Madana, Mādana, Madanā: 25 definitions
Madana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
Madana (मदन).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug.—The thorny trees of Madana are found in the hills of Vindhya range etc. It is regarded as the best among the emetics.Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Madana (मदन) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Catunaregum spinosa (Thunb.) Tirvengadum” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning madana] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary
Mādana (मादन).—A category of highly advanced ecstasy in which the lovers meet together and there is kissing and many other symptoms.Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition
Mādana (मादन) or Mādanākhya refers to:—See Adhirūḍha-mahābhāva. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
Madana (मदन) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Aruṇoda and mount Mandara, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Mandara mountain lies on the eastern side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
1) Madana (मदन) is the name of a leader of Gaṇas (Gaṇapa or Gaṇeśvara or Gaṇādhipa) who came to Kailāsa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.20. Accordingly, after Śiva decided to become the friend of Kubera:—“[...] The leaders of Gaṇas revered by the whole world and of high fortune arrived there. [...] Jālaṅka, the chief leader of Gaṇas, with twelve crores; the glorious Madana and Vikṛtānana with seven crores each. [...]”.
These [viz., Madana] and other leaders of Gaṇas [viz., Gaṇapas] were all powerful (mahābala) and innumerable (asaṃkhyāta). [...] The Gaṇa chiefs and other noble souls of spotless splendour eagerly reached there desirous of seeing Śiva. Reaching the spot they saw Śiva, bowed to and eulogised him.
2) Madana (मदन) is the one of the names of Kāma, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.3.—“[...] The Brahmins Marīci and others, my sons, decided on suitable names for the Being and said thus”. The sages said:—“[...] Causing elation in others you will be known as Madana. Since you were haughty even as you were born you will be Darpaka and your name Kandarpa will also become popular in the world”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Madana (मदन).—A name of Kāma, God of Love: also Makaradhvaja (s.v.);1 created by Brahmā when he looked at Mahālakṣmī after praying to Janārdana; was given the flower dart and the sugarcane bow; Hari blessed him with all conquest and no defeat;2 performed saubhāgya—śayana;3 at the request of the Devas and persecuted by Tāraka, Madana took courage and secretly entered Śiva's abode; the latter grew angry and burnt him with his third eye;4 remembered by Indra, went to him and was ordered to create sexual desire in Śiva; he got frightened at Śiva's third eye, but pressed by Indra he agreed to meet the Lord and sent his arrow of Mohana when Siva's third eye burnt him down; Rati wept with Madhu or Spring and both went to Śiva; Rati praised him for grace; Śiva replied that Madana would attain fame as Ananga in the world sometime hence.5
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 4. 8.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 8. 24-9; 11. 7.
- 3) Matsya-purāṇa 60. 49.
- 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 11. 28.
- 5) Matsya-purāṇa 154. 212-51, 260-70.
1b) The seventh son of Devakī.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 46. 19.
1c) A commander of Bhaṇḍa sent to aid Viṣanga.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 21. 78; 25. 27.
2) Madanā (मदना).—A Śakti.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 36. 76.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
Madana (मदन).—Madana is the handsome god of love. He has a flower-bow having a string of bees and five flowery arrows. He shrewdly awaits the proper opportunity to strike Śiva. Unfortunately the pride of his bow is humbled by Śiva’s fortitude and he is immediately burnt to ashes. Rati is a consort of Madana.
Soḍḍhala has alluded to Madana and Rati in his work. His attributes and functions can be understood by the epithets given by the author. They are as under:—Minadhvaja, Manobhava, Manmatha, Kusumapatrin, Kusumasāyaka, Cetobhū, Jhaṣaketana, Pañceṣu, Puṣpāyudha, Puṣpadhanvan, Manobhu, Manasija, Madana, Kandarpa, Anaṅga, Saṅkalpajanman, Makardhvaja, Kusumakārmukapāṇi, Smara, Makaraketu, Karmukapāṇi.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Madana (मदन) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Madana corresponds to Rajanī (according to Bharata). Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: academia.edu: Yakṣiṇī-sādhana in the Kakṣapuṭa tantra
Madanā (मदना) is the name of one of the thirty-six Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Uḍḍāmareśvaratantra. In the yakṣiṇī-sādhana, the Yakṣiṇī is regarded as the guardian spirit who provides worldly benefits to the practitioner. The Yakṣiṇī (e.g., Madanā) provides, inter alia, daily food, clothing and money, tells the future, and bestows a long life, but she seldom becomes a partner in sexual practices.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala
Madanā (मदना) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Madana forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Jñānacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the jñānacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Madanā] and Vīras are white in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
madana : (m.) the God of love. (nt.), intoxication.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Madana, (nt.) (fr. mad) lit. making drunk, intoxication Nd2 540 C. (in formula davāya madāya madanāya, instead of maṇḍanāya: see under mada 1); in cpd. °yuta intoxicated, a name for the Yakkhas J. I, 204. ‹-› Cp. nimmadana. (Page 518)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
madana (मदन).—m (S) The name of the Hindu Cupid. 2 The sexual passion, love or lust. ma0 ōvāḷaṇēṃ or ōvāḷūna ṭākaṇēṃ (mukhāvarūna or tōṇḍāvarūna or svarūpāvarūna) Expresses the incomparable inferiority in beauty of Cupid himself to such a person.
