Sita, Sītā, Śīta, Sīta, Shita, Sītā, Sitā, Śita, Śītā: 40 definitions


Sita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śīta and Śita and Śītā can be transliterated into English as Sita or Shita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Sītā (सीता):—Wife of Rāma (Son of Daśaratha, as an incarnation Vāsudeva). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.10.4)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Sītā (सीता).—One of the four rivers originating from the “river of the sky”, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 82. This ‘river of the sky’ starts at the ‘ocean of the sky’ and, being agitated by the elephant of Indra, falls at the top of mount Meru, where at the bottom it forms into these four rivers. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

2) Sītā is mentioned in another list of rivers, flowing from the five great mountains (Śailavarṇa, Mālākhya, Korajaska, Triparṇa and Nīla). Those who drink the waters of such rivers live for ten thousand years and become devotees of Rudra and Umā.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Sita (सित).—A warrior of Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata, Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 69).

2) Sītā (सीता).—Wife of Śrī Rāma. Who is Sītā? Sītā is the incarnation of Mahālakṣmī. Lakṣmī took the birth of a woman because of the curse of Sarasvatī. Vedavatī, Sītā, Pāñcālī, all these women of chastity were the incarnations of Lakṣmī The stories of Lakṣmī passing from birth to birth such as Vedavatī, Tulasī, Sītā, Pāñcālī and so on until at last she reached the world of Viṣṇu, occurring in various Purāṇas are collected and given here.

3) Sītā (सीता).—A river. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 188, Verse 102, that once the hermit Mārkaṇḍeya saw this river also in the stomach of child Mukunda (Śrī Kṛṣṇa). This is one of the seven branches of the river Ganges. (See under Sindhu).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sita (सित).—A sage of the Auttama epoch.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 14.

1b) Married ekaparṇā, the daughter of Menā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 9.

1c) Śukra; one of the nine grahas; colour white.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 93. 10.

2a) Sītā (सीता).—A branch of the Gangā issuing from the city of Brahmā: descends Kesara and other hills, falls on the summits of Gandhamādana, and traversing the continent of Bhadrāśva, falls into the Eastern Ocean;1 rises out of the Sitānta slopes of the Mukuñja hill, flows through Sumañjasa, Mālyavata, Vaikanka, Maṇiparvatam, Ṛṣabham, Jaṭhara, Devakūṭa, and reaches through the Gandhamādana and takes the name of Alakanandā and enters the Mānasa lake.

  • * Bhā V. 17. 5-6; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 16; 18. 22, 41-5; 26. 44; III. 56. 52; Vāyu-purāṇa 42. 17-35; 47. 39, 43; 55. 42; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 34-5; 8. 113.

2b) The goddess enshrined at Citrakūṭa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 39.

2c) A R. of Kuśadvīpa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 71.

2d) Wife of Havyavāhana.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 14.

2e) The supernatural daughter of Janaka;1 is Lakṣmī; the wife of Rāma;2 was discovered by Sīradhvaja when ploughing the earth for a sacrifice.3 In her svayamvara, Rāma broke the dhanus of Śiva. Ravished by her beauty Rāvaṇa took her to Lankā and kept her under a śiṃśupa tree. Recovered by Rāma. Ever devoted to her lord, enjoyed his company at the capital. In the sacrifices she gave away all her things as gifts except saumāṅgalya. Bore the water jar when Bharata carried the Pādukā.4 Respect of, to Brahmanas and elders; was sent to Vālmīki's hermitage though pregnant as Rāma heard a citizen speak ill of her stay in Rāvaṇa's palace; gave birth to Kuśa and Lava. After entrusting her sons to the care of the sage, she entered the bowels of the earth.5

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 92-3; 5. 28;
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 106. 58; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 9. 144;
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 195; 89. 15; 108. 19 and 25.
  • 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 1-5; IX. 10. 3; 13. 18; XI. 4. 21; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 196; Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 10. 6-30. 44 & 56; 11. 4 and 35; X. 71. 9: 83. 10;
  • 5) IX. 10. 41 and 47: 11. 10-15.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sita (सित) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.64, XIII.4.53, XIII.4) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sita) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Śīta (शीत, “cold”) refers to one of the eight kinds of Vīrya (potency), representing characteristics of medicinal drugs, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “the rasa, vīrya and vipāka of the drugs should be noted (studied) carefully. [...] By vīrya [eg., Śīta], the working capacity and potency is meant”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Śīta (शीत, “cold”).—One of the twenty Gurvādiguṇa, or, ‘ten opposing pairs of qualities of drugs’.—Śīta is the characteristic of a drug referring to the ‘coldness’, while its opposing quality, Uṣṇa, refers to its ‘warmness’. It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

