Kshura, Kṣura: 19 definitions


Kshura means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣura can be transliterated into English as Ksura or Kshura, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Kṣura (क्षुर) refers to a kind of weapon (a razor-like barb or sharp blade attached to an arrow). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kṣura (क्षुर) is another name for Kṣudragokṣura, a medicinal plant related with Gokṣura (Tribulus terrestris Linn.), according to verse 4.40-43 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Note: Gokṣura is of two kinds i.e. with smaller and bigger fruits. Both these species have more than three spikes. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Kṣura and Kṣudragokṣura, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Kṣura (क्षुर) refers to the “razor (of the no-mind state)”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [The Yogin] will obtain liberation by cutting with the razor of the no-mind [state] (amanaska-kṣura) the tough cord of the three Guṇas that binds the self. Just as everything disappears [from view] as the sun sets, so, the whole network of [past] actions (karma) dissolves into the no-mind [state]. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Kṣura (क्षुर) refers to “Asteracantha longifolia” (suitable for an offering ritual), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Bhagavān teaches the offering of the root spell], “[...] A consecration with a fillet should be made. A flower garland should be offered. Jars with seven kinds of liquids should be placed in a circuit. Curd, milk, rice grains, kṣura with candied sugar and honey, fruits and flowers should be thrown there. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Kṣura (क्षुर) refers to a “razor”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Here in the cycle of rebirth consisting of endless misfortune, sentient beings roam about repeatedly, struck down by spear, axe, vice, fire, corrosive liquid or razor (kṣura) in hell, consumed by the multitude of flames from the fire of violent actions in the plant and animal world , and subject to unequalled trouble in the human condition [or] full of desire among the gods. [Thus ends the reflection on] the cycle of rebirth.”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kshura [क्षुर] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Hygrophila auriculata (Schumach.) Heine from the Acanthaceae (Acanthus) family having the following synonyms: Hygrophila schulli, Hygrophila spinosa, Hygrophila schulli var. alba. For the possible medicinal usage of kshura, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Kshura in India is the name of a plant defined with Hygrophila auriculata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Teliostachya lanceolata Nees var. crispa Nees (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Beskr. Guin. Pl. (1827)
· Flora Brasiliensis (1847)
· Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden (1999)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Amoen. Acad. (1759)
· Journal of the Indian Botanical Society (1986)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kshura, for example health benefits, side effects, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, chemical composition, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṣura (क्षुर).—m S A razor. 2 A horse's hoof: also the hoof of a cow or other bisulcous animal.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kṣura (क्षुर).—m A razor. A horse's hoof; a cow's hoof &c.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣura (क्षुर).—[kṣur-ka]

1) A razor; क्षुराग्रैः चक्रैः (kṣurāgraiḥ cakraiḥ) (hṛtāni) R.7.46. प्रवर्तमानमन्याये छेदयेल्लवशः क्षुरैः (pravartamānamanyāye chedayellavaśaḥ kṣuraiḥ) Manusmṛti 9.292.

2) A razor-like barb attached to an arrow.

3) The hoof of a cow or horse.

4) An arrow; क्षुरैश्चिच्छेद लघ्वस्त्रम् (kṣuraiściccheda laghvastram) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.287.17.

5) The foot of a bed-stead.

Derivable forms: kṣuraḥ (क्षुरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣura (क्षुर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A razon. 2. A plant, (Barleria longifolia.) 3. Also Tribulus lanuginosus: see gokṣura. 4. A horse’s hoof; also khura 5. The hoof of a cow, &c. 6. The foot of a bedstead. f. (-rī) A knife. E. kṣur to scratch or cut, Unadi affix ran and the final consonant rejected; also khura.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣura (क्षुर).—[kṣur + a], m. A razor, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 292.

— Cf. etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣura (क्षुर).—[masculine] knife, [especially] razor.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣura (क्षुर):—[from kṣur] m. ([from] √kṣṇu?; cf. [Greek] ξυρόν) a razor, [Ṛg-veda i, 166, 10; viii, 4, 16; x, 28, 9; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a razor-like barb or sharp blade attached to an arrow, [Rāmāyaṇa iii, 72, 14] (cf. -pra)

3) [v.s. ...] Asteracantha longifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] = -pattra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a thorny variety of Gardenia or Randia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Trilobus lanuginosus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] (for khura) the hoof of a cow, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) [v.s. ...] (for khura) a horse’s hoof, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) [v.s. ...] (for khura) the foot of a bedstead, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [from kṣur] mfn. = kṣura-vat, ‘having claws or hoofs’ [Sāyaṇa on Ṛg-veda x, 28, 9.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣura (क्षुर):—(raḥ) 1. m. A razor; a plant; horse’s or cow’s hoof; foot of a bed. () 3. f. A knife.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kṣura (क्षुर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Khura, Chura.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kshura in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṣura (ಕ್ಷುರ):—

1) [noun] a small, sharp-edged cutting instrument for shaving off or cutting hair; a razor.

2) [noun] the horny part of the foot of a horse, antelope or other ungulates; the hoof.

3) [noun] the plant Hygrophila auriculata ( = H. spinosa, = Asteracantha longifolia) of Acanthaceae family.

4) [noun] the thorny plant Tribulus terrestris of Zygophyllaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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