Draksha, aka: Drākṣā; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Draksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Drākṣā can be transliterated into English as Draksa or Draksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Drākṣā (द्राक्षा) is a Sanskrit word referring to Vitis vinifera, a species of vine from the Vitaceae (or, Vitidaceae) family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. In English, it is known as “common grape vine”. The plant is identified as a liana growing up to 32 meters in height, and has a flaky bark. The leaves are alternate, palmately lobed, 5–20 cm in length and breadth. The fruit is a berry, known as a grape. The species typically occurs in humid forests and streamsides.

This plant (Drākṣā) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known by the synonym Mṛdvīkā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Drākṣā (द्राक्षा):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Draksha in Purana glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Drākṣā (द्राक्षा) refers to “grapes”, forming part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Grapes are referred to as a relishable food and as gift for the gods and the Brāhmaṇas. A festival in honour of Śyāmā—personified vine-creeper—is also mentioned (verse 797 ff). The term Mṛdvīkā denotes partially dried grapes (verse 416). The abundance of grapes in Kaśmīra is proved by the statements of Bilhaṇa, Kalhaṇa and Varāhamihira.

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Sanskrit for 'grapes', 'raisins' or 'vines'.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Draksha in Jainism glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Drākṣa (द्राक्ष) refers to the “grapes”: a type of fruit (phala), according to Jain canonical texts (eg., the Jñātādharmakathāṅga-sūtra from the 3rd century B.C.). It can also be spelled Drākṣā and is also known as Kākati. Various kinds of fruits were grown and consumed by the people in ancient India. Fruits were also dried up for preservation. Koṭṭaka was a place for this operation. Besides being grown in orchards, fruits were gathered from jungles and were carried to cities for sales.

The Jain canonical texts frequently mention different horticulture products viz. fruits (eg., Drākṣa fruit), vegetables and flowers which depict that horticulture was a popular pursuit of the people at that time. Gardens and parks (ārāma, ujjāṇa or nijjāṇa) were full of fruits and flowers of various kinds which besides yielding their products provided a calm and quiet place where people could enjoy the natural surroundings.

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Draksha in Marathi glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

drākṣa (द्राक्ष) [or द्रांक्ष, drāṅkṣa].—and vulgar drākha f (drākṣā S) The vine, Vitis vinifera. 2 n The fruit, grapes or a grape.

--- OR ---

drākṣā (द्राक्षा).—f (S) The vine, Vitis vinifera. 2 Grapes or a grape.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

drākṣa (द्राक्ष).—f The vine. n A grape.

--- OR ---

drākṣā (द्राक्षा).—f The vine.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Drākṣā (द्राक्षा).—Vine, grape (the creeper or the fruit); द्राक्षे द्रक्ष्यन्ति के त्वाम् (drākṣe drakṣyanti ke tvām) Gīt. 12; R.4.65; Bv.1.14;4.39. मधुक्षीरद्राक्षामधुमधुरिमा कैरपि पदेर्विशिष्यावाख्येयो भवति रसनामात्र- विषयः (madhukṣīradrākṣāmadhumadhurimā kairapi paderviśiṣyāvākhyeyo bhavati rasanāmātra- viṣayaḥ) Ānandalaharī

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 30 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Draksharasa
Drākṣārasa (द्राक्षारस).—grape-juice, wine. Derivable forms: drākṣārasaḥ (द्राक्षारसः).Drākṣāra...
Drakshasava
Drākṣāsava (द्राक्षासव).—a spiritious liquor drawn from vine. Derivable forms: drākṣāsavaḥ (द्र...
Draksharishta
Drākṣāriṣṭa (द्राक्षारिष्ट).—a particular beverage (in medicine).Derivable forms: drākṣāriṣṭaḥ ...
Kapiladraksha
Kapiladrākṣā (कपिलद्राक्षा).—A vine with brown grapes. Kapiladrākṣā is a Sanskrit compound cons...
Drakshottha
Drākṣottha (द्राक्षोत्थ).—a spiritious liquor drawn from vine. Derivable forms: drākṣottham (द्...
Drakshaghrita
Drākṣāghṛta (द्राक्षाघृत).—Name of a particular medicinal ghee. Derivable forms: drākṣāghṛtam (...
Drakshalatika
Drākṣālatikā (द्राक्षालतिका).—(would be expected to mean grape- vine-creeper, but actually mean...
Asava
Asava (असव).—Asus of the right ascension or the time in the asus of rising at the equator. Note...
Vama
Vama (वम).—mf. (-maḥ-mī) Vomiting. E. vam to vomit, aff. ac; also vamana and vami .--- OR --- V...
Stambha
Stambha.—(BL), a tower. (LL), a pillar. Cf. skambha. (IE 8-6; EI 3), same as Kannaḍa kamma, kam...
Pana
Pana (पन).—(?) , indecl. (= Pali pana, Sanskrit punar), but: acc. to Senart's em. in Mv i.188.1...
Laghu
Laghu (लघु).—mfn. (-ghuḥ-ghuḥ or ghvī-ghu) 1. Light, not heavy. 2. Swift, quick. 3. Sapless, pi...
Sharkara
Śarkarā (शर्करा).—f. (-rā) 1. A potsherd, the fragrant of a broken pot. 2. A stony nodule, or g...
Mahaushadhi
Mahauṣadhī (महौषधी) is another name for Śvetakaṇṭakārī, a medicinal plant related to Kaṇṭakārī,...
Kanthya
Kaṇṭhya (कण्ठ्य).—mfn. (-ṇṭhyaḥ-ṇṭhyā-ṇṭhyaṃ) Guttural, belonging to the throat, pronounced fro...

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