind-stuff" sheath (Manas)
  4. Vijnanamaya kosha, "wisdom" sheath (Vijnana)
  5. Anandamaya kosha, "bliss" sheath (Ananda)
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

A human being is part consciousness (Atma - soul) wrapped in 5 layers known as Panchakosha in Vedanta. The layers are

  1. Physical Body (Annmaya Kosha),
  2. Energy Body (Pranamaya Kosha),
  3. Mind Body (Manomaya Kosha),
  4. Intuition Body (Vigyanmaya Kosha),
  5. and Joy Body (Anandmaya Kosha).
Source: MahaVastu: Hinduism

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Kosa means "layer of mind." There are five layers of the human mind, in addition to the physical body, which—although technically not a kosa itself—is given the name Annamaya ("food") Kosa.

  1. Kamamaya Kosa (The Crude Mind)
  2. Manomaya Kosa (The Subtle Mind)

The next three deeper layers of mind are collectively known as the Causal Mind. Causal sig - nifies that these layers are in the most direct contact with the Causal Consciousness from which the mind has evolved and within which it exists.

  1. Atimanasa Kosa (The first layer of the Causal Mind)
  2. Vijnanamaya Kosa (The second layer of the Causal Mind)
  3. Hiranyamaya Kosa (The most subtle layer of the Causal Mind).
Source: Ananda Marga: Realsm of the Mind

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Kosha in Pali glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kosa : (m.) store-room; treasury; a sheath; a cocoon; a measure of length, (which is about 1.000 yards.).

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Kosa, 2 at VvA. 349 is marked by Hardy, Index and trsld by scar or pock. It should be corrected to kesa, on evidence of corresp. passage in ThA. 267 (cp. koccha). (Page 230)

2) Kosa, 1 (m. nt.) (cp. Sk. kośa and koṣa, cavity, box vessel, cp. Goth. hūs, E. house; related also kukṣi=P. kucchi) any cavity or enclosure containing anything, viz. 1. a store-room or storehouse, treasury or granary A. IV, 95 (rāja°); Sn. 525; J. IV, 409 (=wealth, stores); J. VI, 81 (aḍḍhakosa only half a house) in cpd.—° koṭṭhāgāra, expld at DA. I, 295 as koso vuccati bhaṇḍāgāraṃ. Four kinds are mentioned: hatthī°, assā°, rathā°, raṭṭhaṃ°. ‹-› 2. a sheath, in khura° Vism. 251, paṇṇa° KhA 46. ‹-› 3. a vessel or bowl for food: see kosaka.—4. a cocoon, see —°kāraka;— 5. the membranous cover of the male sexual organ, the praeputium J. V, 197. The Com. expls by sarīra-saṃkhāta k°. See cpd. kosohita. ‹-› Cp. also kosī.

—ārakkha the keeper of the king’s treasury (or granary) A. III, 57; —ohita ensheathed, in phrase kosohita vatthaguyha “having the pudendum in a bag. ” Only in the brahmin cosmogonic myth of the superman (mahā-purisa) D. III, 143, 161. Applied as to this item, to the Buddha D. I, 106 (in the Cy DA. I, 275, correct the misprint kesa into kosa) D. II, 17; Sn. 1022 pp. 106, 107; Miln. 167. For the myth see Dial III, 132—136. —kāraka the “cocoon-maker, ” i.e. the silk-worm, Vin. III, 224; Vism. 251. —koṭṭhāgāra “treasury and granary” usually in phrase paripuṇṇa —k -k (adj.) “with stores of treasures and other wealth” Vin. I, 342; D. I, 134; S. I, 89; Miln. 2; & passim. (Page 230)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

kōśa (कोश).—m (S) A treasury. 2 A particular receptacle, of which five are enumerated; annamaya-prāṇa- maya-manōmaya-vijñānamaya-ānandamaya-kōśa. 3 A dictionary or vocabulary. 4 A sheath, integument, investing membrane, tunicle, coating. 5 A scabbard. 6 The cod or cocoon of the spider kōḷī. 7 A bud. Ex. kamaḷakōśīñcā suvāsa barā ||. 8 Judicial trial by ordeal--by fire, water, poison, the balance, boiling oil, drinking water that has been poured over his tutelar god or other idol or a Brahman, and particularly this last form. 9 (krōśa S) A measure of distance, a kos or cos. See kōsa.

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kōśā (कोशा).—a Of a color approaching to black--a cow, bullock &c.

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kōṣa (कोष).—m (S) See kōśa, except in the sense A measure of distance.

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kōsa (कोस).—m (kōśa S) A measure of distance, a kos varying in many degrees both beyond and under 4000 cubits the standard. 2 The exuvies or slough of a snake.

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kōsa (कोस) [or कोंस, kōṃsa].—m Deviation from squareness, straightness, or exactness (as of an awning or outstretched cloth, of a handkerchief, field, site, of a seam, or of a wall, road, hedge, of a bounding line gen.); overlapping, overplus, or excess. v yē, asa, hō, jā, nigha, kāḍha, jirava, jira.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kōśa (कोश).—m A dictionary. A treasury. The cod of the spider. A kos. A sheath, scabbard.

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kōṣa (कोष).—See kōśa, except in the last sense.

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kōsa (कोस).—m A measure of distance, a kos. De- viation from squareness, straight- ness, or exactness (as of an out- stretched cloth, field &c.) overlap- ping, overplus. v yē, asa, kāḍha, jirava.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kośa (कोश) or Koṣa (कोष).—[kuś () ādhārādau ghañ kartari ac vā Tv.]

