Parna, Parṇa, Pārṇa: 9 definitions

Introduction

Parna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Parṇa (पर्ण) refers to the “leaves” of a tree or plant, as mentioned in a list of seven synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Parṇa] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Parṇa (पर्ण) refers to “leaves”, as mentioned in verse 5.6-8 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Not shall one drink (water that is) turbid and covered (āstṛta) with mud, tape-grass, grass, and leaves [viz., parṇa], unseen by sun, moon, and wind, rained upon, thick, heavy, [...]: (such water) one shall not drink”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

parṇa (पर्ण).—n (S) A leaf.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

parṇa (पर्ण).—n A leaf.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parṇa (पर्ण).—

1) A pinion, wing; as in सुपर्ण (suparṇa).

2) The feather of an arrow.

3) A leaf.

4) The betel-leaf; ततो नृपतिनिदेशात् ते पर्णान्यादाय सैनिकाः (tato nṛpatinideśāt te parṇānyādāya sainikāḥ) (jagmuḥ) Parṇāl.5.25.

-rṇaḥ The Palāśa tree.

Derivable forms: parṇam (पर्णम्).

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Pārṇa (पार्ण).—a. (-rṇī f.)

1) Relating to or made of leaves, leafy.

2) Raised from leaves (as a tax).

-rṇaḥ A hut made of leaves.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parṇa (पर्ण).—n.

(-rṇaṃ) 1. A leaf. 2. The Pan or betel-leaf. 3. A wine. 4. The feather of an arrow. m.

(-ṇaḥ) The Palash tree, (Butea frondosa.) f. (rṇī) 1. An aquatic plant, (Pistia stratiotes.) 2. The leaf of the asafœtida. E. pṝ to please, and Unadi aff. na, fem. aff. ṅīṣ, or parṇ to be or make green, aff. ac.

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Pārṇa (पार्ण).—f. (-rṇī) Relating to leaves. 2. Raised from leaves (as a tax.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parṇa (पर्ण).—perhaps pṛ10 + na, I. n. 1. A wing. 2. A feather, Mahābhārata 1, 1517. 3. A leaf, [Nala] 16, 12. Ii. m. A tree, Butea frondosa Roxb. Iii. f. ṇī, An aquatic plant, Pistia stratiotes Lin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parṇa (पर्ण).—[neuter] wing, plume, feather (also of an arrow), leaf; [masculine] = palāśa [masculine]

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Pārṇa (पार्ण).—[adjective] made of Parṇa-wood.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parṇa (पर्ण):—[from parṇ] n. a pinion, feather (also of an arrow), wing, [Ṛg-veda] etc., [Brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] a leaf (regarded as the plumage of a tree), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (ifc. f(ā). , but in Name of plants f(ī). ; cf. [Pāṇini 4-1, 64])

3) [v.s. ...] the Pān or betel leaf, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] m. Butea Frondosa (a large-leaved sacred tree whose wood is used for making sacred vessels, later generally called palāśa), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa; Yājñavalkya] (-tva n., [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā])

5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a teacher, [Vāyu-purāṇa] (cf. [gana] śivādi)

6) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) of a people, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of a place, iv, 2, 145

8) [from parṇ] [According to, [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 6 fr.] √pṝ. but more probably [from] a √pṛ, [originally] spṛ; cf. [Lithuanian] sparna; Hgerm. varn, Farn; [Anglo-Saxon] fearn; [English] fern.]

9) Pārṇa (पार्ण):—mf(ī)n. ([from] parṇa) made or consisting of leaves, raised from leaves (as a tax), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) made of the wood of the Butea Frondosa, [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa; Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa]

11) m. a hut made of leaves, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

12) [patronymic] [gana] śivādi.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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