Galava, Gālava: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Galava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Gālava (गालव).—A celebrated sage. Birth. He was a son of Viśvāmitra. He was a brahmavādī. (Śloka 52, Chapter 4, Anuśāsana Parva. (See full article at Story of Gālava from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Gālava (गालव).—A sage of the VIIIth manvantara, a sage of Sāvarṇi epoch; a Bhārgava gotrakara and a pravara sage.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 15. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66-72; IV. 1. 10. Matsya-purāṇa 9. 32; 195. 22; 196. 31. Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 17.

1b) A sage who came to see Kṛṣṇa at Syamantapañcaka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 84. 4.

1c) A Vājin.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 25.

1d) A Kauśika;1 a son of Viśvāmitra, whose wife took him on her neck (gale baddha) to sell him for 100 cows. Satyavrata (Satyavrata Triśanku, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) released him and undertook to feed both of them so as to earn the gratitude and grace of Viśvāmitra.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 10.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 89; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 90.

1e) Of Kauśika gotra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 100.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Gālava (गालव) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIII.4.51, XIII.4) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Gālava) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Gālava (गालव).—An ancient grammarian and niruktakara quoted by Panini; cf. P. VI 3.60, VII. I.74, VII. 3,99, VIII. 4.67, cf. also Nir. IV. 3.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Gālava (गालव) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gālava (गालव).—

1) The Lodhra tree.

2) A kind of ebony.

3) Name of a sage, a pupil of Viśvāmitra (said in Hariv. to be his son).

Derivable forms: gālavaḥ (गालवः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gālava (गालव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. A tree, the bark of which is used in dying, Lod'h, (Symplocus recemosa, Rox.) 2. A pale species of the same: see lodhra. 3. A kind of ebony; also kenduka, (Diospyros glutinosa.) 4. A particular Muni or saint, a disciple of Viswamitra. E. gāla flux, and va what prevents; referring to the astringent qualities of the Lod'h.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gālava (गालव).—m. The name of a saint, Mahābhārata 1, 331.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gālava (गालव).—[masculine] [Name] of an ancient teacher; [plural] his descendants.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Gālava (गालव) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—grammarian. Quoted by Yāska 4, 3; by Pāṇini 6, 3, 61. 7, 1, 74. 3, 99. 8, 4, 67.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gālava (गालव):—m. Symplocos racemosa (the bark of which is used in dyeing) or a pale species of the same, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) a kind of ebony, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Name of an old sage and preceptor (son [Harivaṃśa] or pupil [Mahābhārata] of Viśvā-mitra), [Bṛhad-āraṇyaka-upaniṣad; Vāyu-purāṇa] ([varia lectio] gol)

4) (a grammarian), [Nirukta, by Yāska iv, 3 and; Pāṇini]

5) (author of a Dharma-śāstra, [Horace H. Wilson])

6) m. [plural] ([i, 1, 44], [vArttika] 17, [Patañjali]) the descendants of Gālava, [Pravara texts i, 1; iv, 1; Harivaṃśa 1467]

7) m. Name of a school of the [Sāma-veda]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gālava (गालव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. A tree the bark of which is used in dying (Symplocus racemosa); a sage.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Gālava (गालव):—m.

1) Name eines Baumes, Symplocos racemosa Roxb., [Amarakoṣa 2, 4.2, 13.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 414.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1159.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 699.] [Medinīkoṣa v. 37.] eine weissblühende Species (śvetalodhra) [SVĀMIN] zu [Amarakoṣa im Śabdakalpadruma] eine Art Ebenholz (kenduka) [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma] —

2) Nomen proprium eines alten Weisen und Lehrers, nach dem Hariv. ein Sohn, nach dem [Mahābhārata] ein Schüler Viśvāmitra’s, [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad 2, 6, 3. 4, 6, 3.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 273.] Grammatiker [Yāska’s Nirukta 4, 3.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 3, 61. 7, 1, 74. 3, 99. 8, 4, 67. -] [Mahābhārata 1, 331. 2, 110. 292. 3, 8263. 5, 3720. fgg.] [9, 2992. 12, 10555. fgg.] [13, 251. 1349. fgg.] [Harivaṃśa 454.] sakhā sa gālavo yasya (brahmadattasya) yogācāryo mahāyaśāḥ . śikṣāmutpādya tapasā kramo yena pravartitaḥ .. [1049. 1462. 1769.] [Śākuntala 112, 14] (Schüler Kaśyapa’s). [Vikramorvaśī 35, 2] (Schüler Bharata's). [Viṣṇupurāṇa 281,] [Nalopākhyāna 5.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 13, 15.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 20, 42.] pl. seine Nachkommen [Harivaṃśa 1467.]

--- OR ---

Gālava (गालव):—

2) [?Z. 3 Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 273] m. pl. als Name einer Schule.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Gālava (गालव):—m.

1) *Symplocos racemosa oder eine andere weisse Species.

2) *eine Art Ebenholz.

3) Nomen proprium eines alten Lehrers. Pl. sein Geschlecht.

4) Pl. eine best. Schule.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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