1) A vessel for holding liquids, a pail.

2) A bucket, cup.

3) A vessel in general.

4) A box, cupboard, drawer, trunk; Rv.6.47.23; स एष कोशो वसुधानस्तस्मिन्विश्वमिदं श्रितम् (sa eṣa kośo vasudhānastasminviśvamidaṃ śritam) Ch. Up.3.15.1.

5) A sheath, scabbard; Ki.17.45.

6) A case, cover, covering.

7) A store, mass; ईश्वरः सर्वभूतानां धर्मकोशस्य गुप्तये (īśvaraḥ sarvabhūtānāṃ dharmakośasya guptaye) Ms.1.99.

8) A store-room.

9) A treasury, an apartment where money is kept; Ms.8.419.

1) Treasure, money, wealth; निःशेषविश्राणितकोषजातम् (niḥśeṣaviśrāṇitakoṣajātam) R.5.1; (fig. also); कोशस्तपसः (kośastapasaḥ) K.45; कोशपूर्वाः सर्वारम्भाः (kośapūrvāḥ sarvārambhāḥ) Kau. A.2.8.

11) Gold or silver wrought or unwrought.

12) A dictionary, lexicon, vocabulary.

13) A closed flower, bud; सुजातयोः पङ्कजकोशयोः श्रियम् (sujātayoḥ paṅkajakośayoḥ śriyam) R.3.8,13.29; इत्थं विचिन्तयति कोशगते द्विरेफे हा हन्त हन्त नलिनीं गज उज्जहार (itthaṃ vicintayati kośagate dvirephe hā hanta hanta nalinīṃ gaja ujjahāra) Subhāṣ.

14) The stone of a fruit.

15) A pod.

16) A nut-meg, nut-shell.

17) The cocoon of a silk-worm; निजलालासमायोगात्कोशं वा कोश- कारकः (nijalālāsamāyogātkośaṃ vā kośa- kārakaḥ) Y.3.147.

18) Vulva, the womb.

19) An egg.

2) A testicle or the scrotum.

21) The penis.

22) A ball, globe.

23) (In Vedānta phil.) A term for the five (anna, prāṇa, manaḥ, vijñāna, ānanda) vestures (sheaths or cases) which successively make the body, enshrining the soul.

24) (In law) A kind of ordeal; the defendant drinks thrice of the water after some idol has been washed in it; cf. Y.2.112.

25) A house.

26) A cloud.

27) The interior of a carriage.

28) A kind of bandage or ligature (in surgery).

29) An oath; कोशं चक्रतु- रन्योन्यं सखङ्गौ नृपडामरौ (kośaṃ cakratu- ranyonyaṃ sakhaṅgau nṛpaḍāmarau) Rāj. T.2.326.

3) The pericarp of a lotus.

31) A piece of meat.

32) A cup used in the ratification of a treaty of peace; देवी कोशमपाययत् (devī kośamapāyayat) Rāj. T.7.8,75,459,492. -शी (śī) (-ṣī) 1 A bud.

2) A seed-vessel.

3) The beard of corn.

4) A shoe, sandal (pādukā).

Derivable forms: kośaḥ (कोशः), kośam (कोशम्), koṣaḥ (कोषः), koṣam (कोषम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 197 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Manomayakośa (मनोमयकोश) or Manomayakoṣa (मनोमयकोष).—the second of the five vestures or sheaths ...
vijñānamaya-kōśa (विज्ञानमय-कोश).—m The fourth of the five envelopments of the caitanya or spir...
ānandamaya-kōśa (आनंदमय-कोश).—m The fifth of the five coverings of the Spirit; viz. Sensi- bili...
Prāṇamayakośa (प्राणमयकोश).—the vesture of the vital airs; कर्मेन्द्रियैः पञ्चभिरञ्चितोऽसौ प्रा...
Amarakośa (अमरकोश) or Amarakoṣa (अमरकोष).—Name of the most popular Sanskṛt lexicon called after...
Aṇḍakośa (अण्डकोश) or Aṇḍakoṣa (अण्डकोष).—[ṣa. ta.] the scrotum. Derivable forms: aṇḍakośaḥ (अण...
Kośādhyakṣa (कोशाध्यक्ष) or Koṣādhyakṣa (कोषाध्यक्ष).—a treasure, paymaster; (cf. the modern 'm...
Padmakośa (पद्मकोश) or Padmakoṣa (पद्मकोष).—1) the calyx of a lotus. 2) a position of the finge...
Pañcakoṣā (पञ्चकोषा).—m. (pl.) the five vestures or wrappers supposed to invest the soul; they ...
Tulākośa (तुलाकोश) or Tulākoṣa (तुलाकोष).—1) ordeal by weighing, weighing on a balance; हीनस्य ...
Śabdakośa (शब्दकोश).—a lexicon, dictionary. Derivable forms: śabdakośaḥ (शब्दकोशः).Śabdakośa is...
Garbhakośa (गर्भकोश) or Garbhakoṣa (गर्भकोष).—uterus. Derivable forms: garbhakośaḥ (गर्भकोशः), ...
Kośakāra (कोशकार).—See under Niśākara II.
Kośaphalā (कोशफला) is another name for Jīmūtaka, a medicinal plant identified with Luffa echina...
Kośāgāra (कोशागार) or Koṣāgāra (कोषागार).—a treasurer, store-room. Derivable forms: kośāgāraḥ (...

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