Madana, aka: Mādana, Madanā; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Madana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Madana (मदन).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug.—The thorny trees of Madana are found in the hills of Vindhya range etc. It is regarded as the best among the emetics.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana

Madana in Purana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Madana (मदन) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Aruṇoda and mount Mandara, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Mandara mountain lies on the eastern side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1a) Madana (मदन).—A name of Kāma, God of Love: also Makaradhvaja (s.v.);1 created by Brahmā when he looked at Mahālakṣmī after praying to Janārdana; was given the flower dart and the sugarcane bow; Hari blessed him with all conquest and no defeat;2 performed saubhāgya—śayana;3 at the request of the Devas and persecuted by Tāraka, Madana took courage and secretly entered Śiva's abode; the latter grew angry and burnt him with his third eye;4 remembered by Indra, went to him and was ordered to create sexual desire in Śiva; he got frightened at Śiva's third eye, but pressed by Indra he agreed to meet the Lord and sent his arrow of Mohana when Siva's third eye burnt him down; Rati wept with Madhu or Spring and both went to Śiva; Rati praised him for grace; Śiva replied that Madana would attain fame as Ananga in the world sometime hence.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 4. 8.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 8. 24-9; 11. 7.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 60. 49.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 11. 28.
  • 5) Matsya-purāṇa 154. 212-51, 260-70.

1b) The seventh son of Devakī.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 46. 19.

1c) A commander of Bhaṇḍa sent to aid Viṣanga.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 21. 78; 25. 27.

2) Madanā (मदना).—A Śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 36. 76.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Madana in Katha glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Madana (मदन).—Madana is the handsome god of love. He has a flower-bow having a string of bees and five flowery arrows. He shrewdly awaits the proper opportunity to strike Śiva. Unfortunately the pride of his bow is humbled by Śiva’s fortitude and he is immediately burnt to ashes. Rati is a consort of Madana.

Soḍḍhala has alluded to Madana and Rati in his work. His attributes and functions can be understood by the epithets given by the author. They are as under:—Minadhvaja, Manobhava, Manmatha, Kusumapatrin, Kusumasāyaka, Cetobhū, Jhaṣaketana, Pañceṣu, Puṣpāyudha, Puṣpadhanvan, Manobhu, Manasija, Madana, Kandarpa, Anaṅga, Saṅkalpajanman, Makardhvaja, Kusumakārmukapāṇi, Smara, Makaraketu, Karmukapāṇi.

Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Madana (मदन) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Madana corresponds to Rajanī (according to Barata). Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Madanā (मदना) is the name of one of the thirty-six Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Uḍḍāmareśvaratantra. In the yakṣiṇī-sādhana, the Yakṣiṇī is regarded as the guardian spirit who provides worldly benefits to the practitioner. The Yakṣiṇī (eg., Madanā) provides, inter alia, daily food, clothing and money, tells the future, and bestows a long life, but she seldom becomes a partner in sexual practices.

Source: academia.edu: Yakṣiṇī-sādhana in the Kakṣapuṭa tantra
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Mādana (मादन).—A category of highly advanced ecstasy in which the lovers meet together and there is kissing and many other symptoms.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Madana in Pali glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

madana : (m.) the God of love. (nt.), intoxication.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Madana, (nt.) (fr. mad) lit. making drunk, intoxication Nd2 540 C. (in formula davāya madāya madanāya, instead of maṇḍanāya: see under mada 1); in cpd. °yuta intoxicated, a name for the Yakkhas J. I, 204. ‹-› Cp. nimmadana. (Page 518)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

madana (मदन).—m (S) The name of the Hindu Cupid. 2 The sexual passion, love or lust. ma0 ōvāḷaṇēṃ or ōvāḷūna ṭākaṇēṃ (mukhāvarūna or tōṇḍāvarūna or svarūpāvarūna) Expresses the incomparable inferiority in beauty of Cupid himself to such a person.

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madana (मदन).—n The corn arising from the first treading of the ears; the corn and chaff together: also called pahilēṃ madana. Of the second treading the produce is called dusarēṃ madana or ākaṇācēṃ madana. Of the third treading tisarēṃ madana or nikaṇācēṃ madana. ākaṇa is the name of the ears that have been trodden once: nikaṇa, of the ears that have been trodden twice. Great pains have been taken to determine these words; and careful inquiries have been made respecting them of farmers from different parts of the country. The above may be relied on as the sense in some districts: in others, according to the proverb pahilī rāsa dusarēṃ ākaṇa tisarēṃ nikaṇa caithā maṇī tyāsa balutā dhaṇī, rāsa is explained to be The heap of corn and chaff the produce of the first treading of the ears, ākaṇa the produce of the second treading, nikaṇa the produce of the third treading, and maṇī the scanty and light grains which fall during the winnowing of nikaṇa; and the word madana either is unknown or is explained as equivalent with rāsa. These words, however, are but three amongst many hundreds which different districts, and, not unfrequently, different villages understand differently. Varying acceptation even of the commonest words is a fact so familiar to the Natives that it precludes their contesting applications and uses howsoever devious from their own; according to their hourlyuttered proverb bārā bārā kōśāṃvara bhāṣā phiratī. The four following words are, in some parts, used to designate The trodden out mass and the states or forms into which it is separated through winnowing--rāsa, kāṇḍēṃ, mātērēṃ, phañjaṭa or varaḷēṃ The heap; the stalks and ears subjected to a second treading and winnowing; the mass of corn and dirt; the light grains and remaining chaff.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

madana (मदन).—m The god of love. Lust.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Madana (मदन).—a. (- f.) [माद्यति अनेन, मद्-करणे ल्युट् (mādyati anena, mad-karaṇe lyuṭ)]

1) Intoxicating, maddening.

2) Delighting, exhilarating.

-naḥ 1 The god of love, Cupid; व्यापाररोधि मदनस्य निषेवितव्यम् (vyāpārarodhi madanasya niṣevitavyam) Ś.1.27; हतमपि निहन्त्येव मदनः (hatamapi nihantyeva madanaḥ) Bh.3.18.

2) Love, passion, sexual love, lust; विनयवारितवृत्तिरतस्तया न विवृतो मदनो न च संवृतः (vinayavāritavṛttiratastayā na vivṛto madano na ca saṃvṛtaḥ) Ś.2.11; सतन्त्रिगीतं मदनस्य दीपकम् (satantrigītaṃ madanasya dīpakam) Ṛs.1.3; R.5.63; so मदनातुर, मदनपीडित (madanātura, madanapīḍita) &c.

3) The spring season.

4) A bee.

5) Bees'-wax.

6) A kind of embrace.

7) The Dhattūra plant.

8) The Khadira tree.

9) The Bakula tree.

1) Name of the 7th mansion (in astrol.).

11) A kind of measure (in music).

-nā, -nī 1 Spirituous liquor.

2) Musk.

3) The atimukta creeper. ( only in these two senses).

-nam 1 Intoxicating.

2) Gladdening, delighting.

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Mādana (मादन).—a. (- f.) [मद्-णिच् ल्यु-ल्युट् वा (mad-ṇic lyu-lyuṭ vā)] Intoxicating &c.; see मादक (mādaka).

-naḥ 1 The god of love.

2) The thorn-apple.

-nam 1 Intoxication.

2) Delighting, exhilaration.

3) Cloves.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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