The quality of Śīta, present in drugs and herbs, increases the Vāta (bodily humour in control of motion and the nervous system) and the Kapha (bodily fluids, or ‘phlegm’), while it aggrevates the Pitta (bodily humour in control of digestion and metabolism). It exhibits a predominant presence of the elements Fire (agni), Ether (ākāśa) and Air (vāyu).

2) Sitā (सिता) is another name (synonym) for Vidārī, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Pueraria tuberosa (Indian kudzu). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 7.99-101), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Ayurveda and Pharmaceutics

Śīta (Cold infusion): The herbs are kept in water overnight and in the ensuing morning, the water is filtered. The filtrate is known as ṣita. The medicinal herbs containing volatile oils and thermo-liable ingredients are made into Śīta. Some herbs containing some poisons can be made into cold infusion because in the absence of heat the poisons are not released into the water. It is also known as śīta-kaṣāya. Example: Triphala śīta can be used to wash the eyes in the morning.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Sitā (सिता) is another name for Śvetakaṇṭakārī, a medicinal plant related to Kaṇṭakārī, according to verse 4.33-36 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Sitā and Śvetakaṇṭakārī, there are a total of twenty-four Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Sitā (सिता) is also mentioned as a synonym for Vākucī, a medicinal plant identified with Psoralea corylifolia Linn. (“Babchi”) from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.62-65. Together with the names Sitā and Vākucī, there are a total of twenty-one Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

3) Śītā (शीता) is another name for Nāgabalā, a medicinal plant identified with Grewia tenax Forsk. (“white Crossberry”) from the Malvaceae or mallows family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.96-97. Together with the names Śītā and Nāgabalā, there are a total of fifteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

4) Śītā (शीता) is also mentioned as a synonym for Atibalā, a medicinal plant identified with Abutilon indicum Linn. (“Indian mallow”) from the Malvaceae or mallows family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.101-102. Together with the names Śītā and Atibalā, there are a total of ten Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

1) Sitā (सिता) refers to “sugar” and is mentioned as being beneficial (hita) to the body according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The dravyaguṇāguṇa section contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises. Here In the ikṣu (sugarcane products) group  Sitā (sugar) is mentioned as beneficial to the body (hita).

2) Śīta (शीत) refers to “cool” and represents a particular dietetic effect according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).— Accordingly, the dietetic effect śīta is associated with the following conditions: Food-utensils made of Kumudapatra (white water-lilly leaf), Raktotpalapatra (red lotus leaf) and Utpalapatra (blue lotus leaf).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Sita (सित) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Sita) various roles suitable to them.

2) Sita (सित, “white”) refers to one of the found original (natural) colors (varṇa), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. It is also known by the name Śveta. From these colors come numerous derivative and minor colors (upavarṇa).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “Soma (the Moon), Bṛhaspati. Śakra (Indra) Varuṇa and the stars (tāraka, tārakagaṇa), the ocean (samudra), the Himalayas, and Gaṅgā (the Ganges) are to be made white in colour (śveta)”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Sītā (सीता).—The beloved consort of Lord Rāmacandra. She appeared in the house of Janaka Mahārāja, one of the twelve leading spiritual authorities in the universe. She was abducted by ten-headed demon, Ravana.

Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta

Sītā (सीता).—According to Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛta, Madya-lila 9.201-203, “Śrīmatī Sītādevī is the mother of the three worlds and the wife of Lord Rāmacandra. Among chaste women she is supreme, and she is the daughter of King Janaka. When Rāvaṇa came to kidnap mother Sītā and she saw him, she took shelter of the fire-god, Agni. The fire-god covered the body of mother Sītā, and in this way she was protected from the hands of Rāvaṇa. Upon hearing from the Kūrma Purāṇa how Rāvaṇa had kidnapped a false form of mother Sītā, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu became very much satisfied”.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (vaishnavism)

