Karavi, Kāravī, Karavī: 12 definitions
Karavi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
1) Kāravī (कारवी):—A Sanskrit word referring to the “Caraway” plant, a species of biennial plant from the Apiaceae (carrot) family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. Its official botanical name is Carum carvi, but is commonly referred to in English as “meridian fennel” or “Persian cumin”. It is native to western Asia and Europe. The plant has finely divided, feathery leaves with thread-like divisions, growing on 20–30cm stems. It has small white or pink flowers in umbels. The fruits are crescent-shaped achenes, around 2mm long, with five pale ridges.
This plant (Kāravī) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā.
2) Kāravī (कारवी):—A Sanskrit word referring to the “Black cumin” plant, a species of annual herb from the Ranunculaceae (crowfoot) family of flowering plants. It is also known as Kṛṣṇajīrakā or Upakuñcikā. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. Its official botanical name is Nigella sativa, but is commonly referred to in English as “black-caraway” or “small fennel” among others.Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Kāravī (कारवी) is another name for Śatāhvā, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.10-13 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Also see the description of the plant Miśreyā. Together with the names Kāravī and Śatāhvā, there are a total of twenty-four Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Biology (plants and animals)
1) Karavi in India is the name of a plant defined with Anethum graveolens in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Peucedanum sowa (Roxb. ex Fleming) Kurz (among others).
2) Karavi is also identified with Apium graveolens It has the synonym Smyrnium laterale Thunb. (etc.).
3) Karavi is also identified with Cardiospermum halicacabum It has the synonym Cardiospermum halicacabum var. microcarpum (Kunth) Blume (etc.).
4) Karavi is also identified with Carum bulbocastanum It has the synonym Bunium persicum (Boiss.) Fedts..
5) Karavi is also identified with Carum carvi It has the synonym Carum rosellum Woronow (etc.).
6) Karavi is also identified with Carum copticum It has the synonym Carum copticum Benth. & Hook.f. (etc.).
7) Karavi is also identified with Lepidium sativum It has the synonym Crucifera nasturtium E.H.L. Krause (etc.).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Regnum Vegetabile, or ‘a Series of Handbooks for the Use of Plant Taxonomists and Plant Geographers’ (1993)
· Fl. Libya (1985)
· The Gardeners Dictionary (1754)
· Deutschlands Flora, Abtheilung II, Cryptogamie (1902)
· Methodus Plantas Horti Botanici (1794)
· Flora Orientalis (1888)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Karavi, for example health benefits, diet and recipes, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, side effects, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Karavī, (cp. Sk. kala-kaṇṭha cuckoo, & kalaviṅka sparrow) the Indian cuckoo J. VI, 539. (Page 196)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
kāravī (कारवी).—f A tree. See kārava.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Kāravī (कारवी).—Name of many plants. (Mar. śopa, ovā, jireṃi.)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Karavī (करवी).—f. (-vī) The leaf of the Asafœtida plant, Hingupatri: see kavarī and kāravī.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Karavī (करवी):—f. the leaf of the plant Asa Foetida, [Suśruta] (cf. karvarī, kavarī, kāvarī.)
2) Kāravī (कारवी):—f. the Asa foetida plant or its leaf (= Hiṅgu-parṇī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) Celosia cristata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) a kind of anise (Anethum Sowa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) Nigella indica, [Bhāvaprakāśa]
6) a kind of fennel, [ib.]
7) a small kind of gourd, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) Carum Carvi, [Bhāvaprakāśa]
9) Kārāvī (कारावी):—f. a small-sized house that may be taken to pieces, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Karavī (करवी):—(vī) 3. f. The leaf of the Asafoetida plant.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
1) [noun] the plant Ferula assafoetida of Apiaceae family.
2) [noun] its leaf.
3) [noun] the bad smelling gum resin obtained from that plant.
4) [noun] the plant Celosia cristata of Amaranthaceae family; cock’s comb.
5) [noun] the plant Anethum graveolens (= Peucedanum graveolens) of Apiaceae family.
6) [noun] the plant Nigella sativa (= N. indica) of Ranunculaceae family; black cumin.
7) [noun] the plant Trachyspermum ammi (= Carum copiticum) of Apiaceae family; Bishop's weed.
8) [noun] its seed.
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Kāravi (ಕಾರವಿ):—[noun] a kind of red cotton cloth.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+20): Karavi-marm, Karavidi, Karavika, Karavikabhani, Karavikirna, Karavim, Karavimukti, Karavinda, Karavindasvamin, Karavindiya, Karavinem, Karavini, Karavinka, Karavintai, Karavira, Karavirabhuja, Karavirabhusha, Karaviracarya, Karaviradama, Karavirah.
Full-text: Kharashva, Karavim, Karvara, Karavi-marm, Kariva, Kshudrakaravelli, Candrasura, Athayim, Karavinka, Karbara, Vyanta, Tvakpattra, Shatahva, Kavara.
Search found 5 books and stories containing Karavi, Kāravī, Karavī, Kārāvī, Kāravi; (plurals include: Karavis, Kāravīs, Karavīs, Kārāvīs, Kāravis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (study) (by A. Yamuna Devi)
Daily Life (1): Food and Drinks < [Chapter 3 - Social Aspects]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CCXXVII - Different names of the Ayurvedic Drugs < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
The Agni Purana (by N. Gangadharan)
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 2: Minerals (uparasa) (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 4 - Process for creation of Dhanya-abhra (paddy mica) < [Chapter I - Uparasa (1): Abhra or Abhraka (mica)]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 1: Sutrasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)