Sarani, Saraṇi, Sharani, Śaraṇī, Śaraṇi, Saraṇī, Sāraṇi: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Sarani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śaraṇī and Śaraṇi can be transliterated into English as Sarani or Sharani, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Sarni.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Sāraṇī (सारणी) refers to a “river” or “stream”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 9.155.—C. P. reads Sāriṇī.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Saraṇī (सरणी) is another name for Prasāriṇī, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Paederia foetida Linn. or “skunkvine” from the Rubiaceae or “coffee” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.36-38 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Saraṇī and Prasāriṇī, there are a total of fifteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saraṇi (सरणि) [or णी, ṇī].—f S A road. 2 A straight or continuous line. 3 fig. Manner, mode, method, fashion, way (as of speaking or writing). 4 A disease of the throat.

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sāraṇī (सारणी).—f (S) A table of numbers; an arrangement of figures to facilitate the calculations or determinations (of the Panchang &c.) Ex. of comp. grahasāraṇī, tithisāraṇī, yōgasāraṇī, nakṣatra- sāraṇī, karaṇasāraṇī. 2 A canal or a small river: also a drain, channel, gutter, any watercourse or water-conduit. 3 The large netting which receives gathered mangoes &c.

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sāraṇī (सारणी).—f (sāraṇēṃ) The inclined plane of a bullock-drawwell.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saraṇi (सरणि) [-ṇī, -णी].—f A road; a straight line. Fig. Manner.

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sāraṇī (सारणी).—f A table of numbers. A canal. A large netting.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaraṇī (शरणी) or Śaraṇi (शरणि).—(f.)

1) A road, path.

2) The earth.

3) A row, line.

Derivable forms: , śaraṇiḥ (शरणिः).

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Saraṇī (सरणी).—Pæderia Fœtida (Mar. haraṇavela).

See also (synonyms): saraṇā.

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Saraṇi (सरणि) or Saraṇī (सरणी).—f. [sṛ-niḥ Uṇādi-sūtra 2.11]

1) A path, way, road, course; मया सर्वेऽवज्ञासरणिमथ नीताः सुरगणाः (mayā sarve'vajñāsaraṇimatha nītāḥ suragaṇāḥ) G. L.4.

2) Arrangement, mode.

3) A straight or continuous line.

4) A disease of the throat.

Derivable forms: saraṇiḥ (सरणिः).

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Sāraṇi (सारणि) or Sāraṇī (सारणी).—f.

1) A canal, drain, water-course, channel.

2) A small river; पदे पदे मौनमयान्तरीपिणी प्रवर्तिता सारघसारसारणी (pade pade maunamayāntarīpiṇī pravartitā sāraghasārasāraṇī) N.9.155.

Derivable forms: sāraṇiḥ (सारणिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaraṇi (शरणि).—mf. (-ṇiḥ-ṇī) A road, a path, a way. E. śṝ to hurt, ani aff.; more usually saraṇi .

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Saraṇi (सरणि).—f. (-ṇiḥ-ṇī) A road, a path, a way. 2. A straight or continuous line. 3. A disease of the throat. 4. Deposition of things. E. sṛ to go, Unadi aff. ani, and ṅīṣ optionally added; also śaraṇi, &c.

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Sāraṇi (सारणि).—f. (-ṇiḥ-ṇī) 1. A small river. 2. A plant, (Pæderia fetida.) 3. A canal or water-pipe. E. sṛ to go, causal form, ani Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaraṇi (शरणि).— (akin to śri), f. 1. A row, a line. 2. A road, a path.

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Saraṇi (सरणि).—saraṇī, i. e. sṛ + ana + ī, f. 1. A path, a road. 2. A straight or continuous line. 3. A disease of the throat. Cf. the last.

Saraṇi can also be spelled as Saraṇī (सरणी).

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Sāraṇi (सारणि).—sāraṇī i. e. sṛ + ana + ī, f. A canal, a water-condult.

