Shringi, Śṛṅgī, Śṛṅgi, Shrngi, Śrṅgī: 12 definitions

Introduction

Shringi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śṛṅgī and Śṛṅgi and Śrṅgī can be transliterated into English as Srngi or Shringi or Shrngi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Śṛṅgī (शृङ्गी):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Śṛṅgī (शृङ्गी):—Another name for Karkaṭa (Pistacia chinensis), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Bṛhatyādigaṇa group of medicinal drugs.

2) Śṛṅgī (शृङ्गी) refers to a type of fish (matsya) according to the Dhanvantari-nighaṇṭu 165.383-85. It can also be spelled śṛṅgi and is also known as śṛṅgīmatsya. In the science of Āyurveda (ancient Indian healthcare), the meat of a fish is used and prepared in balanced diets. Śṛṅgī fish are oily, butter in taste, light weight and responsible for increasing the acidity. The Dhanvantarinighaṇṭu is a 10th-century medicinal thesaurus (nighaṇṭu) containing characteristics and synonyms of various herbal plants and minerals.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Śṛṅgī (शृङ्गी) is synonymous with Mountain (śaila) and is mentioned in a list of 24 such synonyms according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Śṛṅgī], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Śṛṅgī (शृङ्गी) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Pistacia integerrima Stewart ex Brandis (Galls)” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning śṛṅgī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śrṅgī (श्र्ङ्गी).—The young sage who cursed Parīkṣit. (See the 3rd para under Parīkṣit).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śṛṅgi (शृङ्गि).—A Ṛṣika.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 145. 96.

1b) The country to its north formed a division of Jambūdvīpa;1 north of Jambūdvīpa;2 contains three peaks, resembling horns.3

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 22.
  • 2) Ib. II. 2. 11.
  • 3) Ib. II. 8. 73.

2) Śriṅgi (श्रिङ्गि).—See Śringavān.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 69; Vāyu-purāṇa 64. 7.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shringi in Yoga glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Śṛṅgī is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.

The names of these Siddhas (eg., Śṛṅgī) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śṛṅgī (शृंगी).—a (S) Horned. 2 fig. Peaked.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śṛṅgī (शृंगी).—a Horned. Fig. Peaked.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śṛṅgi (शृङ्गि).—Gold for ornaments. -f. The sheat-fish.

Derivable forms: śṛṅgiḥ (शृङ्गिः).

--- OR ---

Śṛṅgī (शृङ्गी).—

1) Gold used for ornaments.

2) A kind of medicinal root.

3) A kind of poison.

4) The sheat-fish.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śṛṅgi (शृङ्गि).—f. (-ṅgiḥ or -ṅgī) 1. A sort of sheat-fish, (Silurus Singio, Ham.) 2. A kind of poison. mn. (-ṅgiḥ-ṅgi) Gold for ornaments: see śṛṅga, śṛṅgī .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śṛṅgī (शृङ्गी):—[from śṛṅga] a f. See sub voce

2) Śṛṅgi (शृङ्गि):—[from śṛṅga] 1. śṛṅgi f. (= śṛṅgī) a species of fish, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] gold used for ornaments (also -kanaka), [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] 2. śṛṅgi in [compound] for śṛṅgin.

5) Śṛṅgī (शृङ्गी):—[from śṛṅga] b f. ([gana] gaurādi) a sort of Silurus or sheat fish, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of various plants (Trapa Bispinosa, Ficus Infectoria or Indica etc.), [ib.; Suśruta]

7) [v.s. ...] a kind of vessel (?), [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

8) [v.s. ...] = -kanaka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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