Sanghata, Saṅghāṭa, Saṅghāta: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sanghata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A Niraya. It is so called because massive rocks of heated iron meet and crush the victims. J.v.256, 270.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Saṅghāta (सङ्घात) refers to the “crushing hell” and represents one of the “eight hot hells” (uṣṇa-naraka) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 121). It can also be spelled as Saṃghāta. The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., saṅghāta). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Saṅghāta (सङ्घात), also spelled Saṃghāta, refers to “interfusion karma” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by interfusion (saṅghāta) body-making (nāma) karma? The karmas rise of which causes attainment of close interpenetration (without any intervening spaces) of the space points of the body is the body-making karma of molecular interfusion.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Saṅghāṭa or Saṅghāṭā.—(Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXIII, p. 248), cf. pāda-saṅghāṭa or pāda-saṅghāṭā, ‘a pair of feet (i. e. foot-marks)’. Note: saṅghāṭa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sanghata in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

saṅghāta : (m.) knocking together; snapping (of fingers); accumulation. || saṅghāta (m.) junction; union; a raft.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Saṅghāṭa, (fr. saṃ+ghaṭeti, lit. “binding together”; on etym. see Kern, Toev. II. 68) 1. a raft J. II, 20, 332 (nāvā°); III, 362 (id.), 371. Miln. 376. dāru° (=nāvā°) J. V, 194, 195.—2. junction, union VvA. 233.—3. collection, aggregate J. IV, 15 (upāhana°); Th. 1, 519 (papañca°). frequent as aṭṭhi° (cp. saṅkhalā etc.) a string of bones, i.e. a skeleton Th. 1, 570; DhA. III, 112; J. V, 256.—4. a weft, tangle, mass (almost=“robe, ” i.e. saṅghāṭī), in taṇhā°-paṭimukka M. I, 271; vāda°-paṭimukka M. I, 383 (Neumann “defeat”); diṭṭhi°-paṭimukka Miln. 390. ‹-› 5. a post, in piṭṭha° door-post, lintel Vin. II, 120. (Page 667)

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Saṅghāta, (saṃ+ghāta) 1. striking, killing, murder Vin. I, 137; D. I, 141; II, 354; M. I, 78; A. II, 42 sq.—2. knocking together (cp. saṅghaṭṭeti), snapping of the fingers (acchara°) A. I, 34, 38; J. VI, 64.—3. accumulation, aggregate, multitude PvA. 206 (aṭṭhi° mass of bones, for the usual °saṅghāṭa); Nett 28.—4. N. of one of the 8 principle purgatories J. V, 266, 270. (Page 667)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṅghāta (संघात).—m S Assembly or assemblage; multitude or heap; a collection together (of things animate or inanimate). 2 A division of the infernal regions.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṅghāta (संघात).—m Assembly or assemblage, a multitude or heap.

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saṅghaṭa (संघट).—a Whole. Continuous. Straight.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅghaṭa (सङ्घट).—mfn.

(-ṭaḥ-ṭā-ṭaṃ) 1. Narrow, contracted. 2. Crowded. 3. Impassable, impervious. n.

(-ṭaṃ) 1. Difficulty, trouble. 2. A defile, a pass. E. sam before kaṭac aff.

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Saṅghāta (सङ्घात).—m.

(-taḥ) 1. Assemblage, multitude, heap, quantity. 2. Association, combination. 3. Composition of words, formation of compound terms. 4. Killing, striking, hurting. 5. Phlegm. 6. A particular mode of walking in dramatic representation. 7. A division of Tartarus. E. sam before han to strike or kill, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅghāta (सङ्घात):—[sa-ṅghāta] (taḥ) 1. m. Collision, combination, assemblage; division of Tartarus; killing; phlegm; formation of compound words; mode of walking.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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