Jivanti, Jīvantī, Jīvanti: 9 definitions

Introduction

Jivanti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Jīvantī (जीवन्ती) is a Sanskrit word referring Leptadenia reticulata (cork swallow wort), a plant species in the Apocynaceae family. Certain plant parts of Jīvantī are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. It is also known by the name Jīvantiśāka.

2) Jivanti (जिवन्ति):—One of the seven varieties of Harītakī (‘yellow myrobalan tree’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is a yellow-colored fruit and is useful in the treatment of all diseases. It is available throughout the Saurashtra region of Gujarath.

3) Jīvantī (जीवन्ती) is a Sanskrit word referring to Holostemma ada-kodien (holostemma creeper ), a plant species from the Apocynaceae family (previously Asclepiadaceae), and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The plant is native to Asia. The word Jīvantī is derived from Jīvanta, literally translating to “long-lived”.

4) Jīvantī (जीवन्ती) is another name for Hemajīvantī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Dregea volubilis (sneeze wort). It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 6.183), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Jīvantī (जीवन्ती) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Leptadenia reticulata (cork swallow-wort) from the Apocynaceae, or “dogbane family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.37-39 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Jīvantī is commonly known in Hindi as Jīvantī and Dodhī; in Marathi and Gujurati as Doḍī; in Telugu as Pālaṭige; and in Tamil as Pālakuḍaī;

Jīvantī is mentioned as having eighteen synonyms: Jīvanī, Jīvanīyā, Jīvā, Jīvyā, Jīvadā, Jīvadātrī, Śākaśreṣṭhā, Jīvabhadrā, Bhadrā, Maṅgalyā, Kṣudrajīvā, Yaśasyā, Śṛṅgāṭī, Jīvapṛṣṭhā, Kāñjikā, Śaśaśimbikā and Supiṅgalā.

Properties and characteristics: “Jīvantī is sweet and cold and increases kapha and semen. It alleviates vāta and quells rakta-pitta (bleeding disorders i.e. epistaxis or any other spontaneous bleeding by mouth and nose), tuberculosis, burning sensations and fevers”.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Jivantī (जिवन्ती) refers to a type of vegetable, according to the Suśrutasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 46.334, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Suśruta refers to the vegetable flowers, leaves, fruits, stems and bulbs. Of the pot herbs satīna, vāstuka, cuñcu, cilli, green radish, maṇḍūkaparṇī and jivantī were regarded the best.

According to Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya Sūtrasthāna VIII.42-43 (also Aṣṭāṅgasaṅgraha Sūtrasthāna VII.134), paṭola, kūṣmāṇḍa, suniṣaṇṇaka, jīvanti, unripe radish and vāstuka are good vegetables.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Evaluation of Cyavanaprāśa on Health and Immunity related Parameters in Healthy Children

Jīvantī (जीवन्ती) refers to the medicinal plant known as Leptadenia reticulata, Pl., and is used in the Ayurvedic formulation known as Cyavanaprāśa: an Ayurvedic health product that helps in boosting immunity.—Cyavanaprāśa has been found to be effective as an immunity booster, vitalizer and a preventer of day to day infections and allergies such as common cold and cough etc. It is a classical Ayurvedic formulation comprising ingredients such as Jīvantī. [...] Cyavanaprāśa can be consumed in all seasons as it contains weather friendly ingredients which nullify unpleasant effects due to extreme environmental and climatic conditions.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Jīvantī (जीवन्ती) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Holostemma ada-kodien Schultes” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning jīvantī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Jīvanti (जीवन्ति).—A Bhārgava gotrakara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 18.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Jīvantī (जीवन्ती) is the name of a plant, part of which is considered a vegetable fit for use in oblation offerings, according to verse 25.128b-134 of the 8th-century Īśvarasaṃhitā. Accordingly, “... they [eg., Jīvantī] are to be cut with a knife or sickle uttering vīryanantra, shall notice the (presence of the worms), insects and wash them (vegetables) many times, with water. They are to be kept as before, in cooking vessels, either alone or mixed up with each other with salt, pepper, mustards, jīraka, leaves of śrīparṇī, water, waters of the coconut, their fruits and grinded with honey mixed up with ghee, together with pulses, black gram, neem and varieties of green gram with soups. Kinds of green gram and others without soup but with salt and others”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jīvantī (जीवन्ती).—f.

1) A species of plant.

2) A kind of sweet dish; कृसरेणाथ जीवन्त्या हविष्येण च सर्वशः (kṛsareṇātha jīvantyā haviṣyeṇa ca sarvaśaḥ) Mb.2.4.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvantī (जीवन्ती).—i. e. jīvant, ptcple. pres. of jīv, + a + ī, f. A vegetable and medicinal plant, Mahābhārata 2, 98.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jīvantī (जीवन्ती):—[from jīvanta > jīv] f. Name of an asterism, [Mānava-gṛhya-sūtra i, 14]

2) [v.s. ...] of a medicinal and edible plant, [Atharva-veda viii, 2, 6 and 7, 6; Mahābhārata ii, 98; Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] Cocculus cordifolius, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Prosopis spicigera or Mimosa Suma, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] = va-priyā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a parasitical plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] = ḍoḍī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Jīvanti (जीवन्ति):—[from jīv] m. Name of a man and ([plural]) his descendants, [Pravara texts i, 1]

9) [v.s. ...] also in [compound] for .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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