Cakravaka, aka: Cakravāka, Cakra-vaka; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Cakravaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chakravaka.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Cakravaka in Natyashastra glossaries]

One of the Hands that indicate Flying Creatures.—Cakravāka, the Alapadma hands fluttered.

(Source): archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana

[Cakravaka in Purana glossaries]

Cakravāka (चक्रवाक)—Dhṛtarāṣṭrī was a wife of Garuḍa. She gave birth to haṃsas, kalahaṃsas, cakravākas, and various other kinds of birds. The attachment between the cakravāka and the cakravākī is alluded to in a simile.

(Source): Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

1a) Cakravāka (चक्रवाक).—Birds noted for their staunch love;1 the seven sons of Kauśika took their form in Mānasa; on the Airāvadi.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 15. 79; III. 7. 458; 50. 41; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 19; 54. 31.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 20. 17; 21. 9 and 28; 113. 76; 116. 11.

1b) A tīrtham sacred to Pitṛs.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 42.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[Cakravaka in Ayurveda glossaries]

Cakravāka (चक्रवाक) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “cakra bird (Anas Casarca)”, or to the “ruby sheldrake”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Cakravāka is part of the sub-group named Ambucārin, refering to animals “which move on waters”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Cakravāka (चक्रवाक)—Sanskrit word for an animal “sheldrake”, “brahminy duck” (Tadorna ferruginea). This animal is from the group called Plava (‘those which float’ or ‘those move about in large flocks’). Plava itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).

(Source): archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Cakravaka in Itihasa glossaries]

Cakravāka (चक्रवाक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.56) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Cakravāka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Cakravaka in Hinduism glossaries]

The cakravāka bird and the sun; one of similes (or pairs) given in Śivānandalaharī 59. The cakravāka couples, it is believed, are separated and mourn during night; hence, their longing for the sun.

(Source): Google Books: The Hymns of Śaṅkara

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Cakravaka in Mahayana glossaries]

Cakravāka (चक्रवाक, “cakra bird”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. If sensual desires (kāmarāga), passion and ignorance (avidyā) were predominant in them [people], they are reborn as [for example] cakra bird (cakravāka); thus they become one of the hundred thousand kinds of birds. If they are guilty of lust, their body becomes covered with hairs and feathers; their plumage is fine and smooth; their beak, big and wide; thus they cannot distinguish touch (sparśa) and taste (rasa).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Cakravaka in Marathi glossaries]

cakravāka (चक्रवाक).—m S Brahmany goose or duck, Anascasarca.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

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