Shringi, Śṛṅgī, Śṛṅgi, Shrngi, Śrṅgī, Shrimgi: 22 definitions


Shringi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śṛṅgī and Śṛṅgi and Śrṅgī can be transliterated into English as Srngi or Shringi or Shrngi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Śṛṅgī (शृङ्गी):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ayurveda: Cikitsa

1) Śṛṅgī (शृङ्गी):—Another name for Karkaṭa (Pistacia chinensis), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Bṛhatyādigaṇa group of medicinal drugs.

2) Śṛṅgī (शृङ्गी) refers to a type of fish (matsya) according to the Dhanvantari-nighaṇṭu 165.383-85. It can also be spelled śṛṅgi and is also known as śṛṅgīmatsya. In the science of Āyurveda (ancient Indian healthcare), the meat of a fish is used and prepared in balanced diets. Śṛṅgī fish are oily, butter in taste, light weight and responsible for increasing the acidity. The Dhanvantarinighaṇṭu is a 10th-century medicinal thesaurus (nighaṇṭu) containing characteristics and synonyms of various herbal plants and minerals.

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Śṛṅgī (शृङ्गी) is synonymous with Mountain (śaila) and is mentioned in a list of 24 such synonyms according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Śṛṅgī], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Śṛṅgī (शृङ्गी) is another name for Ṛṣabhaka, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Microstylis muscifera Ridley which is a synonym of Malaxis muscifera (Lindl.) or “fly bearing malaxis” from the Orchidaceae or “orchid” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.14-16 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Śṛṅgī and Ṛṣabhaka, there are a total of twenty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Śṛṅgī (शृङ्गी) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Pistacia integerrima Stewart ex Brandis (Galls)” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning śṛṅgī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Asian Agri-History: Paśu Āyurvēda (Veterinary Medicine) in Garuḍapurāṇa

Śṛṅgī (शृङ्गी) refers to “horned” representing one of various undesirable characteristics in horses (haya/aśva), according to Āyurveda sections in the Garuḍapurāṇa.—The treatment pertains to horses was described in detail in Garuḍapuraāṇa Ācārakhaṇḍa the chapter entitled Gajāśvāyurveda.There are many types of horses but the horse, which does not possess one of the various features [e.g., Śṛṅgī (horned)], is considered as healthy and fit one. Such type of horses only useful for riding, wars and other purposes.

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Śṛṅgī (शृङ्गी) is the name of an ingredient used in the treatment of Maṇḍalī-snake-bites, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—A number of different permutation and combination of herbs are prescribed as Lepa and Pāna for removing the poison of Maṇḍalī snakes.—According to the Kāśyapasaṃhitā verse 9.81: “An application of the paste of Doṣā, Śṛṅgī, Kanakakaṭukī, Kāyakā, Ūrdhvapuṣpī, Kośātakī, curd and Mahatī eschews the itching caused by Maṇḍalī poison. This formula also cures the foaming in the mouth caused by the poison”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of shringi or srngi in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śṛṅgi (शृङ्गि) or Śṛṅgitīrtha refers to that holy place where Pārvatī performed penance, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.22 (“Description of Pārvatī’s penance”).—Accordingly, after Menā spoke to Pārvatī: “[...] Suppressing the delusion with fortitude after a long time Pārvatī, the daughter of Himavat, got herself initiated for the observance of ritualistic activities. She performed penance in the excellent holy centre Śṛṅgitīrtha which (later) acquired the title ‘Gaurī-Śikhara’ due to her performance of penance thereon. O sage, many beautiful holy plants were laid there by Pārvatī for testing the fruitfulness of her penance. [...]”.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śrṅgī (श्र्ङ्गी).—The young sage who cursed Parīkṣit. (See the 3rd para under Parīkṣit).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śṛṅgi (शृङ्गि).—A Ṛṣika.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 145. 96.

1b) The country to its north formed a division of Jambūdvīpa;1 north of Jambūdvīpa;2 contains three peaks, resembling horns.3

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 22.
  • 2) Ib. II. 2. 11.
  • 3) Ib. II. 8. 73.

2) Śriṅgi (श्रिङ्गि).—See Śringavān.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 69; Vāyu-purāṇa 64. 7.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of shringi or srngi in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shringi in Yoga glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Śṛṅgī is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.

