Kshura, Kṣura: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Kshura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣura can be transliterated into English as Ksura or Kshura, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Kṣura (क्षुर) refers to a kind of weapon (a razor-like barb or sharp blade attached to an arrow). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
context information

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kṣura (क्षुर) is another name for Kṣudragokṣura, a medicinal plant related with Gokṣura (Tribulus terrestris Linn.), according to verse 4.40-43 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Note: Gokṣura is of two kinds i.e. with smaller and bigger fruits. Both these species have more than three spikes. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Kṣura and Kṣudragokṣura, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṣura (क्षुर).—m S A razor. 2 A horse's hoof: also the hoof of a cow or other bisulcous animal.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kṣura (क्षुर).—m A razor. A horse's hoof; a cow's hoof &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣura (क्षुर).—[kṣur-ka]

1) A razor; क्षुराग्रैः चक्रैः (kṣurāgraiḥ cakraiḥ) (hṛtāni) R.7.46. प्रवर्तमानमन्याये छेदयेल्लवशः क्षुरैः (pravartamānamanyāye chedayellavaśaḥ kṣuraiḥ) Ms.9.292.

2) A razor-like barb attached to an arrow.

3) The hoof of a cow or horse.

4) An arrow; क्षुरैश्चिच्छेद लघ्वस्त्रम् (kṣuraiściccheda laghvastram) Mb.3.287.17.

5) The foot of a bed-stead.

Derivable forms: kṣuraḥ (क्षुरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣura (क्षुर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A razon. 2. A plant, (Barleria longifolia.) 3. Also Tribulus lanuginosus: see gokṣura. 4. A horse’s hoof; also khura 5. The hoof of a cow, &c. 6. The foot of a bedstead. f. (-rī) A knife. E. kṣur to scratch or cut, Unadi affix ran and the final consonant rejected; also khura.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣura (क्षुर).—[kṣur + a], m. A razor, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 292.

— Cf. etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣura (क्षुर).—[masculine] knife, [especially] razor.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣura (क्षुर):—[from kṣur] m. ([from] √kṣṇu?; cf. [Greek] ξυρόν) a razor, [Ṛg-veda i, 166, 10; viii, 4, 16; x, 28, 9; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a razor-like barb or sharp blade attached to an arrow, [Rāmāyaṇa iii, 72, 14] (cf. -pra)

3) [v.s. ...] Asteracantha longifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] = -pattra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a thorny variety of Gardenia or Randia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Trilobus lanuginosus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] (for khura) the hoof of a cow, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) [v.s. ...] (for khura) a horse’s hoof, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) [v.s. ...] (for khura) the foot of a bedstead, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [from kṣur] mfn. = kṣura-vat, ‘having claws or hoofs’ [Sāyaṇa on Ṛg-veda x, 28, 9.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣura (क्षुर):—(raḥ) 1. m. A razor; a plant; horse’s or cow’s hoof; foot of a bed. () 3. f. A knife.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kṣura (क्षुर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Khura, Chura.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kshura in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṣura (ಕ್ಷುರ):—

1) [noun] a small, sharp-edged cutting instrument for shaving off or cutting hair; a razor.

2) [noun] the horny part of the foot of a horse, antelope or other ungulates; the hoof.

3) [noun] the plant Hygrophila auriculata ( = H. spinosa, = Asteracantha longifolia) of Acanthaceae family.

4) [noun] the thorny plant Tribulus terrestris of Zygophyllaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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