Sītā (सीता)is the wife of Śrī Rāma; as Śrī Rāma is an incarnation of Viṣṇu, Sītā is also a form of Lakṣmī. [...] Goddess Lakṣmī’s another form is Sītā who is an embodiment of dedication, devotion, serenity, patience, calm, virginity, love, compassion, beauty, humbleness and confidence. When the devotees pray to Śrī Rāma, they involuntarily direct their prayers and petitions to Sītā also. The divine couple bestows the devotee with all the qualities inherent in them. Women pray to Śrī Rāma to bless them with husbands like the Lord and men pray asking for wives with the qualities of Sītā. Mostly the divine couple is prayed for happy marriage and good life.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Sita (सित) refers to the city of Varuṇa, situated on the western lower slope of mount Meru, according to Parākhyatantra 5.66. Meru is the name of a golden mountained situated in the middle of nine landmasses (navakhaṇḍa): Bhārata, Hari, Kimpuruṣa, Ramyaka, Ramaṇa, Kuru, Bhadrāśva, Ketumāla and Ilāvṛta. Together these khaṇḍas make up the continent known as Jambūdvīpa.

Sita is also known by the name Sitavatī or Śuddhavatī and is mentioned in various other sources, eg., the Svacchanda-tantra 10.132-136, Kiraṇa-āgama 8.51-54, Mṛgendra-āgama vidyāpāda 13.47-54, Sarvajñānottara-tantra adhvaprakaraṇa 34-36 and Mataṅga-āgama vidyāpāda 23.60-63

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Sita (सित).—1. The measure of the illuminated part of the Moon's disc; the phase of the Moon. 2. The light half of the lunar month (sitapakṣa). 3. Venus. Note: Sita is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Sītā (सीता), daughter of Janaka, is the wife of Rāma, one of the son of Daśaratha, the king of Ayodhyā, according to in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 51. Accordingly, “... he [Rāma] was a partial incarnation of Viṣṇu for the overthrow of Rāvaṇa, and he had a wife named Sītā, the daughter of Janaka, the lady of his life. As fate would have it, his father handed over the kingdom to Bharata, and sent Rāma to the forest with Sītā and Lakṣmaṇa”.

The story of Sītā was narrated by the Vidyādharī Kāñcanaprabhā to Naravāhanadatta while in a Svayambhū temple of Śiva, in order to demonstrate that “people who possess firmness endure for a long time mutual separation to which no termination is assigned”, in other words, that “heroic souls endure separation for so long a time”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Sītā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Sitā (सिता) refers to “sugar”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 3.94.—Cf. “kāsāraṃ tu sitāsāraṃ naivedyaṃ bhāskarāya vai” quoted from Bhaviṣyatpurāṇa in Kṛtyakalpataru (Vratakāṇḍa), p. 125 (G.O.S.). Commentary says “sitāsāraḥ śarkarābahulaḥ”.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Sītā is the name of a deity depicted at Ramaswamy Temple in Kumbakonam (Kumbhakonam), representing a sacred place for the worship of Viṣṇu.—(a) In the sannidhi for Rāma, there are icons of Rāma, Sītā, Lakṣmaṇa and Hanumān. [...] Sītā is found seated to the left of Rāma in sukhāsana posture with the right leg folded and left leg hanging. Her right hand is in kaṭaka-hasta holding a flower and the left hand is in varada-hasta. (b) In front of the stone images are the utsava-mūrti of Rāma, Sītā, Lakṣmaṇa, Bharata, Satrukguṇa and Hanumān. Sītā is found to the right of Rāma. She is found in standing posture in samabhaṅga with the left hand in kaṭaka hasta and the right hand in dolā-hasta.

The images of Rāma Sītā and Lakṣmana are made out of stone. The height of Sītā’s image is to the level of Śrī Rāma’s shoulder. Sītā is also found in samapāda-sthānaka with the right hand in dolā and the left hand in kapittha-hasta.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Sita was an incarnation of Mahalakshmi. She was a child of the earth and was found by king Janaka of the Videha kingdom, while plowing the ground to prepare for a sacrifice. She was adopted by the king as her daughter. Rama, the Kosala prince who was an incarnation of Vishnu, married her after stringing the mighty bow of Lord Shiva, as stipulated by her father.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

1) Sita is the heroine of the Hindu epic Ramayana. She is the consort of the Hindu god Rama (avatar of Vishnu) and is an avatar of Lakshmi, goddess of wealth and wife of Vishnu. She is esteemed as a standard-setter for wifely and womanly virtues for all Hindu women. Sita is known for her dedication, self-sacrifice, courage and purity.