Sāraṇi can also be spelled as Sāraṇī (सारणी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaraṇi (शरणि).—[feminine] obstinacy, pertinacity.

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Saraṇi (सरणि).—[feminine] way, path.

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Sāraṇi (सारणि).—[feminine] small river, channel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Sāraṇī (सारणी) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—jy. NW. 554.
—and Koṣṭhaka by Dhaneśvara Daivajña. B. 4, 206.

2) Sāraṇī (सारणी):—jy. by Mahādevarṣi. P. 14.
—[commentary] by Dhanarāja. B. 4, 172. P. 14.
—[commentary] by Bhuvanarājagaṇīndraśiṣya. Kh. 78.

3) Sāraṇī (सारणी):—jy. by Lakṣmīpati. NW. 550.

4) Sāraṇi (सारणि):—astron. L.. 984. See Dhanaṃkarī Sāraṇī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaraṇi (शरणि):—[from śara] 1. śaraṇi f. (for 2. See under 2. śaraṇa) refractoriness, obstinacy, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] (others ‘hurt, injury, offence’).

2) [from śaraṇa] 2. śaraṇi See saraṇi, ṇī.

3) Śaraṇī (शरणी):—[from śaraṇa] a See saraṇi, ṇī.

4) [v.s. ...] b in [compound] for śaraṇa.

5) Saraṇi (सरणि):—[from sara] f. a road, path, way (also ṇī), [Bhartṛhari; Daśakumāra-carita]

6) [v.s. ...] a strait or continuous line, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a disease of the throat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Sāraṇī (सारणी):—[from sāraṇa > sāra] a f. See below

9) Sāraṇi (सारणि):—[from sāra] f. a stream, channel, water-pipe, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

10) Sāraṇī (सारणी):—[from sāra] b f. = sāraṇi, a stream, [Bālarāmāyaṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] Paederia Foetida, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] a poem consisting only of verses, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of [work]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaraṇi (शरणि):—[(ṇiḥ-ṇī)] 2. 3. m. f. A road, path, way.

2) Saraṇi (सरणि):—[(ṇiḥ-ṇī)] 2. 3. f. A road; a continuous line; disease of the throat.

3) Sāraṇi (सारणि):—(ṇiḥ) 2. f. Same as sāraṇī.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saraṇi (सरणि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Saraṇi, Sāraṇi, Sāraṇī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sarani in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Saraṇi (सरणि):—(nf) a channel; [baddha] channelized.

2) Sāraṇī (सारणी) [Also spelled sarni]:—(nf) a table; schedule; ~[karaṇa] tabulation; ~[kāra] a tabulator; ~[kṛta] tabulised; —, [samaya] time table; ~[baddha] tabular; ~[yana] tabulation.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Saraṇi (सरणि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saraṇi.

2) Sāraṇi (सारणि) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Sāraṇi.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saraṇi (ಸರಣಿ):—

1) [noun] a path, course or way.

2) [noun] a method, way or manner in which something is done or to be done.

3) [noun] manner or mode of expression in language, as distinct from the ideas expressed; style.

4) [noun] an uninterrupted, continuous line or row.

5) [noun] a group or number of similar or related things arranged in a row; a series.

6) [noun] a group or number of related or similar persons, things or events coming one after another; sequence; succession; a series.

7) [noun] a number of things produced as a related group; a set, as of books or television programmes, related in subject, format, etc. or dealing with the same characters; a serial.

8) [noun] a number of games played between two teams, usu. at different places; a series.

9) [noun] a particular type of throat disease.

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Sāraṇi (ಸಾರಣಿ):—

1) [noun] = ಸಾರಣ [sarana]3 - 2.

2) [noun] a plastering of a wall.

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Sāraṇi (ಸಾರಣಿ):—

1) [noun] the bed of a running stream; a water passage; a channel.

2) [noun] the plant Paedaria scandens ( = P. foetida) of Rubiaceae family.

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Sāraṇi (ಸಾರಣಿ):—[noun] the one-humped camel, Camelus dromedarius.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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