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madana (मदन).—n The corn arising from the first treading of the ears; the corn and chaff together: also called pahilēṃ madana. Of the second treading the produce is called dusarēṃ madana or ākaṇācēṃ madana. Of the third treading tisarēṃ madana or nikaṇācēṃ madana. ākaṇa is the name of the ears that have been trodden once: nikaṇa, of the ears that have been trodden twice. Great pains have been taken to determine these words; and careful inquiries have been made respecting them of farmers from different parts of the country. The above may be relied on as the sense in some districts: in others, according to the proverb pahilī rāsa dusarēṃ ākaṇa tisarēṃ nikaṇa caithā maṇī tyāsa balutā dhaṇī, rāsa is explained to be The heap of corn and chaff the produce of the first treading of the ears, ākaṇa the produce of the second treading, nikaṇa the produce of the third treading, and maṇī the scanty and light grains which fall during the winnowing of nikaṇa; and the word madana either is unknown or is explained as equivalent with rāsa. These words, however, are but three amongst many hundreds which different districts, and, not unfrequently, different villages understand differently. Varying acceptation even of the commonest words is a fact so familiar to the Natives that it precludes their contesting applications and uses howsoever devious from their own; according to their hourlyuttered proverb bārā bārā kōśāṃvara bhāṣā phiratī. The four following words are, in some parts, used to designate The trodden out mass and the states or forms into which it is separated through winnowing--rāsa, kāṇḍēṃ, mātērēṃ, phañjaṭa or varaḷēṃ The heap; the stalks and ears subjected to a second treading and winnowing; the mass of corn and dirt; the light grains and remaining chaff.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
madana (मदन).—m The god of love. Lust.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Madana (मदन).—a. (-nī f.) [माद्यति अनेन, मद्-करणे ल्युट् (mādyati anena, mad-karaṇe lyuṭ)]
1) Intoxicating, maddening.
2) Delighting, exhilarating.
-naḥ 1 The god of love, Cupid; व्यापाररोधि मदनस्य निषेवितव्यम् (vyāpārarodhi madanasya niṣevitavyam) Ś.1.27; हतमपि निहन्त्येव मदनः (hatamapi nihantyeva madanaḥ) Bh.3.18.
2) Love, passion, sexual love, lust; विनयवारितवृत्तिरतस्तया न विवृतो मदनो न च संवृतः (vinayavāritavṛttiratastayā na vivṛto madano na ca saṃvṛtaḥ) Ś.2.11; सतन्त्रिगीतं मदनस्य दीपकम् (satantrigītaṃ madanasya dīpakam) Ṛs.1.3; R.5.63; so मदनातुर, मदनपीडित (madanātura, madanapīḍita) &c.
3) The spring season.
4) A bee.
6) A kind of embrace.
7) The Dhattūra plant.
8) The Khadira tree.
9) The Bakula tree.
1) Name of the 7th mansion (in astrol.).
11) A kind of measure (in music).
-nā, -nī 1 Spirituous liquor.
3) The atimukta creeper. (nī only in these two senses).
-nam 1 Intoxicating.
2) Gladdening, delighting.
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Mādana (मादन).—a. (-nī f.) [मद्-णिच् ल्यु-ल्युट् वा (mad-ṇic lyu-lyuṭ vā)] Intoxicating &c.; see मादक (mādaka).
-naḥ 1 The god of love.
