Tinduka, Tiṇḍuka, Tindukā: 11 definitions
Tinduka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Kavya (poetry)Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa
Tinduka (तिन्दुक) refers to the “ebony tree”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 12.19.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Tinduka (तिन्दुक) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Diospyros embryopteris (Malabar ebony) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considered as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat. Note that Diospyros embryopteris is a synonym of Diospyros malabarica.
The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:
According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as tinduka).”
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Tindukā (तिन्दुका)—Sanskrit word for the plant “ebony tree” (Diospyros sp.).
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
A watcher of corn (yavapalaka), who gave grass for his seat to Konagamana Buddha. BuA.214.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
Tinduka (तिन्दुक) refers to a kind of tree (vṛkṣa) commonly found in the forests (vaṇa) of ancient India, mentioned in the Jñātādharmakathāṅga-sūtra. Forests have been a significant part of the Indian economy since ancient days. They have been considered essential for economic development in as much as, besides bestowing many geographical advantages, they provide basic materials for building, furniture and various industries. The most important forest products are wood and timber which have been used by the mankind to fulfil his various needs—domestic, agricultural and industrial.
Different kinds of trees (eg., the Tinduka tree) provided firewood and timber. The latter was used for furniture, building materials, enclosures, staircases, pillars, agricultural purposes, e. g. for making ploughs, transportation e. g. for making carts, chariots, boats, ships, and for various industrial needs. Vaṇa-kamma was an occupation dealing in wood and in various otherforest products. Iṅgāla-kamma was another occupation which was concerned with preparing charcoal from firewood.Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
Tinduka (तिन्दुक) in Sanskrit or Tinduga in Prakrit refers to the plant Diospyros embryopteris Pers. This plant is classifed as ananta-kāya, or “plants that are inhabited by an infinite number of living organisms”, and therefore are abhakṣya (forbidden to consume) according to Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246). Those plants which are classifiedas ananta-kāyas (eg., tinduka) seem to be chosen because of certain morphological peculiarities such as the possession of bulbs or rhizomes orthe habit of periodically shedding their leaves; and in general theyare characterized by possibilities of vegetative reproduction.Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
Tinduka (तिन्दुक) or Tiṃduka is the name of a garden visited by Mahāvīra during his 16th Year as Kevalī.—Completing the rainy season halt in Mithilā, the Lord went to Hastināpura. At that time, Gautama, along with a few monks, arrived at the Koṣṭhaka garden in Śrāvastī. Outside the city, the monk of Pārśva’s tradition, Keśīkumāra, was staying with his group of monks in the Tiṃduka garden. He had three kinds of knowledge: mati, śruti and avadhi.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
tinduka : (m.) the tree Diospyros embryopteris.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Tinduka, (Sk. tinduka) the tree Diospyros embryopteris D. I, 178 (v. l. tiṇḍ°; J. V, 99; tiṇḍukāni food in a hermitage J. IV, 434; VI, 532.—tindukakandarā Npl. the T. cave Vin. II, 76.—See also timbaru & timbarūsaka. (Page 303)
— or —
Tiṇḍuka, see tinduka. (Page 302)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Tinduka (तिन्दुक).—Name of a tree.
Derivable forms: tindukaḥ (तिन्दुकः).
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Tinduka (तिन्दुक).—The fruit of the ebony tree.
-kam A kind of measure (karṣa).
Derivable forms: tindukam (तिन्दुकम्).
See also (synonyms): tindukī.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tinduka (तिन्दुक).—mf. (-kaḥ-kī) A sort of ebony, (Diospyros glutinosa.) f. (-kī) The resinous fruit of this tree: see the preceding. Also with i substituted for the final tinduki. n.
(-kaṃ) A Karsha, the measure. E. tindu, and kan added.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+2): Kakatinduka, Tindu, Tinduka Jataka, Tindula, Temburani, Dalavana, Tinduki, Shana, Tindukaphaladayaka, Kalatinduka, Markatatinduka, Atimuktaka, Tindukadayaka, Venu, Udardaprashamana, Vishadru, Atimukta, Darujalinga, Tinduga, Nyagrodhadi.
Search found 28 books and stories containing Tinduka, Tiṇḍuka, Tindukā; (plurals include: Tindukas, Tiṇḍukas, Tindukās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Jataka tales [English], Volume 1-6 (by Robert Chalmers)
Jataka 177: Tiṇḍuka-jātaka < [Book II - Dukanipāta]
Jataka 520: Gaṇḍatindu-jātaka < [Volume 5]
Jataka 516: Mahākapi-jātaka < [Volume 5]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 148 - Mālārka-tīrtha < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 41 - Putradā Ekādaśī < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 102 - Aśokasundarī is Born < [Section 2 - Bhūmi-khaṇḍa (section on the earth)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)