Ugragandha, Ugragandhā, Ugra-gandha, Ugragamdha: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Ugragandha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Ugragandha in Ayurveda glossary

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Ugragandhā (उग्रगन्धा) is another name for Ajagandhā, a medicinal plant, possibly identified with Gynandropsis gynendra Linn., a synonym of Cleome gynandra or “shona cabbage” from the Cleomaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.177-178 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Ugragandhā and Ajagandhā, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Ugragandhā (उग्रगन्धा) is also identified with Yavānī, a medicinal plant identified with Trachyspermum ammi Linn. or “ajwain” from the Apiaceae or “celery” family of flowering plants, according to verse 6.38-40.—The sixth chapter (pippalyādi-varga) of this book enumerates ninety-five varieties of plants obtained from the market (paṇyauṣadhi). Together with the names Ugragandhā and Yavānī, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Ugragandha (उग्रगन्ध) is another name (synonym) for Hiṅgu, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Ferula assa-foetida (asafoetida). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 6.72-75), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

2) Ugragandhā (उग्रगन्धा) is another name (synonym) for Bastagandhā, which is the Sanskrit word for Ocimum gratissimum (clove basil), a plant from the Lamiaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu, which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Ugragandha in Biology glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Ugragandha [उग्रगन्ध] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Hymenodictyon orixense (Roxb.) Mabb. from the Rubiaceae (Coffee) family having the following synonyms: Hymenodictyon excelsum, Cinchona excelsa. For the possible medicinal usage of ugragandha, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Ugragandha in India is the name of a plant defined with Acorus calamus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Acorus americanus Raf. (among others).

2) Ugragandha is also identified with Allium sativum It has the synonym Porrum ophioscorodon (Link) Rchb. (etc.).

3) Ugragandha is also identified with Bidens pilosa It has the synonym Centipeda minuta (G. Forst.) C.B. Clarke (etc.).

4) Ugragandha is also identified with Carum copticum It has the synonym Carum copticum Benth. & Hook.f. (etc.).

5) Ugragandha is also identified with Centipeda minima It has the synonym Cotula orbicularis Lour. (etc.).

6) Ugragandha is also identified with Hymenodictyon orixense It has the synonym Exostema philippicum Roem. & Schult. (etc.).

7) Ugragandha is also identified with Michelia champaca It has the synonym Sampacca suaveolens Kuntze (etc.).

8) Ugragandha is also identified with Ocimum americanum It has the synonym Ocimum dichotomum Hochst. ex Benth. (etc.).

9) Ugragandha is also identified with Ocimum basilicum It has the synonym Plectranthus barrelieri (Roth) Spreng. (etc.).

10) Ugragandha is also identified with Trachyspermum ammi It has the synonym Carum copticum (L.) Benth. & Hook. f. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Histoire Naturelle des Îles Canaries (1844)
· Leaves of Grass (1860)
· Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany (1962)
· Plantae Asiaticae Rariores, or ‘Descriptions and figures of a select number of unpublished East Indian plants’ (Wallich) (1831)
· Fl. Indo-Chine (1922)
· Hum. Exp. Toxicol. (2006)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Ugragandha, for example pregnancy safety, side effects, health benefits, diet and recipes, chemical composition, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ugragandha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ugragandha (उग्रगंध).—a (S) Strong-smelling.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ugragandha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ugragandha (उग्रगन्ध).—a. strongsmelling. (-ndhaḥ) 1 the Cahmpaka tree.

2) Name of other trees also; कटुफल, अर्जकवृक्ष (kaṭuphala, arjakavṛkṣa).

3) garlic. (-ndhā) 1 Orris root.

2) a medicinal plant.

3) Name of various plants; यवानी, वचा, अजमोदा (yavānī, vacā, ajamodā).

-ndham Asafœtida.

Ugragandha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ugra and gandha (गन्ध).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ugragandha (उग्रगन्ध).—mfn.

(-ndhaḥ-ndhā-ndhaṃ) Strong smelling. m.

(-ndhaḥ) 1. A plant, (Michelia champaca.) 2. Garlic. n.

(-ndhaṃ) Asafœtida. f.

(-ndhā) 1. Common carraway, (Carum carui, &c.) see ajamodā. 2. Orris root. 3. A medicinal plant. E. ugra violent, &c. and gandha scent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ugragandha (उग्रगन्ध):—[=ugra-gandha] [from ugra] mfn. strong-smelling

2) [v.s. ...] m. the plant Michelia Champaca

3) [v.s. ...] garlic

4) Ugragandhā (उग्रगन्धा):—[=ugra-gandhā] [from ugra-gandha > ugra] f. orris root

5) [v.s. ...] a medicinal plant

6) [v.s. ...] Artemisia Sternutatoria

7) [v.s. ...] Pimpinella Involucrata

8) [v.s. ...] the common caraway (Carum Carui etc.)

9) [v.s. ...] Ligusticum Ajowan

10) Ugragandha (उग्रगन्ध):—[=ugra-gandha] [from ugra] n. Asa Foetida, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ugragandha (उग्रगन्ध):—[ugra-gandha] (ndhaḥ) 1. m. A plant, (Michelia champaca.) (ndhā) 1. f. Common carroway. a. Strong-scented.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ugragandha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ugragandha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ugragaṃdha (ಉಗ್ರಗಂಧ):—

1) [noun] that which has a very pungent smell.

2) [noun] a bulbous herb (Allium sativum) of the lily family; garlic.

3) [noun] the marsh plant, Acorus calamus of Araceae family; sweet flag.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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