Jivanti, Jīvantī, Jīvanti, Jivamti: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Jivanti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Jīvantī (जीवन्ती) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Leptadenia reticulata (cork swallow-wort) from the Apocynaceae, or “dogbane family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.37-39 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Jīvantī is commonly known in Hindi as Jīvantī and Dodhī; in Marathi and Gujurati as Doḍī; in Telugu as Pālaṭige; and in Tamil as Pālakuḍaī;

Jīvantī is mentioned as having eighteen synonyms: Jīvanī, Jīvanīyā, Jīvā, Jīvyā, Jīvadā, Jīvadātrī, Śākaśreṣṭhā, Jīvabhadrā, Bhadrā, Maṅgalyā, Kṣudrajīvā, Yaśasyā, Śṛṅgāṭī, Jīvapṛṣṭhā, Kāñjikā, Śaśaśimbikā and Supiṅgalā.

Properties and characteristics: “Jīvantī is sweet and cold and increases kapha and semen. It alleviates vāta and quells rakta-pitta (bleeding disorders i.e. epistaxis or any other spontaneous bleeding by mouth and nose), tuberculosis, burning sensations and fevers”.

2) Jīvantī (जीवन्ती) is also mentioned as a synonym for Doḍī, a medicinal plant, possibly identified with Strychnos nux-vomica Linn. or “strychnine tree” from the Loganiaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.184-185. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Jīvantī and Doḍī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Jivantī (जिवन्ती) refers to a type of vegetable, according to the Suśrutasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 46.334, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Suśruta refers to the vegetable flowers, leaves, fruits, stems and bulbs. Of the pot herbs satīna, vāstuka, cuñcu, cilli, green radish, maṇḍūkaparṇī and jivantī were regarded the best.

According to Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya Sūtrasthāna VIII.42-43 (also Aṣṭāṅgasaṅgraha Sūtrasthāna VII.134), paṭola, kūṣmāṇḍa, suniṣaṇṇaka, jīvanti, unripe radish and vāstuka are good vegetables.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Evaluation of Cyavanaprāśa on Health and Immunity related Parameters in Healthy Children

Jīvantī (जीवन्ती) refers to the medicinal plant known as Leptadenia reticulata, Pl., and is used in the Ayurvedic formulation known as Cyavanaprāśa: an Ayurvedic health product that helps in boosting immunity.—Cyavanaprāśa has been found to be effective as an immunity booster, vitalizer and a preventer of day to day infections and allergies such as common cold and cough etc. It is a classical Ayurvedic formulation comprising ingredients such as Jīvantī. [...] Cyavanaprāśa can be consumed in all seasons as it contains weather friendly ingredients which nullify unpleasant effects due to extreme environmental and climatic conditions.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Jīvantī (जीवन्ती) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Holostemma ada-kodien Schultes” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning jīvantī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Jīvantī (जीवन्ती) is the name of an ingredient used in the treatment of Rājilā-snake-bites, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—The tenth Adhyāya prescribes antidotes for Rājilā snake venom.—According to the Kāśyapasaṃhitā verse X.33b-38a: “[...] Śūlī, Dark ulasī, Jīvantī, kuṣṭhā, Cinnamon, Lakṣmaṇa, Maṇḍūkī, Sūtavārtākī and Paṭola can be given as side dish. These along with clove and Horsegram, Śigru and Neem totally destroy poison. Bovine milk, butter-milk, ghee and Buffalo-curd and buttermilk and ghee also are highly recommended in the Agada treatment. Trikaṭu must be consumed after food”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Jīvantī (जीवन्ती) is a Sanskrit word referring Leptadenia reticulata (cork swallow wort), a plant species in the Apocynaceae family. Certain plant parts of Jīvantī are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. It is also known by the name Jīvantiśāka.

2) Jivanti (जिवन्ति):—One of the seven varieties of Harītakī (‘yellow myrobalan tree’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is a yellow-colored fruit and is useful in the treatment of all diseases. It is available throughout the Saurashtra region of Gujarath.

3) Jīvantī (जीवन्ती) is a Sanskrit word referring to Holostemma ada-kodien (holostemma creeper ), a plant species from the Apocynaceae family (previously Asclepiadaceae), and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The plant is native to Asia. The word Jīvantī is derived from Jīvanta, literally translating to “long-lived”.