Sita is described as the daughter of the earth goddess Bhūmi and the adopted daughter of King Janaka of Mithila and Queen Sunayna. In her youth, she marries Rama, the prince of Ayodhya. Soon after her marriage, she is forced into exile with her husband and brother-in-law Lakshmana. While in exile, the trio settle in the Dandaka forest, from where she is abducted by the Ravana, Rakshasa King of Lanka. She is imprisoned in the Ashoka Vatika of Lanka by Ravana. Sita is finally rescued by Rama in the climatic war where Rama slays Ravana. Sita proves her chastity by undergoing a trial by fire. Thereafter, Rama and Sita return to Ayodhya, where they are crowned as king and queen. However, Rama abandons a pregnant Sita, when one of his subjects casts doubt over her chastity. In the refuge of Sage Valmiki's hermitage Sita gives birth to twins Lava and Kusha.

2) Sītā (सीता): Sita was the wife of Rama, and is esteemed an exemplar of womanly and wifely virtue. Sita was herself an avatāra of Lakshmi, Vishnu's eternal consort, who chose to reincarnate herself on Earth as Sita, and endure an arduous life, in order to provide humankind an example of such virtues.

Etymology: Sita (also spelled Seeta or Seetha; Hindustani pronunciation: [Sītā], meaning "furrow")

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Daughter of King Dasaratha and sister of Ramapandita and Lakkhana.

See the Dasaratha Jataka.

She is identified with Rahulamata. J.iv.130; her devotion to Rama is sometimes referred to e.g.,

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Śīta (शीत, “cool”) refers to one of the “eleven tangibles” (spraṣṭavya) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 38). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., śīta). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

1) Sitā (सिता) is the name of a river mentioned as flowing through Videha together with the Sitodā river. Videha is one of the seven regions (kṣetra) of Jambūdvīpa according to Jaina cosmology. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.

2) Sitā (सिता) is the mother of Puruṣottama: the fourth Vāsudeva (“violent heroes”) according to both Śvetāmbara and Digambara sources. Since they enjoy half the power of a Cakravartin (universal monarch) they are also known as Ardhacakrins. Jain legends describe nine such Vāsudevas usually appearing together with their “gentler” twins known as the Baladevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).

The stories of queen Sitā, king Rudra and their son, Puruṣottama are related in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra Vol-i

Śīta (शीत, “cold”) refers to one of the  hardships (parīṣaha), or “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.1 (Incarnation as Nandana). While practicing penance for a lac of years, Muni Nandana also endured a series of trials hard to endure (eg., śīta). Nandana is the name of a king as well as one of Mahāvīra’s previous births.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Śita (शित, “cold”) refers to a category of yoni (nuclei), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.32.—The place of birth of a living being is called nucleus (nuclei is the plural). The nucleus is like a container. There are nine nuclei (yoni), eg., śīta. What is the meaning of hot and cold nuclei? The nuclei which are cold or hot are called cold and hot nuclei respectively.

What types of living beings have cold (śīta), hot (uṣṇa) and mixed (miśra) hot and cold nuclei? Some have cold, hot or mixed nuclei. The celestial and infernal beings have cold or hot and cold-hot nuclei. Those with hot body (fire body) take their rise from hot nuclei. Those who possess their body of heat have hot nuclei. All others, besides celestial, infernal and fire body have mixed or cold-hot nuclei.


Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Sitā (सिता) is the name of a river that, coupled with the Sitodā river, separates the Videha region. Videha refers to one of the regions of Jambūdvīpa: the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10. The Sitā river flows eastwards. The Sītā and Sītodā rivers and have 112000 tributaries.