2) The thorn-apple.
-nam 1 Intoxication.
2) Delighting, exhilaration.
3) Cloves.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Madana (मदन).—name of a maharṣi: Mahā-Māyūrī 256.25.
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Madanā (मदना).—name of a piśācī: Mahā-Māyūrī 239.5.
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Mādana (मादन).—[, see Gandhamādana 2.].Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-naḥ) 1. Kamadeva, the Hindu Cupid. 2. The season of spring. 3. A plant commonly Mayana, (Vangueria spinosa.) 4. Thorn-apple, (Dhutura metel.) 5. A bee. 6. A sort of bean, (Phaseolus radiatus.) 7. Bee's wax. 8. A tree, (Mimosa eatechu.) 9. A kind of embrace. f. (-nā-nī) 1. Spirituous or vinous liquor. 2. Delighting, E. mad to exhilarate or rejoice, aff. lyuṭ, fem. aff. ṭāp, or ṅīṣ .
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(-naṃ) 1. Cloves. 2. Delighting, inebriating. 3. Exhilaration. 4. Intoxication. m.
(-naḥ) 1. Kama. 2. The thorn apple. E. mad to be pleased, in the causal form, to please, &c., aff. lyuṭa .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Madana (मदन).—[mad + ana] 1., I. m. 1. Love, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 22, 8; Kāmadeva, the god of love, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 9. 2. The season of spring. 3. Thorn apple, Datura metel. 4. A bee. 5. Beeswax. Ii. f. na and nī, Spirituous liquor.
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Mādana (मादन).—i. e. mad, [Causal.], + ana, n. 1. Delighting. 2. Cloves.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Madana (मदन).—[masculine] love or the god of love.
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Mādana (मादन).—[adjective] inebriating.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Madana (मदन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—See Madanapāla.
2) Madana (मदन):—poet. Śp. p. 70. Mentioned in Bhojaprabandha Oxf. 150^b.
3) Madana (मदन):—called also bālasarasvatī author of Bālasarasvatīya. He is quoted by Arjunavarmadeva on Amaruśataka 1.
4) Madana (मदन):—Kṛṣṇalīlā kāvya.
5) Madana (मदन):—king, patron of Utprekṣāvallabha (Sundarīśataka).
6) Madana (मदन):—king of Kirāta, patron of Govinda (Rasahṛdaya).
7) Madana (मदन):—king, son of Hammīra, grandson of Siṃhaṇadeva, was patron of Raṇahastin (Raṇavijaya jy.). Peters. Extr. 4, 57.
8) Madana (मदन):—son of Kṛṣṇa. Kṛṣṇalīlā kāvya.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Madana (मदन):—[from mad] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) passion, love or the god of love, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] a kind of embrace, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) [v.s. ...] the season of spring, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] a bee, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] (?) bees-wax (See paṭṭikā)
6) [v.s. ...] Vanguiera Spinosa, [Suśruta]
7) [v.s. ...] a thorn-apple and various other plants (e.g. Phaseolus Radiatus, Acacia Catechu etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] a bird, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] (in music) a kind of measure, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]
10) [v.s. ...] (in [astrology]) Name of the 7th mansion, [Varāha-mihira]
11) [v.s. ...] Name of various men and authors (also with ācārya, bhaṭṭa, sarasvatī etc.; cf. below), [Rājataraṅgiṇī; Inscriptions; Catalogue(s)]
12) Madanā (मदना):—[from madana > mad] f. any intoxicating drink, spirituous liquor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) Madana (मदन):—[from mad] n. the act of intoxicating or exhilarating, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
14) [v.s. ...] ([scilicet] astra), Name of a mythical weapon, [Rāmāyaṇa] ([varia lectio] mādana)
15) [v.s. ...] bees-wax, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
16) [v.s. ...] mfn. = mandra, [Nirukta, by Yāska]
17) Mādana (मादन):—[from māda] mfn. exhilarating, delighting, [Ṛg-veda]
18) [v.s. ...] maddening. intoxicating, [Suśruta]
19) [v.s. ...] m. the god of love, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
20) [v.s. ...] Vanguiera Spinosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
21) [v.s. ...] the thorn-apple, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
22) [from māda] n. intoxication, exhilaration, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
23) [v.s. ...] ‘stupefier’, Name of a mythical weapon, [Rāmāyaṇa] ([varia lectio] madana).
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)