Adhvan: 11 definitions

Introduction

Adhvan means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra (shaivism)

Adhvan (अध्वन्).—The efficient agency of the divinity to create the world is conceived as adhvan, way (path), or realm. Adhvan is hexadic:

  1. kalā, aspect;
  2. tattva, the thirty-six principles of cosmic evolution;
  3. bhuvana, planes of experience totaling 224;
  4. varṇa, the fifty-one letters of the alphabet;
  5. pada, the eighty-one magical words;
  6. mantra, the eleven syllabic farmulae.

In meditational and ritual worship, adhvan is conceived as the mode of being of Śiva. The five-fold modality of kalā from transcendental to phenomenal pervades each of the other adhvans as well.

Source: IGNCA: Prakṛti Volume 3

Adhvan (अध्वन्).—The concept of adhvan is common to South Indian Śaivism, Kashmir Śaivism and Śāktism. In a distorted pattern. this concept figures in some of the Pāñcarātra texts also. Mantra, pada, varṇa, bhuvana, tattva and kalā are the six kinds of adhvan which constitute the cosmic-cum-amorphic body of Lord Śiva. In His adhvan form, Lord Śiva assumes varṇādhvan as His skin; padādhvan as His head; tattvādhvan as His heart; bhuvanādhvan as His body-hairs; mantrādhvan as His blood, semen, marrow, bone, etc. and kalādhvan as His entire limbs.

Source: academia.edu: The Yoga of the Mālinīvijayottaratantra

Adhvan (अध्वन्, “path”) refers to the “conquered levels of the ontological courses” and is dealt with in the Mālinīvijayottara.—In the Mālinīvijayottara and in the Svāyambhuvasūtrasaṃgraha there are six such paths. Which path is followed depends on the incidental Perfections sought by the Yogin. The Mālinīvijayottara terms this Perfection-based yoga the system of six lakṣyabheda; the Svāyambhuvasūtrasaṃgraha knows it as the phalabheda. But additionally, in the Mālinīvijayottara, the stages of this gradual advancement have, by assimilation to a hierarchy of seven experients, aquired an apperceptive dimension.The original ontological ascent is no longer the only, or even the primary path to Śiva.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: JSTOR: Tāntric Dīkṣā by Surya Kanta

Adhvan (अध्वन्) refers a set of six “paths” being purified during the Kriyāvatī-dīkṣā: an important Śākta ritual described Śāradātilaka-tantra, chapters III-V.—“... Looking with the divine eye he transfers the caitanya of his disciple into himself and unites it with that of his own, thereby effecting a purification of the six adhvans namely: kalā, tattva, bhavana, varṇa, pada, and mantra”.

The word adhvā means ‘path’, and when the above six adhvans are purified they lead to Brahman-experience.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Adhvan (अध्वन्) or Tryadhvan refers to the “three times” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 86):

  1. atīta-adhvan (past time),
  2. anāgata-adhvan (future time),
  3. pratyutpanna-adhvan (present time).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., adhvan). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhvan (अध्वन्).—m. [atti balaṃ; ad-kvanip dhādeśaḥ Uṇ.4.115; perhaps from at also]

1) (a) A way, road; passage, orbit (of planets &c.); मुक्ताध्वानं ये लङ्घयेयुर्भवन्तम् (muktādhvānaṃ ye laṅghayeyurbhavantam) Me.54. (b) Distance, space (traversed or to be traversed); पञ्चदशयोजनमात्रमध्वानं जगाम (pañcadaśayojanamātramadhvānaṃ jagāma) K.119,12; कियत्यध्वनि सा उज्ज- यिनी (kiyatyadhvani sā ujja- yinī) 27; Dk.13; अपि लङ्धितमध्वानं बुबुधे न बुधोपसः (api laṅdhitamadhvānaṃ bubudhe na budhopasaḥ) R.1. 47; उल्लङ्घिताध्वा (ullaṅghitādhvā) Me.45; कालाध्वनोरत्यन्तसंयोगे (kālādhvanoratyantasaṃyoge) &c. (c) Journey, travel, course, march; नैकः प्रपद्येताध्वानम् (naikaḥ prapadyetādhvānam) Ms.4.6 undertake a journey; अध्वसु त्रिषु विसृष्टमैथिलः (adhvasu triṣu visṛṣṭamaithilaḥ) R.11.57 after three marches; परिक्लान्तः किलाध्वना (pariklāntaḥ kilādhvanā) Ki.11.2 wayworn; अध्वश्रमपरिगतम् (adhvaśramaparigatam) Me.17.4; अध्वा वर्णकफस्थौल्यसौकुमा- र्यविनाशनः (adhvā varṇakaphasthaulyasaukumā- ryavināśanaḥ) Suśr.