4) Jīvantī (जीवन्ती) is another name for Hemajīvantī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Dregea volubilis (sneeze wort). It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 6.183), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: Jajjaṭa’s Nirantarapadavyākhyā and Other Commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā

Jīvantī (जीवन्ती) refers to Leptadenia reticulata W. & A., and is the name of a medicinal plant mentioned in the 7th-century Nirantarapadavyākhyā by Jejjaṭa (or Jajjaṭa): one of the earliest extant and, therefore, one of the most important commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā.—(Cf. Glossary of Vegetable Drugs in Bṛhattrayī 170-171, Singh and Chunekar, 1999 ); Holostemma adakodien Schultes, a synonym of Holostemma annulare (Roxb.) K. Schumn—(Cf. Indian Medicinal Plants 3:167, Arya Vaidya Sala, 1993-96.).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Jīvanti (जीवन्ति).—A Bhārgava gotrakara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 18.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Jīvantī (जीवन्ती) is the name of a plant, part of which is considered a vegetable fit for use in oblation offerings, according to verse 25.128b-134 of the 8th-century Īśvarasaṃhitā. Accordingly, “... they [eg., Jīvantī] are to be cut with a knife or sickle uttering vīryanantra, shall notice the (presence of the worms), insects and wash them (vegetables) many times, with water. They are to be kept as before, in cooking vessels, either alone or mixed up with each other with salt, pepper, mustards, jīraka, leaves of śrīparṇī, water, waters of the coconut, their fruits and grinded with honey mixed up with ghee, together with pulses, black gram, neem and varieties of green gram with soups. Kinds of green gram and others without soup but with salt and others”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Jivanti [जीवन्ती] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Leptadenia reticulata (Retz.) Wight & Arn. from the Apocynaceae (Oleander) family having the following synonyms: Cynanchum reticulatum. For the possible medicinal usage of jivanti, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Jivanti [जीवन्ती] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Tinospora cordifolia from the Menispermaceae (Moonseed) family.

Jivanti [जीवन्ती] in the Sanskrit language, ibid. previous identification.

Jivanti [جيونتي] in the Urdu language, ibid. previous identification.

Jivanti [जीवन्ती] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Holostemma ada-kodien Schult. from the Apocynaceae (Oleander) family having the following synonyms: Holostemma annulare.

Jivanti in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Trema orientale (L.) Blume from the Cannabaceae (Marijuana) family having the following synonyms: Trema grevei, Trema rigidum, Sponia rigida.

Jivanti [जीवन्ती] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Leptadenia pyrotechnica (Forsk.) Decne. from the Apocynaceae (Oleander) family having the following synonyms: Leptadenia gracilis, Leptadenia spartium.

Jivanti [जीवन्ती] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Marsdenia volubilis (L. fil.) Cooke from the Apocynaceae (Oleander) family having the following synonyms: Asclepias volubilis, Dregea volubilis, Wattakaka volubilis.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Jivanti in India is the name of a plant defined with Flickingeria fimbriata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Callista macraei (Lindl.) Kuntze (among others).

2) Jivanti is also identified with Flickingeria macraei It has the synonym Dendrobium macraei Lindl. (etc.).

3) Jivanti is also identified with Holostemma ada-kodien It has the synonym Asclepias annularis Roxburgh (etc.).

4) Jivanti is also identified with Leptadenia pyrotechnica It has the synonym Microloma pyrotechnicum (Forssk.) Spreng. (etc.).

5) Jivanti is also identified with Leptadenia reticulata It has the synonym Cynanchum reticulatum Retz. (etc.).

6) Jivanti is also identified with Sarcostemma intermedium.

7) Jivanti is also identified with Terminalia chebula It has the synonym Myrobalanus chebula Gaertn. (etc.).

8) Jivanti is also identified with Trema orientalis It has the synonym Sponia velutina Planch. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Bull. Univ. Mus. Univ. Tokyo (1971)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Pl. Ut. Afr. Portug. (1884)
· Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Udgivet af Dansk Botanisk Forening (1980)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1985)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1990)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Jivanti, for example side effects, diet and recipes, chemical composition, health benefits, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jīvantī (जीवन्ती).—f.

1) A species of plant.

2) A kind of sweet dish; कृसरेणाथ जीवन्त्या हविष्येण च सर्वशः (kṛsareṇātha jīvantyā haviṣyeṇa ca sarvaśaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 2.4.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvantī (जीवन्ती).—i. e. jīvant, ptcple. pres. of jīv, + a + ī, f. A vegetable and medicinal plant, Mahābhārata 2, 98.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jīvantī (जीवन्ती):—[from jīvanta > jīv] f. Name of an asterism, [Mānava-gṛhya-sūtra i, 14]

2) [v.s. ...] of a medicinal and edible plant, [Atharva-veda viii, 2, 6 and 7, 6; Mahābhārata ii, 98; Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] Cocculus cordifolius, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Prosopis spicigera or Mimosa Suma, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] = va-priyā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a parasitical plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] = ḍoḍī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Jīvanti (जीवन्ति):—[from jīv] m. Name of a man and ([plural]) his descendants, [Pravara texts i, 1]

9) [v.s. ...] also in [compound] for .

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jīvantī (जीवन्ती) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jiaṃtī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jivanti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jīvaṃti (ಜೀವಂತಿ):—

1) [noun] the plant Coleogyne ovalis of Orchidaceae family.

2) [noun] the plant Dendrobium macraei of Orchidaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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