Ugragandha, Ugragandhā, Ugra-gandha: 9 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ugragandha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Ugragandha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Ugragandha (उग्रगन्ध) is another name (synonym) for Hiṅgu, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Ferula assa-foetida (asafoetida). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 6.72-75), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

2) Ugragandhā (उग्रगन्धा) is another name (synonym) for Bastagandhā, which is the Sanskrit word for Ocimum gratissimum (clove basil), a plant from the Lamiaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu, which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Ugragandhā (उग्रगन्धा) is another name for Ajagandhā, a medicinal plant, possibly identified with Gynandropsis gynendra Linn., a synonym of Cleome gynandra or “shona cabbage” from the Cleomaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.177-178 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Ugragandhā and Ajagandhā, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ugragandha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ugragandha (उग्रगंध).—a (S) Strong-smelling.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ugragandha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ugragandha (उग्रगन्ध).—a. strongsmelling. (-ndhaḥ) 1 the Cahmpaka tree.

2) Name of other trees also; कटुफल, अर्जकवृक्ष (kaṭuphala, arjakavṛkṣa).

3) garlic. (-ndhā) 1 Orris root.

2) a medicinal plant.

3) Name of various plants; यवानी, वचा, अजमोदा (yavānī, vacā, ajamodā).

-ndham Asafœtida.

Ugragandha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ugra and gandha (गन्ध).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ugragandha (उग्रगन्ध).—mfn.

(-ndhaḥ-ndhā-ndhaṃ) Strong smelling. m.

(-ndhaḥ) 1. A plant, (Michelia champaca.) 2. Garlic. n.

(-ndhaṃ) Asafœtida. f.

(-ndhā) 1. Common carraway, (Carum carui, &c.) see ajamodā. 2. Orris root. 3. A medicinal plant. E. ugra violent, &c. and gandha scent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ugragandha (उग्रगन्ध):—[=ugra-gandha] [from ugra] mfn. strong-smelling

2) [v.s. ...] m. the plant Michelia Champaca

3) [v.s. ...] garlic

4) Ugragandhā (उग्रगन्धा):—[=ugra-gandhā] [from ugra-gandha > ugra] f. orris root

5) [v.s. ...] a medicinal plant

6) [v.s. ...] Artemisia Sternutatoria

7) [v.s. ...] Pimpinella Involucrata

8) [v.s. ...] the common caraway (Carum Carui etc.)

9) [v.s. ...] Ligusticum Ajowan

10) Ugragandha (उग्रगन्ध):—[=ugra-gandha] [from ugra] n. Asa Foetida, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ugragandha (उग्रगन्ध):—[ugra-gandha] (ndhaḥ) 1. m. A plant, (Michelia champaca.) (ndhā) 1. f. Common carroway. a. Strong-scented.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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