Jambūdvīpa (where flows the Sitā river) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Śīta (शीत, “light”) refers to one of the eight types of Sparśa (touch), representing one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. The karmas rise of which gives the touch attribute to the body are called touch (sparśa) body-making karma (eg., śīta).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sītā.—(EI 31), cultivated land. Cf. hala. (HRS), produce of the royal farms, as suggested by the Arthaśāstra. Note: sītā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sita : (adj.) 1. white; 2. depending on; attached. (nt.), a smile. || sīta (adj.), cool; cold. (nt.) coolness; cold. sītā (f.) a furrow.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Sita, 5 (nt.) (pp. of smi, cp. vimhāpeti. The other P. form is mihita) a smile Vin. III, 105; IV, 159; S. I, 24; II, 254; M. II, 45; Th. 1, 630; Ap 21 (pātukari), 22 (°kamma) DhA. II, 64 (°ṃ pātvakāsi); III, 479; VvA. 68. —°kāra smiling J. I, 351 (as °ākāra). (Page 709)

2) Sita, 4 (adj.) (Sk. sita) white Dāvs III, 4. (Page 709)

3) Sita, 3 (pp. of sinoti) bound; sātu-° Dh. 341 (bound to pleasure); taṇhā-° Miln. 248. Perhaps as sita2. (Page 709)

4) Sita, 2 (pp. of sayati2) 1. (lit.) stuck in or to: hadaya° salla Sn. 938; Nd1 412.—2. (fig.) reclining, resting, depending on, attached, clinging to D. I, 45, 76; II, 255; M. I, 364; Cp. 100; J. V, 453; Sn. 229, 333, 791, 944, 1044. See also asita2. (Page 709)

5) Sita, 1 (adj.) (pp. of śā; Sk. śita) sharp Dāvs. I, 32. (Page 709)

— or —

1) Sīta, (nt.) sail J. IV, 21. So also in BSk. : Jtm 94. (Page 712)

2) Sīta, (adj.) (Vedic śīta) cold, cool D. I, 74, 148; II, 129; A. II, 117, 143; Sn. 467, 1014; Vin. I, 31, 288. (nt.) cold Vin. I, 3; J. I, 165; Mhvs 1, 28; Sn. 52, 966. In compn with kṛ & bhū the form is sīti°, e.g. sīti-kata made cool Vin. II, 122; sīti-bhavati to become cooled, tranquillized S. II, 83; III, 126; IV, 213; V, 319; Sn. 1073 (sīti-siyā, Pot. of bhavati); It. 38; °-bhūta, tranquillized Vin. I, 8; II, 156; S. I, 141, 178; Sn. 542, 642; A. I, 138; V, 65; D. III, 233; Vv 5324; Pv. I, 87; IV, 132. sīti-bhāva coolness, dispassionateness, calm A. III, 435; Th. 2, 360; Ps. II, 43; Vism. 248; VbhA. 230; PvA. 230; ThA. 244. ‹-› At J. II, 163 & V, 70 read sīna (“fallen”) for sīta.

— or —

Sītā, (f.) a furrow Vin. I, 240 (satta sītāyo); gambhīrasīta with deep mould (khetta) A. IV, 237, 238 (text, °-sita).

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śiṭā (शिटा).—m ( H) A drop of spray &c. See. śiṇṭa.

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śitā (शिता).—m C The central line along the head of females marking the division of the hair.

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śīṭa (शीट).—f Excrement of birds. 2 n (For chīṭa) Chintz.

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śīta (शीत).—n A grain of boiled rice. Pr. ēkā śitānēṃ bhātācī parīkṣā; or hāṇḍābhara bhāta rāndhāvā ēka śīta cāpūna pahāvēṃ. 2 C An offering (commonly annual) of rice &c. to the inferior deities of a village. Pr. asatīla śitēṃ tara miḷatīla bhutēṃ As long as a man has money he will have friends and flatterers. 3 The string of a bow. 4 (S) Cold or coldness. 5 n A term of the loom. The cross-piece in front, or in the fore part, of the proceeding web, by which the two lines composing the warp are kept asunder.

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śīta (शीत).—a (S) Cold. 2 fig. Cold, dull, apathetic, phlegmatic, languid, sluggish.

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śīta (शीत).—a ( A) Six. Used of the Arabian year.

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sita (सित).—a S White.

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sīta (सीत).—See under śī.

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sītā (सीता).—f (S) The celebrated Sita, the wife of Ramachandra. 2 One of the four great branches into which the Ganges, after having fallen from heaven upon Mount Meru, is fabled to divide,--the eastern branch. 3 A goddess presiding over fruits &c., the Indian Flora or Pomona. 4 A covert term for half a rupee. sītā kīṃ saṅgrāma (The message of Ramachandra to Rawan̤.) Give up Sita or stand up to fight--compliance or war. A phrase expressive of the proposal of hard alternatives.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śīṭa (शीट).—f Excrement of birds. n Chintz.