2) A recension of the Vedas and the school upholding it (śākhā, avayava) एकविंशत्यध्वयुक्त- मृय्वेदमृषयो विदुः । सहस्राध्वा सामवेदो यजुरेकशताध्वकम् ॥ अध्वा देवगतिः शाखा इति पर्यायवाचकाः (ekaviṃśatyadhvayukta- mṛyvedamṛṣayo viduḥ | sahasrādhvā sāmavedo yajurekaśatādhvakam || adhvā devagatiḥ śākhā iti paryāyavācakāḥ) |

3) Time (Kāla), time personified, (being the eater of all) दुर्मरं पुरुषेणेह मन्ये ह्यध्वन्यनागते (durmaraṃ puruṣeṇeha manye hyadhvanyanāgate) Mb.14.8.24.

4) Air; sky, atmosphere.

5) Place. प्रस्थितं दीर्घमध्वानं स्वबन्धुमिव बान्धवाः (prasthitaṃ dīrghamadhvānaṃ svabandhumiva bāndhavāḥ) Rām.5.1.45.

6) Means, resource; method.

7) Attack (adhikadurāroha- ṇam). अध्वन् (adhvan) is changed to अध्व (adhva) after prepositions; प्राध्वः, व्यध्वः (prādhvaḥ, vyadhvaḥ) &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Adhvan (अध्वन्).—m. (= Pali addha[n], addhāna), time. (Cf. 1 aṃśa, 1.). The three adhvānaḥ listed Dharmasaṃgraha 86 [Page019-a+ 71] (atīto, anāgato, pratyutpanno 'dhvā). Very common are atīte and anāgate (less common pratyutpanne, Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 42.1) 'dhvani in past (future, present) time Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 17.8; 40.16; 41.10; Lalitavistara 87.11; 88.13; Mahāvastu i.1.8; 39.9; Divyāvadāna 60.13; 62.7; Avadāna-śataka i.32.8; Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 97.3; atītānāgatapratyutpanneṣv adhvasu Lalitavistara 263.7; 435.4; adhvasu triṣu Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 6.11; also acc., in dating, ahaṃ pi bhaveyaṃ anāgatam adhvānaṃ tathāgato… Mahāvastu i.238.14, may I also in future time become…; 335.14; but acc. generally of extent of time, ciraṃ dīrgham adhvā- naṃ for a very long time Mahāvastu i.52.3; 244.19 (suciraṃ°); ii.424.10; Udānavarga v.7 (omits ciraṃ); tr(i)yadhva-, past, present and future Lalitavistara 151.12; 435.5; Bhadracarī 1 etc.; Śikṣāsamuccaya 17.13; Daśabhūmikasūtra 55.22; trayo adhvānaḥ Gaṇḍavyūha 478.9; yasmin-yasmin adhvani Gaṇḍavyūha 82.14, in whatever time; dīrghasyādhvano 'tyayeṇa Mahāvastu i.338.14, with the lapse of a long time.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhvan (अध्वन्).—m.

(-dhvā) 1. A road. 2. Fixing, placing. 3. Time. 4. Assault. 5. Correcting viscidity, dilution of the phlegm and marrow. E. ata to go constantly, kvanip affix; dha substituted for ta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhvan (अध्वन्).—m. A road, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 60.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhvan (अध्वन्).—[masculine] road, path, travel; length, space.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adhvan (अध्वन्):—m. a road, way, orbit

2) a journey, course

3) distance

4) time, [Buddhist literature] and, [Jaina literature]

5) means, method, resource

6) the zodiac (?), sky, air, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) a place

8) a recension of the Vedas and the school upholding it

9) assault (?)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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