The names of these Siddhas (e.g., Śṛṅgī) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Discover the meaning of shringi or srngi in the context of Yoga from relevant books on Exotic India

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Śṛṅgi (शृङ्गि) refers to “horned animals”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The Moon presides over citadels fortified by hills or by water, over Kosala, Bharukaccha, the sea, the city of Roma, the country of Tuṣāra, dwellers in forests, the islands of Taṅgaṇa, Hala and Strīrājya in the big seas. [...] She also presides over fine white horses, charming young women, commanders of armies, articles of food, clothes, horned animals (śṛṅgi), the Rākṣasas, farmers and Śrotiyas. [...]”

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of shringi or srngi in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Shringi [ಶೃಂಗಿ] in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Argyreia nervosa (Burm. f.) Bojer from the Convolvulaceae (Morning glory) family having the following synonyms: Argyreia speciosa, Convolvulus nervosus, Lettsomia nervosa. For the possible medicinal usage of shringi, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Shringi in India is the name of a plant defined with Aconitum heterophyllum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Aconitum heterophyllum Wall..

2) Shringi is also identified with Ficus lacor.

3) Shringi is also identified with Pistacia khinjuk.

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Hooker’s Journal of Botany Kew Gard. Misc. (1852)
· Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (1827)
· Numer. List (4722)
· NUCIS Newsletter (2004)
· Illustrations of the Botany … of the Himalayan Mountains (1833)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Shringi, for example chemical composition, side effects, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, health benefits, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

Discover the meaning of shringi or srngi in the context of Biology from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śṛṅgī (शृंगी).—a (S) Horned. 2 fig. Peaked.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śṛṅgī (शृंगी).—a Horned. Fig. Peaked.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of shringi or srngi in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śṛṅgi (शृङ्गि).—Gold for ornaments. -f. The sheat-fish.

Derivable forms: śṛṅgiḥ (शृङ्गिः).

--- OR ---

Śṛṅgī (शृङ्गी).—

1) Gold used for ornaments.

2) A kind of medicinal root.

3) A kind of poison.

4) The sheat-fish.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śṛṅgi (शृङ्गि).—f. (-ṅgiḥ or -ṅgī) 1. A sort of sheat-fish, (Silurus Singio, Ham.) 2. A kind of poison. mn. (-ṅgiḥ-ṅgi) Gold for ornaments: see śṛṅga, śṛṅgī .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śṛṅgī (शृङ्गी):—[from śṛṅga] a f. See sub voce

2) Śṛṅgi (शृङ्गि):—[from śṛṅga] 1. śṛṅgi f. (= śṛṅgī) a species of fish, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] gold used for ornaments (also -kanaka), [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] 2. śṛṅgi in [compound] for śṛṅgin.

5) Śṛṅgī (शृङ्गी):—[from śṛṅga] b f. ([gana] gaurādi) a sort of Silurus or sheat fish, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of various plants (Trapa Bispinosa, Ficus Infectoria or Indica etc.), [ib.; Suśruta]

7) [v.s. ...] a kind of vessel (?), [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

8) [v.s. ...] = -kanaka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śṛṅgi (शृङ्गि):—(ṅgiḥ) 2. f. A sort of sheat fish m. n. Gold for ornaments.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shringi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of shringi or srngi in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śṛṃgi (ಶೃಂಗಿ):—[noun] having a horn or horns.

--- OR ---

Śṛṃgi (ಶೃಂಗಿ):—

1) [noun] a mountain.

2) [noun] an elephant having tusks; a tusker.

3) [noun] an ox or bull.

4) [noun] a kind of spotted antelope.

5) [noun] a variety of horse.

--- OR ---

Śṛṃgi (ಶೃಂಗಿ):—

1) [noun] the tree Ficus virens ( = F. infectoria) of Moraceae family.

2) [noun] the tree Spondias pinnata ( = S. mangifera) of Anacardiaceae family.

3) [noun] the vine Cardiospermum halicacabum of Sapindaceae family; baloon vine.

4) [noun] the jasmine plant Jasminum heyneanum ( = J. sambac) of Oleaceae family.

5) [noun] the plant Salvinia cucullata of Salviniaceae family.

6) [noun] the plant Aconitum heterophyllum of Ranunculaceae family.

7) [noun] the plant Argyreia nervosa ( = A. speciosa) of Convolvulaceae family.

8) [noun] another plant Argyreia malabarica of the samily.

9) [noun] the tree Butea bojapatra of Papilionaceae family, the smooth bark of which can easily be peeled off in thin sheets; a birch tree.

10) [noun] a kind of poison (made from the plant Aconitum heterophyllum).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of shringi or srngi in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: