Nimba, Nīmbā: 36 definitions
Nimba means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Nimba (निम्ब) is a Sanskrit word referring to Azadirachta indica (neem), from the Meliaceae family. Certain plant parts of Nimba are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. It is also known as Prabhadra. Other commonly used English names include “nimtree” and “Indian lilac”. It is native to India and grows in tropical and semi-tropical regions.
The plant Nimba is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant has the synonym Ariṣṭa. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Nimbayugma group of medicinal drugs.Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Nimba (निम्ब) is the name of a tree (Neem tree) that is associated with the Nakṣatra (celestial star) named Uttara-Bhādrapadā, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “these [trees] are propounded in Śāstras, the secret scriptures (śāstrāgama). These pious trees [viz, Nimba], if grown and protected, promote long life”. These twenty-seven trees related to the twenty-seven Nakṣatras are supposed to be Deva-vṛkṣas or Nakṣatra-vṛkṣas.Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
Nimba (निम्ब).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug.—It is the best among bitters and pacifies kapha and pitta. It alleviates fever, kuṣṭha, prameha, worms, blood disorders and wounds.Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics
Nimba (निम्ब) refers to Azadirachta indica, and is dealt with in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha has been designed based on the need (viz., nimba) of the period of the author, availability of drugs during that time, disease manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci
Nimba (निम्ब) refers to a medicinal plant known as Azadirachta indica, and is mentioned in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs (viz., Nimba). It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases.Source: Namah Journal: An overview of certain Āyurvedic herbs in the management of viral hepatitis
Nimba (निम्ब) refers to the medicinal plant known as Azadirachta indica, A.Juss., and is employed in the treatment of Kāmala.—Among the single and compound preparations described in Āyurveda for the treatment of kāmala, some of the drugs have been found to be effective. A scientific study of the drugs [viz., Nimba] was carried out and significant response observed.Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Nimba (निम्ब) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Azadirachta indica A. Juss.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning nimba] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).Source: Asian Agri-History: Paśu Āyurvēda (Veterinary Medicine) in Garuḍapurāṇa
Nimba (निम्ब) refers to “neem (leaves)” and is used in the treatment of Horses (Gajāyurveda or Aśvāyurveda) in the Garuḍapurāṇa.—[Treatment of worms, mucous discharges, Intoxication and deranged Vāyu]—A compound formulation made up of powdered paṭola (snake gourd), nimba (neem) leaves, vacā (sweet flag), Citraka (Plumbago zeylanica), Pippalī (Piper longum), Śṛṅgavera (Zingiber officinale) should be administered to the horse with water.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Nimba (निम्ब) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Azadirachta indica (neem) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as bearing good fruits. The King should plant such domestic plants in and near villages. He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.
The following is an ancient Indian recipe for such nourishment of trees:
According to Śukranīti 4.4.105-109: “The trees (such as nimba) are to be watered in the morning and evening in summer, every alternate day in winter, in the fifth part of the day (i.e., afternoon) in spring, never in the rainy season. If trees have their fruits destroyed, the pouring of cold water after being cooked together with Kulutha, Māṣa (seeds), Mudga (pulse), Yava (barley) and Tila (oil seed) would lead to the growth of flowers and fruits. Growth of trees can be helped by the application of water with which fishes are washed and cleansed.”
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5
Nimba (निम्ब) refers to “neem” and represents a type of vegetables fit for use in oblation offerings, according to verse 25.121b-125 of the Īśvarasaṃhitā.
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Ancient Science of Life: A Metallurgical Study of Nāga Bhasma
Nimba (निम्ब) or Neem refers to the medicinal plant known as Zingiber officinale Linn., and is used is in the metallurgical process for creating nāgabhasma, (Jāraṇa step):—The Nirguṇḍī-svarasa-śodhita Nāga (580 g) was subjected to Jāraṇa (6 hours) by melting śodhita-nāga and stirring it with a Neem (Azadirachta indica A Juss.) stick and adding the whole plant parts of Chichiri (Plectranthus coesta L.). The jarita-nāga (620 g) was obtained as a yellow–orange powder.
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Nimba (निम्ब) refers to one of the thirty-six sacred trees, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “According to the Kula teaching (these) [i.e., Nimba] are the most excellent Kula trees that give accomplishments and liberation. (They are full of) Yoginīs, Siddhas, Lords of the Heroes and hosts of gods and demons. One should not touch them with one’s feet or urinate and defecate on them or have sex etc. below them. One should not cut etc. or burn them. Having worshipped and praised them regularly with their own flowers and shoots, one should always worship the Śrīkrama with devotion with their best fruits and roots. [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Astrologia Védica: Kularnava Tantra em português
Nimba (निम्ब) (identified with Nimb or Nīma or Azadirachta indica) refers to one of the nine kulavṛkṣas (Kula trees ) in which the Kula Yoginīs reside, according to the Kulārṇava-tantra verse 11.66-68.— Accordingly, “Kula Yoginīs always live in kulavṛkṣas (Kula trees). Therefore, one should not eat on the leaves of such trees [i.e., Nīma—Azadirachta indica] and they should be especially worshiped. One should neither sleep under the Kula Vṛkṣas nor create any disturbance under them. Otherwise, seeing or hearing about such trees, one should greet them with devotion and never cut them down. [...]”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Nimba is a herb used in Ayurveda medicine commonly known as Azadirachta indica.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: BDK Tripiṭaka: The Susiddhikara-sūtra
Nimba (निम्ब) refers to “neem”, as mentioned in Chapter 12 (“offering food”) of the Susiddhikara-sūtra. Accordingly, “the fruit of the tāla (palmyra) tree, the fruit of the coconut, the fruit of the bilva, the fruit of the nimba (neem), and other malodorous fruits unpleasant to all should not be offered. [...] There are many more kinds of fruit such as the above varieties, but with different names: examine their taste and use them accordingly to make offerings”.
When you wish to offer food [viz., nimba], first cleanse the ground, sprinkle scented water all around, spread out on the ground leaves that have been washed clean, such as lotus leaves, palāśa (dhak) leaves, and leaves from lactescent trees, or new cotton cloth, and then set down the oblatory dishes. [...] First smear and sprinkle the ground and then spread the leaves; wash your hands clean, rinse out your mouth several times, swallow some water, and then you should set down the food [viz., nimba]. [...]
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
Nimba (निम्ब) refers to a kind of tree (vṛkṣa) commonly found in the forests (vaṇa) of ancient India, mentioned in the Jñātādharmakathāṅga-sūtra. Forests have been a significant part of the Indian economy since ancient days. They have been considered essential for economic development in as much as, besides bestowing many geographical advantages, they provide basic materials for building, furniture and various industries. The most important forest products are wood and timber which have been used by the mankind to fulfil his various needs—domestic, agricultural and industrial.
Different kinds of trees (e.g., the Nimba tree) provided firewood and timber. The latter was used for furniture, building materials, enclosures, staircases, pillars, agricultural purposes, e. g. for making ploughs, transportation e. g. for making carts, chariots, boats, ships, and for various industrial needs. Vaṇa-kamma was an occupation dealing in wood and in various otherforest products. Iṅgāla-kamma was another occupation which was concerned with preparing charcoal from firewood.Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
Nimba (निम्ब) in both Sanskrit and Prakrit to margosa (Melia azadirachta Linn.), the shoots (aṅkura) of which are classifed as ananta-kāya, or “plants that are inhabited by an infinite number of living organisms”, and therefore are abhakṣya (forbidden to consume) according to Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246). Those plants which are classified as ananta-kāyas (e.g., nimba) seem to be chosen because of certain morphological peculiarities such as the possession of bulbs or rhizomes orthe habit of periodically shedding their leaves; and in general theyare characterized by possibilities of vegetative reproduction.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
Nīmbā (नीम्बा) is the name of a village mentioned as lying on the northern boundary of Ki-icchitā, according to the “Prince of wales museum plates of Mummuṇirāja”. Accordingly, “... the village Ki-icchitā comprised in the viṣaya of Mandaraja, together with all hamlets and together with orchards, areca-nut trees and minerals, and with examption from taxes,—the boundaries of which are as follows: On the east, the boundary of (the village) Pāṇīvāḍa of the Śrīnera hill ; on the north, the boundary of the village Nīmbā; on the west, the boundary of the village Mātara; on the south, the boundary of the Sāmbina river”.
These copper plates (mentioing Nīmbā) were handed over to the Curator (Archaeological Section, Prince of Wales Museum, Bombay) by one Hasan Razak. Its object is to record the grant, by Mammuṇirāja, of the village Ki-icchitā (Mandaraja-viṣaya) to twelve Brāhmaṇas residing in the agrahāra of Brahmapurī. The grant was made on the occasion of a lunar eclipse which occurred on the fifteenth tithi of the bright fortnight of Bhādrapada in the Śaka year 971, the cyclic year being Virodhin.Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)
Nimba refers to a type of tree, commonly traded with foreign merchants in ancient India, according to Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—The Kuvalayamala (779 A.D.) is full of cultural material which gains in value because of the firm date of its composition. [...] At Sūrpāraka there was a guild of local merchants. It was their custom to hold a reception in honour of merchants from outside and to learn from them the country of their origin, the destination, field of trade, the nature, value and volume of commodity in which he is interested and all such matters relating to his business. [...] One said: “I went to Ratnadvīpa with leaves of the Nimba tree and brought gems from there” [...]
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Biology (plants and animals)Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)
1) Nimba in India is the name of a plant defined with Citrus acida in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Citrus acida Roxb., nom. illeg..
2) Nimba in Singapore is also identified with Azadirachta indica It has the synonym Melia indica (A. Juss.) Brandis (etc.).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2003)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1995)
· Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany (2003)
· Afr. J. Health Sci. (1995)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1981)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1988)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Nimba, for example pregnancy safety, side effects, diet and recipes, health benefits, chemical composition, extract dosage, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
nimba : (m.) the margosa tree, Azadirachta Iindica.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Nimba, (Sk. nimba, non-Aryan) the Nimb tree (Azadirachta Indica), bearing a bitter leaf, & noted for its hard wood Vin. I, 152 (°kosa), 284 (id.), 201 (°kasāva); A. I, 32; V, 212; Vv 3336 (°muṭṭhi, a handful of N. leaves); J. II, 105, 106; DhA. I, 52 (°kosa); DhsA. 320 (°paṇṇa, the leaf of the N. as example of tittaka, bitter taste); VvA. 142 (°palāsa); PvA. 220 (°rukkhassa daṇḍena katasūla). (Page 367)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
nimba (निंब).—m (S) The Nimb or Neem-tree. There are three common species, kaḍhīnimba, kaḍūnimba or bāḷanta- nimba, & bakāṇanimba Azadirachta Indica, Grah., Melia &c. Rox. nimba nēsaṇēṃ To wear the Nimb. A practice of women. They cover their nudity with Nimbbranches and sprigs, and proceed to the idol to which some vow has been made, and there receive clothing from their friends. nimba lāvaṇēṃ-ṭhēvaṇēṃ-dēṇēṃ To attach a stigma or stain: also nimba lāgaṇēṃ-yēṇēṃ in. con. To get a stigma &c.
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nimbā (निंबा).—a P ( H) Unmarried;--used of an adult or person of attained puberty.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
nimba (निंब).—m The Nimb or Neem-tree. nimba lāvaṇēṃ- ṭhēvaṇēṃ-dēṇēṃ To attach a stigma or stain. nimba lāgaṇēṃ-yēṇēṃ To get a stigma.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) A tree with bitter fruits; आम्रं छित्वा कुठारेण निम्बं परिचरेत्तु यः यश्चैनं पयसा सिञ्चेन्नैवास्य मधुरो भवेत् (āmraṃ chitvā kuṭhāreṇa nimbaṃ paricarettu yaḥ yaścainaṃ payasā siñcennaivāsya madhuro bhavet) || Rām.
2) Name of a tree, Pāribhadra; निम्बस्तु पिचुमन्दे च पारिभद्र- तरावपि (nimbastu picumande ca pāribhadra- tarāvapi)
Derivable forms: nimbaḥ (निम्बः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-mbaḥ) The Nimb or Neemb tree, (Melia azadiracta.) E. nibi to sprinkle, affix ac; also with kan added, nimbakaḥ these words are written with either va or ba, as nimba or nimba.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nimba (निम्ब).—m. A tree, Azadiracta indica Juss., [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 35, 14.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nimba (निम्ब).—[masculine] [Name] of a tree, taila [neuter] the oil coming from it.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nimba (निम्ब):—m. the Nimb or Neemb tree, Azadirachta Indica (its fruit is bitter and its leaves are chewed at funeral ceremonies), [Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa; Varāha-mihira; Suśruta; Kāvya literature] (also -ka).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nimba (निम्ब):—(mbaḥ) 1. m. The nimb tree.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Niṃba (निंब) [Also spelled nimb]:—(nm) see [nīma].
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Ṇiṃba (णिंब) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Nimba.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] the tropical tree, Azadirachta indica, of the Meliaceae family, that disrupts reproduction in insects, used as an insecticide; margosa tree; neem.
2) [noun] the tree Erythrina variegata (= E. Indica) of Papilionaceae family; East Indian coral tree.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+22): Nimbabija, Nimbadeva, Nimbadevarasa, Nimbadi, Nimbaditya, Nimbadityastotra, Nimbadityavratasiddhantajyotsna, Nimbagulika, Nimbaje, Nimbaka, Nimbakara, Nimbakusuma, Nimbakusumavataka, Nimbalona, Nimbalya, Nimbamala, Nimbapancaka, Nimbapanchaka, Nimbapatra, Nimbar.
Ends with: Balanthanimba, Bhui-nimba, Bhuin nimba, Bhuinimba, Bhunimba, Danimba, Girinimba, Kadhinimba, Kadunimba, Khatanimba, Mahaa nimba, Mahanimba, Nepalanimba, Pancanimba, Panchanimba, Shivanimba, Trinanimba.
Full-text (+117): Nimbataru, Trinanimba, Bhunimba, Mahanimba, Pancanimba, Limba, Pavaneshta, Nepalanimba, Naditikta, Arkapadapa, Samnipatanud, Pancatikta, Pakvakrit, Nimbavati, Prabhadra, Nimbapancaka, Paribhadra, Vishirnaparna, Jvaranta, Naimba.
Search found 54 books and stories containing Nimba, Nimbā, Nīmbā, Niṃba, Niṃbā, Ṇiṃba, Ṇimba; (plurals include: Nimbas, Nimbās, Nīmbās, Niṃbas, Niṃbās, Ṇiṃbas, Ṇimbas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 313 - Greatness of Uttarārka < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 30 - Description of the Hermitage of Bharadvāja < [Section 1 - Veṅkaṭācala-māhātmya]
Chapter 2 - The Greatness of Revā < [Section 3 - Revā-khaṇḍa]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 2.10.313 < [Chapter 10 - Conclusion of the Lord’s Mahā-prakāśa Pastimes]
Verse 2.10.315-316 < [Chapter 10 - Conclusion of the Lord’s Mahā-prakāśa Pastimes]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 3 - Incineration of Yasoda < [Chapter V - Metals (5): Yasoda (zinc)]
Part 16 - Purification of Nimba seeds < [Chapter XXXI - Upavisha (semi-poisons)]
Part 4 - Vanga-kalpa < [Chapter VI - Metals (6): Vanga (tin)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 22 - Treatment of Udara-roga (19): Vaisvanara rasa < [Chapter VI - Diseases affecting the belly (udara-roga)]
Treatment for fever (124): Tryahikari rasa < [Chapter II - Fever (jvara)]
Treatment for fever (69): Sannipata-gajankusha rasa < [Chapter II - Fever (jvara)]
Vedic influence on the Sun-worship in the Puranas (by Goswami Mitali)
Sun-worship Vratas (52) Siddhārthakādi-saptamī < [Chapter 5 - Rituals Related to the Sun-Worship in the Purāṇas]
Sun-worship Vratas (49) Sapta-saptamī-kalpa-vrata < [Chapter 5 - Rituals Related to the Sun-Worship in the Purāṇas]
Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara (Study) (by Debabrata Barai)
Part 8 - Kāvya-pāka (maturity in poetic expression) < [Chapter 3 - Contribution of Rājaśekhara to Sanskrit Poetics]
Part 3.9 - Varieties of Kāvya-pāka < [Chapter 5 - Analyasis and Interpretations of the Kāvyamīmāṃsā]
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