Mandukaparni, Maṇḍūkaparṇī, Manduka-parni: 6 definitions



Mandukaparni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (M) next»] — Mandukaparni in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Maṇḍūkaparṇī (मण्डूकपर्णी) is a Sanskrit word referring to Centella asiatica (centella), from the Apiaceae family. Certain plant parts of Maṇḍūkaparṇī are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. It is also known as Maṇḍūkī. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. It grows in tropical swampy areas. The stems are slender, creeping stolons, green to reddish-green in color, connecting plants to each other. The flowers are white or pinkish to red in color, born in small, rounded bunches (umbels) near the surface of the soil. The crop matures in three months, and the whole plant, including the roots, is harvested manually.

2) Maṇḍūkaparṇī (मण्डूकपर्णी) is another name for Bhāraṅgī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Clerodendrum serratum (beetle killer). It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 5.149-150), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: PMC: Ayurvedic management of postlumbar myelomeningocele surgery

Maṇḍūkaparṇī (Centella asiatica): Maṇḍūkaparṇī is highly prized in Ayurvedic treatises as a Medhya (Memory and intellect promoting) and vayassthāpana (anti-ageing) drug. In Bhāvaprakāśa it has been stated that Maṇḍūkaparṇī and Brāhmī have very similar pharmacological activities. A double blind clinical trial involving 30 mentally retarded children (age, 7-8 years) who received the drug (whole plant, dried in shade) for 3 months, showed improved cognitive function. Caraka enumerates Maṇḍūkaparṇī among Medhya Rasāyana.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Maṇḍūkaparṇī (मण्डूकपर्णी) refers to a type of vegetable, according to the Suśrutasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 46.334, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Suśruta refers to the vegetable flowers, leaves, fruits, stems and bulbs. Of the pot herbs satīna, vāstuka, cuñcu, cilli, green radish, maṇḍūkaparṇī and jivantī were regarded the best.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Maṇḍūkaparṇī (मण्डूकपर्णी) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urban.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning maṇḍūkaparṇī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Mandukaparni in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maṇḍūkaparṇī (मण्डूकपर्णी).—Name of several plants like मञ्जिष्ठा, ब्राह्मी (mañjiṣṭhā, brāhmī) etc.

Maṇḍūkaparṇī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms maṇḍūka and parṇī (पर्णी). See also (synonyms): maṇḍūkaparṇā, maṇḍūkaparṇikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṇḍūkaparṇī (मण्डूकपर्णी):—[=maṇḍūka-parṇī] [from maṇḍūka-parṇa > maṇḍūka] f. Name of various plants (Rubia Munjista, Clerodendrum Siphonantus etc.), [Bhāvaprakāśa; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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