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śīta (शीत).—n A grain of boiled rice. The string of a bow, Coldness. a Cold.

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sita (सित).—a White.

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sītā (सीता).—f The wife of Ramchandra. A god- dess. A covert term for half-a-rupee. sītā kī saṅgrāma Compliance or war-a term for hard alternatives.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śita (शित).—p. p. [śo-kta]

1) Sharpened, whetted; धारां शितां रामपरश्वधस्य (dhārāṃ śitāṃ rāmaparaśvadhasya) R.6.42; Ki.7.32.

2) Thin, emaciated.

3) Wasted, declined.

4) Weak, feeble.

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Śīta (शीत).—a. [śyai-k]

1) Cool, cold, frigid; तव कुसुमशरत्वं शीतरश्मित्वमिन्दोः (tava kusumaśaratvaṃ śītaraśmitvamindoḥ) Ś.3.2.

2) Dull, sluggish, apathetic, sleepy.

3) Dull, lazy, stupid.

-taḥ 1 A kind of reed.

2) The Nimba tree.

3) The cold season (n. also).

4) Camphor.

-tam 1 Cold, coldness, chillness; आः शीतं तुहिनाचलस्य करथोः (āḥ śītaṃ tuhinācalasya karathoḥ) K. P.1.

2) Water.

3) Cinnamon.

4) Phlegm, one of the three humours of the body (kapha); शीतोष्णे चैव वायुश्च त्रयः शारीरजा गुणाः (śītoṣṇe caiva vāyuśca trayaḥ śārīrajā guṇāḥ) Mb.12.16.11.

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Śītā (शीता).—See सीता (sītā).

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Sita (सित).—p. p. Joined with, accompanied by.

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Sita (सित).—a. [so-kta]

1) White; सितं सितिम्ना सुतरां मुनेर्वपुः (sitaṃ sitimnā sutarāṃ munervapuḥ) Śi. 1.25.

2) Bound, tied, fastened, fettered; सुहृत्सु च स्नेहसितः शिशूनाम् (suhṛtsu ca snehasitaḥ śiśūnām) Bhāg.7.6.11; Bṛ. Up.3.9.26.

3) Surrounded.

4) Ascertained, known.

5) Finished, ended.

-taḥ 1 White colour.

2) The bright half of a lunar month.

3) The planet Venus.

4) An arrow.

5) Sugar.

-tam 1 Silver.

2) Sandal.

3) Radish.

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Sitā (सिता).—

1) Candied sugar, sugar; पित्तेन दूने रसने सितापि तिक्तायते हंसकुलावतंस (pittena dūne rasane sitāpi tiktāyate haṃsakulāvataṃsa) N.3.94; Bv.4.13; संस्कारो मधुर- रसेषु यः सिताभिः (saṃskāro madhura- raseṣu yaḥ sitābhiḥ) Rām. ch.7.3.

2) Moon-light.

3) A lovely woman.

4) Spirituous liquor.

5) White Dūrvā grass.

6) Arabian jasmine.

7) Name of the Ganges.

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Sītā (सीता).—[si-ta pṛṣo° dīrghaḥ]

1) A furrow, track or line of a ploughshare.

2) (Hence) A tilled or furrowed ground, ploughed land; वृषेव सीतां तदवग्रहक्षताम् (vṛṣeva sītāṃ tadavagrahakṣatām) Ku.5.61.

3) Husbandry, agriculture; as in सीताद्रव्य (sītādravya) q. v.

4) Name of the daughter of Janaka, king of Mithilā, and wife of Rāma.; जनकानां कुले कीर्तिमाहरिष्यति मे सुता । सीता भर्तार- मासाद्य रामं दशरथात्मजम् (janakānāṃ kule kīrtimāhariṣyati me sutā | sītā bhartāra- māsādya rāmaṃ daśarathātmajam) || Rām.1.67.22. [She was so called because she was supposed to have sprung from a furrow made by king Janaka while ploughing the ground to prepare it for a sacrifice which he had instituted to obtain progeny, and hence also her epithets, 'Ayonijā', 'Dharāputrī' &c. She was married to Rāma and accompanied him to the forest. While there she was once carried off by Rāvaṇa who tried to violate her chastity, but she scornfully rejected his suit. When Rāma came to know that she was in Lankā, he attacked ther place, killed Rāvaṇa and his host of demons, and recovered Sītā. She had, however, to pass through the terrible ordeal of fire before she could be received by her husband as his wife. Though thus convinced of her chastity, he had afterwards to abandon her, when far advanced in pregnancy, because the people continued to suspect her fidelity. She however, found a protector in the sage Vālmīki, at whose hermitage she was delivered of Kuśa and Lava, and who brought them up. She was ultimately restored to Rāma by the sage.]

5) Name of a goddess, wife of Indra.

6) Name of Umā

7) N of Lakṣmī.

8) Name of one of the four fabulous branches (the eastern branch) of the Ganges.

9) Spirituous liquor.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śiṭā (शिटा).—app. rope: tatra (sc. on coming to three mountain-peaks, parvataśṛṅgāṇi) tvayā vetra-śiṭāṃ baddhvātikra- mitavyam Divy 113.16, there you must gird yourself with staff (or does vetra, q.v., also mean rope, or the material used for one ?) and rope (for mountain-climbing) and pass over (them); 274.23, see s.v. viṣṭhā; te hi śiṭā-karkaṭaka- prayogenābhiroḍhum ārabdhāḥ 281.2 (of thieves entering a house to steal jewels).

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Śīta (शीत).—nt. (= Pali sīta), sail: (śīghram) āropyantāṃ (mss. °pyatāṃ) śītāni Jm 94.8; pravitata-pāṇḍura-śīta-cārupakṣā (…sā naur) 10 (verse).

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Śītā (शीता).—n. of a devakumārikā in the West: LV 390.6 (Mv iii.308.9 corrupt, see Śuklā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śita (शित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Thin, emaciated, wasted, declined. 2. Weak, feeble. 3. Sharpened, whetted. E. śi to sharpen, or śo to pare or whet, aff. kta .

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Śīta (शीत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Cold, chilly, frigid. 2. Idle, lazy. 3. Cold, dull, apathetic, stupid. 4. Decocted, boiled. n.

(-taṃ) 1. Cold, coldness. 2. Water. 3. Cold weather or the six months of the rainy, dewy and cold seasons. 4. Cinnamon. m.

(-taḥ) 1. A small tree, (Cordia myxa.) 2. A kind of ratan, (Calamus fasciculatus.) 3. A plant, (Marsilea quadrifolia.) 4. The Nimba-tree. 5. Camphor. 6. The cold season. f.

(-tā) 1. The wife of Rama. 2. A furrow. E. śyai to go, aff. kta; the fem. form more usually occurs sītā, q. v.

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Sita (सित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā or tī-taṃ) 1. White. 2. Bound, tied. 3. Finished, destroyed. 4. Completed, concluded. 5. Known. m.

(-taḥ) 1. White, (the colour.) 2. The light-half of a lunar month. 3. The planet Venus. 4. An arrow. n.

(-taṃ) 1. Silver. 2. Sandal. 3. Radish. f.

(-tā) 1. Clayed or candied sugar. 2. Arabian jasmine. 3. A sort of Clitoria. 4. Bent grass with white blossoms. 5. Moon-light. 6. Spirituous liquor. 7. A handsome or well made woman. E. ṣi to tie or bind, aff. kta; or ṣo to destroy, kta aff., and i substituted for the radical vowel.

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Sītā (सीता).—f.

(-tā) 1. A furrow, the track of the plough-share. 2. The daughter of Janaka and wife of Ramachandra, so named because fabled to have sprung from a furrow made by Janaka while ploughing the ground to prepare it for a sacrifice instituted by him to obtain progeny. 3. One of the four great branches into which the Ganges, after having fallen on mount Meru, is fabled to divide: the eastern branch, flowing into the Varsha Bhadraswa. 4. The goddess Lakshmi. 5. Uma, the wife of Siva. 6. A goddess, wife of Indra, presiding over fruits, &c., an Indian Flora or Pomona. 7. Spirituous liquor. 8. Husbandry. E. ṣi to bind, (the earth,) kta aff., form irr; it is then applicable to the princess as having been turned up in the soil by a plough-share; and to the goddesses, as they may be supposed to have been incarnate in the wife of Rama; also, as differently derived śītā, q. v.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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